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Should a comma be placed before or after registered trademark symbol?
The trademark symbol is part of a name and as such must not be separated from the name. Therefore, a comma would follow the symbol.
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PLACEMENT OF REGISTERED TRADEMARK SYMBOL The federal trademark symbol, the encircled R (®), needs to be "displayed with the mark" (15 U.S.C. § 1111- see below). Customarily,… the same is true also when using the superscripted TM (™) or SM (sm) for marks that are unregistered. No strict placement rule exists. There are only general guidelines and customary placement rules. Typically the symbol is placed at a minimum in the first and/or most prominent usage of the mark in collateral. However, the symbol may be used every time whenever using a trademark. In logos the registration symbol(®) is typically placed in upper-right hand corner. Oftentimes you will see it in the bottom right hand corner. In text, the mark should appear directly after the portion of the text that has been registered. The actual trademark statute has been copied and pasted below for reader's convenience. TITLE III - NOTICE OF REGISTRATION § 29 (15 U.S.C. § 1111). Notice of registration; display with mark; recovery of profits and damages in infringement suit Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1072 of this title, a registrant of a mark registered in the Patent and Trademark Office, may give notice that his mark is registered by displaying with the mark the words "Registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office" or "Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off." or the letter R enclosed within a circle, thus ®; and in any suit for infringement under this chapter by such a registrant failing to give such notice of registration, no profits and no damages shall be recovered under the provisions of this chapter unless the defendant had actual notice of the registration. (Amended Oct. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 773; Jan. 2, 1975, 88 Stat. 1949; Nov. 16, 1988, 102 Stat. 1343.) *Note: The amendment of the wording of this term by Public Law 93-596 became effective on January 2, 1975. However, the amendment provides that any registrant may continue to give notice of his registration in accordance with § 29 of the Trademark Act of 1946, as amended Oct. 9, 1962, as an alternative to notice in accordance with § 29 of the Trademark Act as amended by Public Law 93-596, regardless of whether his mark was registered before or after January 2, 1975.
The law doesn't specify.
After. Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition. 8.152 - Trademarks ...Although the symbols...(for registered and unregistered trademarks, respectively) often accompany trademark… names on product packaging and in promotional material, there is no legal requirement to use these symbols, and they should be omitted wherever possible. (If one of these symbols must be used at the end of a product name, it should appear before any period, comma, or other mark of punctuation.) ...
Not always. Many countries recognize a common-law or statutory right to prevent others from "passing off" similar goods or services using a similar brand, once the senior bran…d was actually used on goods or services in commerce. For example, under US federal law, you could be the first to use a brand and then simply sue anyone who tries to use a similar brand on their goods or services as a suggestion that they had the same source or quality. Registration (either state or federal) provides better proof of priority and some countries do not allow courts to hear trademark cases unless the complaining owner has registered the trademark in their country.
· First Director of VIRTUS™, a program of The National Catholic Risk Retention Group, designed to protect children within the Catholic Church. Under Mr. McCalmon's directi…on, VIRTUS grew from zero enrollment to over 70 dioceses and archdioceses in two years and remains the child protection training and loss prevention program utilized by the majority of Catholic dioceses and archdioceses;
The most important reason to register a trademark is to make sure you own it and that no-one else has that trademark already or you may find yourself getting sued.
Most of the time, a comma is not placed before the word, "Because". I am not for sure, but there may or may not be a time where this rule applies.
It depends upon the situation. While the comma is often left out in a series, it is still considered proper to use it in a series of three or more words to avoid confusi…on and to afford proper pausing when reading aloud. As an example: I enjoy reading, writing, and singing. As opposed to: I enjoy reading, writing and singing. Another place where you would use a comma before "and" is similar to when "but" is used. Basically, if you could use a period where you put the comma and start the sentence without either conjunction. For example: He ran through the door, and he screamed at the top of his lungs! Which could also be written: He ran through the door. He screamed at the top of his lungs! You can also find more information at www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/.
Before. Example: I would have punctuated correctly, but the friendly folks on answers.com were misinformed.
If one is needed at all, it would not be after the symbol; the year or the name of the copyright holder would immediately follow the symbol.
Answer 1: A "registered" trademark symbol is the capital letter "R" with a circle around it. And it's always in superscript, to the immediate right of the word or phrase that …has been trademarked. Example: Coca-Cola® However, the fact that there's a "registered" trademark, as opposed to just a plain ol' trademark, suggests that there are other kinds of trademarks. And that's a correct assumption... there are. An unregistered trademark is the capital letters "TM" to the immediate right of the trademarked word or phrase, also superscripted. Example: Coca-Cola™ There's also such a thing as a "service mark," which is the capital letters "SM" where the "TM" is seen in the immediately-above example. None of this is to be confused with a copyright notice, which is the capital letter "C" with a circle around it, but not usually superscripted; and usually follows the word "Copyright" and appears before the year in which the copyright is claimed. Example: Copyright © 2012 by John Doe The questioner didn't ask what trademarks are, though, and so I'll not go into that here. Answer 2: If the question is how do you make your computer PRINT a circle-R, that would depend on the computer and what software you're running. However, one standard keying system allows you to hold the ALT key and type on the numeric pad to create special symbols. The Circle-R would be Alt-0174, or on a laptop perhaps FN-0174. Most PCs also have a character map from which you can cut and paste any available symbol. Answer 3: On the Mac, simply hold down the "Option" key and type the letter "r." The Mac operating system uses hot keys for many common typographical symbols: Option r: ® Option g: © Option 2: ™
No. Sample: Susan, Jane and Amanda are coming as well as our neighbours.
Yes. An example: I would like to go, but I'm busy answering question on Answers.com.
In Business Law
The symbol is considered part of the trademarked word or phrase, so you wouldn't separate them with a comma.
The trademark symbol is part of the name and should not be separated from it; the period would come after it.
In Business Law
No. Actually, the superscript TM is for designating trademarks in the US that have not yet been registered with the USPTO. If/when you get the trademark registered with the US…PTO, you would use the ® instead.