What would you like to do?
Should a comma be placed before or after registered trademark symbol?
The trademark symbol is part of a name and as such must not be separated from the name. Therefore, a comma would follow the symbol.
+ 14 others found this useful
Was this answer useful?
Thanks for the feedback!
Answer 1: A "registered" trademark symbol is the capital letter "R" with a circle around it. And it's always in superscript, to the immediate right of the word or phrase that …has been trademarked. Example: Coca-Cola® However, the fact that there's a "registered" trademark, as opposed to just a plain ol' trademark, suggests that there are other kinds of trademarks. And that's a correct assumption... there are. An unregistered trademark is the capital letters "TM" to the immediate right of the trademarked word or phrase, also superscripted. Example: Coca-Cola™ There's also such a thing as a "service mark," which is the capital letters "SM" where the "TM" is seen in the immediately-above example. None of this is to be confused with a copyright notice, which is the capital letter "C" with a circle around it, but not usually superscripted; and usually follows the word "Copyright" and appears before the year in which the copyright is claimed. Example: Copyright © 2012 by John Doe The questioner didn't ask what trademarks are, though, and so I'll not go into that here. Answer 2: If the question is how do you make your computer PRINT a circle-R, that would depend on the computer and what software you're running. However, one standard keying system allows you to hold the ALT key and type on the numeric pad to create special symbols. The Circle-R would be Alt-0174, or on a laptop perhaps FN-0174. Most PCs also have a character map from which you can cut and paste any available symbol. Answer 3: On the Mac, simply hold down the "Option" key and type the letter "r." The Mac operating system uses hot keys for many common typographical symbols: Option r: ® Option g: © Option 2: ™
Assuming you are referring to the social networking website, the name "twitter" is a legally registered trademark so it should be used with the ® symbol.
The trademark symbol is part of the name and should not be separated from it; the period would come after it.
After. Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition. 8.152 - Trademarks ...Although the symbols...(for registered and unregistered trademarks, respectively) often accompany trademark… names on product packaging and in promotional material, there is no legal requirement to use these symbols, and they should be omitted wherever possible. (If one of these symbols must be used at the end of a product name, it should appear before any period, comma, or other mark of punctuation.) ...
PLACEMENT OF REGISTERED TRADEMARK SYMBOL The federal trademark symbol, the encircled R (®), needs to be "displayed with the mark" (15 U.S.C. § 1111- see below). Customarily,… the same is true also when using the superscripted TM (™) or SM (sm) for marks that are unregistered. No strict placement rule exists. There are only general guidelines and customary placement rules. Typically the symbol is placed at a minimum in the first and/or most prominent usage of the mark in collateral. However, the symbol may be used every time whenever using a trademark. In logos the registration symbol(®) is typically placed in upper-right hand corner. Oftentimes you will see it in the bottom right hand corner. In text, the mark should appear directly after the portion of the text that has been registered. The actual trademark statute has been copied and pasted below for reader's convenience. TITLE III - NOTICE OF REGISTRATION § 29 (15 U.S.C. § 1111). Notice of registration; display with mark; recovery of profits and damages in infringement suit Notwithstanding the provisions of section 1072 of this title, a registrant of a mark registered in the Patent and Trademark Office, may give notice that his mark is registered by displaying with the mark the words "Registered in U.S. Patent and Trademark Office" or "Reg. U.S. Pat. & Tm. Off." or the letter R enclosed within a circle, thus ®; and in any suit for infringement under this chapter by such a registrant failing to give such notice of registration, no profits and no damages shall be recovered under the provisions of this chapter unless the defendant had actual notice of the registration. (Amended Oct. 9, 1962, 76 Stat. 773; Jan. 2, 1975, 88 Stat. 1949; Nov. 16, 1988, 102 Stat. 1343.) *Note: The amendment of the wording of this term by Public Law 93-596 became effective on January 2, 1975. However, the amendment provides that any registrant may continue to give notice of his registration in accordance with § 29 of the Trademark Act of 1946, as amended Oct. 9, 1962, as an alternative to notice in accordance with § 29 of the Trademark Act as amended by Public Law 93-596, regardless of whether his mark was registered before or after January 2, 1975.
The law doesn't specify.
Not necessarily. Where a comma goes is entirely a matter of sentence structure. There is no word or phrase in English that requires a comma. --- In separating clauses and …phrases, the comma (when necessary) comes before the or, as a pause. Was this the biggest mistake in all of human history, or the greatest success? Otherwise, the or seems to join history and success. The only time the comma comes after the or is when there is what may be called a parenthetical expression, or interruption, as for a clarification. Will they quit or, fearing humiliation, continue to fight? The conjunction or is connecting quit to continue.
Not necessarily. Commas are a feature of sentence structure. There is no word or phrase in English that requires one.
It depends on what you're writing. Here are 2 examples, one with a comma before and one with a comma after. Anyway, I didn't want to go. She can't help you, anyway.
A non-registered trademark is called 'common law trademark' in Canada and is typically implemented in order to show the intent to trademark. Unfortunately, common law trademar…ks are difficult to defend legally as no registration has been conducted, though they can be very important in the process of appealing an application for a trademark. It is possible for one to appeal a trademark process by arguing that they have been utilizing the name for a longer period of time and be successful. It is, however, true that the only way to protect a mark is to register it as a trademark. The ™ and ® marks have no legal significance or meaning in Canada. Thus there are no repercussions to using these marks. Surprisingly neither the ™ nor the ® mark appears in official Canadian Trademark Law. Unofficial meaning of the ™ mark has come to mean unregistered trademarks or in-process trademarks while the ® has come to mean registered trademark.
it depends on the sentence. for example- 'i am handing in my resignation , as i have found a more sophisticated job. hope this helps!
Only when the such as begins a clause. A comma indicates a pause, or a change of direction in the thought.
No. A has more X, compared with B. [ independent clause] comma "non-independent clause" joining these two with a comma is not a good idea. If you are trying to join complex …sentence structures try starting with... Compared to that of A..... comma, B has got 29 percent more X. [using compared to as an introductory clause, you can't go wrong with the comma... after it] A had more x when compared to B. A little better? A had more x than B. Simple and beautiful.
If the word 'but' is being used as a coordinating conjunction, you use a comma. A coordinating conjunction joins two sentences by being inserted between the two sentences and …replacing the period of the first sentence with a comma. For example: Chris is studying. Bill is not. These two sentences can be joined by the coordingating conjunctino 'but'. So we insert 'but' between the two sentences and put a comma before it. Chris is studying, but Bill is not. If the word 'but' is not being used as a coordinating conjunction, then we do not need to put a comma before it. For example: Sharon wants oranges but not apples. 'But' is not joining two sentences; it is not a coordinating conjunction. We do not need to put a comma before it.
There are two situations in which I would use a comma before the word "and." 1) When three or more things are mentioned in a series: apples, bananas, and oranges. This is ca…lled the series comma. It is used in American style more often than in UK style. But it is also correct to omit the series comma in US style. 2) In a compound sentence, which is two complete sentences joined by "and" (or another conjunction, such as "but" or "or"): I went to visit my parents, and they were very happy to see me. If the two sentences that make up the compound sentence are short and closely connected, the comma can be left out: Stand up and state your name.
In Business Law
No. Actually, the superscript TM is for designating trademarks in the US that have not yet been registered with the USPTO. If/when you get the trademark registered with the US…PTO, you would use the ® instead.