What caused the Great Schism?

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The Great Schism (meaning split) took place in the year 1054 AD. The primary causes of the Schism were disputes over the Pope's claims of authority or supremacy over the whole church (which were rejected by the Eastern Orthodox Patriarchs) and over the insertion of the 'Filioque' clause (meaning 'and the Son') into the Nicene Creed by the Western patriarch (pope) in 1014 AD. The Eastern Orthodox Church stated that the 28th Canon of the Council of Chalcedon explicitly proclaimed the equality of the Bishops of Rome and Constantinople, so there would not be one ruler over the whole church, but self-governing Patriarchs in Old Rome and New Rome (Constantinople).

There were other less significant reasons for the Schism, such as differences over liturgical practices, for example, the use of unleavened bread in the West.
Catholic Answer There is some confusion over the term "Great Schism". In many volumes of Roman Catholic history, the Great Schism refers to the schism of the west when the papacy moved to Avignon, and there were two claimants, at one point, three to the papal throne. Others use the Great Schism to refer to the Schism of the East, when the Orthodox Church broke away from the Catholic Church.

from A Catholic Dictionary, edited by Donald Attwater, Second edition, revised 1957
The Great Schism, otherwise know as the Schism of the West was not strictly a schism at all but a conflict between the two parties within the Church each claiming to support the true pope. Three months after the election of Urban VI, in 1378, the fifteen electing cardinals declared that they had appointed him only as a temporary vicar and that in any case the election was invalid as made under fear of violence from the Roman mob. Urban retorted by naming twenty-eight new cardinals, and the others at once proceeded to elect Cardinal Robert of Geneva as Pope Clement VII, who went to reside at Avignon. The quarrel was in its origin not a theological or religious one, but was caused by the ambition and jealousy of French influence, which was supported to some extent for political reasons by Spain, Naples, Provence, and Scotland; England, Germany, Scandinavia, Wales, Ireland, Portugal, Flanders and Hungary stood by what they believe to be the true pope at Rome. The Church was torn from top to bottom by the schism, both sides in good faith (it was impossible to know to whom allegiance was due), which lasted with its two lines of popes (and at one time three) till the election of Martin V in 1417. It is now regarded as practically certain that the Urbanist popes were the true ones and their names are included in semi-official lists; moreover, the ordinal numbers of the Clementine claimants (who, however, are not called anti-popes,) were adopted by subsequent popes of the same name. Answer for those who think the Great Schism refers to the Schism of the East:

1. Disagreement on the Filoque Creed- added to the Nicene Creed in the West, but not approved by the Eastern churches, disagreement over authority of pope- Pope Leo IX claimed authority over 4 eastern Patriarchs, Western Church opposed Caesaropapism- control of the church by secular leader, Eastern Church accepted this as the Emperor controlled the Orthodox Church, Pope and Patriarch excommunicated each other over disagreements, West used unleavened bread in the Eucharist, the Eastern Church opposed this, disagreement on the ecclesiastical calendar- (the date of Easter)- Eastern and Western churches celebrate it different days. The Great Schism, also known as the East-West Schism was caused of the Schism were disputes over the Pope's claims of authority or supremacy over the whole church and over the insertion of the 'Filioque' clause.
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What is the Great Schism?

Answer : The Great Schism (Eastern Schism) refers to the split between the Churches of the East and West. Historical background During the period of persecution, the Ea

What was the Major cause of the Great Schism?

Two Popes that declared the other to be a false pope, excommunicating each other.French pope lived in Avignon and the other Italian pope lived in Rome, this began the division

What are three causes of the Great Schisms in Christianity?

The first schism was geographic, the Coptic Christian church sort of set up and kept going on its own (the Christians of Ethiopia). The send schism occurred when the Roman e

What was the Great Schism?

Catholic Answer The Great Schism was a split in the Catholic Church that resultedin two popes holding office at the same time. This occurred in thefourteen century, and was NO

Why did the great Schism begin?

In 1309, the pope moved to a region near France, giving Franceconsiderable influence on the pope. The next pope moved back toItaly. The Great Schism began in 1378 when the Kin

What were the causes of the great schism?

The great schism happened when Rome was split in the West (Rome) and the East (Constantinople). Previously the schism happened becase of political reasons, the West became Cat

What are the three causes in the Great Schism in Christianity?

Some reasons for the Great Schism in the Christianity include: . disagreement as to who is the head of the church, the Pope orJesus? . differences in the way in which religi

What causes The great Schism in Europe?

The Great Schism was the event that divided "Chalcedonian"Christianity into Western Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy. It wasthe result of an extended period of estrangement b

What was gained from the great schism?

Well, both sides of the church gained something. The Catholic, orWestern, Church gained freedom to follow/appoint a pope, while theEastern, Orthodox, Church gained the freedom

The Great Schism was between the who?

It was between The Orthodox Church and The Roman Catholic Church.It was at this point when Pope and Patriarch excommunicated each other and were on the verge of war. Roman

What were two causes of the Great Schism?

The two main reasons were: 1) the dispute over the unauthorizedchange to the Creed (insertion of the Filioque), and 2) the disputeover the power of the Pope. What were two of

What are five causes of the Great Schism in Christianity?

This is my opinion. The iconoclastic contention was the first and loudest excuse, but the difference in language between Greek-speaking Christians and Latin-speaking Christian

Was the great schism justified orthodox?

Catholic Answer Orthodox? Not sure what you mean: the Great Schism, otherwise known as the Western Schism is not to be confused with the Schism of the East. The Schism of the

What caused the great western schism?

Catholic Answer The Great Schism, otherwise known as the Western Schism is not tobe confused with the Schism of the East. The Schism of the East waswhen the Eastern Church bro