What would you like to do?
What is Factory where crude oil is separated into fuels and other products?
Many different fuels are obtained from refining crude oil, including liquified petroleum gas or LPG (propane/butane, used for cooking and heating), gasoline, naphtha (camp sto…ve fuels), kerosene (jet fuel), and diesel fuel. There are also other by products that consist of longer/heavier hydrocarbons, but they are generally not fuels (oils, wax etc.).
Crude oil is separated in a separation column. Separation columns are used to heat the crude then the different hydrocarbons separate as the lighter ones float up and the dens…er ones fall to the bottom. LPG gas floats to the top, bitumen and paraffin wax sink to the bottom with diesel, kerosene, petrol and others in the middle. The height range which contains each different product is calculated based on the percentage of each product in the crude. This allows the plant to choose where to place the pipes to takes each individual product out of the separation for further refinement. For a more detailed explanation search for separation tower
An oil refinery receives crude oil, and subjects the oil to "cracking"- the temperature of the oil is raised, and it is exposed to a catalyst (known as a "cat cracker") differ…ent products will evaporate at different temperatures- they are captured, condensed back to liquid state, and stored. After the gasolines, kerosene, and fuel oils are removed, a thick black sticky liquid is left- asphalt- used in paving roads.
Crude oil IS oil so you don't separate oil from it. You do refinecrude oil, separateing parts of it that are used for a variety ofpurposes. This is usually done by fractional …distillation. You heatthe crude oil so that the parts with higher boiling points becomevapors, the vapors are taken to condensers at differenttemperatures so materials with different boiling points arecondensed into different channels and moved for furhter processing. Portions that do not convert to vapor have very high boiling pointsand generally are the larger molecules. These "bottoms" hare brokeninto lighter chemicals in fractionation columns.
Crude Oil is separated at a oil refinery by fractional distilation chamber. The oil is boiled and vapourised, and moves along a tube into the bottom of the chamber, which is h…ot at the bottom (around 350degrees c) and cool at the top - around 40. The mixture of hydrocarbons, such as ethane and octane, rise up the column to the temperature at which they condense and become liquids - tubes leading off each section, or fraction, collect these substances. At the very top of the chamber, the petrolum gases, which include methane (which has a very low boiling point) and propane, have too-low boiling points to condense into liquids, so those gases float up through the tube at the top, and are collected. The substances collected in each fraction have all got different uses - e.g. Petrol is used for fuel for cars, and bitumen, the residue at the bottom of the chamber, is used for road surfacing. The substances collected higher in the fractionating column are less viscous and ignite more easily, and vice versa.
Gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, diesel for cars, and heating oil are the most common.
Oils wells dig up fossil fuels. The fuel that they bring up is raw, unrefined, and full of gunk. It's known as crude oil. So yes, crude oil is a fossil fuel. Correct me if I'm… wrong.
Petrol is obtained from crude oil by fractional distillation and subsequent mixing of some of the fractions to obtain the desired properties. There are seasonal differen…ces in petrol to facilitate vehicle operation under different climactic conditions. Some of the fractions for the petrol may be obtained by "cracking" higher molecular weight fractions to lower molecular weights. Some impurities, like sulfur, and some unsaturation of the fraction may be removed by treatment with hydrogen which replaces the impurity on the hydrocarbon molecule or adds hydrogen to the molecule to make it more stable. Some of the fractions may be treated to rearrange some of the molecules to make a more desireable product. It is a complex process that is highly dependant on the crude source, desired products, time of year, and the configuration of the refinery. From the same crude may come: fractions for making plastics, rubber, heating oil, diesel and gasoline fuels, lpg fuel, lubricants, solvents, petroleum coke, elemental sulfur, asphalt, bunker fuel oil, etc.
You use fractional distillation. This involves a fractionating tower in which vaporised crude oil is fed into. It relies on the substances in crude oil having differnet boilin…g points. The temperature decreases further up the column, so shorter chain molecules condense near the top, while longer chain molecules - like bitumen - condense lower down - near 350 degrees. This refines crude oil easily.
because is is rude to the other types of oil an needs to be seperated
using fractional distillation. first crude oil is heated up until it turned to gas and the residue (bitumen) goes through the most bottom pipe to be used for tar macing roads.… The fractionating column has different fraction that are at different temperatures (gets colder as you go up). And because hydrocarbons got different boiling point (the longer the hydrocarbon, the higher the boiling point), the gas then travels up and as certain hydrocarbons got to the fraction below their boiling point they turn from gas to liquid and go through the pipe to be used. The fractional distillation goes in this order:- (shortest chain/lowest boiling point) LPG Petrol Paraffin Light Gas Oil Diesel Lubricating Substances Bitumen (longest chain/highest boiling point) Hope this help! (if not don't blame me, I'm only 14!)