answersLogoWhite

0

🧪

Oil and Petroleum

Extracted from the depths of the earth, oil and petroleum make our cars drive and airplanes fly. Derivatives of this nonrenewable resource are used in thousands of consumer products. Because of our worldwide dependence on oil, it is often called "black gold."

2,961 Questions

What is the molecular formula for waste oil?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The molecular formula for waste oil can vary depending on the source of the oil, but typically it is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, including alkanes, cycloalkanes, and aromatic hydrocarbons. As a mixture, waste oil does not have a single molecular formula.

What physical property allows the hydrocarbon in petroleum to be separated HELP NOW?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The physical property that allows hydrocarbons in petroleum to be separated is difference in boiling points. This property forms the basis of distillation, where crude oil is heated to separate its components based on their boiling points into fractions like gasoline, diesel, and kerosene. Further refining processes like cracking and reforming are then used to adjust the composition of these fractions.

How has this continued petroleum extraction from selected areas over time likely affected petroleum resources on Earth?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Continued petroleum extraction can deplete petroleum resources in selected areas over time, leading to lower availability and potentially driving up prices. It can also contribute to environmental issues such as habitat destruction, air and water pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions that can impact ecosystems and human health. Additionally, the extraction process can release methane, a potent greenhouse gas, contributing to climate change.

Why will crude oil eventually run out?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Crude oil is a non-renewable resource, meaning it takes millions of years to form and cannot be replaced within a human lifetime. As we continue to extract and use oil at an increasing rate, the known reserves are being depleted faster than new reserves are being discovered or created. This will eventually lead to the exhaustion of economically viable oil deposits.

What is one drawback of drilling geothermal wells?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

One drawback of drilling geothermal wells is the high upfront costs associated with drilling deep into the Earth's crust to access the geothermal resources. Additionally, there can be challenges in finding suitable locations with sufficient heat and permeability to support geothermal power generation.

What will happen when the earth runs out of petroleum?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

When Earth runs out of petroleum, we will no longer be able to rely on it as a source of energy and fuel for transportation and industry. This will necessitate a transition to alternative energy sources, such as renewable energy, to meet our energy needs sustainably. Additionally, there may be economic and social impacts as industries dependent on petroleum will need to adapt and innovate.

Is Crude Oil a solid liquid or Gas?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Crude oil is a liquid. It is a naturally occurring mixture of hydrocarbons that is extracted from the ground in liquid form.

Why crude oil only found in certain parts of the world?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The simple answer is oil, like coal, was formed from ancient forrests that laid down millions of years of vegetation that for some reason (flooding, climate change, continental drift) stopped growing and were trapped into pockets that were covered by layers of rock and eventually pressed into coal fields and oil fields. Its not found everywhere because all the conditions needed for the process to work didn't exist everywhere. Oil is an interesting case. No one knows for sure how exactly it was created. You don't find vegetation fossils in oil like you do in coal beds and oil contains Helium, which is not used by plants. Physicist Tommy Gold (recently died) theorized that oil started as Methane (natural gas) ,which is the most common compound found in the universe, trapped in the earth when it was formed. The gas perculated up into a sub layer, like the water table, and was processed (eaten and crapped out) by microbes into oil. This sublayer of oil (estimated to be about 60 miles down) finds cracks above it, leading to pockets closer to the Earth's surface and slowly percolates up into these pockets, which we discover as oil fields. One way he suggested to test his theory was to revisit old pumped out oil fields and see if they had partially filled back up.

Why are crude oil reserves unevenly distributed in the worlds countries?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Crude oil reserves are unevenly distributed due to geological reasons, with factors like ancient tectonic activity and sedimentation patterns leading to the concentration of oil in certain areas. Additionally, economic and political factors play a role, as some countries have invested more in exploration and extraction of oil reserves. Geopolitical considerations also influence where companies and countries choose to explore for oil.

Is oil man made or natural?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Oil is a naturally occurring liquid found underground, formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms under high pressure and heat over millions of years. While humans can extract and refine oil for various uses, the substance itself is not man-made.

What is an Oil field?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

An oil field is an area of land or sea where there are significant deposits of oil that can be extracted using drilling and extraction techniques. Oil fields are typically measured in terms of their reserves, or the amount of oil that can be economically recovered. Oil fields are crucial for the production of crude oil, which is then refined into various petroleum products like gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel.

What are the five top crude-oil producing countries?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The top five crude oil producing countries are the United States, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Canada, and China. These countries account for a significant portion of global crude oil production.

If an alternative energy resource could successfully replace crude oil how might the use of that resource affect the environment?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

It could potentially reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, as well as decrease the impact of oil spills on ecosystems. However, the production and disposal of the new energy resource could still have environmental consequences that need to be carefully managed.

How does the sunlight indirectly generate petroleum in the ground?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Sunlight enables the growth of plants through photosynthesis. When these plants die and decompose, they turn into organic matter that can become petroleum under high pressure and temperature conditions deep underground over millions of years. So, sunlight is indirectly involved in the formation of petroleum by kickstarting the process of plant growth.

What is the main purpose of petroleum refining?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The main purpose of petroleum refining is to separate and process crude oil into various refined products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel, jet fuel, and lubricants, which can be used for transportation, heating, and industrial purposes. Refining also involves removing impurities and adjusting the chemical composition to meet specifications and regulatory standards.

Is ethylene petroleum?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

No, ethylene is not petroleum. Ethylene is a colorless gas that is the simplest alkene compound, while petroleum is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons found in the Earth's crust. Ethylene is used in various industrial processes and products, while petroleum is primarily used as a source of fuel and raw material for the petrochemical industry.

What is the name of the column used to separate crude oil into its various components?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The column used to separate crude oil into its various components is called a fractional distillation column. This process takes advantage of the different boiling points of the components in the crude oil to separate them into distinct fractions such as gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of extracting petroleum products from oil sands?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Advantages of extracting petroleum products from oil sands include vast reserves potentially meeting global energy demands, economic benefits in terms of job creation and revenue generation. Disadvantages include high production costs, environmental impacts such as deforestation and greenhouse gas emissions, and the extensive water usage associated with extraction processes.

Crude oil beneath the earth is often under pressure because it is trapped under?

User Avatar

Asked by 1heart62mil52fb2943

Crude oil beneath the earth is under pressure due to the weight of the overlying rock formations. This pressure helps to push the oil towards the surface when a well is drilled, allowing it to be extracted. The pressure can decrease as oil is produced from the reservoir.

When is the last time a large oil reserve was discovered?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

A large oil reserve was last discovered in 2010 with the announcement of the Santos Basin offshore Brazil, known as the Libra field. This discovery was estimated to hold between 8 to 12 billion barrels of recoverable oil.

Is petroleum found in the atmosphere?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Petroleum is not found in the atmosphere naturally. It is a fossil fuel formed from the remains of ancient marine organisms buried in the Earth's crust. However, petroleum products, like volatile organic compounds, can be released into the atmosphere through human activities such as burning fuel or industrial processes.

Why was the discovery at Spindletop important?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

The discovery at Spindletop in 1901 was important because it marked the beginning of the Texas oil boom. It led to a significant increase in oil production, transforming the United States into a major player in the global oil industry. Spindletop also showcased the potential of oil drilling technology, revolutionizing the way oil was extracted.

Which areas are most affected of oil?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Oil spills primarily impact marine ecosystems, causing harm to fish, wildlife, and the surrounding habitats. Additionally, oil extraction and transportation can have negative effects on land ecosystems, including deforestation, habitat destruction, and water pollution. Finally, the burning of oil contributes to air pollution and climate change, affecting human health and global ecosystems.

Is Petroleum jelly electrically conductive?

User Avatar

Asked by JeffBullock

No, petroleum jelly is not electrically conductive because it is an insulator, meaning it does not allow electricity to pass through it easily. It can even be used to insulate electrical connections to prevent short circuits.

Why is crude oil from the ground or seabed not very useful as a product itself?

User Avatar

Asked by Wiki User

Crude oil in its natural state is not very useful because it contains impurities such as sulfur, nitrogen, and metals that need to be removed before it can be turned into usable products like gasoline, diesel fuel, and plastics. Additionally, crude oil needs to be refined to separate it into different components with specific properties.