What would you like to do?

What was Ancient Rome's most significant contribution to Western Civilization?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

The most important legacy of the Romans is religion Others are the alphabet, language, the calendar, law, architecture and literature.

Christianity developed from a religion among a small group of Jews (who lived in Judea, which was part of the Roman Empire) into a mass religion in the Roman days. It spread around the Roman Empire. It became state religion. Catholic Christianity and Orthodox Christianity developed during the Late Roman Empire. They were originally called Latin or Western Christianity and Greek or Eastern Christianity respectively. The former was the main form of Christianity in the western part of the Roman Empire and the latter was the main form of Christianity in the eastern part of the Roman Empire.

Western European languages have adopted and adapted the Latin alphabet. The only letters in the English language which do not come from the Latin alphabet are J, U and W.


Italian, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian are languages derived from Latin (Romance languages). Many Latin words or words of Latin origin have entered English via two routes. One was that Latin was the language of the church in the Middle Ages. The other was the Norman conquest of England. French became the court language and many French words entered into the English language. These words are usually of Latin origin.


Many international words in medicine, law and theology are Latin.

The calendar we use is the Gregorian calendar. It is named after the minor modifications made by the calendar instituted by Julius Caesar (Julian calendar) by Pope Gregory XII in 1582. Therefore, we basically use the Roman calendar. We also use translations of the Roman names for the months.

The key principles of Roman civil law have provided the foundation or an inspiration for the law of many modern countries. These are: citizenship status and citizenship rights, equality under the law, nobody is above the law, the right to have a proper trial, the right to defend oneself and to be represented, the right to appeal, that the burden of proof rests on the accuser and not on the accused, that it is the exact form of actions and not intentions or words which is punishable, and that a law deemed unreasonable or unfair can be repealed.


The Romans influenced European architecture, sculpture and painting until the early 20th century. They influenced the art of the Renaissance (14th-15th century) Baroque (17th-18th century) and Neoclassicism (18th-20th century, and is still sometimes used today). Palladian architecture was also based on Roman architecture. It was popular from the 17th century to the 20th century and was often used for public buildings. Latin literature was very influential in European literature until the mid-20th century.
Thanks for the feedback!

How did ancient Rome contribute to Western civilization?

Western Society borrowed alot from ancient rome A form Of government (representative democracy)buildingarcheskilling for entertainmentart distracting citizenstaking over large

What ancient greek concept was not a significant influence on western civilization?

A large part of ancient Greek culture was its concept of a variety  of gods, goddesses and demi gods. They can be called pagan gods and  the Greeks to one degree or another

Which Ancient European People -- the Greeks or the Romans -- made the most significant contributions to the advancement of Western Civilization?

It would have to be the Romans who made the most significant contributions to western civilization. The Greeks first came up with the kernel of democracy, but the Romans took

What were the contributions of Ancient Greece and Rome to Western civilization?

The culture and contributions of Rome and Greece have given Western civilization a huge boost in society. A vast majority of countries in the world use a system of law we call

What was the most significant and enduring influence of ancient Rome on western civilization?

The main legacies of the Romans are religion, the alphabet, language, law and art. Christianity developed from a religion among a small group of Jews (who lived in Judea, wh

What is the most important contribution made to the western civilization by ancient rome?

The answer to your question requires an opinion and cannot be answered by a solid fact. Ancient Rome gave us so many innovations, that what would be considered important by on

What was ancient Rome's greatest contribution to western political?

Ancient Rome gave us so many political concepts that its nearly impossible to single out one as the greatest. However the closest one to being the greatest (in my opinion) is

What was the most significant cause of the decline of Rome's Western Empire?

One of the most significant causes of the decline of the western part of the Roman empire was the weak army and lack of leadership in what remained of the army. Now military d

What were Rome's most popular contributions to western civilization?

The main legacies of the Romans are religion, the alphabet, language, law and art. Christianity developed from a religion among a small group of Jews into a mass religion in t

What is ancient Rome's contribution to the history of civilization?

The main legacies of  the Romans are religion, the alphabet, language, the calendar, law,  architecture and literature.   Christianity developed  from a religion among