What was the Somalia?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

Somalia ( /soʊˈmɑːliə/ soh-mah-lee-ə; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال‎ aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Somali Republic (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliya,Arabic: جمهورية الصومال‎ Jumhūriyyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl) and formerly known as the Somali Democratic Republic under Socialist rule, is a country located in the Horn of Africa. Since the outbreak of the Somali Civil War in 1991 there has been no central government control over most of the country's territory.[2] The internationally recognizedTransitional Federal Government controls only a small part of the country. Somalia has been characterized as a failed state and is one of the poorest and most violent states in the world.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12]
Somalia lies in the easternmost part of Africa. It is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya to the southwest, the Gulf of Aden with Yemen to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Ethiopia to the west. It has the longest coastline on the continent,[13] and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands.[2] Hot conditions prevail year-round, along with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall.[14]
In antiquity, Somalia was an important centre for commerce with the rest of the ancient world,[15][16] and according to most scholars,[17][18] it is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt.[19][20] During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including theAjuuraan State, the Sultanate of Adal, the Warsangali Sultanate and the Gobroon Dynasty. In the late nineteenth century, the British and Italians gained control of parts of the coast, and established British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland[21] In the interior, Muhammad Abdullah Hassan's Dervish State successfully repulsed the British Empire four times and forced it to retreat to the coastal region,[22] but the Dervishes were finally defeated in 1920 by British airpower.[23] Italy acquired full control of their parts of the region in 1927. This occupation lasted until 1941, when it was replaced by a British military administration. Northern Somalia would remain a protectorate, while southern Somalia became a trusteeship. In 1960, the two regions were united to form an independent Somali Republic under a civilian government.[24] Mohamed Siad Barre seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic. In 1991, Barre's government collapsed as the Somali Civil War broke out.
Since 1991, no central government has controlled the entirety of the country, despite several attempts to establish a unified central government.[25] The northwestern part of the country has been relatively stable under the self-declared, but unrecognized, sovereign state of Somaliland.[26] The self-governing region of Puntland covers the northeast of the country. It declares itself to be autonomous, but not independent from Somalia.[2] The Islamist Al-Shabaab controls a large part of the south of the country. Without a central government, Somalia's inhabitants subsequently reverted to local forms of conflict resolution, either civil, Islamic, or customary law.[2] The internationally recognized Transitional Federal Government controls only parts of the capital and some territory in the centre of the nation, but has reestablished national institutions such as the Military of Somalia, and is working towards eventual national elections in 2012, when the interim government's mandate expires.[27][28] During the two decades of war and lack of government, Somalia has maintained an informal economy, based mainly on livestock, remittance/money transfer companies, andtelecommunications.[2][29]

What was the Somalia war?

Somali war was one all of somali people need because there was a central govenment that was ruled by Mohamed siad bare his govn was regiem people were disliked after that soma

Where is Somalia?

It's on the East Coast of the African continent. Somalia forms part of the region known as the "Horn of Africa" See related links for maps

Why was Somalia called Somalia?

When early Egyptians, Greeks, and others came and approached the inhabitants of present-day Somalia, someone among themselves would utter the word " soo maal " which in

Is there oil in Somalia?

Yes but you cant use it because of the war. and they have alot of oil since 1970-2010. Yes, allot of it. One of the most in the world becuse of the location of somalia, Near T

How can you get to Somalia?

Catch a boat. you can comfortably fly to anywhere in Somalia from Dubai, Nairobi, Djibouti, Jeddah, Kampala and ....as per my own views, i will not advise anyone to travel to

What activities is in Somalia?

Alot of activities like. Football and different sort of sports. Schools in different grads like intermediate, primary and secondry. Even universities and some high schools. Th

Where is Somalia in Africa?

Somalia is at the boarder of Africa. It's seaboard stretches 3,025killometers so Somalia has the total area of 637,657 square kilometers (3,980 square miles of water). Somalia

When was Somalia colonised?

Northern Somalia was colonized in 1884 by the British and Southern Somalia was colonized in 1889 by the Italians.
In Africa

When Somalia was founded?

based on the history of the Islam, today the Islamic calendar is 3 Rajab, 1431, so i can before 1431.
In Somalia

Does Somalia have diamonds?

yes there is Diamond in the northern part of Somalia especially self diclared puntland government,, its a mountaneous place full of resource specially diamond