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What were the effects of the Civil War and its aftermath?

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The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments were added to the Constitution.
  • 13th Amendment 1865: Slavery abolished
  • 14th Amendment: "Equal Protection under law"
  • ** Also called "Civil Rights Amendment"
  • 15th Amendment: Allowed blacks to vote
Republicans become the majority party. Their agenda was:
  • Morill Tariff
  • Homestead Act
  • Transcontinental Railroad
  • National Banking Act 1864: Puts us on the path to a national currency
  • Morill Act: FIrst federal intrusion on public education where land grants were given for agricultural education
Economic Effects
  • Accelerated industrialization, and a new industrial class became dominant as planter aristocracy is destroyed.
  • The South loses billions
  • Innovations: Packaged and canned foods
  • ** Mass product of clothes and generic sizing (S, M, L, XL). Transportation advances: Railroads

Effects on English Grammar

After the Civil War ended, the correct usage became "The United States is..." rather than "The United States are..." as had been the common way of speaking of this country prior to the Civil War. It cemented the fact that this was a single country, instead of a collection of independent states.
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