When was Palestine first called Palestine?
The name "Palestine" is the cognate of an ancient word meaning "Philistines".
The earliest known mention of the word was by Ancient Egyptian scribes, used to describe invaders from the Palestinian area during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses III in the 12th century BCE (BC).
The earliest known mention of the word was by Ancient Egyptian scribes, used to describe invaders from the Palestinian area during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses III in the 12th century BCE (BC).
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The confusion as concerns "Palestine" is that it refers to two separate things. Definition 1 The British Mandate of Palestine covered all areas between Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. It was a relatively small territory that was also bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest and has …access to the Gulf of Aqabah in the south. Definition 2 The current country of Palestine, which is ruled by the Palestinian Authority, is de jure (this means by law) a small grouping of city-states in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. De facto (this means in reality) the Palestinian Authority, the internationally recognized leadership of Palestine, has lost control of the Gaza Strip to Hamas as of the Summer of 2006. Most Palestinians want a united country (that is to say that Gaza and the West Bank would become one nation, even though they are bifurcated) and many are willing to settle with Israel to create reasonable borders. On the same note, many Israelis feel the same way. The issue in both camps is that extremists routinely advocate the all-or-nothing solution and use maps of the British Mandate of Palestine to represent their side's ideal outcome. Additional Discussion This use of the Mandate-Map by extremist Palestinian organizations and by many in the Arab World has led to much confusion concerning the actual territories under Palestinian control and the territories which are being negotiated between Israel and Palestine for a future solution. There are those who would prefer to not believe that there is a current recognized Palestinian government. However, almost every major international forum recognizes the Palestinian Authority as the governing authority with whom Israel must negotiate a Palestinian future. Israel has also recognized the role of the Palestinian Authority by way of the Oslo Accords in 1993. (MORE)
There are three different definitions of Palestine: a country (therecognized Palestinian Authority or the unrecognized Arab dream toreplace Israel), a British Mandate (from 1922-1948), or a region.They are all generally in the same place although specific bordersmay differ. In all three, Palestine …is located in the Middle East, specificallythe Southwest Levant. Palestine for the geographic region between the Mediterranean Seaand the Jordan River and various adjoining lands. Differentgeographic definitions of Palestine have been used over themillennia, and these definitions themselves are politicallycontentious. In recent times, the broadest definition of Palestinehas been that adopted by the British Mandate of Palestine, whichincludes present-day Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian territoriesof the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The narrowest definition used incontemporary politics embraces only the Palestinian territories ofthe West Bank and Gaza Strip. Other English names for this regioninclude: Canaan, Land of Israel, and Holy Land. [Please also see the Related Link dealing with Palestine'shistory.] (MORE)
The confusion as concerns "Palestine" is that it refers to twoseparate things. Definition 1 The British Mandate of Palestine covered all areas between Egypt,Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. It was a relatively small territorythat was also bounded by the Mediterranean Sea in the northwest andhas access… to the Gulf of Aqabah in the south. Definition 2 The current country of Palestine, which is ruled by the PalestinianAuthority, is de jure (this means by law) a small groupingof city-states in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. De facto (this means in reality) the Palestinian Authority, theinternationally recognized leadership of Palestine, has lostcontrol of the Gaza Strip to Hamas as of the Summer of 2006. Most Palestinians want a united country (that is to say that Gazaand the West Bank would become one nation, even though they arebifurcated) and many are willing to settle with Israel to createreasonable borders. On the same note, many Israelis feel the sameway. The issue in both camps is that extremists routinely advocatethe all-or-nothing solution and use maps of the British Mandate ofPalestine to represent their side's ideal outcome. Additional Discussion This use of the Mandate-Map by extremist Palestinian organizationsand by many in the Arab World has led to much confusion concerningthe actual territories under Palestinian control and theterritories which are being negotiated between Israel and Palestinefor a future solution. There are those who would prefer to not believe that there is acurrent recognized Palestinian government. However, almost everymajor international forum recognizes the Palestinian Authority asthe governing authority with whom Israel must negotiate aPalestinian future. Israel has also recognized the role of thePalestinian Authority by way of the Oslo Accords in 1993. (MORE)
The Gentiles of Palestine spoke Greek. The Jews of Palestine generally spoke Aramaic. However, the Jews of the diaspora mainly spoke Greek in their daily lives.
Welllll, the four main languages were Aramaic, Greek, Latin and Hebrew. Palestine was described as 'a strip of land between sea and desert' as it is surrounded by desert on one side and in contrast, sea on the other. The name Israel means 'God Strives' and the name Palestine was taken from 'Philsti…nes' Palestine was a small area covering only 240x48km squared of land. It's terrain fell into three main groups; -The Coastal Plain -The Western Hills - The Rift Valley (through which the Jordan flows) The climate of Palestine differs significantly from the Dead Sea to the sea of Galilee, the weather is split into two seasons; Summer and Winter. The area around the Dead Sea in the south has temperatures reaching 50 degrees celsius, where the sea of Galilee in the North is green and fertile, supporting fishing and farming communities. (MORE)
exile from Israel. there isn't and never was a country called palastine, its a wword the brits came up with during the british mandate.
There was no Palestinian currency. There used to be the Palestinian Pound, but that was under the British mandate, between the years of 1927 till 1948. So technically that was British currency. This money was used throughout what was known as the then Palestine. The current currency in the Gaza st…rip is Israeli and Jordanian currency. (MORE)
Judah became known as Palestine when the Jews tried to revolt against the Romans for a second time. They forbaded the Jews to visit Jerusalem and they renamed Judah to Palestine.
There never was a first president of Palestine! Palestine is the name used by Arabs so that the world will believe they had a country in that land before the Jews. Amazingly, billions around the world still believe there was a country called Palestine that was run by Arabs (not the British) and thus… perpetuate the ongoing conflict due to ignorance of fact. The first President of the Palestinian Authority, which is the current Arab Palestinian government in the West Bank, was Yasser Arafat. Mahmoud Abbas is the current and second president. . (MORE)
1) It was in the first century 2) It was in Palestine 3) Jesus was born 4) It is now called Israel
Palestine comes from the Latin name of the region Palestina (the Roman Name for the Province) which in turn comes from Hebrew P'lishtim (Philistines). Israel comes from Hebrew Yisra'el which loosely translates as "he that striveth with G-d" and is a name for Jews in general (although originally an… alternative name for the biblical figure Jacob/Ya'aqobh). Palestinian Arabs will call Israel Palestine and Jews and Zionists will call Israel Israel. (MORE)
In Modern Times, Jews never had a country and lived scattered in all countries ruled by other religions. They wanted to have a country of their own. They always had power and great pressuring lobbies in great countries. So at the time Britain was colonizing Palestine, and due to the great pressure b…y Jews, Britain gave permission and promise for Jews in 1917 to build their own country in Palestine, which was already inhabited by Arabs (Palestinians) but who were colonized and very week. Jews started to migrate in tens and hundreds to Palestine, buying lands and houses, making gang wars on people if they refuse to leave their houses or lands, killing stealing & invading. Until they became powerful enough to demand their existence and to be declared a country by the UN in 1948. (MORE)
Answer . The southern Levant was, in ancient time, home to several nations. The Philistines occupied the coastal strip and foothills from the Egyptian border, north to about where Tel Aviv is now. The Canaanite people occupied the coastal strip north from here, although some cities were ruled by …other sea people until, first the Israelite invasions under Kings Ahab and Omri, then the Assyrian conquest. Israel occupied the northern hinterland and Jezreel Valley from about 1250 to 722 BCE, while the southern Hebrew Kingdom of Judah occupied the mountainous hinterland around Jerusalem. The ancient Greeks named this region Palestine, sometime before 500 BCE, after the Philistines, who they thought occupied the entire region, unaware of the existence of Judah further inland. The Romans Latinised name of Judah as Judea, and the administrative boundaries of Judea waxed and waned according to circumstances. After the Second Jewish War, the Romans formally renamed the entire province as Palestine. Palestine continued to be the name of the territory under the Byzantine and Ottoman Empires, then under the British, but the Palestinians never again achieved independence. From the declaration of Israeli independence in 1948, much of Palestine became the modern nation of Israel. (MORE)
The clothes that were worn in first century Palestine were probably sandals, sashes and robes.
There has been violence in Israel/Palestine for as long as humanshave been living there. The land has been constested by no fewerthan 20 different sovereign states/empires in its history. If the question has a particular conflict in mind, it may be betterto re-submit the question with that particul…ar conflict to get amore precise answer. (MORE)
Answer 1 The answer is in the question. The term Jew is much older than Arabin a political sense. Jews and any Jewish state existed much beforethe Arab group of peoples, politically. About 3000 BC was the timepeople called themselves Jews, Arabs were not consideringthemselves a people until about 7…00 AD. Earlier these people wereanything from Assyrians to Nabateans to precursors of the Yemeni,etc., etc. This does nothing to answer the question who "owns"Palestine. Ownership comes with possession. British and Frenchtroops "possessed" this region in the first part of the lastcentury. Their weak rule allowed a large group of Zionists, most ofwhich were of the Jewish faith, to invade the region under acomprehensive and well organized plan, partly legitimized by theBritish Balfour Act of Parliament of 1929, rescinded 1941. Ofcourse, they had no legitimate right to make any judgment re thisterritory as they were supposed to be the trustees for the currentresidents under a mandate from the very politically weak League ofNations. Currently the divided State of Israel (approximately 40%of the Israeli voters favor expulsion of non-Jewish, 40% favorinclusion of all peoples in the State, 20% desire a non-Jewishstate; thusly the political, economic, and social instability ofthe region in part illustrated by such a "loaded" or unrealisticand naive question as this article attempts to address) owns muchof Palestine through illegal occupation of many types, includingillegal settlements. As there is no power or court that willenforce whatever judgments are made by the very politically weakUnited Nations or world Court, the State of Israel's occupation of"parts of "Palestine" is a fait accompli. Answer 2 "Arabs" in this context, is the Israeli propaganda word forPalestinians, and, as you might guess, Palestine belonged to thePalestinians long before anyone began changing the name on the mapsto "Israel". Search for old maps and see for yourself. Answer 3 The Levantine Arab identity, which is how the Palestinians,Jordanians, Lebanese, and Syrians self-identified prior to the 20thcentury, did not exist until the 1200s C.E. (The term "Palestinian"as an exclusive reference to those Arabs who lived in MandatoryPalestine, as opposed to both Jews and Arabs who lived in theMandate, was not used until after 1948.) Prior to 1200 C.E. point,Palestine was made up of numerous different ethnic groups that hadpreviously been Roman and Byzantine citizens. They werePhoenicians, Canaanites, Samaritans, Jews, Copts, etc., but notArabs. Their ethnicity changed through the process of Arabizationand their connection to the land similarly changed. Therefore, if it can be established that the Jews possessed all orpart of Palestine prior to 1200 C.E., then it can be said that Jewsowned Palestine before Levantine Arabs ever existed. (Of course, itis worth mentioning that Levantine Arabs never ruled the Levantuntil the 20th century and were under Mesopotamian Arab, ArabianArab, Egyptian Arab, and Turkish Occupation for centuries.) TheJews have several states that precede 1200 C.E. After having livedin Israel for over three hundred years in the era of the Judges,the oldest was the United Kingdom of Israel, which existed around1000 B.C.E. (over 2000 years before the Levantine Arabs existed,let alone ruled themselves). The Kingdom of Judea, the successorstate to the United Kingdom of Israel survived until 586 B.C.E.From 586 B.C.E. until 140 B.C.E., Palestine was under foreignoccupation (Babylonian, Persian, Greek). In 140 B.C.E. the JewishHasmonean Dynasty took control and ruled the country for just overa century. At this point the Jews lost to the Romans and did notregain a state in their homeland until 1948. So, Jews owned it first. Concerning Answer 2's advice to look atold maps, I second his urging; it would demonstrate perfectly thatthe Jews owned the land first. Concerning Answer 1, regardless ofhow you may feel about the Modern State of Israel, the question isasking about who owned it first; and Jews do not claim (andhistorians do not argue) that a Jewish connection to Palestine onlybegan in 1948. (MORE)
When the Romans occupied the middle east. approximately 50 bc . true in a way & yet the Romans didnt actually use the word palestine at all but rather only palaestina & to a lesser extent philistia & indeed if you arent really asking about the exact word palestine but are actually also inte…rested in any similar but older words that gave rise to the word palestine then you would have to go back a few centuries earlier than the Romans to the ancient greek word for both palestine & palaestina which was palaistine & indeed even a few centuries before that the ancient Hebrew word for all the above was already pelesheth or plesheth but even pelesheth has similar variations in possibly earlier languages such as akkadian & Egyptian not to mention the language of the ancient palestinians themselves in which the word most likely truly originated albeit in some form that is unknown today as their name for their homeland itself or for themselves its people when they first arrived there some 3200 years ago if not earlier but on the other hand if you really mean the word palestine itself & will accept no substitutes or ancestors or other near misses then i have to tell you that palestine itself per se was in fact not widely used if at all in English until the 20th century indeed it was only revived as a political territorial name in 1920 for the british mandate for palestine i say revived because the word hadnt really been used much in any form to mean a real living place since the crusades nineteenth century English much preferred the alternative form of the word which was & still is philistine so i think the truest available answers for your question are either shortly before 1920 or else about 1200 bc depending entirely on what you yourself mean & would perhaps like the answer to be (MORE)
Not by a long shot. Islam is the 'newest' of the worlds major religions, only beginning in the 8th. century AD. __________________________________________________________________ Islam started by God by start of universe creation not in only Palesine. All God creatures are created on the basis o…f full submission (that means Islam) to God. Refer to question below. (MORE)
There was never a Hebrew kingdom in "Palestine". The united kingdom of the Hebrews was the land of Israel. (It was later renamed "Palestine" by the Romans after they expelled the Jews from the land and took control.
This question is based on a mistaken assumption. Most Jews do not call Israel Palestine and instead call it Israel. The only Jews who call Israel Palestine are those Jews who are anti-Zionist and therefore believe that the Palestinians should have the land.
Since Israel's modern inception in 1948, there have been a number of declared wars between Israel and surrounding countries, including at various times, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Saudi Arabia. There has never been a war between Palestine and Israel. The area now known as Israel was part of …the area known as Palestine before 1948. Since 1948, there is no Palestinian army, navy, air force, marines, SEALs, National Guard, or other regular military organization. There is also no Palestinian language, currency, or capital city, and no Palestinian country. The Palestinian people are a loose agglomeration of mostly Arab, mostly Muslim, people without a country, kept suppressed, without economic, political, or social rights, in "refugee camps", for over 60 years, for the political purposes of their ethnic and religious 'brothers' in the countries that border Israel. These people don't have the resources to conduct war against Israel, but the countries that keep them oppressed have, and have fought at least three major wars with Israel since 1948. However, despite not having an army, Palestinians have directly engaged both Israeli civilians and soldiers in the Lebanese Civil War 1980-1982, both Intifadas (1987-1993, 2000-2005), and Operation Cast Lead (although admittedly that battle was terribly one-sided). (MORE)
they had babys like dogs, went to the bathroom in the front yard, cheated in there husbands, were in gangs and finally open up brothels
There is no Palestinian currency. In the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, the Israeli Shekel is the dominant currency. In other parts of the West Bank, the Jordanian Dinar is also used. If the question is asking what the Palestinian Arabic word is for money, it is "felus" (ÙÙÙØ³)
An Arab from Palestine is called a Palestinian. The word for this in Arabic is "Falesteeny" (ÙÙØ³Ø·ÙÙÙ).
Perhaps the question refers to the nation of Israel. If that's the case, then the northern political district, which borders Lebanon and includes the city of Nazareth, is labeled "Northern District" on the political map of Israel.
This question and the answer to it does not add any useful information and in fact does not resolve an problem. Jews lived in the land of Palestine for hundred of years along with their neighbors Muslims and Christians. The trouble started when the Jews in Palestine declared their own country exclus…ively for them and forced nonjews into exile. . actually Israel was given the land by the British in 1917 under the Sykes-picot accord since no other claimants could be found for that land since King David in 1003 BC. as the Jews made improvements on the land the economy improved and Egyptians moved in what is now Israel/Palistine looking for work. mean while the Egyptian economy was failing (due to WW II?) and Egyptian government would not allow the former Egyptians citizens back into their own country. so basically the Egyptian nationals in Israel were in exile by their own country and then demonized Israel for it...instant conflick...not unlike the Mexican nationals in the US are trying to do there . (MORE)
Virtually the same as it is now, dry, arid and unwelcoming to any not attuned with the desert
well, in my opinion they were outcasts because of the Jewsish rules. Nobody from today can say "oh yeah i know that coz i was there" can they? im off cyaa xx
Palestine was never a country. It became a British mandate (basically a territory, although the British assured they were helping the government) following World War I. But following World War II, the land was given to the new country of Israel, created as a safe haven for Jews.
All available date from similar first-century populations (including China and India) shows an average life expectancy of somewhere between 22 and 28 years; this is supported by remaining Egyptian census records, and by the study of skeletal remains of the period, which looks at things like the fusi…on of cranial sutures, and the caps of long limb bones. (MORE)
No one, because in he first century there was no such place as Palestine. The area did not receive the name Palestina until after the second Jewish revolt. In the first century, what would eventually become Palestine was a combination of Judaea and Syria.
Answer 1 A certain tract of land which Israel partially controls was called the British Mandate of Palestine from 1922-1948. Palestine had previously been used as a regional term, not as the designation of any state or nation. Answer 2 In the 2nd century CE, the Romans crushed the revolt of S…himon Bar Kokhba (132 CE), during which Jerusalem and Judea had been regained by the Jews. The Romans renamed Judea, calling it Palaestina in an attempt to minimize Jewish identification with the land of Israel. (MORE)
Hebrews established Israel and lived there from the year 2000 BCE to 70 CE. After they were expelled from the land, the Romans renamed it "Palestine" in honor of the enemies of the Jews (called Phillistines).
Apart from Jerusalem, most of the population of the cities in first century Palestine were gentiles. The Jews were concentrated in Jerusalem and in the villages and smaller towns of Judea and in the villages and smaller towns of Galilee. Caesarea was the second most important city and tended to be t…he seat of government for the Roman rulers. Space was at a premium and buildings were close together. Not all cities were walled, since the imperial power guaranteed safety, however the older cities, especially Jerusalem, were. Jerusalem was heavily fortified, as demonstrated by the four years it took the Roman army to enter it at the end of the First Roman-Jewish War. In fact, had it not been for the bloody civil war that took place within Jerusalem while the Romans beseiged the walls, the Romans could have taken even longer to enter the city. Much of Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans at the end of the war. (MORE)
The British Mandate of Palestine as incorporated in 1922 contained territories pulled from several Ottoman Sanjaks and Vilayets that existed in the 1800s. These were (from North to South) the Vilayet of Beirut, the Mutassafirat of Jerusalem, and the Vilayet of Syria. (The Vilayet of Syria contained …most of the future nation of Jordan as well.) The Arabs in these territories would have considered their ethnicity to be Shami (Ø´Ø§Ù Ù) which is often mistranslated as Syrian, but would be better translated as "of the Levant" or "of Greater Syria". Palestinians today use their national consciousness and project it backwards to this time, even though it is anachronistic. (This is similar to Italians projecting the modern idea of "Italian-ness" to the citizens of Parma and Venice in the 1500s.) (MORE)
A: Halley's Comet appeared in 66 CE and aroused tremendous interest. The Jewish priest and military commander, Josephus, told his captor, Vespasian, that the star meant that Vespasian was the promised Messiah and that Vespasian was destined to become emperor of Rome. When this came to be, Vespasian… adopted Josephus into his family and allowed him to use the imperial family name. The author of Matthew's Gospel would have been aware of the 'Star' and one theory is that he used it as the inspiriation for his story of the Star of Bethlehem. (MORE)
As concerns Declarations of Independence, Israel Declared itself aState in 1948 and Palestine only did so in 1988 (in exile) and 1993(in situ). Therefore, Israel came first. As concerns inhabitants, Jews lived as minority in the area thatwould eventually be known as the British Mandate of Palestine…throughout most of the past 2000 years. Palestinians as an ethnicgroup did not really develop until around the 1200s C.E. and were aresult of the Arabization of the Native Populations and theimmigrations from Arabia. These Palestinians were a majority in theterritory for nearly 750 years, but never had self-rule. When Jewsreturned en masse to the land in the early 20th Century, the Jewsbecame a strong constituent part of region. (MORE)
The Palestinians were. When European jews began to look for a "homeland" they also considered Uganda & Argentine as possible locations.
It was complicated situation. There was a Roman Governate, which meant that there was a Roman Governor who wielded absolute power in the province of Iudea. However, the Romans allowed for King Herod to rule on a more local level as a subordinate autonomous ruler. Herod was also an absolute ruler sav…e for the Roman authority to overrule him. (MORE)
letters that were written by scribes or other literate people, moved at the most as fast as a horse messenger can ride. military gave simple orders by smoke signals and used runners for more complex orders.
When the Hebrews first settled in their land they called the country Israel What caused it to be renamed Palestine?
In the Year 70, The Romans renamed it Palestine, after an enemy of the Jews (the Phillistines).
There is currently no Palestinian currency. In the West Bank, Israeli Shekels and Jordanian Dinars are used. In the Gaza Strip, Egyptian Pounds and Israeli Shekels are used. During the British Mandate Period, there was a Palestinian Pound, but this no longer exists. Palestine - Pound (1927-1948) … 1000 mils = 1 pound (MORE)
This is incorrect. Jews call Israel- Israel. "Palestine" was the name Romans gave to the land called by the native population- Jews- Eretz Israel, Land of Israel. After Bar Kohba Revolt, Emperor Adrian in revenge to the Jews who put the Roman Power in Judea in serious peril ordered to use in all …the official documents not the name "Judea" as it was before the revolt but "Palestine", the name of the piece of land in modern Gaza Strip where the "sea people" that came from Greece around 1600 B.C. founded five cities and started the bloody war with Jews. Finally, Jews defeated them and made them their vassals, but the war lasted many years and was difficult for both parts. Ancient Philistines- in Latin, Palaestinians- were the mortal enemies of the Ancient Jews, and the world "Philistines" in Hebrew, "Plishtim", means "invader". ItÂ´s logic: Jews who already lived on that land suddenly met the people who spoke absolutely different non-semitic language, who worshipped some unknown Gods, who looked absolutely different from the native people and who came only G-d knows from where. As they did not know their true name, Jews called them what they actually were: "Plishtim " , invaders. Since that time, Palestine became a geographical area that included the territory of the modern Israel, modern Jordan, south of Syria and south of Lebanon. But Palestine never was an independent State. (MORE)
There are two main reasons. (1) All of the places that Jesus lived were in Ancient Israel, andas a result, that is the Holy Land for Christianity. (2) Using the term "Holy Land" makes it easier for individuals whodo not want to take a side in the Israel/Palestine controversy torefer to the area wi…thout seeming to take one side by choosing onename. (MORE)
yes, it rained. The weather was roughly the same there as it istoday, with a rainy season in November to February and a drierclimate throughout the rest of the year.
In the 1st century AD there was a Great Rebellion of the Jews of Judea, which has also been called the First Jewish-Roman War (66-73). There were long-standing tensions between Jews and local Greeks. There were riots in Caesarea in 66 which were provoked by Greeks who sacrificed birds in front of a… synagogue. The Roman garrison did not intervene. This angered the Jews and one of the clerks of the Temple in Jerusalem stopped prayers for the emperor. Tensions with the Romans were increased by protests about taxation and random attacks on the Romans. The Roman governor reacted by having the troops breach the temple and seizing some money saying that it was for the emperor. This created widespread anti-Roman unrest. The governor sent troops to raid the city and arrest some of its leaders. They were whipped and crucified despite being Roman citizens. A Jewish militia, led by the Zealots and the Sicarii took up arms and overrun the Roman garrison. It then attacked Romans and pro Roman officials and destroyed Roman symbols. A legion from Syria was sent to quell the rebellion, but was defeated. Three legions were then mobilised and Jerusalem was besieged, stormed, sacked and burned. The temple was destroyed. (MORE)
It was said that most of the Jews were shepherds or fishermen. However, there must also have been farmers to produce crop for food.
The First intifada in Palestine was a revolt of Palestinians against the occupying Israelis. The trigger was a car crashwherein four Palestinians were killed when their car was hit by an Israeli Army truck. Rumors quickly spread that the hit was intentional, and chaos ensued.
If you are referring to peasants of Ottoman and British Palestine,they were called Fellahin (ÙÙØ§ØÙÙ) which literally means"Peasants".
Jesus spoke to the people as a King speaks - with full authority.He taught all to love and gave us His perfect example doing itHimself. He was selfless, kind, forgiving any and all. He gave Hislife for all the sins of all mankind. This would be consideredradical in any time period.