Palestinian Territories

The Palestinian territories consist of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, whose final status has yet to be determined. They were originally part of the British Mandate of Palestine, then captured and occupied by Jordan and by Egypt and later captured by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War.

4,636 Questions
Middle East
Palestinian Territories

What does Gaza mean?

The Gaza Strip refers to a piece of land that is along the Mediterranean coast that borders both Israel and Egypt and is currently a Hamas-controlled enclave.

Its name, Gaza = ghazza (غزة) in Arabic, meaning strength and honor .

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Palestinian Territories
Treaties
Oslo

What caused the Oslo accord?

Violent clashes/civil war in the middle east

Answer 2.

In 1993, the situation was absolutely calm, to such an extent that Israelis without fear went shopping to Jenin and Gaza to buy fruits and vegetables and Arabs also could come from Gaza to Tel Aviv without any check posts. Then Israeli leaders, Itzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres, both of the Left- wing, decided that "shalom" ( peace) had already come, yielded to the pressure of another dreamer, lover of the young practicants, Bill Clinton - and signed the Oso accords.

The results were desastrous. The wave of the suicide attacks and other types of the terrorist attacks covered Israel. The Israeli people were enraged by the Oslo Accords but Rabin and Peres , well-protected by hundreds of body-guards, went on with their suicidal plan.

Now you can see the consequences.

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Israel
History of the Middle East
Palestinian Territories

What is the argument between Israel and Palestine?

Answer 1

Primarily, the Jews historically lived in the area known as Palestine around 2000 years ago. The majority were then exiled by the Romans. The people who remained in the territory in the interim period began to consider themselves Arabs by the mid-1200s. When the British occupied the area and called it Palestine, these Arabs began to call themselves Palestinians. During this period, however, many Jews sought to return to their ancestral homeland and declare it as their own historic country. This provoked conflict between the people returning to their homeland and those who had lived there for centuries.

Please see the Related Questions for more information.

Answer 2

A very long one. In general, the Palestinians' ancestors lived in the Israeli area of the Middle East before the Jews arrived. According to the Bible as a historical book, and it is very accurate, Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and into Canaan (Israel and Palestine), where Joshua took over and proceeded to pacify the Palestinians by force as God commanded him.

The Palestinians have ever since been arguing that they possessed the land first: finders keepers. They want the Jews to leave their land. The Israelites believe that the land belongs to them because God said so.

Answer 3

First, let´s clear some things. Palestine is not a country or a State and has never been it. Palestine is a geographical area like Balkans, and like in Balkans, there are various countries on its territory. One of such countries is Israel that occupies about 23% of the territory of the geographical area called Palestine. Another is Jordan, that occupies another approximately 75%. Also, the Southern parts of Lebanon and Syria are geographically also in Palestine.

The area of the modern Palestine thousands years ago was inhabitied by the union of the tribes under the common name Canaanites, and was called The Land of Canaan. Then, in approximately 1900 BC, the tribes of the "People of the Sea" began to arrive to the Land of Canaan and settle there. Their origin was not the Middle East; they were from Crete. The biggest among them was called Peleset, and this name was applied to all the posterior waves of the Sea People to the land of Canaan. In the Greek transcription, it was pronounced as "Philistine", so these invadersfrom Crete were called in Greek "Philistines", and in Latin- "Palestinians".They rapidly conquered the coastal part of the Land of Canaan and founded there five cities: Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath. As their number grew, they started to try to expand their territory by wars, but met an obstacle: the tribes of the Hebrews ( the forefathers of Jews and Israelis) who invaded the inland of the Land of Canaan and conquered it, like Phislistines conquered the coastal part. After many centuries of bloody wars, Hebrews defeated Philistines and made them their vassals. Then they created two Kingdoms on the land they called Eretz Israel, The Land of Israel: one in the North, it was called The Northern Kingdom of Israel and its capital was in Samaria, and another one in the South; it was called Kingdom of Judea and its capital was Jerusalem. So, the jewish and israeli hisotry on hte land the WestCalls "Palestine" and jews and Israelis call The Land of Israel is 3,000 years long.

In the 8th century, Assyrians defeated the Northern Kingdom of Israel and then fell on Philistines. As well as Israelis, they were "rooted out" aznd driven to other parts of the Assyrian Empire. But Jews later were granted the permission to return, while Philistines were not. After Alexander The Great conquests in approximately the 5th century, Philistines totally disappered from history - and remained disappeared until 1967, when Muslim Arabs all of a sudden proclaimed themselves "Palestinains".

What relations are there between Muslim Arabs from Arabia who confess Islam, and whose language is semitic - and the Sea People from Crete is a question even Muslim Allah would not be able to answer. But guided by the main Nazi´s ideologist Gebbels rule, who said that if you repeat the most monstrous lie continuously people will start to believe it, Arabs cry at every corner that they are "Palestinains", carefully avoiding answers to the questions like how to say "hello" in Palestinian, and since when Crete became the craddle for Arabs.

The truth is that Arabs use this hoax about "Palestinain people" as a weapon in their propagandistic war against Jews in the Arab-Israeli dispute over the land Romans called "Palestine" but whose original name for thousands years was The Land of Israel

Answer 4 (some hints on Answer 3 above):

Arabs; and more specifically Muslims; are never against Jews.

Judaism as a religion started by prophet Moses around 1200 years before Christ while Palestine was as a country thousands of years before this date. The claim that prophet Abraham was Jewish is not true. He was worshiping God as the one and only one God with no partner. That is the basic principle of Islam in its universal sense that all God prophets called their people for it.

It is not true that there was nothing called Palestine as a country. Otherwise, it could be claimed also that there was nothing called as Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq.

The country as Palestine was under control of:

  1. Ancient Egyptians,
  2. Canaanites,
  3. Israelites,
  4. Assyrians,
  5. Babylonians,
  6. Persians,
  7. Ancient Greeks,
  8. Romans,
  9. Byzantines,
  10. Arab Caliphates,
  11. Fatimid Caliphate,
  12. Crusaders,
  13. Ayyubids,
  14. Mameluks,
  15. Ottomans,
  16. the British, and
  17. modern Israelis and Palestinians.

During the British occupation of Palestine, they promised the Jews to have their native land side by side with the Palestinians in Palestine and allowed immigration of thousands of Jews to the area.

The UN had taken the decision in 1947 to partition Palestine into two states Israel and Palestine. However, Israel State had been established while the Palestinian State not yet.

Even, if it was called the land of Israel it does not mean that it is the land of current Israelis. Otherwise, the US lands should be given back to the Indians.

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Palestinian Territories

Are Palestinians semites?

Yes, they are.

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Palestinian Territories
Flags

What is the flag of Palestine?

PALESTINE FACTS The Meaning of the Flag

RED: The Khawarij were the first Islamic group to emerge after the assassination of Caliph Uthman III, forming the first republican party in the early days of Islam. Their symbol was the red flag. Arab tribes who participated in the conquest of North Africa and Andalusia carried the red flag, which became the symbol of the Islamic rulers of Andalusia (756-1355). In modern times, red symbolizes the Ashrafs of the Hijaz and the Hashemites, descendants of the Prophet. Sharif Hussein designed the current flag as the flag of the Arab Revolt on June 1916. The Palestinian people raised it as the flag of the Arab National movement in 1917. In 1947, the Arab Ba'ath Party interpreted the flag as a symbol of the liberation and unity of the Arab nation. The Palestinian people readopted the flag at the Palestinian conference in Gaza in 1948. The flag was recognized by the Arab League as the flag of the Palestinian people. It was further endorsed by the PLO, the representative of the Palestinians, at the Palestinian conference in Jerusalem in 1964.

BLACK: The Prophet Mohammad (570-632) In the seventh century, with the rise of Islam and subsequent liberation of Mecca, two flags - one white, one black - were carried. On the white flag was written, "There is no god but God (Allah) and Mohammad is the Prophet of God."

In pre-Islamic times, the black flag was a sign of revenge. It was the color of the headdress worn when leading troops into battle.

Both black and white flags were placed in the mosque during Friday prayers.

The Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258), ruling from Baghdad, took black as a symbol of mourning for the assassination of relatives of the Prophet and in remembrance of the Battle of Karbala.

WHITE: The Umayyad Dynasty (661-750), Damascus The Umayyads ruled for ninety years, taking white as their symbolic color as a reminder of the Prophet's first battle at Badr, and to distinguish themselves from the Abbasids, by using white, rather than black, as their color of mourning.

Mu'awia Ibn Abi Sufian (661-750), founder of the Umayyad state, proclaimed himself Caliph of Jerusalem.

GREEN: The Fatimid Dynasty (909-1171), North Africa The Fatimid Dynasty was founded in Morocco by Abdullah Al-Mahdi, and went on rule all of North Africa.

They took green as their color, to symbolize their allegiance to Ali, the Prophet's cousin, who was once wrapped in a green coverlet in place of the Prophet in order to thwart an assassination attempt.

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United Nations
Israel
Palestinian Territories

How many states did the United Nations propose dividing Palestine into?

The United Nations proposed dividing the British Mandate for Palestine into TWO countries: a Jewish State and an Arab State.

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Palestinian Territories
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

How old is Yasser Arafat?

Yasser Arafat was born on August 24, 1929 and died on November 11, 2004. Yasser Arafat would have been 75 years old at the time of death or 85 years old today.

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Calling and Area Codes
Palestinian Territories

Where is telephone country code 970?

Country code +970(dialed as 00 970 from many places) is assigned to the Palestinian Territories. However, the numbering is still under the numbering plan of Israel, and from some locations it may be necessary (or prohibited) to use Israel's country code +972 to dial the Palestinian Territories.

When calling the Palestinian Territories from outside Palestine and Israel, you must drop the trunk prefix '0' from the beginning of the domestic number, whether using country code +970 or country code +972.

City codes are as follows:

  • 2: central and southern West Bank, including Ramallah, Jerusalem, Hebron
  • 4: Jenin area of northern West Bank
  • 8: Gaza Strip
  • 9: northern West Bank, including Nablus, Tubas, Tulkarm, Qalqilya, Salfit
  • 56: mobile (Wataniya Telecom)
  • 59: mobile (Jawwal)

palestine < فلسطين

(The plus sign means "insert your international access prefix here." From a GSM mobile phone, you can enter the number in full international format, starting with the plus sign. The most common prefix is 00, but North America (USA, Canada, etc.) uses 011, Japan uses 010, Australia uses 0011, and many other countries use different prefixes.)

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Celebrities
Islam
Lebanon
Publishing
Newspapers and Magazines
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

What newspaper ran an advertisement on August 17 2006 that condemned the Hamas and Hezbollah organizations and was signed by 85 Hollywood professionals?

Answer

Los Angeles Times

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Tel Aviv
Palestinian Territories

Is Tel Aviv in the Gaza strip or the west bank?

The City of Tel Aviv is in neither the Gaza Strip nor the West Bank, the city is in Israel proper. Tel Aviv is usually recognized as the capital of Israel, Gaza City as the capital of the Gaza Strip, and Ramallah as the capital of the West Bank.

Note that both Israel and Palestine claim Jerusalem as their capital, yet as no embassies exist there, the international community does not generally recognize it as a capital city for either side.

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Israel
History of the Middle East
Palestinian Territories

How long did the Israelis have control over Gaza?

Israel controlled Gaza for 38 years in recent history. Since that time (since 2005), Gaza has been used repeatedly as a staging-area for terrorist attacks and rocket fire against Israel, a fact conveniently ignored by many. It is this fact which necessitates Israel to supervise or limit imports into Gaza, as a simple matter of self-protection. Nonetheless, Israel supplies Gaza with electricity and some other basic needs. See also:

Events in Gaza in 2014

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Judaism
Israel
History of the Middle East
Middle East
Palestinian Territories
Arabic Language and Culture

Is it because Jewish Kings ruled Israel thousands of years ago that Israel has the right to kick out the Palestinians and make a Jewish country - if so then Arabs have a right to rule Spain?

Since this question is contentious, the answers have been annotated with the general opinion put forward by the contributor.

Answer 1: Jews returned to their historic homeland and adequately defended it

The Jewish people originally believed that the land was given to them by God, which is why they were able to inhabit and control the area. The area has been part of their Holy Land since before the rise of Islam.

They created an independent society there due to prejudice and persecution in many of the countries where they lived, off and on for hundreds of years. The building of the new society began in the 1880's and culminated in independence in 1948, following the murder of 6,000,000 Jews in the Nazi Holocaust.

Right now the area is smaller than it could be as they devastated the militaries of most of the neighboring Arab countries during the six day war, which involved them grabbing a great deal of land, most of which they ended up returning.

Answer 2: "Kicking People Out" is Historically Normative

Note that as for "kicking people out", although this is now considered wrong, in the late forties millions of people in many countries were kicked out of their homes, and were driven further away than the Palestinians and involving much larger distances, So it wasn't unique, just Israel is the only country that still gets blamed for it. (The other countries that suffered exiles like this are Russia, Poland, Germany, Finland, Pakistan, and India.)

Answer 3: Jews are divided on whether or not to even support Israel

Not all Jews share the same meaning on Israel; many of them are Zionists, and live in Israel. Others are anti-Zionists (these include many Jews outside of Israel). They are Jewish, and share the same believe as the Israelis, but they don't see the point in having a Jewish state. These Jews cherish their ancestry, but just practice Judaism in other countries.

Answer 4: In this world Might Makes Right

In this world, unfortunately, Right is the right of force. The Jews were not the first to rule Palestine, just as the Arabs were not the first to rule Spain. Also, one man's displacement is another man's holy cause, just as one man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter. The world is what it is, and no one can change it for long. Once you accept and understand this pattern, it becomes easier to live with. This contributor has also been displaced from his home, and he can never go back because it no longer exists except in his memory.

Answer 5: Killing people is against Human Rights

It is unfair to kill innocent lives and destroy a defenseless country because before the Muslims the JEWS ruled it it just like saying ARABS have the right to kill all Spanish people because they ruled Spain before? Murder is obviously against human rights.

Answer 6: Israel has not actually kicked out the Palestinians

Israel hasn't. You go to Israel and you wont find it too hard to find a Palestinian Arab.

The Jews haven't "kicked out the all Palestine people" in 1948, the Jewish Leaders asked the Arabs to stay, the Arab Leaders, (ie the leaders of Jordan, Egypt, Iraq and so on) told them to flee Israel, while they destroyed it, and then the Arabs could move back in. (BTW, until this point a Jew living there would be called a Palestinian (not an Arab Israel is still here, and the Arabs who fled, are now wishing they had done what Israel said. If you think Israel "kicked out all Palestinian people" then look what the Arabs did to the Jews all over the Arab world (The Arab world was 2% Jewish). Anyway look at Gaza - how many Jews live there? None, and the Jews that were there, and had lived there for years were really dragged out of their homes. Israel is 0.2% of the Arab world, but before Israel as I said the Jews had an 2% population.

Answer 7: Nation-Building for a Minority unfortunately leads to Displacement

NO. Irridentism is not the reason Israel was established. It is because the Jews had no homeland, but for many centuries had no civil rights in much of Europe and the Middle East. It is not as if the Arabs tried to take back Spain. It is more as if there was no Arab or Muslim country at all, and the Arabs had to live as minorities in various countries where lots of people hated them and blamed them for all the worlds' problems. And every few generations it got dangerous and they had to move to another country. Displacing some of the Palestinians WAS WRONG, but was it more wrong than displacing the Prussian Germans, the East Poles, the Karelians, the Ionian Turks, the Sindhi Hindus, etc etc in the same years? Do you hate the Jews for that but not the other people who did all those other transfers? Yes? Well, that is why there is an Israel, not because of the ancient kings.

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Jerusalem
Israel
Palestinian Territories

Where is Jerusalem?

Jerusalem is located in Israel and/or Palestine, which are countries in the Middle East.

There is much discussion concerning Jerusalem's proper legal nature and ownership:

Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel annexed East Jerusalem and considers it a part of Israel, although the international community has rejected the annexation as illegal and considers East Jerusalem occupied territory. The international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital and most foreign embassies are located in Tel Aviv and its suburbs. Palestinians want East Jerusalem to be the capital of a future Palestinian state. Israel, however, considers the entire city to be a part of Israel following its annexation of East Jerusalem through the Jerusalem Law of 1980.

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France in WW2
History of Africa
Palestinian Territories
Soil

What was the Free Officers Movement?

In Egypt, the clandestine revolutionary Free Officers Movement was composed of young junior army officers committed to unseating the Egyptian monarchy and its British advisors. It was founded by Colonel Gamal Abdel Nasser in the aftermath of Egypt's sense of national disgrace from the War of 1948.

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Jerusalem
Israel
Palestinian Territories

What country is Jerusalem in?

Jerusalem is located in Israel, which is in the Middle East. The State of Palestine claims East Jerusalem, which includes a number of modern Arab neighborhoods and the Old City.

There is much discussion concerning Jerusalem's proper legal nature and ownership:

Today, the status of Jerusalem remains one of the core issues in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israel annexed East Jerusalem and considers it a part of Israel, although the international community has rejected the annexation as illegal and considers East Jerusalem occupied territory. The international community does not recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital and most foreign embassies are located in Tel Aviv and its suburbs. Palestinians want East Jerusalem to be the capital of a future Palestinian state. Israel, however, considers the entire city to be a part of Israel following its annexation of East Jerusalem through the Jerusalem Law of 1980.

In Israel.

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Languages and Cultures
Palestinian Territories

What languages are spoken in the Palestinian Territories?

In the Palestinian areas, the common language is Arabic. French is spoken at best as a second or third language.
Palestine is not a state or a country. It's probably best described as a 'region' in the Middle East, comprising parts of Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, and disputed territories. Populated mainly by Muslim Arabs, the predominant language is Arabic.
Arabic.
Arabic (the specific dialect is Palestinian Arabic, although I'm not sure if it's official as "Palestinian Arabic" or as just "Arabic).
Arabic and Israeli Hebrew are the main languages of Palestine.

Arabic

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The Bible
Israel
History of the Middle East
Palestinian Territories

Why was Palestine divided in Biblical days into Israel and Judah?

The biblical answer is that the Israelite king, Solomon had unwisely imposed swingeing taxes on the people. When his son Rehoboam refused to reduce the taxes, the Israelites rebelled under Jeroboam, broke away and formed their own kingdom, which managed to appropriate the name 'Israel' for their kingdom, leaving Rehoboam to choose the name 'Judah' for his kingdom.

Historians, supported by many archaeologists, say there never was a United Monarchy of Israel. They say that the northern kingdom had a different culture, different pottery and a different dialect of the Hebrew language, compared to Judah. Israel and Judah were different kingdoms because they had always been different.

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Agriculture
New Testament
Palestinian Territories
Jesus Christ

What was Palestine like in the time of Jesus?

Not at all similar to today - not a very pleasant place to live the politics were very different. The Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea were larger - global warming and silting up of the Dead Sea has shrunk these bodies of water over recent years. The Sea of Galilee was prone to storms as it is today, but more so as it was larger. Climate was as it is today - hot during the daytime, and extreme cold - especially in the desert areas, at night. Rainfall was infrequent - but when it came, it was torrential.

Politically although the Jews had their own 'king' (Herod), he was no more than a 'puppet' ruler, under the thumb of the Roman Empire. The governor of that area in Jesus's time - especially at the time of the crucifixion, was Pontius Pilate. Pilate would not have been particularly well respected by the Roman Emperor, as Palestine, more specifically the area of Judea, was thought of as a trouble spot because of religious insurgence and prone to riots. It was a little like Afghanistan with respect to the USA, or Northern Ireland in the heights of the 'troubles' with respect to the UK. Thus anyone having to take over as governor of Judea as did Pilate, would have been seen as in some way being punished for something.

The Jews resented the Romans occupying and governing ther country, and many groups of insurgents sprung up to resist them. The resentment was partly due to the fact that the Romans worshipped many 'gods' and also worshipped the Emperor as 'divine', much to the disgust of the Jews who worshipped the one, true God. One such group of insurgents was the Zealots, one of whom, Simon the Zealot, became a disciple of Jesus.

It was in this climate that Jesus lived and undertook his mission. When he arrived in Jerusalem on a donkey, he was hailed as the 'King of the Jews', as a prophesy in the Old Testament foretold the promised Messiah riding into Jerusalem on a donkey rather than a warrior's horse. However, because Jesus' sights were set heavenward, his 'kingdom' was not of this world - and he was not the 'knight in shining armour' who would deliver the Jews from the Romans by military force as many expected the Messiah to be. He was someone far more important that that - a deliverer from our own sin for the whole world, and not just for the Jews. No wonder that the Jewish authorities easily persuaded the gullible people to turn against him and to demand his execution just a few days later.

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New Testament
Palestinian Territories
Jesus Christ

What types of birds did palestine have at the time of jesus?

The birds were doves pigeons , vultures mainly.

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Palestinian Territories
Postal Codes

What is palestine's post or zip code?

its 26160

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Politics and Government
Israel
History of the Middle East
Palestinian Territories

What are the causes of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?

Causes for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict:

1) Hallowed Land: The Jews consider the Land of Israel (which is not necessarily all in the borders of the State of Israel) to be a holy piece of land in that God promised it to the Jewish people as an eternal inheritance. Thus, some Jews, especially Religious Zionists see resettlement of the Land of Israel by Jews to be part of God's plan and mandate and therefore do everything in their power to settle it. In addition, it contains specific religious and historical sites such as the Western Wall and the Old City of Jerusalem, the Cave of Machpelah, the Old City of Jaffa, and the Sanctuary of Shiloh among others. Muslims also consider Jerusalem holy because of Mohammed ascending to Heaven on the Buraq over Jerusalem's Temple Mount. Both cultures want to ensure maintenance and access to the sites which they feel have been limited by the other. (Jews claim that Jordanians used the Western Wall as a landfill and Arabs argue that Israelis arbitrarily close off access to Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock.

2) Zionism: A number of Jews in Europe began to feel that they were being permanently and deliberately excluded from parts of European society because of the prevalent racial and pseudo-scientific forms of Anti-Semitism. They believed that there was no possible equality between European nationals and their Jewish residents and were disinterested in the Andalucian Solution because they did not want to be second-class citizens. They believed that the Jewish people needed to form a political apparatus (an Independent State) to defend themselves and their civil rights. Zionism originally had purely secular connotations, but with the advent of Religious Zionism, the powerful secular cause of Zionism joined with the Hallowed Land idea to provoke conflict. Zionism is strongly opposed by many for many different reasons. See the link at the bottom of the page for Anti-Zionist arguments and rationales.

3) Halutzim & Jewish Land Acquisition: In the First Zionist Congress in 1897, the main resolution was to acquire, by any means, a piece of land to be made a country for the Jews. Early Zionists tried to figure out how to attract Jews to leave their country of origin and come to build this Jewish State. The general consensus always revolved around building a State in the Land of Israel/British Mandate of Palestine since that would make attraction easiest. (The idea of the Jews Returning to Israel had a very romantic notion to Jews at the time and still does today.) As a result, politically influential Jews began purchasing tracts of land from the Ottoman Pashas in control of the territory without indigenous consent and promptly began to develop it. The indigenous Palestinians took issue with the migrations of these Halutzim (Jewish Pioneers) but as the land was bought legitimately, they had little recourse but to allow them to arrive. This occupation and colonialism were certainly not greeted with friendly handshakes or pats on the back by the indigenous inhabitants who stood to lose everything.

4) Balfour Declaration, the Holocaust, and UN Resolution 181: The European Climate also supported the Zionist idea of forming a Jewish State in the Middle East, as it would allow Jews to leave Europe, stop being a European problem, and prevent Europeans from needing to absorb Jewish refugees. This led to a rapid increase in the numbers of Jews in Israel. In addition, Britain issued the Balfour Declaration which declared Britain's intent to create a Jewish State in the Middle East. This, however, was not on most people's radar, until the Holocaust proved to Europeans (and Jews) that Europe was no longer safe for Judaism. UN Resolution 181 promoted a partitioning of the British Mandate of Palestine into a Jewish State and an Arab State. While this resolution did pass (and is in fact legally binding) many Arabs find issue with its decision because there were not enough independent Arab States to vote it down.

5) Palestinian Exodus & UNRWA: This is probably the most thorny issue between Israel and Palestine. During the Arab-Israeli War of 1948-9 (in which Palestinian militias also participated), many Palestinians were forced out of their homes by Israeli soldiers due to brutal atrocities. In addition, many left because they feared similar outcomes. Also Arab leaders encouraged the exodus, because they believed that they could destroy Israel and safely return all of the Palestinians after the conflict. However, this did not happen and a large number of Palestinians (some estimate four million) are in UNRWA Refugee Camps and there is a large Palestinian Diaspora. They have not forgiven Israel for not allowing them to return after the War or at any subsequent point in time.

6) Occupation of the West Bank & Gaza: In 1967, Israel fought the Six-Day War against the Arab States and took over control of the West Bank and Gaza. These territories did not come under Israeli Civil Authority and have been instead militarily controlled. Palestinians who live in these territories have to contend with Israeli checkpoints, military provisions, and incoming settlers (from the Hallowed Land section). This occupation is perceived by Palestinians to be a repression of their Right to a State and their ability to lead normal productive lives. Settlers in the territories act in a very cavalier fashion (similar to cowboys in the Wild West) and steal property owned by Palestinian families for generations in the name of Religious Zionism. Zionist Squatters are a huge problem in cities like Hebron where these individuals have "liberated" over a quarter of the city from its Palestinian inhabitants and begun to drive a wedge into those communities.

7) Blockade of Gaza & Dependence of the West Bank: Due to the militancy of Hamas, Israel has found it necessary for defense to form a blockade around Gaza and to only allow certain materials into the territory. This has resulted in a Human Relief Crisis in the Gaza where the average caught in the struggle barely have enough food, heat, and light to adequately survive. On a different token, the West Bank (as controlled by the Palestine Authority) is a patchwork of separate unconnected jurisdictions. As a result, the West Bank leaders depend on Israel for defense coordination, tax collection, and assurances of safety from settlers. This creates a secondary occupation-dynamic where the Palestinian government is bound to the desires and wishes of the Israeli people in addition to its actual constituency.

8) Retaliation: This one is fairly simple. Each side honors its fallen by engaging in retaliatory killings and attacks. In addition, the retaliation is usually on a larger scale than the offense. (I.e. one death results in ten retaliatory deaths etc.) The memories of these attacks remain years and decades after the actual events took place.

9) Euro-American Superiority to Muslims: (Written by someone else) After WWII, Zionists claimed that a state should be established for the Jews. Israel being created was another example of the British and American leaders feeling superior to Muslims. England and US must still see 'Muslims' as inferior humans, while still defending Israel.

10) Jewish Rejection of Dhimmitude: (Written by someone else) The Arabs rejected the Jewish state purely because it was Jewish. Had it been just another Muslim group, a separate state would have been accepted without controversy. But it was intolerable to allow the Dhimmis (the non-Muslims who lived in Muslim States) to set up a state. Even worse, one in which Dhimmis would rule over some Muslims. This problem - and nothing else - is the root cause of the conflict.

Additional Info:
See the related questions for a more in-depth discussion of the root causes of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict.

Questions on the Jewish-Arab Conflict?
What is the Jewish Arab Conflict?
What are the causes of the Jewish-Arab Conflict?
How did the Jewish-Arab Conflict start?

Questions on the Arab-Israeli Conflict
What is the Arab-Israeli conflict about?
What are the causes of the Arab-Israeli Conflict?
What are the events of the Arab-Israeli Conflict?

Questions of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
What is the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?
What are the events of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?
What are the effects of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?
What are some possible solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict?

Questions on the Arab-Palestinian Conflict
What are the causes of the Arab-Palestinian Conflict?

Questions on the History of Israel
How was modern Israel established?
What is the origin story of the modern State of Israel?

Questions on Hatred of Israel
What are the causes of Anti-Zionism?
Why do people hate Israel?

Questions on Animosity
What caused Jews and Muslims to become enemies?

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Palestinian Territories

What is the central region of Palestine?

Jerusalem

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Israel
International Government
Palestinian Territories

Who lived in Palestine before it became Israel?

There was a mix of Arabs (who formed the majority) and Jews (who formed a large and increasingly significant minority).

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Ancient Religions
Palestinian Territories

What languages were spoken in first century palestine?

The Gentiles of Palestine spoke Greek. The Jews of Palestine generally spoke Aramaic. However, the Jews of the diaspora mainly spoke Greek in their daily lives.

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Islam
Jerusalem
Israel
Palestinian Territories

Who owns the Dome of the Rock?

Israel conquered it in 1967, but handed it over to the Waqf, or Muslim trust, for administration.

The Dome of the Rock was built by the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik and completed in 691 AD.

The Dome is mainly perceived in the Islamic world as the commemoration of the night journey of the Prophet Muhammad PBUH (al-Isra') from Makkah (or Mecca) to Al-Qods (or Jerusalem) and his ascension to the Heavens (al-mi`raj).

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