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Why is the outside surface of a penny made of copper and not zinc?

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Traditionally, the US penny (or, more properly, the US one cent coin) has been made of copper or copper with a small amount of zinc (except in 1943, when it was made of steel with a zinc coating). During 1982, as the price of copper meant that the "melt value" of the coin was more than one cent (that is, it had more than one cent's worth of copper), the decision was taken to produce the penny out of a cheaper metal - zinc. A coating of pure copper (equal to 2.5% of the total composition of the penny) was added so as not to change the appearance of the penny.
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Why is the penny made of copper and not silver?

One cent worth of silver would be such a small coin they would all be lost. You would need a pair of tweezers to pick one up. At the current price of silver, 1 cent worth woul

Why did they copper and zinc to make the penny why not metal and copper?

The composition of the US penny was changed in the middle of 1982 from 95% copper / 5% zinc to 97.5% zinc / 2.5% copper. With the rising price of copper, the penny was costin

How can you tell if your penny is made out of copper?

Get it to rust: Green rust: copper, red rust: iron, no rust: silver.   Not exactly US cents don't rust (except for 1943 ones). "Copper" pennies are made of bronze which ox

What year were the most copper pennies made?

1981 was both the last full year that 95%-copper cents were minted  and the highest-mintage year for that metal composition. Almost 13  billion were struck.    More c

What pennies were made of pure copper?

United States large cent coins (1793-1857) were made of pure  copper.    However small cent coins (1856-present) were never made of entirely  pure copper. Their highe

How many 1943 copper pennies were made?

Only 12 examples are known to exist. There have been persistent rumors that as many as 20 or so additional coins may have been struck but no one has confirmed any beyond the

How can you tell if your 1943 penny is copper or steel with zinc plating?

  Answer     If the coin has not been re-plated, the difference should be obvious to look at. The zinc-coated coins will be grayish in color rather than coppery

Are pennies made of copper?

Pennies today are made of zinc blanks (circles of zinc are punched  out of sheets of zinc, like cookies are cut out of a sheet of dough  with a cookie cutter). The zinc blan

What years were US pennies made of copper?

Technically the US uses cents, not pennies. The only pure-copper cents were Large Cents issued from 1793 to 1857. New small cents (the current diameter of 19mm) were intro

Why are pennies not made from pure copper anymore?

Because the price of copper is more than a penny is worth. Small 1-cent coins (1856-present) have never been made of pure copper. Their highest ever copper content was 95% co

How do you tell if a penny is made of copper?

Assuming you mean a US cent, in general if its date is 1981 or older, it is predominantly copper. The major exception would be 1943 cents that were made of zinc-plated steel d

How do you tell the difference between a copper penny and a copper-plated zinc penny?

Well, there are two ways. You could scratch it or melt it over a  flame to check composition. Or, you could check the date.    The first US penny was minted in 1793 an

Why is the Penny made out of copper?

because it not supposed to be a lot of money so instead of making in silver or gold they made it copper!    MoreAt one time coins had to contain their face value in metal

Why are coins made out of copper nickel and zinc?

The British One Pound coin is made from 70% copper, 24.5% zinc and 5.5% nickel. As far as coins go, the One Pound coin is a relatively high value general circulation coin an

Why is a penny made of zinc?

  In the early 1980s the price of copper increased to the point where a cent contained more than 1 cent worth of metal. The Mint had options of choosing one of several dif