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2010-05-05 13:11:56
2010-05-05 13:11:56

I don't think so...better to consult a consultant like the Goldman Associates

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Examples of unfamiliar words include:1.Terricolous (adj.) Living on or in the ground: terricolous worms2.Curator (noun) guardian: Some kids needs a curator3.Obdormio: (verb) to fall asleep : I will drink milk to obdormio4.Inceptum (verb) beginning something : Carlo is inceptum to learn drivingAabbas abbatis : father / abbot.abbatia : abbey, monastery.abduco : to lead, or take away / detach, withdraw.abeo : to go away, retire / depart from life, die.abeo : to digress / change / vanish, disappear.abscido : to cut off, to separate, take away.absconditus : hidden, concealed.absens, absentis : (adj.) absent, missing, away, gone.absorbeo : to swallow, gulp down, carry away, engross.absque : (+ abl.) without.abstergo : to wipe off, clean away.absum : to be absent, be away, be missing.abundans : abundant, overflowing, abounding in.abundantia : abundance, bounty, plentyabutor : to make full use of, to abuse.abutor : to use abusive language / use a word incorrectly.ac : (atque) : andaccedo : to approach, come near / (things) to be added.accendo : to kindle, illuminate, inflame.acceptus : welcome, pleasant, agreeable.accipio : to consider oneself indebted, receive, learn, take.accommodo : to adjust, adapt, accommodate oneself.accusator : accusor, plaintiff.accuso : to accuse, blame, find fault with.acer : sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce.acerbitas : harshness, bitterness.acerbus : bitter, gloomy, dark.acervus : a heap, mass.acidus : sharp, sour.acies : keenness, edge, sharpness, battle-line, battlefield.acquiro : to acquire, gain, get, obtain.acsi : as if, (Herimann p. 283, 293).adamo : to fall in love with, find pleasure in.adaugeo : to make greater, add, increase.addo : to give, bring, place, / inspire, cause, / add, join.adduco : to lead, induce, persuade.ademptio: a taking away.adeo : to such a point, such an extent, so far, so long.adeo : to approach, visit, come to, undertake.adeptio : attainment, obtaining.adepto : to obtain, get, acquire.adfectus affectus : (fr. adficio) : influenced, worked upon.adfero affero : to cause, bring about, contribute.adfero affero : to bring news, report / apply, bring to bear.adficio : to affect, afflict, weaken, sap, exhaust, drain.adflicto affligo : to injure, weaken, discourage, damage, break.adhaero : to hang to, stick to, adhere.adhuc : till then, till now, still, even now, besides, also, yet.adicio : to direct, address, apply / to throw to.adimpleo : to fulfill, perform.adinventitias : (?) Herimann, cap 2.adipiscor : to come up to, overtake, obtain.adiuvo : to help, aid, assist.administratio : giving of help, administration, government.admiratio : wonder, astonishment, surprise, admiration.admiror : to wonder at, admire, marvel at.admitto : to admit, receive.admoneo : admonish, advise.admonitio : warning, reminder (insult - Herimann, p. 282).admoveo : to move to, bring up, apply.adnuo : to nod assent.adopto : to wish for oneself, adopt, select, pick out.adsidue assidue : continuously, without remission.adstringo : (persons) bind, oblige, (+ refl.) commit oneself toadstringo : to tight, compress, compact /adstringo : to draw together, tighten, bind.adsuesco assuesco : to grow accustomed to, used to, make familiar.adsum : to assist, be present, be near, be in attendance,adsumo (assumo) : to take to oneself, claim, appropriate, call.adulatio : fawning, flattery, sycophancy, buttering up.adulescens : young man, youth, lad.adulescentia : youthadultus : (adj.) grown up, mature, adult, of age.aduro (adustum) : to set fire to, burn, singe, kindle, light.advenio : to come, arrive, reach.adversus : (prep. + acc.) toward, against, facingadversus : (adj.) facing, opposite, opposing.adverto : to turn towards, direct one's attention to, attract.advoco : to summon, call / call in an advisor.aedificium edificium : building, structure.aeger eger : sick, ill.aegre egre : (adv.) hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, laboriously.aegresco egresco : to fall ill, become troubled, grow worse.aegresco : to become ill, grow worse, be ill.aegretudo egretudo : sickness, mental illness.aegrotatio egrotatio : sickness, illness.aegrus : ill, diseased, unwell.aeneus eneus : made of copper or bronze, brazen.aequitas equitas : justice, fairness, equity.aequus, equus : level, even, calm, equal, favorable, just.aer, aeris : air, atmosphere, ether, weather.aestas estas : summer.aestivus estivus : pertaining to summer.aestus estus : heat, tide.aetas : an age, stage, period of life, time, era.aeternus eternus : eternal, everlasting, without end.Affligeniensis, Haffligeniensis : Afflighem.ager (agri) : farm, field, acre.aggero : to make a mound, heap up, increase.aggredior : to go to, approach, address, attack.agnitio : recognition, knowledge.agnosco : to know again, recognize, report, understand, admit.agnosco : acknowledge.agnosco : to recognize, understand, perceive.ago (egi actum ) : to spend time, live / manage, drive, lead.ait : he says.aiunt: they say.Aldenard : Audenarde.alienus : somebody else's, foreign, alien, strange, different.alii ... alii : some ... others.alioqui : (adv.) otherwise.alioquin : (adv.) otherwise, in some respects / in general.aliqua : some.aliquando : at any time, sometimes, occasionally, at last.aliquanta : (adj.) moderate, or some size.aliquanto : somewhat, considerably.aliquantum : (noun) a good deal.aliquantus : (adj.) of some size, moderate.aliqui : some.aliquid : someone, somebody, something.aliquis : someone, anyone, anything, (adv.) in any respect.aliquo : (adv.) in some direction.aliquot : some, several.aliquotiens : some times.alius alia aliud : other, another, someone else, something else.allatus (=adfero) : having been brought.alo (alui altum) : nourish, cherish, support, sustain, maintain, keep.Alos : alquod: some.alter : (adv.) otherwise.alter altera alterum : the second, the other one.alter ... alter : the one ... the other.altus : high, deep.alveus : hollow, basket, bed (of a river).amaritudo : bitterness.Ambianis : Amiens.ambitus : border, edge, extent / going around, circuit.ambulo : to walk.amicitia : friendshipamiculum : cloak, cape.amicus : friend, comrade.amissio / amissus : loss.amita : father's sister, paternal aunt.amitto : to dismiss, send away, lose, let slip away.amitto : to send away, let go, let slip, lose.amo : to love, like, be fond of, cherish.amor : love, affection, infatuation, passion.amoveo : to move away, remove, take out, shift.amplexus : an embracing, surrounding, loving embrace, [euphemism] amplio : to enlarge, increase, improve.amplitudo : size, breadth, dignity, grandeur, greatness.amplus : large, spacious, ample / great important, honorable.an : (adv.) or "Are you going OR are you staying?"ancilla : maidservant, also used by nuns to describe themselves.Andegavense : Anjou.angelus : angel.angulus : corner, niche.angustus : narrow, limited, strait, tight, constricted.animadverto : to turn the mind to, take notice of, see, perceive.animi : at heart.animus : courage, vivacity, bravery, will, spirit, soul.animus : character, intellect, memory, consciousness, often mind.annus : year.anser : goose.ante : (prep. + acc.) before / in front of / (adv.) before, previously.antea : (adv.) before, previously, formerly.antepono : (+ dat.) put before, prefer, favor, promote.antiquus : ancient, old, hoary,aperio : to uncover, lay bare, reveal, make clear.aperte : openly, frankly.apostolus : (legal) notice sent to a higher tribunal / ecc. Apostle.apparatus : equipment, gear, machinery / splendor, magnificence.appareo : to become visible, appear, manifestappello : to call, name, summon.appono : to appoint a person, to add something.appono : to place near, put to, serve, put on the table.appositus : placed near, approaching, appropriate, appositively.approbo : to approve.appropinquo : (+ dat.) to near, drawn near, come close, approach.apto : to fit, adapt, adjust, make ready, or fit.aptus : fitted, connected, fastened / prepared, fitted out.aptus : suitable, appropriate, fitting.apud : (prep. + acc.) among, in the presence of, at, at the house of.aqua : water.ara : altararanea : spider's web.arbitro arbitror : to witness, bear witness / judge, arbitrate.arbor : tree.arbustum : a vineyard planted with trees.arbustus : planted with trees.arca archa : chest, box, money box, coffin, cell.arceo : to shut up, enclose.arcesso, accerso : to bring, fetch, summon, call for.arcus : bow (BOW and arrows), arch, bend, arc.argentum : silver, money.argumentum : proof, evidence.arguo : to show, make clear, attempt to show.arma : arms, weapons.armarium : cupboard, chest, safe (for food, clothing, money).armo : to provide arms, arm, equip, fit out.aro : to plow.ars, artis : skill method, technique, conduct, character.articulus : (of time) a moment, crisis.artificiose : skillfully.artificiosus : skillful, accomplished, skillfuly made.arto : to press together, reduce, abridged.arx , arcis : citadel, stronghold, fortress, keep, donjon.ascisco : to receive, admit / adopt / take up, approve.ascit :asper : rough, harsh, severe.asperitas : roughness, severity / harshness, fierceness.aspicio : to look at, behold, gaze at, see.asporto : to carry off, take away.assentator : flatterer, sycophant, yes-man.astrum : star, constellation.Asvesniis : of Avesnes.at : (conj.) but. (more emphatic and emotional than sed).atavus : great-great-great grandfather, ancestor.ater atra atrum : dark.atqui : (conj.) and yet, still.Atrebatum : Arras.atrocitas : hashness, cruelty, frightfulness, barbarity, horror.atrox : terrible, cruel, horror.attero : destroy, waste, weaken, impair.attero : to weaken, ruin, rub against, rub away, erode.attollo : to raise, lift up, elevate / excite, exalt.attonbitus : frantic, inspired, thunder-struck, stunned.auctor : author, originator.auctoritas : authorityauctus : growth, enlargement, increase.audacia : boldness, dash, daring, audacity.audacter, audaciter : boldly, proudly, fearlessly.audax : boldaudentia : boldness, courage.audeo : (part. ausus ) : to dare.audio : to hear, hearken, listen to.auditor : hearer, listener.aufero : to carry away, remove / steal, carry off, make away with.aureus : golden.auris : ear.Aurissiodorenses : Auxerre, dept. Yonne, between Paris and Dijon.aurum : gold.aut ... aut : either ... or.autem : moreover, however, but, also.autus : increase, enlargement, growth.Auxatia : Alsace.auxilium : aid, help, assistance, support.avaritia : avarice, greed.avarus : greedy, avaricious.aveho : to carry away, remove (avexi avectum )averto : to turn away, avert, avoid. turn back.Avesniis : Avesnes.avoco : to call away, divert. baiulus :porter, pall-bearer, carrier of a burden.balbus : stammering, stuttering, fumbling.barba : beard, whiskers.bardus : stupid, slow, dull.basium : kiss.beatus : blessed, fortunate, sometimes "saint".bellicus : martial, military, war-like.bellum : war.bellus : beautiful, pretty, charming, handsome.bene : melior : optime : well, better, bestbeneficium : benefit, favor, service, privilege, right.benevolentia : benevolence, kindness, good will.benigne : kindly, generously.Berlinmonte : Berlaimont, near Le Quesnoy.bestia : animal, beast.bibo : to drink, quaff.bis : twice.blandior : to flatter, caress, (+ dat.) coax.blanditia : blandishments, attractions, allurement, charm.Blesense : Blois.Boloniense : Bouillon.bonus melior optimus : good, better, best.bos (bovis ) : cow, ox, bull.Brabatensium : Brabant.Brachants : Brabant.brevis : short, small, brief.brevitas : shortness, brevity.breviter : briefly.Brocherota : Broqueroi. Ccado :to fall, drop, plummet, topple.caecus : blind, sightless.caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.caelum : sky, heaven.calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster.calamus : anything made or reed -- pen, arrow, pipe, etc.calcar, -is : spur.calco : to tread, trample upon.calculus : pebble, stone.callide : skillfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.Cameracum : Cambrai.campana : bell.candidus : bright, shining, white.canis : dog.canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.canto : to sing.capillus : hair.capio : to seize, take, choose / attack, injure / comprehend.capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.caput capitis : head / top, summit / chiefcarbo carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal.carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.careo : (+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.caries : rottenness, corruption, decay.cariosus : rotten, decayed.caritas : dearness, affection / charity.Carmen : song, poem.Carnotense : Chartres.Carnutum Carnotum : Chartres.carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.carus : dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.Castellandum : Chateaudun.casus : accident, chance, fortune.catena : chain, fetters.caterva : crowd, troop, flock.catervatim : in troops, in masses.Cathalaunenses : Chalons.cattus : cat.cauda : the tail of an animal.causa : (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.causa : cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest.causa : case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.caute cautim : cautiously, with security.cautela : caution, precaution, security.caveo cavi cautum : beware, avoid, look out for.cavus : hole, pit.cedo : to go, proceed / turn out, happen / go away, withdraw.cedo cessi cessum : to grant, yield.cedo : (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.celebrer : famous, renowned.celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.cena : dinner, meal.cenaculum : garret, attic.ceno : to dine.censura : judgment.centum : (indecl.) one hundred, 100.cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.cernuus : falling headlong.certe certo : (adv) certainly, assuredly.certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.certus : undoubted, certain, sure.certus : settled, resolved, decided / definite, certain, sure.cervus : stag, deercetera : for the rest, otherwiseceteri : the remaining, the rest, the othersceterum : (adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.ceterus : the other, the rest.charisma carisma : gift, present.chirographum : autograph, person's own handwriting / written charter.cibo : food for animalscibus : food for men and animals.cicuta : hemlock.cilicium : (? Herimann, p. 311)cimentarius : mason?ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.cinis cineris : ashes, embers.circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.circumvenio : to beset, assail.cito: quickly, rapidly, speedily.civilis : civil, civic.civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.civitas : state, citizenship, city-state.clam : secretly, in secret.clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.clamor : loud shouting, cry.claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.clarus : clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustriousclaudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.claudo (clausus) : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.claudus : lame.claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure / cloister.clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.clibanus : oven, furnace / tray for bread making.coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.coepi : (pres. incipio ) : began, started, undertook, initiated.coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine.cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.cognatus : (adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.cogo, coegi, coactum : to compel, restrict, confine.cogo, coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum : to adhere, stick togethercohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.cohors : a yard, enclosure / troop, 1 / 10 of a legion.cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.colligo : to gather together, collect, assemble.colloco : to place, put, arrange.collum : neck.colo colui cultum : cultivate, cherishcolor : color.coloratus : colored / dark-complexioned.coloro : to color.coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.combibo : to drink up, suck in.comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.comedo comedi comesum : to eat up, consume / waste, squander.comes comitis : companion, friend, comrade / count.cometes : cometcometissa comitissa : countess.comis : courteous, kind, friendly.comitatus : train, retinue, following / war band.comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.comitto : to entrust, commit.commemoro : to remind, relate, mention.commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.commessatio, onis : eating together.comminor : to threaten.comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.commodo : (+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give.commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of something.commoneo : to remember, recollect.commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.communis : common, general, run of the mill.comparo : to compare.compater : the godfather of a man's child.compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.comperio : to disclose wholly, lay open / learn, find out.comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty.comperte : on good authority.compes, compedis : fetters, shackles, chained.compes : fetters, shackles, chains.competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.complectus : embrace, grasp.compleo : to finish.compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfill.compono : to put together, compose.compositio : composition, agreement, pact / arrangement.compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend.comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.comprobo : to approve fully / to confirm, prove, establish.comprovincialis : born in the same province.comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.concepta : measures, capacity.concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.concido : to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.concilium : councilconcipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.concito : to move violently, stir up, excite.conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.concutio : to shake, disturb, agitate.concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.Condato : Cond.condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.confero : to bring together, put together, collect /confero : discuss, debate, confer / betake oneself, devote.confestim : immediately, without delay.confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.confiteor confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.conforto : to strengthen much.confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.congregatio : assembly, society, union.congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.conicio : to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reachconiuratio : conspiracy, plot.coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt.conqueror : to complain loudly.conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.conscientia : conscience, consciousness, knowledgeconscindo : to tear in pieces.conscius : conscious of, aware of.conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.considero : to look at, regard carefully,consido : to set down, settle.consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.consisto : (+ in) to depend on, rely on.consisto : to take one's stand, stand still, stop, be posted.consisto : (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist / stop, stay.consitor : sower, planter.conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.constanter : steadily, firmly.constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.construo construxi constructum : to construct, build, arrange.constupator : ravisher, debaucher.constupro : to ravish, corrupt.consuasor : advisor, counselor.consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituateconsueta : customary, usual.consuetudo : custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.consulo : (+ dat.) look to the interests of / consult, ask advice.consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.consultum : decree.consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.consurgo : to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.contactus : touching, contact / contagion.contages : a touch, contact.contagio contagium : contagion, infection / touching, contact.contamino : to pollute, infect.contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.contemplatio : survey, contemplation.contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.contemptim : contemptuously.contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.contendo : to compare, contrast / compete.contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.contendo : to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.contente : eagerly, earnestly.contentus : contented, satisfiedcontentus : strained, stretched / eager, zealous.contigo : (with dat.), to happen, befall.contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.contineo contigi, contectum : border on / befall (good luck).contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.contineo: to hold back, restrain.contingo : (contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.continuo : (adv.) immediately, at once.continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.contra : (+ acc.) against.contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.contraho : to draw together, collect, assemble, carry out.contristo : to make sad or gloomycontristo : to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.conventus : coming together, assembly, union, congress.conversatio : way, manner of life / monastic life.converto : to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.convoco : to call together, convene.copia : abundance, supply.copiae copie : supplies, troops, forces.copiose : fully, at length, copiously.Corbeiam : Corbie.cornu : horn.corona : crown, diadem.corpus corporis : body, corpse.correptius : more shortly.corrigo : (correctum) : to make correct, make right.corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attackcorroboro : to strengthen.corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken.corrumpo : (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.Corturiacum : Courtrai.coruscus : (a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.cotidie : daily, every day.Courtacum : Courtrai.crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.cras : (adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.creator : creator, founder.creatura : creature, servant.creber : thick, frequent, numerous.crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.credo : to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on / think.creo : to create, make.creptio : taking by force, seizure.crepusculum : dusk, twilight.cresco : (cretum) : to grow, increase, expand.creta : chalk, fuller's earth.cribro : to sift.cribrum : sieve.crinis : hair.crinitus : long haired.cruciamentum : torture, torment.crucio : to torture, torment.crudelis : cruel.cruentus : to make bloody, stain with blood.cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot.crustulum : pastry, cookie.crux crucis : cross.cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroomcubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.cubitum ire : to go to bed, retirecubitum : the elbow / a cubit.cubo : to lie down, recline.cui : (masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it?cui : (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live?cui : (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.cuius : (neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.cuius : (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many.cuius : (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.cuiusmodi : of what kind.culpa : fault, blame, (esp. against chastity).culpo : to blame, censure, accuse.cultellus : a little knife.cultura : cultivationcum : (prep + abl.) with.cum : (with indicative) when.cum : (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.cunabula : cradle.cunae : nest for young birds.cunctatio : delay.cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.cupido : passion, desire, wanting, yearning, longing.cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.cupressus : cypress, cypress wood, a cypress-wood casket.cur : why, wherefore.cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.curatio : attention / medical attention, healing, curing.curator : guardian, overseercuria : courtcuriositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.curiosus : careful, attentive / curious, inquisitive / worn out by cares.curis quris : a spear.curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.curo : manage, administer / provide money.curo : (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.currus : cart / a plow with wheels.cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.cursito : to run up and down.curso : to run back and forth.cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.curto : to shorten, abbreviate.Curtracus : Courtrai.curtus : shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.curvo : to bend, arch, curve / influence.curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).custodia : protection, custody.custodiae custodie : guards, wardens.custos : (custodis) : guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant, guard / spy. Ddamnatio :condemnation.damno : to condemn, damn.dapifer : seneschal.de : (prep. + abl.) down from, from, concerning, about.debeo : to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by.debilito : to weaken, enervate, sap, exhaust.decens, decenter : properly, fittingly, suitably.decerno : to decide, determine, settle.decerto : to contend, fight to the finish.decet : it is seemly, comely, suitable, proper.decimus : tenth.decipio : (deceptus) ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat.decor : beauty, grace.decoro : beautify, embellish, adorn.decorus : beautiful, graceful, charming, proper, fit, becoming.decretum : decree, judgment, edict, order.decumbo : to fall, fall into, lie down.dedecor : unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable.dedecus : shame, dishonor, disgrace, crime, dishonorable act.dedico : to dedicate.deduco : to lad out colonists, found a colony.defaeco : to cleanse, purify, purge.defendo : to defend, ward off, protect, shelter.defero : to hand over, carry down, communicate, offer, refer.defessus : weary, tired.defetiscor (defessus) : to grow tired, weary.,deficio : (defectum) : to fail, to weaken, to be in want.defigo : fasten down, secure, fix firmly / concentrate, fix upon.defleo : to weep for, bewail.defleo : to bewail, weep for.defluo : to flow down, waste, disappear.defluo : to flow away, disappear, be lost.defungo : to discharge one's duties, quit, retire, die, finishdegenero : to cause to degenerate, disgrace by degeneracy.degenero : to be unlike one's kind, fall off, degenerate.degero : to pass time, live.degusto : to taste.deinde : next, then, thereafter, from that place.delectatio : delight, pleasure, enjoyment.delecto : to attract, delight / (pass + abl) take delight in.delego : to transfer, commit, assign, impute, attribute, ascribe.deleo : (deletum ) to destroy, wipe out, erase.delibero : to consider, deliberate.delicate : luxuriously, delicately, slowly.delicate : (adv.) luxuriously.deliciae : allurements, charms, delights, fancies / sweetheartdelinquo : to fail, be wanting / fail in duty, commit a crime.deludo : to mock, cheat.demens : (dementis ) : insane, mad, out of one's mind, foolish.demergo : to sink, plunge into, dip under, go into debt.demitto : set down, let fall (to offer payment to the church), lower.demo : to take away, subtract.demonstro : to indicate, show, describe, explain.demoror : to loiter, linger, tarry, belay.demulceo : to stroke down, caress by stroking.demum : at length at last, finally.denego : to refuse, deny, reject.denique : at last, finally, again, in short.dens : (dentis ) : tooth.denuncio : declare, give notice, announce.denuntio : to announce officially, pronounce, declare.denuo : anew, again, a second time, afresh.deorsum : downwards.depereo : to perish, be utterly ruined.depono : to put down, lay aside.depopulo depopulor : to lay waste, ravage, devastate.deporto : to carry off, to take away.depraedor depredor : to plunder, lay waste, pillage, ravage.deprecator : intercessor, one who pleads on behalf.deprecor : to entreat for, beg for / intercede / curse.deprecor : to beg by entreaty, to excuse oneself / curse.deprehensio : detection.deprimo (depressus) : to press down, depress, low-lying.depromo : to take down, produce, fetch out.depulso : push aside, thrust away.deputo : to count, estimate / prune, cut off.derelinquo : to forsake, desert, abandon.derideo : to laugh at, mock, deride.deripio : to tear down, snatch away.desidero : to long for, wish for greatly, to miss.desidiosus : lazy, unmotivated.desino (desiit) : to leave off, give over, cease, stop, desist.desino : cease, stop, end, desist.desipio : to act foolishly, play the fool, make an ass of one's self.desolo : to leave desolate, abandoned, to forsake.desparatus : given up on / desperatedespecto : overlook, despise, look down upon.despero : to have no hope, despair, give up.despero : to be without hope, despair / despair of, give up.despiciens : contemptuous.despicio : to look down, regard from above, despise.desposco : to demand.destinatus : resolute, firm, determined, with one's mind made up.destituo : to set down, place / abandon, leave in the lurch.detego detectum : to uncover, lay bare, disclose.determino : to fix the limits of, set boundaries to, delimit.detineo : hold off, hold back, detain.detrimentum : damage, loss, detriment.deus : god.devenio : to come to, arrive at, reach.devito : to avoid.devoco : to call away, call down, call aside.devotio : (Christian) piety, devotion, zeal.devoveo : to consecrate, sacrifice, devote / curse, execrate.dexter : right, on the right.dextera : the right hand.diabolus : devil, Satan.dico : (dictum ) to say, tell, speak, name, call, pronounce.dictata : things dictated, lessons, presents.dictator : dictator.dictito : to say often, reiterate.dicto : to say often, dictate, get written down.didicerat : (?) Herimann, p. 281.didico : to be told (Herimann cap. 39, 44).dido dididi didtum : to separate, divide, distribute.dies diei : daydiffama -tus : spread around, made known.differo : to spread news / delay, defer, postpone.differo : to spread about, spread news / harrass, disturb.differo : to delay, postpone / to differ, be different.differtus : stuffed full, crammed, jammed.difficilis : difficult, hard, troublesome.difficultas : difficulty, need, trouble, distress.digestor : arranger, composer, one who makes a pattern.dignitas : merit, worth, prestige, dignity.dignosco dignosco : to distinguish, recognize as different.dignus : (+ abl.) worthy, worthy of, meritorious.digredior digredi digressus : to depart, deviate, digress.digressio : separation, departure, digression.digressus : separation, departure, digression.dilabor : to break up, scatter, dissolve, slip away, fall apart.dilato : to spread out, extend, expand, increase.dilgenter : attentively, earnestly, carefully, diligently.diligens : diligent, careful.diligentia : diligence, industry, perseverance, persistence.diligo : to choose out, esteem highly, prize, love.diluculo : dawn, daybreak.diluo : (of troubles) to remove, resolve.dimidium : half.dimitto : to break up, dismiss, leave, abandon.directus : plain, simple, direct, open, straightforward.diripio : to tear in pieces, lay waste, devastate, plunder.diripio : to separate, tear apart / pillage, devastate, lay waste.dirunitas : long duration.diruo : to demolish, destroy, ruin.discedo : (discessum ) : to break up, depart, go away, pass away.discidium : separation, division, disagreement, tearing apart.discipulus : disciple, student, learner, pupil.disco : to learn, become acquainted with.discrepo : to differ, to be different, vary, disagree.dispono : to arrange, put in order, draw up (troops).disputatio : debate, dispute, discussion.disputo : discuss.dissero : to examine, treat of, discuss.dissimilis : unlike, different, disparate, dissimilar, distinct.dissimulo : to ignore, leave unnoticed.dissimulo : to conceal, disguise, keep secret.dissolutus : lax, weak, wanting in energy, dissolute, profligate.distinguo : to mark off, distinguish, divide / separate.distribuo : to distribute, divide.districtus (fr. distringo) : strict, severe / hesitating / busy.distulo :(past) to delay [MGHss 25 : 268].dito : to enrich, make wealthy.diu : by day, for a long time, a long time ago.diu : adv. a long while, long time, for a long time.diutinus : lasting a long time, enduring, long-lived.diutius : longer, too long (a period of time).diuturnus : lasting a long time, of long duration.diversus : different, unlike, opposed, hostile.dives : rich, opulent, wealthy.divinitus : divine influence, admirably, nobly, by inspiration.divinus : divine, sacred.divitiae divitie : riches, wealth.do dare dedi datum : to give, offer, convey, offer, donate, furnish.doceo docui doctum : to instruct, teach, tutor.doctor : teacher.doctrina : doctrine, teaching, instruction, learning.doctus : taught, instructed, learned, tutored.dolens : painfully.doleo : to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve.dolor : pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.dolose : slyly, deceitfully.dolosus : crafty, cunning, sly, deceitful.dolus : fraud, deceit, guile, treachery, a trap.domesticus : domestic, civil.domina domina : lady, mistress.dominatus : rule, mastery, tyranny, domination.dominus domino : master, lord.domito : to tame, subdue, break in.domus : house, home, residence.donec : up to the time when, until, as long as, while.donum : gift, present, donation.dormio : to sleep, slumber, siesta, nap.dubito : to doubt, hesitate.dubium : doubt, hesitation, reservation.duco : to lead on the march, marry a wife, command.duco : to lead, draw, esteem, consider.duco : to draw, shape, construct / (time) spend, delay.duco : to charm, influence, mislead, draw in.duco : to calculate, count, reckon, esteem, considered.dudum : for a long while, a long while ago, some time age.dulcedo : sweetness, pleasantness, charm.dulcidine : sweetly, pleasantly, charmingly.dulcis : sweet, pleasant, agreeable.dulcitudo dulcitudinis : dum : while, as long as, until.dummodo : (conj. + subj.) provideddumtaxat : at least, not less than / at most, not more than.duo : twoduro: to harden, last, endure.durus : hard, harsh, tough, strong,enduring, / rough, rude, uncouth.Dusiol petram : Duissenpierre.dux ducis : leader, guide, commander, general, duke. Eeatenus : so far, thus far, up to then.ebullio : to boil up, bubble up, to appear, produce in abundance.ecclesia : church.econtra : the same as contra: against, opposite, etc.ecquando : at any time? ever?edico : to announce, declare.editio : the publishing of a book, an announcement.edo : put forth, give out.edo edi essum : to eat, consume, devour, waste.edoceo : to inform fully, instruct thoroughly.educo : to draw out, lead out, march out / bring up, rear / sue.effectus : doing, execution, performance, effect, result.effero extuli elatum : to carry out, bury, lift up, exalt.effervo : to boil up.efficio : to do, produce, effect, make / bring about, cause / prove.effringo effrego : break, break open.effugio : (effugi effugiturus ) : flee from, escape, elude, run away.effundo : to pour out, pour forth, shed, utter.egenus : in want of, in need of, destitute.egeo : to need, lack, want, be without.ego : I ; I can't live without you, baby.egredior : (egressus ) : to go out, leave, depart, exit.eicio eiectum : to throw out, eject, drive out.elatus : puff-up, proud of oneself, arrogant.electus : chosen, select.elementum : first principle, element, basic constituent.elemosina : almselemosinarius : almoner, person in charge of providing charity.eligo : to pick out, select, choose.eloquens : eloquent, persuasive, fluent.eloquentia : eloquence, readiness of speech, fluency, persuasiveness.eluo : to wash out, rinse cleanse / squander, waste.eluvies : a flowing over, flood, innundation.eluvio : inundation.emanio : to flow out, spread / arise, emanate, originate.emendo : to amend, correctemercor : to buy up.emerio : to obtain by service, earn completely, deserve well.emineo : to stand out, project, be remarkable, conspicuous.eminor : to threaten, menace.eminus : at a distance, from a distance.emiror : to wonder at exceedingly.emo emi emptum : to buy, purchase.emoveo : to move away, remove, take away.emptio : a buying, a purchase.enim : for, in fact, truly (may often be omitted)enumero : to count, count up, enumerate.eo ire itum : to go, advance, proceed, travel, move along, progress.episcopalis : episcopalepiscopus : bishopepistula : letter, epistle, missive, message.epulo : sumptuous food, banquet, feast.epulor : to feast, feast on.eques equitis : horseman, cavalry man rider (classical).equidem : (adv) indeed, truly, for my part.equitatus : cavalry, horsemen (classical).equus : horse, steed, mount.erepo : to creep out, creep over, creep up.erga : (+ acc.) toward, about.ergo : (gen. +) on account of, because of.ergo : (adv.) accordingly, then, therefore.eripio : (eripui ereptum ) : to snatch away, take away, rescue.erogo : to pay out.erogo : to pay out, expend, disburse.erro : to wander, stray, rove / be mistaken, err, go astray.error : error, mistake, going astray.erubesco : to blush, grow red, be ashamed.erubesco : (+ inf.) to blush to, (+acc.) blush for, respect.erudio : to instruct, teach, educate.eruo : to dig up, pull out / raze, demolish.esurio : to be hungry, to hunger.et ... et : both ... and.etenim : for indeed.etiam : (adv.) even, also.etsi : (acsi) even if, although.evenio : to come to pass, happen, befall.eventus : consequence, issue, result, occurrence, experience.everto : to turn out, eject, dislodge, overturn / destroy, ruin.evito : to shun, avoid; also, to kill.evoco : to draw out, draw on, produce, recall to the colors.ex : (= e ) : (prep. + abl.) out of, from within, from / on account of.exaequo exequo : to be like, equal / make level or even, relate.excedo : (trans.) to exceed, leave, pass beyond.excellentia : excellence, merit, worth.excessum : departure, death, digression.excipio : (excepi exceptum ) : to take out, except / take, capture.excito : call forth, bring about, wake, raise up.exclamo : to shout, cry aloud, exclaim, call someone by name.excludo : to shut out, exclude.excolo : to honor (a deity), polish, adorn, refine, serve.excrucio : to torment, torture, cause great pain.excusatio : excuse.excuso : to exempt from blame, excuse, make excuses, plead.exemplar : model, pattern, original, prototype, book to copy.exemplum : pattern, model, example .exerceo : to train, cultivate, keep at work, exercise, practice.exercitus : army.exertus : tested, tried, approved, experienced.exesto : extra esto.exheredo : to disinherit.exheres : disinherited.exhibeo exibeo : to produce, show, display, offer, allow, cause.exhibeo : to show, present, allow, display, present, offer.exhilaro : to make cheerful.exhorresco : to be horrified, to shake, shudder / dread, tremble at.exigo : drive out, force out, exact, demand, sell.exigo : complete, finish, determine, decide, settle.exilis : thin, slender, meager.eximietate : uncommonness, excellence.eximius : extraordinary, excellent, fine, superb.eximo : to free, release, take out, remove, waste.exinde : thence, next / thereupon, after that, then / accordingly.exitiabilis exitialis exitosus : fatal deadly, destructive, lethal.exitium : destruction, ruin.exitus : going out, going forth, exit, end, finish.exordium : the beginning (especially of a speech).exorior : to rise, spring up, issue, appear, come forward.exoro : to prevail upon a person, entreat successfully.exorsus : begun.expedio : to release, set free, clear, set straight.expedio : to free from a snare, disentangle, set free, ready.expello (expuli expulsum ) : to drive out, expel, force out, banish.experior (experiri, expertus ) : to try, test, experience, prove.expers : wanting, destitute of, not sharing in.expetens : desirous, eager.expeto : to fall upon.expeto : to demand, require / desire, strive after, make for.expilatio : plundering, taking booty.expiscor : to fish out, find out, discover.expleo : to make losses good / fulfil, discharge (duties).expleo explevi expletum : to fill, fill up, complete, finish.expletio : satisfying.expletus : (part.) perfect, complete.explicatus: explanation, exposition.explico : to unfold, unroll, disentangle / explain, expound.expono (exposui expositum ) : to set forth, explain, expose.expositus : open, accessible, exposed.expostulo : to demand earnestly / to make a claim.expugno : to capture, overcome, subdue, take by storm, gain.exquisitus : sought after, exquisite, excellent, fine, delicate.exsequor exequor : to follow to the grave, follow to the end.exsequor : to maintain, keep up, carry out, fulfill, accomplish.exsequor : to execute, avenge, punish / relate, describe, explain.exsertus exertus : project, thrust forward.exsilium : exile, banishment.exspecto : to look for, expect, await, wait for.exstinguo, exstingui, exstinctum : to extinguish, put out.exsto : to stand out, be extant, appear, project, show itself.externus : outer, foreign, outside, external.extollo : to praise exaggerate / decorate, adorn.extollo : to lift up, raise up, erect / elevate, exalt.extorqueo : to twist, wrench, dislocate / extort by force.extra : (prep. + acc.) beyond, outside.extremus : outermost, last, extreme.exturbo : to drive away, thrust out.exulto : to exult, be joyful.exuro, exussum : burn down, burn, set on fire.exustio : burning up, conflagration. Ffabula : fable, story, tale, play.facile : easily.facilis : easy, agreeable, affable, pleasant.facillimus : easiest, most agreeable, pleasantestfacina -oris : bad deed, crime, villainy / deed, action.facio : to sacrifice, suit, help, be of service.facio : to give permission / to experience, suffer (troubles).facio : (trans.) to make, do, act, perform, cause, bring about.factum : deed, accomplishment, work, act, achievement.facultas : power, means, opportunity, capacity, ability, stock.facundia : facultas : feasibility, opportunity, resources, abundance.facunditas : fertility, quickness or readiness of speech.faenum fenum : hay.falsus : false, deceptive.fama : talk, report, rumor, tradition.familia : family, household.familiaris : belonging to a household / friendly, intimate.famulatus : servitude, slavery, service.famulus : servant.fas est :: it is right, it is fitting, it is lawful.fas : divine law or command / fate, destiny / lawful, allowed.fateor : to confess, admit, allow, reveal, make known.fatigo : worry, fatigue, vex, harass, tease.fatum : fate, destiny, doom, lot, weird.fautor : favorer, promoter, patron, partisan, supporter.faveo : (+ inf.) To be inclined to do.faveo : (+ dat.) be favorable to, aid, support, help. fawning like that of a dog, cringing flattery.feculentia : dregs, lees, impurities, filth.fefello : to be failed by, disappointed by something. Herimann, p. 278.feliciter : happily.Felix felicis : lucky, fortunate, happy.femina : womanfenestra : window.fere : almost, nearly, not quite, generally.feretrum : bier, litter.feritas : wildness, savageness.ferme, fere : almost, about.fero tuli latum : to carry, bring, tell, relate, and much else.ferrum : iron, sword.ferus : fierce, wild, savage, untamed.festinatio : speed, haste.festino : to hasten, hurry, speed.festinus : hastening, hasty.feteo : to have a bad odor, stink.ficus : fig tree.fidelis : faithful, loyal, truefidelitas : fidelity, loyalty, homage.fidens : confident, without fear, courageous.fides : trust, confidence, reliance, belief, faith.fides : promise, assurance, word of honor, engagement.fiducia : confidence, trust, assurance.filia : daughterfilius : sonfimus : dung, dirt, filth, manure.fines finium : boundaries, limits, / territory.finis : end, limit, boundary, purpose.finitimus finitumus : neighboring, adjacent, related to, similar.fio, fieri, factus : be made, be done, become.firmo : to assert, maintain / strengthen, make firm / encourage.firmus : firm, strong, reliable, solid.flamma : flame, fire.flatus : blowing, blast, breathing, arrogance, haughtiness.flax, falcis : sickle, bill-hook, pruning hook.fleo : to weep, cry, shed tears, sob.fluctus : billow, wave.flumen : river.fluo : to flow, pour, stream.fodio : to prick, sting, jab.fore, forem : future infinitive of sum.forensis, e : legal.forma: form, shape, beauty.formica : ant.formo : to shape, form, fashion.fors fortis : chance, luck, fortune.forsit forsan forsitan : perhaps, probably.fortasse : perhaps.forte : by chance, by luck, accidentally.fortis : strong, brave.fortiter : strongly, bravely.fortitudo : physical strength, courage, moral bravery.fortuna : fortune, luck, fate, chance.fortunate : fortunately.fortunatus : fortunate, lucky, happy.forum : market place, town square.foveo fovi fotum : to cherish.frango (fracta) : to break in pieces, shatter.frater : brother.frendo : to gnash one's teeth, bruise, crush, grind.frendo : gnash the teeth, crush, bruise, grind.frequentatio : frequency, crowding.frequentia : a large concourse, population, numerous assembly.frequento : to crowd, collect in large number, visit.frigus : cold, coolness, cold of winter / dullness, indolence.frons : forehead, brow, front.fructuarius : fruitful, fertile.fructus fructus : fruit, profit, enjoyment, produce.frugalitas : frugality, economy, pinching pennies.frumentum : grain.fruor : to have the benefit of, to enjoy.frustra esse : to be deceived, to be mistaken.frustra : in vain, mistakenly, wantonly, without reason.frux, frugi : fruits of the earth.fuga : flight, escape,fugio : to flee, escape, run away / avoid, shun.fugitivus : fugitive : deserter, runaway slave.fugo : to put to flight, chase away, drive into exile, pursue.fulcio : to support, strengthen, uphold / to besiege, oppress.fulgeo (fulsi ): to flash, shine, beam.fultus : supporter.fundo : to pour, pour out (like molten metal), melt, cast.fundo : (milit.) to rout, scatter, defeat, put to flight.fungor, fungi, functus : to occupy oneself, perform, do, execute.funis -is : rope, cord, line.furibundus : raging, furious / inspired.furor : madness, rage, frenzy.furs : thief.furtificus : thievish.furtim : by stealth, stealthily.furtum : theft, robbery / furta : stolen property / trick, deceit.fusus : (from fundo) : spread out, extended, wide, copious. Ggalea : helmet.Gandavum : Ghent.gaudium : joy, delight, happiness.Gemblacensis : Gembloux.gemo : to sigh, groan, wail.gens : clan, race, nation, people, tribe.genus : kind, sort, class, category.gero : to carry, bear, wear / bear, give birth to / to carry about.gesto : to carry, bear about.gestum (gero) : carrying about, conduct (oneself).gestum (gero) : carriage, bearing / having borne.gigno (genuit) : to bring forth, bear, beget, father.glacialis : icy, frozen, full of ice.gladius : sword.Gloria : fame, renown, glory.glorior : to glory, boast, pride oneself.grando, onis : hailstorm.grassor : go about, go ahead, proceed, attack.gratia agere : (+ dat.) to thank.gratia : gratitude, favor.gratia : in order to, for the sake of, to.gratia : (in the abl.) on account of.gratulor : to wish a person joy, congratulate (+dat.),give thanksgratus : pleasing, agreeable / grateful.gravatus : sick, oppressed, ill.gravis : heavy, weighty, serious, important / severe, grievous.gravitas : weight, seriousness, dignity, importance.graviter : heavily, seriously.gravo : to oppress, burden, make suffer.gregatim : in troops, or crowds.gregatim : adv., In flocks, herds, troops, crowds.gusto : to taste. Hhabeo habui habitum : to have, hold, possess / consider, regard.habitus : disposed, in a certain condition.hac : this side, this way, here.hac : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THIS (the sword), ...hactenus : hitherto, up to this point, so far.hae he : (fem. pl. nom) THESE (speeches) were very fine.haec hec : (fem. sing. nom.) THIS (sword) is more expensive.haec hec : (neut. pl. nom.) THESE (kisses) are sweeter than wine.haec hec : (neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).hanc : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THIS (her youth).harum : (fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THESE (gates).has : (fem. pl. acc.) They gave THESE (their lives) for the Faith.Hasnonium : Hasnon.haud : no, not at all, by no means.Helcim : Helchin on the left bank of the Scheldt.Helnonensis : Elnon. Herimann, p. 279.Heniis Harniis : Hames.hereditas : inheritance, often simply "property."hesito (haesito) : to be unsure, uncertain, wavering.hi : (masc. pl. nom.) THESE (men) are loyal to the king.hic : (adv.) here.hic haec (hec ) hoc : this, the latter / he, she, it.hic : (masc. nom. sing.) THIS (house) is filthy.hilaris : cheerful, merry, gay.hinc : from this place, hence.his : (masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THESE (roads).his : (masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THESE (policemen).his : (fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THESE (churches).his : (fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).his : (neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).his : (neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).hoc : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THIS (field).hoc : (neut. sing. nom.) THIS (monastery) is well-built.hoc : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THIS! (doubt)hoc : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THIS! (fetter)hodie : today.hodiernus : of today.Hoienses : Huy, Belgium, between Liege and Namur.homo hominis : human being, man.honor : honor, esteem, public office.honorabilis : respectful.hora : hour, time.hordeum, ordeum : barley.horrendus : horrible, dreadful.hortor : exhort, incite, encourage.hortus ortus : garden / pl. grounds, park.horum : (masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THESE (soldiers) are spent.horum : (neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.hos : (masc. pl. acc.) They burned THESE (houses) to the ground.hospes : guest, host, stranger.hostes hostium : the enemy.hostis : an enemy of the state.huic : (neut sing. dat.) I'd give my right arm FOR THIS (cooky).huic : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THIS (doctor).huic : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THIS (abbey).huius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THIS.huius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THIS (the cost).huius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THIS (change).humanitas : kindness, culture, refinement.humanus : pertaining to man, humane, humane, cultured, refined.humilis : lowly, humble.humo : cover with earth, bury,humus : ground, earth, soil / land, country.hunc : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THIS (fruit).Hunnam : Bunna.hypocrita : hypocrite Iiaceo :to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead.iacio : to throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse.iaculator : : a thrower, javelin man, spear thrower.iaculum : dart, javelin, short spear.iam : now, by now, already / presently, immediately, soon.iam : moreover, henceforth, indeed, just, further.ianua : door.ibi : thereictus : blow, bite, stroke, bolt, thrust.idcirco : on that account, for that reason, for that purpose.idem eadem idem : the same.identidem : again and again, repeatedly.ideo : for that reason, on that account, therefore.idoneus : proper, worthy, fitting, deserving, capable.igitur : therefore, consequently, for this reason.ignarus : ignorant, not knowing.ignavus : lazy, listless, inert, sluggish cowardly, a coward.ignis : fire.ignoro : to be ignorant of, not know / rarely:neglect, overlook.ignosco: (+ dat.) to overlook, forgive, pardon.ignotus : unknown, obscure, ignorant, ignoble.ilico : on the spot, immediately.illa : (fem. sing. nom.) THAT (sword) is more expensive.illa : (neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).illa : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THAT (the sword), ...illa : (neut. pl. nom.) THOSE (arms) belong to the victor.illacrimo : (+ dat.) to weep over.illae ille : (fem. pl. nom.) THOSE (women) must die!illarum : (fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THOSE (gates).illas : (fem. pl. acc.) They gave THOSE (their lives) for the Faith.illata : from infero : to cause, occasion, etc.illaturos : from infero "they would cause."ille illa illud : that, the former, the famous / he, she, it.ille : (masc. nom. sing.) THAT (house) is filthy.illi : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THAT (abbey).illi : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THAT (doctor).illi : (masc. pl. nom.) THOSE (men) are loyal to the king.illi : (neut sing. dat.) i'd give my right arm FOR THOSE (cookies).illiam : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THAT (her youth).illic : there, at that place, therein, in that matter.illis : (masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THOSE (Marines).illis : (fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THOSE (churches).illis : (neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).illis : (fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).illis : (masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THOSE (roads).illis : (neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).illius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THAT (change).illius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THAT (the cost).illius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THAT.illo : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THAT! (doubt)illo : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THAT (field).illorum : (masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THOSE (soldiers) are spent.illorum : (neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.illos : (masc. pl. acc.) They burned THOSE (houses) to the ground.illuc : thither, to that place, to that matter, to that person.illud : (neut. sing. nom.) THAT (monastery) is well-built.illud : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THOSE (fetters)!illudo illusi illusum : to mock, make fun of, ridiculeillum : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THAT (fruit).imago : image, likeness.imber ymber : rain shower, rain storm, pelting rain.imbrium : of rain.imcomposite : adv from incompositus : incompositione in Herimann.imitabilis : that can be imitated,imitor : to imitate.immanitas : savagery, frightfulness.immerito : adv. undeservingly, without merit, unjustifiably.immineo : to hang over, be imminent, threaten.immo : by all means, by no means, on the contrary.immodicus : immoderate, excessive, beyond measure.immortalis : immortal.immotus : unmoved.immunda : unclean, impure, dirty, foul.immundus : foul, impure.impedimentum : hindrance, impediment, obstacle, difficulty.impedio : entangle, ensnare, obstruct, surround, hinder, prevent.impedito : a hinderance.impedo : to entangle, ensnare, hinder, prevent, obstruct.impello : to drive against, strike upon.impello impuli impulsum : to set in mortion, impel, urge on.impendeo : to hang over, threaten, menace, be imminent.impendium : expenditures, outlay, interest on a loan.impendo : to lay out, expand, weigh out.impenetrabiilis : impenetrable.impensa : expense, outlay.imperator : commander in chief, general, emperor.imperceptus : unperceived / unknown,imperiosus : imperious, domineering, powerful.imperium : power to command, authority, command, rule, control.impero : to give orders, command / to rule, hold sway.impetro : to get, accomplish, effect, obtain (by asking).impetus : attack, onset, rapid motion / impulse, passion, force.impleo : to fill in (or up), satisfy, content, fulfil, perform.importo : to bring in, introduce, import / bring upon, cause.importunus : unsuitable, unfavorable, troublesome / inconsiderate.impraesentiarum : for the present, in present circumstances.imprimis : especially, particularly, specifically.improbus : inferior, bad, wicked, persistent, perverse, bold.improvidus : improvident, negligent, thoughtless, feckless.improviso : unexpectedex improviso : suddenly.impudens : impudent, shameless, insolent, presumptuous.impudenter : impudently, insolently, presumptuously.impunitus : unpunished, unrestrained, safe.imputo : to lay to a charge, enter in an account, impute to.in praesentia : for the present.in : (+ acc.) into, toward, against.in : (+ abl.) in.inanis : empty, vain, inane.incassum : in vain.inceptor : beginner.inceptum : beginning, attempt, enterprise.incertus : uncertain, doubtful, unsure, hesitant.incido in mentionem : to happen to mention.incido : to fall in or on, fall in with / happen, occur.incipio : to take in hand, begin, commence.incito : to excite, spur, inspire, increase / hasten, urge on.inclino : to bend, incline, turn, change / fall back, waver.includo : to shut in, enclose, establish a siege, surround.inclutus / inclitus : celebrated, famous, renowned.incola, ae : resident, inhabitant of a place.incompositus : disorder, lack of regularity.inconsulte : indiscreetly.incontinencia : lack of restrain, incontinence.incorruptus : uncorrupted, genuine, pure.incredibilis : incredible, unbelievable.increpare : to rebuke, chide, scold.increpo : (of persons) to chide, rebuke.incubo : to hang over, dwell in, lie heavily upon.incurro : to run into, assail, attack, raid into, come upon.Inda : Cornelism / Anster.indagatio : investigation.inde : thence, from there, for that reason, thereafter, then.indebitus : not owed, not due.indico : to proclaim, make publicly known, announce, disclose.indigeo : to require, need, stand in need of.indignatio : indignation.indignus : unworthy, lacking in merit, unfit.indo (past indidi) : to establish, cause, occasion.indomitus : untamed, wild.induco : cover, put on clothing, erase writing, revoke, annul.induco : bring in, introduce, induce, persuade / decide.induco indux inductum : to lead in, introduce, induce, influence.industria : industry, diligence.industrius : industrious, diligent, assiduous, hard-working.indutiae : truce, armistice, suspension of hostilities.inedicabilis : unexplainable, inexplicable.ineptio : to play the fool, to trifle.inexpugnabilis : impregnable, unconquerable, not to be taken by force.infamo : to put to shame, disgrace.infantia : infancy, babyhood.infector : dyer.infectum reddere : to revoke, render impossible, make void, annul.infectus : unworked / not done, unfinished, incomplete.infecunditas : barrenness, sterility.infecundus : barren, sterile.infelicitas : bad luck, misfortune,infeliciter : unhappily.infelix : arbor infelix : the gallows.infelix : unfruitful, barren, unproductive, infertile.infenso : to attack, avenge.infensus : hostile, aggressive / (arms) aimed, ready / (spirit) dangerous.inferi : those down below, the dead.inferne : on the lower side, below.infero : To carry in, put or place on.infero : (in logic) to infer, conclude.infero : (abstract things) : bring on, occasion, cause.inferus : below, under, southern.infervesco : to come to a boil, become hot.infeste : in a hostile manner, belligerently.infesto : to attack, disquiet.infestus : aggressive, hostile, dangerous.inficio infeci infectum : to poison, taint, corrupt.inficio infeci infectum : to tinge, dye, stain, imbue.infidelis : unfaithful, disloyal, untrue.infidelitas : faithlessness, disloyalty.infideliter : faithlessly, disloyally.infidus : untrue, disloyal.infigo : to fix, fasten / to imprint, impress.infindo infidi infissum : to cut into.infinitas infinitio : eternity, infinity, endlessness.infinitus : unlimited, infinite, without bounds, boundless, limitless.infirmatio : weakening / refusing / invalidating.infirme : weakly, faintly.infirmitas : weakness, feebleness / instability, fickleness.infirmo : to weaken / shake / invalidate, annullinfirmus : not strong, weak, feeble / (sometimes) sick, ill.infit : he, she, or it begins, begins to speak.infitialis : negative, containing a no, rejection.infitias ire : to deny.infitior : to deny / deny a debt, refuse to return something.inflammatio : setting afire / (people) inflaming / (souls) inspiring.inflammo : to set on fire, inflame, to torch, kindle.inflatio : inflation, flatulence.inflatius : too pompous / on a grander scale.inflatus : pompous, swollen, puffed up, inflated.inflatus : blowing into, blast, inspiration.inflecto : to warp / change, sway, affect.inflecto inflexi inflectum : to bend, bow, curve.infletus : unwept, unmourned, unlamented.inflexio : a bendings, swaying.inflexus : bending, curving.infligo inflixi inflictum : to strike, hit, knock / cause damage.inflo : to blow into / to inspire, puff up, elate.influo influi influxum : to flow in / to rush in, steal in.infodio infodi infossum : to dig in, bury.informatio : concept, idea.informis : formless, shapeless / deformed, hideous.infortunatus : unfortunate, unhappy, unlucky.infortunium : misfortune, bad luck / punishment.infra inferius infimus : low down.infra : (adv.) below, underneath / to the south, in the underworld.infra : (+ acc.) below, under / (time) later thaninfula : insignia of office.ingemuo = dat. : to groan, sigh over.ingenium : innate character, talent, nature.ingens : of immoderate size, vast, huge, monstrous, remarkable.ingero : to go off to, betake oneself to, pour forth, inflict.ingratus : ungrateful, unpleasant, disagreeable.ingravesco : to become heavy, become a burden.inicio inieci iniectum : to throw on, put on, don / inspire.inimicus : personal enemy, foe, opponent.iniquus : unequal, unjust, unfair.initium : beginning, start, commencement, origin.iniuria : injury, damage, hurt / injustice, wrong.iniustus : unjust, inequitable, unfair.innotesco, innotui : to become known.innotesco : to become know, noted.innuo : to give a nod to, give a sign to.inolesco : to grow in or on.inops : poor, helpless, in needinquam : I say.inquis : you say.inquit : he, she, it says.inrideo : to laugh at, mock, ridicule.inritus irritus : void, invalid, in vain, useless, ineffectual.inruo irruo : to rush in, fling in.insania : insanity, irrationality, madness, folly.insciens : unknowing, unaware, ignorant.inscribo : inscribe, entitle, enlist.insensatus : irrational.insequor : to follow, pursue, assail, reproach, rebuke, attack.inservio : to be a slave, serve, be devoted to.insideo : sit upon something, be firmly placed.insidiae : (pl.) treachery, ambush, plot, conspiracy.insinuo : to insinuate, work one's way in, intimate.insisto : to enter upon [a journey] tread; (with d.) follow.insolita : unaccustomed, unusual.insolitus : unaccustomed / unusual, strange, uncommon.insons insontis : guiltless, innocent.insperatus : unexpected, unlooked for, unanticipated.instanter : urgently.instar : a form, figure, after the fashion of, like.instigo : to goad, incite, stimulate, urge.instituo : to establish, found, institute.insto : to pursue eagerly, devote oneself to.instructus (from instruo) : equipped, trained, supplied.instructus : trained, taught.instruo : to built in, set up, construct, furnish / train.instruo : prepare, provide / draw up an order of battle.Insula : Lille.Insula : island.insurgo insurgi insurrectum : to rise up, rebel, revolt.integer : whole, untouched, unhurt, undamaged / complete, entire.intellego intellexi intellectum : to understand, comprehend, see.intempestivus: unseasonable, untimely, immoderate.intendo : to stretch, strain, try to prove.intendo : to extend, aim, direct, direct one's course, aim at.intentio : effort, exertion, attention, intent / attack, accusation.intentus : thorough, tense, anxious, strict.inter : (+ acc.) between, among.intercipio intercepi interceptum : to interceptinterdico : to forbid, prohibit, outlaw, gain an injunction.interdico : to forbid, prohibit, interdict.interdum : sometimes, now and then, at times.intereo : to perish, die.interficio interfeci interfectum : to kill, murder, slay.interrogatio : interrogation, inquiry.intro : to walk into, enter, make one's way into.introduco : to lead in, introduce.intueor : to look at attentively, gaze at, consider.intumesco : to swell up, increase, swell with anger.intumesco : to sell, sell up, sell with anger.intus : within.inultus : unavenged, unpunished.invado : to undertake, go in, enter, get in.invado : to assail, usurp, seize, attack, fall upon.invalesco : to gather strength, become stronger.invenio : to come upon, find, discover.inventor : inventor, discoverer.investigo : to track down, investigate.inveteratus : hardened by age, of long-standing.invetero : to give duration, to render oldinvicem : one after the other, by turns, mutually, each other.invictus : unconquer, unconquerable, undefeated.invideo : to envy, be jealous of, look upon with envy.invidia : envy, jealousy, hatred.inviso : to go to see, visit, inspect, look at.invisus : hated, hateful.invito : to invite, summon.invitus : unwilling, against one's will.ioco iocor : to joke, jest, make merry.iocus : joke, jest, jape, gag.ipse ipsa ipsum : himself, herself, itself.ipsemet : his own very self.IRA : anger, wrath.irascor iratus : to be angry, to be wrathful.iratus : angry, wrathful.irrito : to irritate, exasperate, excite.irritum : nothingness, worthlessness, vanity.irritus : vain, useless, ineffectual, of not effect.irritus : undecided, void, unfixed, of no effect.is ea id : this, that / he, she, it.iste ista istud : that / sometimes pejorative.ita ut : (with subj.) in such a way that,ita : so, thus.ita : (in narration) and so; (with adj. or adv.) so, so very.itaque : (adv.) and, so, therefore.iter itineris : road, route, journey.itero : to repeat, say again, iterate.iterum : again, a second time, once more.iubeo iussi iussum : to order, command.iucunditas : pleasure, charm.iucundus : agreeable, pleasant, gratifying.iudex : judge, juror.iudicium : judgment, decision, opinion, trialiudico : to judge, consideriugis, e : perpetual, continuous.iugis iuge : perpetual, continuous.iumentum : beast of burden.iungo iunxi iunctum : to joiniuro : to swear, to make an oath.ius iurandum iuris iurandi etc. : oath.ius iuris : justice, law, right.iussu : (abl.) at the command of, by order of.iustus : just, right, equitable.iuvo : to help, aid, assist / to please.iuxta : just short of.iuxta : close by, near / in like manner, equally.iuxta : (+ acc.) close to, near to / (time) just before. Jjaculum : dart, javelin.judicium : trial, legal investigation, judgment, decision.jugis : adj. continual, ceaseless, perennial, constant.jugiter : continually, perpetually, constantly / instantly.jumentum : draft animal.juvenis : young man, youth.juventus : the age of youth (20-40 years).Llabefacio labefeci labefactum : to shake, loosen / impair.labefacto : to weaken, disturb / shake violently.labellum : a little lip / a small washing vessel.labes labis : stain, blemish, disgrace, infamy / misfortune.labia labium :lip (labiae : lips).labiosus : having large lips.labo : to totter, sink, begin to fall.labor : hardship, fatigue, distress.labor laboris : labor, work, toillabor lapsus : to slip, glide, slide.labores solis : eclipse of the sun.laboriose : laboriously, with great effortlaboriosus : toilsome, laborious / (persons) industrious, toiling.laboro : (intrans.) to work, toil, suffer, be afflicted, be troubled.laboro : (trans.) work out, prepare, arrange, form, elaborate.labrum : lip, edge, rim / bathing tub.labrusca : wild grape vine.labruscum : the wild grape.lac lactis : milk.lacer : torn, mangled, cut to pieces.laceratio : a tearing, mangling.lacero : to tear to pieces, mangle / squander money / slander someone.lacerta : lizard.lacertosus : muscular, powerful.lacertus : the upper arm / strength.lacesso : to harass, attack.lacrima Heliandum : amber.lacrima : tears / exudations from some plants.lacrimabilis : lamentable, deplorable, woeful.lacrimo : to weep, shed tears / exude, drip.lacrimosus : tearful, mournful, shedding tears,lactans : giving milk.lactatio : enticement, come-on.lacteus : milky, of milk, milk-white.lacteus : of milk, milky, milk-white.lacto : to allure, entice, wheedle.lactuca : lettuce.lacuna : missing letters, words, or phrases in a manuscript.lacuna : a hole, empty space / pond, pool / deficiency, loss.lacunar : panelled ceiling.lacus : a hollow / lake, pool, pond, trough, tank, tub.laedo ledo : strike, hit, hurt, damage, offend, annoy, violate.laesio lesio : rhetorical attack / wounding.laetabilis letabilis : joyous, glad.laetans : rejoicing, joyous.laetatio letatio : rejoicing, joy.laetifico letifico : to fertilize / cheer, gladden, delight.laetificus letificus : gladdening, joyous, spreading happiness.laetitia letitia : fertility / richness, grace / joy, delight.laeto leto : to cheer, gladden, make joyful.laetor letor : to rejoice, be joyful.laeve leve : left-handedly, awkwardly.laevus levus : foolish, silly / unlucky, unpropitious.laevus levus : the left hand, left side, left-handed.laganum : a cake.lama : bog, slough.lambo : to lick / (of rivers) to wash.lamenta (neut. pl) : weeping, wailing.lamentabilis : lamentable, mournful.lamentatio : weeping, wailing, lamenting.lamentor : to weep, wail, lament / (trans.) to bewail.lamia : witch, vampire.lamnia lammina lamna : sheet of metal, coin, knife blade, nutshell.lapsus : fall, fault, error, sliding, graduate movement.laqueum : noose, halter, snare, trap.laqueus : snare, trap, noose.largior : lavish, bestow, grant, give abundantly.lascivio : to run riot, play, be wanton.lasesco : to become tired, grow weary.latus -Eris : sides, flank / lungs /laudator : praiser.laudo : to praise, extoll, commend / name, mention, cite, quote.Laudunum : Laon.laus : praise, glory, fame.lebes : copper kettle, basin, cauldron.lectica : litter, bier.lector : reader.lectus : bed.legatarius : legatee.legatus : deputy, ambassador, envoy,legens legentis : a reader.legio : legionLego : to gather, choose, collect, pass through, read,lemiscus : a ribbon.lemma : theme, title, epigram.lemures : (pl. only) ghosts, phantoms.lenimentus : alleviation, improvement, mitigation.lenio : to mitigate, relieve, make better.lenis : smooth / gentle, kind, mild.lenitas lenitudo : smoothness, gentleness, mildness.leno : procurer, go-between.lenocinium : enticement, allurement.lenocinor : to pander, flatter, make up to / to promote, advance.lens lentis : lentil.lente : slowly, calmly, cooly, deliberately.lentesco : to become soft, flexible, sticky / to weaken, slacken.lentitudo : slowness, apathy, sluggishness.lento : to bend.lentulus : rather slow, a little slow.lentus : lethargic, inactive / slow, lingering.lentus : tough, resistant, tenacious / supple, pliant /Leo : lion.Leodie : Liege.lepide : charmingly, wittily, elegantly, pleasantly.lepidus : charming, witty, pleasant, elegant.lepor lepos : charm, wit, elegance.lepus : hare, rabbit.Lesciense, monastery of : Liessies.letalis : mortal, deadly, fatal.letaliter : mortally, fatally.letanie : litanylethargus : drowsiness, apathy, sleepiness, coma.letifer : deadly, mortal.leto : to kill, slay.letum : death, ruin, annihilation.levamen : alleviation, mitigation, solace, refreshment.levamentum : comfort, easing, alleviation, consolation.levatio : alleviation, mitigation, solace.leviculus : empty-headed, vain, silly.levidensis : thin, slight, poor.levis : rapid, swift / unimportant / fickle, inconstant / unstable.levis : light, slight, trivial / beardless, bald / light-armed.levitas : lightness, levity / fickleness, inconstancy / groundlessness.leviter : lightly, softly, slightly.levo : to smooth, polish.levo : to raise, lift up / relieve, ease / diminish, weaken, impair.lex legis : law, statute / covenant, agreementlibatio : libation.libellus : little book.libenter : willingly, with pleasure.liber : child, offspring.liber libri : book.liber libera, liberum : free, independent, unrestricted.liberalis : courteous, generous, gentlemanly.liberalitas : courtesy, kindness, generousity / a grant.liberaliter : courteously, generously, honorably.liberatio : release, liberation, acquittal, setting free.libere : freely, openly, frankly.libero : to liberate, set free.libero : to lift (an obstacle), raise.libero : to set free, deliver, liberate, release / exemptlibertas : freedom, liberty, independence / frankness, candor.libido : whim, caprice, violent desire, passionate longing.licet : granted that, although / it is allowed, one may or can.licet : (as conj.) granted that, although.ligo : to bind, tie.lima : file, polishing, revision.limen, limina : threshold.lingua : language, tongue, speech.lino : to smear, befoul, dirty.linteum : linen, napkin.liquidus : fluid, flowing, liquid / clear, evident, certain.litigo : to quarrel, dispute.littera : letter (of the alphabet).litterae : (pl.) letter, epistle, missive, note / literature.loci : (pl.) passages in literary works.loco : to place, put, position.locupleto : to enrich, make wealthy.locus : place, location, situation, spot.loginquitas : distance, remoteness, isolation.longe lateque : far and wide.longe : far.longus : longloquax loquacis : talkative, loquacious, garrulous.loquor locutus : to say, speak, tell.loricatus : wearing armor, armored.lubricus : oily, slippery, slick.lucerna : lamp.lucror : to gain, profit, win.lucrosus : profitable, gainful.lucrum : gain, profit.luctisonus : sad-sounding, mournful, baleful.luctus : lamentation, mourning, grief.ludio ludius : actor, playerludo lusi lusum : to play, sport / imitate, banter / delude, deceive.ludus : game, sport, school.lues : plague, pestilence, calamity.lugeo : to mourn, be in mourning, grieve / (tans,) to lament, bewail.Luna : moon.lupus : wolf.Lutosensis : Leuze.lux lucis : light.luxuria : luxury, extravagance, opulence.Mmacellarius : butcher, slaughter-house.macer : thin, lean.macero : to soften, weaken, reduce, torment.macies : thiness, gauntness / poverty barrennessmacresco : to become lean, skinny, thin.mactabilis : deadly, lethal.macto : to magnify, glorify, honor / slay, fight, punish, afflict.macula : stain, mark, spot / blemish, fault, flaw.maculo : to stain, blemish, defile, pollute.maculosus : spotted, speckled, polluted.madesco : to get wet.madide : drunkenly.madidus : wet, moist, soaked, boiled, soft, drunk, dyed, steeped.mador : wetness, moisture.maero : to grieve, sorrow.maeror meror : mourning, grief, sorrow.magis : more, to a greater extent, rather, for preferencemagister : master, canon / master of a school, professor.magnopere magnus opere : very, very much.magnus maior maximus : large, great, important.magus : magical.maiestas : majesty, dignity, greatness.maiores : (pl.) ancestors.Malbodiensis : Maubeuge.male peius pessime : badly, ill, wrongly.malens : preferring.Malmundarium : Malmedy.malo mallui malus : to choose, prefer.malum : evil, misfortune, misdeed, crime, injury, damage.malus peior pessimus : bad, wicked, evil.mancipo mancepo : to sell formally, turn over, give into charge.mancipo : to sell formally, give up.mandatum : order, decree, mandate, instruction.mando : to commit, entrust, order, command.mane : morning, early in the morning, early.manentia : permanency.maneo : to remain, stay, stay the night, last, endure, abide by.mansuetus : mild, soft, gentle.manus manus : hand, band, handwriting.Marceniense : Marchiennes,Marcieniensis : Marchiennes.mare maris : sea.maritus : husband.mater matris : mother.matera, mairia : ?vat, for the fermentation of beer.materia : material, substance, matter.matertera : maternal aunt.matrimonium : marriage.maxime : greatly, exceedingly, to the highest degree, very.maxime : especially, particularly, principally.me : (acc.) me / that old black magic has ME in its spell.me : (abl.) me / you'll do fine with ME, baby.medicus : doctor, physician.mediocris : ordinary, average, fair, moderate, mediocre.meditor meditatus : to reflect upon, consider, ponder / practice.medius : middle, the middle of.mei : my, mine / MY heart belongs to daddy. that old gang of MINE.mel mellis : honey.melior : better.mellitus : honeyed, sweet as honey.membrana : thin skin, film, parchment, membrane, prepared skin.memini meminisse : to remember.memor : mindful, remembering, grateful, thoughful, prudent.memoratus : mentioned.memoria : memory, remembrance, recall, recollection.Menapiorum :mendosus : faulty, full of faults.mens mentis : mind, thought, intention, intellect.mensa : table.mensis mensis : month.merces mercedis : pay, reward, recompense, compensation.mereo, mereor : deserve, earn, be entitled to, merit.mereo : deserve, gain, obtain, serve as a soldier.meretrix meretricis : prostitute, whore, harlot.meridianus : midday, afternoon, south.mestitia : misfortune?Metim : Metz.metuo : to fear, dread, be frightened.metus : fear, dread, anxiety.meus : my.mica : crumb, morsel, grain.mihi : (dat.) me / give ME land, lots of land.miles militis : soldier, warrior, knight.milia : (pl.) thousands.militaris -e : of a soldier, military, martial.mille : a thousand.millies milies : a thousand times.minime : in the least degree, very little / not at all, by no meansminimus : least, smallest, slightest.ministro : to serve, wait upon, provide, supply.ministro : to attend, wait upon, assist.minor : smaller, less, slighter.minuo minui minutum : To less, diminish, decrease, grow smaller.mire : wonderfully, marvellously, uncommonly.miro : to wonder.miror : to marvel at, admire, wonder.mirus : wonderful, astonishing, extraordinary.misceo miscui mixtum : to mix, mingle, blend.miser : wretched, unfortunate, miserable.misere : wretchedly, miserably.misereo, misereor : to pity.misericordia : pity, mercy.missa : holy massmitesco : to grow mild, ameliorate.mitigo : to make mild or ripe, make smooth, pacify, appease.mitis : mild, gentle / ripe, mature.mitto misi missum : to send, dispatch.modestus : orderly, within bounds, moderate, restrained.modica : moderate, within bounds, limited, undistinguished.modicus : ordinary, undistinguished, within bounds.modio : a grain measure, a bushel basket.modo : now, just now, only.modus : measure, bound, limit / manner, method, mode, way.Moguntienses : Mainz.moleste : take annoyancemoleste fero : I take annoyance.molestia : annoyance, troublesomeness / stiffness, affectation.molestus : troublesome, disagreeable, annoying.molior : to build, erect, construct, contrive, toil, struggle.mollio : to soften, make pliant.mollis : adj. soft, pliant, flexible, easily moved, gentle.monachus : monk.Monasteriense : Munster.monasterium : monastery, abbey, convent.moneo : to warn, admonish, remind, advise, instruct.monitio : admonition, warning.mons montis : mountain, mount.monstro : to show, appoint, point out, ordain.monstrum : portent, omen, monster.Montensem : Mons.mora : delaymoratlis : mortal.morbus : sickness, disease, illness.mores, morium : ways, conduct, character, morals.morior : to die, wither away, decay.mors mortis : death.morsus : a biting, bite, also, sting, pain.mortifera : deadly thingsmortuus : dead, deceased, passed away, gone West, departed.mos moris : will, inclination / custom, wont, usage, rule.moveo moti motum : to move, arouse, affect, influence.mox : soon, presently, then, thereupon.mucro : a sharp point, edge, dagger point.mugio : to groan, bellow, roar, low.mulier : woman.multi : many, numerous / the common herd.multo : by much, by far, by a great deal, by a lot.multum : much, greatly.multus : ne multus : briefly, in brief.multus : much, greatmultus plus plurimum : much, a lot.mundo : to clean.mundus : world, universe.mundus : clean, neat, elegant.munero / munerior : to give, present.munimentum : fortification, protection, defenses.munio : to fortify, defend, protect / build a road.munitio : fortifying, defense works, bridging, fortification.munus muneris : service, office, function, duty / gift.mus muris : mouse.mussito : to grumble, mutter.mutatio : change, alteration, transformation.muto : to change, alter / exchange.muto : punish, fine, mulct.mutuo : borrowed, lend,mutuus : interchanged, mutually, reciprocal / reciprocity.mutuus : a loan. dare mutuum : to make a loan. N nam : namque : (conj.) for.NNamucense : Namur.narro : to make known, say, speak, narrate.nascor nasci natus : to be born, spring forth.natalis natalis : birthday.natio : nation, people.natura : naturenauta : sailor.navigatio : voyage, navigation.navigo : to sail, navigate.navis navis : ship, vessel, boat.ne ... quidem : not ... even.ne : (conj.) that ... not, in order that ... not, in order not to.necdum (neque dum) : and not yet.necessarius : necessary, needed, essential.necesse : (adj.) necessary, unavoidable, indispensable.necne : or not.neco : to kill, slay, put to death.nefas : wrong, sin.nego : to deny.negotium : employment, business, task, occupation, pains.nemo : no one, nobody.neo : to spin, interweave. (to spin thread and yarn).nepos nepotis : grandson.nequam : worthless, good for nothing, bad.nequaquam : by no means, not at all.neque ... neque : neither ... nor.neque nec : and not, nor.nequeo : not to be able, to be impossible.nequitia nequities : worthlessness, badness, wickedness.nescio : to be ignorant, be unaware, not know, be unknowing.nichilominus : nevertheless.nidor : vapor, smell, reek, odor.Niger : black.nihil : (undeclinable) nothingnihilum : nothing.nimirum : of course, undoubtedly, certainly (sometimes ironical).nimis : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessivelynimium : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.nisi : if not, unless, except.niteo : to shine, glitter, be bright, glow, be sleek, flourish.nitesco : to begin to shine, grow sleek.nitor : to strive, exert oneself, make an effort, persevere.nitor : to rest, lean, support oneself / trust in, depend upon.nitor : brilliance, brightness, glow, elegance, splendor.Nivellensem : Nivelles, city and monastery.niveus : white, snowy.no: (nare, navi) : to swim, float, fly, sail.nobis : (abl.) us / there'll be no one as happy as US.nobis : (dat.) us / the world belongs to US.nocens : bad, wicked, injurious, culpable, evil.noceo : (+ dat.) to do harm to, inflict injury, hurt.nolo, nolle, nolui : to be unwilling, wish not to, refuse.nomen : name / nomen Romanorum: Roman power.nominatim : by name, expressly.nomine tenus : nominally, in name.nomine tenus nominetenus : as far as the meaning of the word extends.non : not.nondum : not yetnonnisi : not? not unless? Herimann, cap. 34.nonnullus : some / pl. several.nonnumquam : sometimes.nonus : ninth.nos : we / WE live and die by that creed.nos : us / they tried to tell US we're too young.nosco : to become acquainted with, get to know.noster nostra nostrum : our, ours.noster nostri : our ours / OUR hearts beat as one.noster nostri : our ours / that old dream of OURSnota : mark, token, note, sign.notarius : stenographer (class.), notary, legal scribe.novem : nine.novitas : newness, novelty, strangeness.novo : to make anew, refresh, revive, change, alter, invent.novus : novel, unusual, extraordinary / news, novelty, a new thingnovus : new, fresh, young, inexperienced, revived, refreshed.nox noctis : night.nullus : not any, no, none.numerus : total, category, class, number.numquam : adv. at no time, never.nunc quidem : at one time ... then.nunc : now, at the present time.nunquam : never.nuntio : to announce, report, relate.nuntius : messenger, message.nuper : newly, recently, not long ago.nusquam esse : not to exist.nusquam : nowhere, in no place, nothing, for nothing, never.nutrimens : food, nourishment.nutrimentus : nourishment.nutrio : to suckle, nourish, bring up, rear.nutus : a nodding, nod, command, will.nutus : a nod, command, will / gravitation, movement down. Oobdormio : to fall asleep.obduro : to be hard, persist, endure, last, hold out.obicio obieci obiectum : to offer, throw in someone's teeth.obligatus : bound, under an obligation.obliquo : to turn sideways, turn aside.oblittero : to cancel, blot out.oblivio : forgetfulness, oblivion.obruo : to overwhelm, destroy.obsequium : indulgence, pliancy, submission.obstinatus : firm, resolved, staunch.obtestor : to implore, entreat, beg, call as a witness.obtineo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain / to continue.obviam ire : (+ dat.) to go to meet, oppose / help, remedy.obviam : on the way, in the way / (+ dat.) towards, against.obvius : on the way, in the way / (in dat.) open, accessible.occasio : favorable moment, opportunity.occido occidi occasum : to fall, fall down, (for the sun) to set.occulto : secretly.occupo : to take possession, grasp, seize, enjoy, get a start on.occurro : to fall upon, attack, work against, counteract.occursus : meeting, falling in, running into each other.ocius : quick. fleet, sooner, faster.oculus : eye.odio : to hate, despite, hold in contempt, dislike strongly.odium : hatred.offensio : striking, knocking, hitting against, blow.offero : to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.officina : workshop, factor.officium : duty, service, job.olim : at that time, formerly, once, for a long time now.omitto : to omit, leave out / let go.omnigenus : of all kinds.omnino : altogether, entirely, wholly, certainly, completely.omnipotens : all-powerful, almighty, omnipotentomnis : all, every.onero : to load, burden, oppress, fill up.onus : load, burden, weight, trouble / charge, public road tax.opera : work, pains, labor.operor : to work, labor, toil, take pains.opes : (pl.) means, wealth, abundance, riches, resources.opinio : opinion, report, rumor, conjecture, report.opisthotonos : A disease where the body is curved backward.oporotheca : place for keeping fruit.oportet : it is proper, one should, one ought.oportunitas : convenience, fitness, advantage, opportunity.oppono opposui oppositum : to set against, oppose, be opposite.opportune : (adv) opportunely, conveniently.opportunitas : fitness, suitability, convenience, advantage.opportunitatus : Herimann, cap. 42.opportunus : opportune, fit, convenient, suitable.opportunus : fit, suitable / (time) favorable / (+dat.) liable to.opprimo oppressi oppressum : to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check.opprobrium : reproach, disgrace.oppugno : to fight against, attack, assault, assail.ops : singular: power, power to aid, power to help.optimates : the aristocratic party.optimus: one of the best, aristocrat, noble.opto : to desire, wish for, want.opus operis : work, labor, work done, completed work, building.oratio : speech, address, oration.orator : orator, speaker.orbis terrarum : the world, the Earth.orbis : circle, orb.ordinatio : rule, government, order, arrangement, regulation.ordine, ordinem : regularly, appropriately, properly.ordo : rank, class, order.orior oriri ortus : rise, become visible, appear.ornatus : dress, attire, equipment, ornament, embellishment.orno : to equip, furnish, supply / decorate, adorn.oro : to speak, argue, plead, orate, beg, entreat.OS, oris : mouth, face, countenance.ostendo : show, reveal, present, make plain, declare.ostium : entrance, door.otium : free time, leisure, ease, peace, repose.otium : ease, leisure, inactivity.ovis ovis : sheep. paciscor : to make an agreement, covenant, pact.paciscor : to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.pactum : treaty, pact, contract.pactum : agreement, contract, covenant, pact.pactus : agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.paene, pene : nearly, almost.paganus : countryman, peasant, pagan.pala : spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.palam : openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.palea : chaff.pallium : coverlet, mantle, cloak.palma : palm.pando : to stretch out, spread out, extent.panis panis : bread.par : equal, like.paratus : prepared, ready, provided, equipped.paratus : prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.paratus : preparation, fitting out, equipment.parco : (with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.parco : (+inf.: to forbear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.parens parentis : parent.pareo : (+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.paries parietis : wallparilis : similar, like, equal.pario : to bear, bring forth, produce / create, make, get.pariter : equally, in like manner, as well.paro : to prepare, get ready / set, put / furnish, supply / buy.pars partis : part, share / direction.partim : partly / some.parum minus minime : (adv.) little, too little, not enough.parvus minor minimus : small, littlepasco : to graze, forage, browse.passer : sparrow.passim : adv. far and wide, everywhere, scattered about.patefacio : to disclose, expose, open, make open.pateo : to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.pater patris : father.paternus : of a father, paternal, native.patiens : patient / (+ gen.) capable of enduring.patientia : patience, suffering, endurance.patior : to suffer, endure, permit.patria : fatherland, one's native country, homeland.patrocinor : to protect, defend, support, patronize.patronus : patron, protector.patruus : paternal uncle.pauci : few, a few, some.paulatim : gradually, little by little.pauper : beggar, person without means.pauper : poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.paupertas : beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.pax pacis : peacepeccatus : sin.pecco : to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.pecto : to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).pectus pectoris : heart, breast.pecunia : money.pecus : a single head of cattle, especially a sheep.peior : worse (see malus).pello pepulli pulsum : to hit, beat / exile, drive away, banish.pendeo : to hang, depend, be suspended / be uncertain, undecided.pendo : to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.penitus : inward, inner, interior.penitus : (adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.penus, us : provender, supplies, victuals.pepulo : ? Herimann, cap. 3.per : (+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.per : (+ acc.) (means / instrument) through, with, by, by means of.per : (+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.per : (+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.peracto : to carry through, complete, accomplish.peragro : to wander through, travel through.percipio percepi perceptum : to gain, learn, perceive, understand.percontor percunctor : inquire, interrogate, investigate.perculsus : a shock.percutio (percussum) : to strike hard, pierce, transfix / shock.perdignus : very worthy.perdo : to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.perduco : to lead through, conduct, carry through.peregrinus : wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.pereo : to pass away, be destroyed, perish.perfectus : complete, finished, done / perfect, without flaw.perfero : to bear, suffer, endure.perficio perfeci perfectum: to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring about.perfruor : to execute completely, enjoy to the full.perfusus : steeped, soaked, drenched.pergo : to continue, proceed, go on with.periclitatus : put in peril, endangered.periclitor : to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.periculosus : hazardous, dangerous.periculum : danger, risk.perimo peremi peremptum : to destroyperitus : skilled, expert.periurium : perjury, oath-breaking, forswearing an oath.perlustro : to pass through, survey, look, examine.permitto permissi permissum : to allow, permit, let.permoveo : to excite, agitate, stir up, move.perniciosus : pernicious, destructive.perperam : wrongly, falsely.perpetro : to complete, accomplish, perform.perpetuus : perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.perscitus : very clever, exceedingly sharp.perscribo : to write out, write down, place on record.perseco : to cut through, dissect, cut away.persequor persequi persecutus : to follow, pursue, take revenge.perseverantia : perseverance, persistence.persevero : to persist, persevere, continue.persisto : to persist, persevere.persolvo : to unloose, explain, expound / pay off a debt, pay.personam gero : to act a part.perspicuus : transparent, bright, clear, evident.persuadeo persuasi persuasum : (+ dat.) to persuade.perterreo : to terrify.pertimesco : to become very much afraid.pertinacia : firmness, obstinacy, stubbornness.pertinaciter : stubbornly, obstinately.pertinax : persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinatepertineo : to pertain to, relate to, concern.pertingo : to stretch out, extend.pertorqueo : to twist, distort.pertraho : to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.perturbo : to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.perturpis : very disgraceful.peruro perussi perustum : to burn up, consume / inflame, gall, chafe.pervalidus : very strong.pervenio : (+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.perverto perverti perversum : to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.pervideo pervidi pervisum : to look over, survey, inspect, discern.pes pedis : foot.pessimus : worst (see malus)pessum do: to destroy, ruin, wreckpessum ire: to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.pessum : to the ground, to the bottom, downward.pestifer : pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,pestifere : destructively, injuriously.pestis pestis : plague, epidemic, pestilence / destruction, curse.petitus : inclining towardpeto : to make for, go to, seek, strive after.peto : to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.Pevela : Pevle, near Cisoing.pharetra : a quiver.phasma phasmatis : ghost, spirit, specter.phitonicum : Herimann p. 275.pia pium : honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.pica : jay, magpie.picea : the spruce treepictor : painterpictoratus : painted / of cloth, embroidered.piger pigra pigrum : lazy, slow, dull.pignus : pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges ofpiper, piperis : pepper.pipio : to chirp, tweet, pipe.pirum : pear.pirus : pear tree.piscator : fisherman.piscis piscis : fish.pius: dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.placeo : (+ dat.) to please, be agreeable toplacet : it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.placide : quitely, gently.placidus : quiet, still, gentle.placitum : judgment, case / plea, litigation / defense.placitum : accord, agreement, pact / assembly for judgment.placo : to placate, appease.plaga : district, zone, region.plagiarius : kid-napper, plagiaristplane : plainly, clearly.plango planxi plactum : to strike, beat / bewail, mourn.platea : street, courtyard.plaustrum : wagon, cart, Charles Wain.plebs plebis : the common people, the masses, the crowd.plecto : to punish.plector : to be punished.plene : (adv.) completely, wholly, fully.plenus : full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.plerumque : for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.plerusque : very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.plico : to fold.plorabilis : deplorable.plorator : a lamenter.ploratus : weeping, lamenting.ploro : to lament, weep, weep over.pluit pluvit : it is raining, a shower is falling.pluma : feather / featherbed / pen.plumbeus : leaden, made of lead / dull, stupid, heavy, oppressive, bad.plumbum album : tin.plumbum : lead, a bullet, lead pipe.pluo : to rain, shower, sprinkle.plura : more numerous, several, many.plures : more numerous, several, many.plurimi : at the highest price, of the highest worth.plurimus : most, very many.pluris : (gen.) at a higher price, of a great valueplus : more.plusculus : somewhat more, rather more.pluvia : rain, shower.pluvialis : pertaining to rain, of rain.pocius potius : rather, preferably.poema poematis : poem, verse, rhyme.poena : pain, punishment, penalty / poena dare : to pay the penalty.poeta : (masc.) poet.polenta : pearl barley, barley groats.pollen : (also pollis ): fine flour, fine meal.polleo : to be strong, powerful, able.pollex : thumb, big toe.polliceor : to promise, offer.pollicitus : promised, a promise.pomum : fruit, apple.pono posui positum : to lay, place, put, set / (milit.) post, station.pons pontis : bridge.poposco : see posco : Herimann, cap. 28, 69.populus : people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.porro : forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.porta : gate, entrance.posco : to call upon, ask earnestly, request.positus : position, place, arrangement.possessio : possession, property.possum posse potum : to be able, avail, have influence.post : (+ acc.) after, behind.postea : afterwards.posteri : posterity.posterus, postremo : subsequent, following, next, future.posthabeo : [posthabito] : to put after, consider of less account.postpono : to put after, consider secondary.postquam : (conj.) after.postulo : to ask.potens : able, mighty, powerful, strong.potestas : power, ability, authority / opportunity.potior : (+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.potissimum : (adv.) chiefly, most of all.potissimus : best of all, chief, principal.potius : rather, preferablyprae dulcis / pre dulcis : exceedingly sweet.prae se ferre / pre se ferre : to show, exhibit, on account of.prae quam / pre quam : in comparison with.prae pre : (prep. with abl.) before,prae pre : (adv.) before, in front.praebeo prebeo : to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.praebeo prebeo : (+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.praecedo precedo : to precede, go before / surpass, excel.praecelsus precelsus : exceedingly high.praecepio precepio : precept, preconception.praeceptum preceptum : precept.praecido : to cut short, lop, mutilate.praecipio, precipio : to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.praecipuus precipuus: excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.praeclarus preclarus : excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.praeconor preconor : to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.praecox precox : ripe beforehand, premature.praeda preda : plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.praedico predico : to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.praeeo preeo : to go before, precede / to say in advance / to order.praefero prefero : to carry in front, display, prefer.praefero prefero : anticipate, carry by, ride by.praeficio preficio / prefeci prefectum : to put in charge ofpraefinio prefinio : to appoint ahead of timepraefoco prefoco : to choke, suffocate.praegravo pregravo : to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.praemitto : to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.praemium premium : reward, prize.praemo premo : to press down, strike down.praenuntio, prenuntio : to foretell, announce before hand.praenuntius prenuncius : foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.praepono prepono : to set over, prefer.praepositus prepositus : (monastic) prior.praeproperus, preproperus: over-hasty, precipitate.praesentia presentia : presence, presence of mind, effect, power.praesentia presencia : power, effect.praesidium presidium : guard, garrison, detachment / protection.praestans prestans : excellent, distinguished, imminent.praestantia prestantia: superiority, excellence.praesto : to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.praesto presto : to answer for, be responsible for.praesto presto : to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.praesul presul : dancer / presider, protector, director.praesum presum : to be at the head of, be in charge of.praesumo presumo : to anticipate, take for granted.praeter : adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.praeterea preterea : besides, further, hereafter.praetereo pretereo : to pass over, pass by, omit.praeteritus preteritus : past.praetermissio pretermissio : neglect, passing over, omission.praetorgredior pretergredior : to pass beyond, go beyond.praevenio, prevenio : to come before, anticipate.praevenio : get the start of.pravitas : crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.preastolatio prestolatio : the waiting for, expectation.precipio : to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.precipue : chiefly, especially, particularly.precor : to pray, beg, entreat, invoke.prehendo : to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.premo pressi pressum : to squeeze, press down, strike down.prenda : booty, loot, stolen goods.pretereo : to go by, pass by, escape.pretium : price, value, reward.prevenire : to come to, go before hand, attend.prex precis : request, entreaty, prayer.primitus : first, for the first time.primo : first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.primoris : first, foremost / most distinguished, first.primum : quam primum : as soon as possible.primum : at first, for the first time, in the first place.princeps : chief, prince.principatus : rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.principium : beginning.prior prius : former, prior.priores, um : forefathers, ancestors.priscus : ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.pristinus : former, venerable, ancient.prius : before, formerly.priusquam : (conj.) before.privatus : private, unofficial, a private person.privigna : step-daughter.privo : to depriveprivus : (with gen.) deprived of.pro eo : because of the fact, because, for this reason..pro : (+ abl.) in return for, instead of / for, as.pro : (+ abl.) in front of, before / on behalf of, for.probitas : probity, uprightness, honesty.probo : to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.procedo : to go out, come out / result, prosper / turn out well.procedo : to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.procella : storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.procella : storm, tempest, gale.procer : chief noble, prince.procinctu : prepared or ready for battle.procul : far, at, to, from a distance.procurator : manager, bailiff, agent.prodigiosus : unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.proditor : traitor, betrayer.proelium : battle.profecto : truly, really, indeed.profero : to carry out, bring forth.proficio : to make progress, advance.proficio : advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.proficiscor : to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.proficuus : proficiscor : to start forward, set out, depart, arise.profiteor: to make a public statement / to declare oneself.profiteor: to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.profor profari profatus : to speak out.profugus : fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.profundo frofui profusum : to pour forth, gush, stream.profundum : a depth, abyss, chasm / the sea.profundus : deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.progener : husband of a grand-daughter.progenero : to produce, engender.progenies : descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.progenitor : founder of a family, ancestor.progigno progenui progenitum : to engender, bring forth.prognatus : born, sprung from / son.progredior : to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.progressio : advance, progress, increase.progressus : advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.prohibeo : to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.prohibitio : prohibition, restrain, forbidding.proicio : to throw forth, fling, abandon.proinde ut: proinde quam: just as.proinde quasi proinde ac si : just as if.proinde : consequently, therefore, as a result.prolabor : to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.prolapsio : a slipping or sliding.prolatio : a bringing forward, mentioning / extension / deferring.prolato : to enlarge, lengthen, extend / put off, defer.prolecto : to entice, allure.proles : offspring, descendants, posterity, (plants :fruit).proletarius : a citizen of the lowest rank.prolicio prolixi : to lure forth, entice.prolix : long, stretching.prolixus : wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.proloquor : to speak out, declare openly.proluo prolu prolutum : to wash away, wash clean.prolusio : preliminary exercise, prelude.proluvier : inundation / scouring / discharge.promereo promereor : to deserve, meritpromeritum : desserts, merit, credit.promissio : a promise.prominens : jutting out, standing out / a projection.promineo : to stand out, jut, extend.promisce promiscue : indiscriminately.promiscus promiscuus : mixed, indiscriminate / commonplace, usual.promissio : a promisepromissor : a promiser, suretor, guarantor.promitto : to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.promitto : to let go forward, send forth, promise, undertake.promo prompsi promptum : to produce, disclose, bring forth.promontorium : peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.promoveo promovi promotum : push forward, move ahead, advance.prompte : promptly, resolutely, readily.promptu : in promptu habere : to have read, display, have on show.promptu : in promptu ponere : to make clear, reveal, disclose.promptu : in promptu esse : to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.promptus : (persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.promptus : ready at hand, visible, apparent.promulgatio : publication, promulgation (of a law).promus : steward, butler.promutuus : (cash) advanced, prepaid, arraigned beforehand.pronepos proneptos : great-grandsonpronuntio : to proclaim, announce, declaim.prope : near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.prope : near, near to, not far, not long from now.propello : to drive before one, drive away.propero : to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.propero : to hasten / accelerate, speed up.propinquo : (intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.propinquus : near, close, similar, nearly related.propono : display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.propositum : a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.proprie : exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.proprius : one's own, special, characteristic, particular.proprius : one's own, permanent, special, peculiar.propter : (+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.propugnaculum : fortification, rampart, defense.prorsus : forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.prosequor (prosecutus) : to attack, go with, pursue, attend.prosper : favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.prosperitas : prosperity, good fortune.prosum (profuturus) : to be useful, of benefit, do good.prosum : to be useful, do good, benefit (+ dative).prosum : (with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.protestor, protesto : to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.protinus : forward, further on, continuously, immediately.protraho (protractus): to draw out, protract, defer, make known.prout : just as, according to.provectus : advanced, advanced in age.proveho : to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,proventus : a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.provideo : to foresee, provide, make provision for.provisor : one who provides for, or against.provolvere se : to throw oneself down, abase oneself.proximus : nearest, closest, next.prudens : prudent, wise.prudenter : wisely, discreetly.prudentia : foresight, wisdom, discretion.Pruma : Prums.publicus : of the people, public, open to all.puchre : beautifully, finely, handsomely.pudendus : shameful, disgraceful.pudeo : to be ashamed,pudicus : modest. chaste.pudor : modesty, bashfulness.puella : girl.puer : boy.puerilis : childish, boyish, foolish.pueriliter : boyishly, childishly, foolishly.puga pyga : buttocks.pugna : fight, battle, conflict, set-to.pugnacitas : the desire to fight, pugnacity.pugnaculum : fortress.pugnax : fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contentious.pugno : to fight.pugnus : the fist.pulchellus : pretty.pulcher pulchra pulchrum : beautiful, handsome, fine.pulchritudo pulchritudinis : beauty, fineness.pulex : the flea.pullulo : shoot up, sprout, burgeon.pullus : dark-colored, blackish / sad, gloomy / a dark garment.pullus : young animal / chicken, chick.pulmentum : anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.pulmo : the lung.pulpa : flesh.pulpitum : platform, stage.pulso : to strike (the hours)pulsus : beating, blow, push, influence.pulsus : beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.pulvis : dust, powder / arena, scene of action.pumilius pumilio : a dwarf.punctum : a prick, little hole, puncture / a point, spot, place.pungo pupugi punctum : to penetrate / sting, annoy, harass.pungo pupugi punctum : to prick, puncture, stab / touch, move.puniceus : purple, red.punio : to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.punitor : punisher, avenger.pupa : doll / little girl.pupillus pupilla : orphan, ward.puppis : stern of a ship, the poop.pupula : pupil of the eye.purgamentum : rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.purgatio: cleaning out, cleansing / excsuing, justification.purgo : to clean, cleanse, purify / clear away, wash off / justify.purpura : purple dye, purple cloth / high rank, emperorship.purus : pure, free from.pusillus : tiny, puny / petty, mean.putator : pruner.puteo : to stink, be redolent, smell bad.puter : rotten, decayed, putrid / loose, crumbling / flabby.putesco : to putrefy, day, rot.puteus : well, pit.puto : to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.putus : pure, unmixed, unadulterated.pyropus : bronze.pyus pyxidis : a little box, casket. Qqua : (adv.) by which route, where.qua : (fem. sing. abl.) (the abbess) BY WHOM she was advised.quadraginta : forty (indecl.)quadratus : square, a square.quadrigae : four-horse team.quadrivium : second stage of the medieval curriculumquadrivium : crossroads, place where four roads meet.quadrum : a squarequadruplator : an exaggerator, informerquadruplor : to be an informant.quae : (neut. pl. nom.) WHAT cannot be avoided must be endured.quae que : (fem. sing. nom.) (the milkmaid), WHO loved a prince.quae : (neut. pl. acc.) those things WHICH we must havequae : (fem. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (women) WHO have ears to hear ..quaero quero : to seek, search for / ask, enquire, search forquaero quero : to miss, want / seek to know / obtain, get.quaesitio quesitio : investigation, interrogation.quaeso queso : to seek for, ask for.quaestio questio : seeking, searching / inquiry, investigation.quaestuosus questuosus : profitable, fond of gain, rich.quaestus questus : profit, a source of profit, gaining, getting.qualis : of what kind? of the kind that.qualiscumque : of any kind whatever, any whatever.qualislibet : of what sort you will.qualitas : quality, property.qualiter : as, just as.quam plures : as many as possible.quam : (adv. and conj.) how, than, as ... as possible.quam : (fem. sing. acc.) (the church), WHICH the Lord loved.quamdiu : such a long time.quamobrem, quam ob rem : wherefore? why? for which reason.quamquam : nevertheless, and yet (beginning a sentence) / though.quamtotius : ? completely.quamvis : (conj) however much, although / as much as you like.quando : (interr.) when si quando : if ever.quandoquidem : since, because.quanti : for how much, at what price.quanto : by how much (+ comp. adj. or adv.)quantocius quantotius : the soon the better.quantocius quantotius : as quickly as possible.quantum in me est : as much as in me lies.quantum : (+ gen.) as much of ... as.quantum : how much?, how much!, as much as.quantus ... quantus : as great as, as much as.quantus : how great?, how great!, how much, as great as.quantuscumque quantacumque quantumcumque : however greatquantuslibet : as much as you will, as great as you will.quantuvis : as great as you please, however great.quapropter : wherefore.quare : wherefore, why, because of which thing.quartus : fourth.quarum : (fem. pl. gen.) their envy and jealousy, OF WHICH we know.quas : (fem. pl. acc.) the fates, against whom he struggledquasi : as if, just as, just as if, as it were / a sort ofquassatio : a shaking.quasso : to shake violently, shake to pieces, break, shatter..quatenus / quatinus : since, as, in order that, that.quatenus / quatinus : how far, to what extent, where, seeing that.quarter : four times / again and again.quattuor : four (indecl.)quem : (masc. sing. acc.) (the man), WHOM the king struck.quemadmodum : how, in what manner.queo : to be able.quercetum : an oak grove, and oak forest.quercus : oak tree.quereia querella : complaint, complaining.queribundus : complaining, plaintive, whining.querimonia : complaint, a charge in court.queritor : to complain excessively, whine, gripe.quernus : oaken.queror : to complain, lament, bewail (dogs) whine, whimper.querulus : complaining, whining, lamenting.qui quae que quod : which, what, that.qui : (masc. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (men) WHO have eyes to see ...qui : (masc. neut. nom.) (the prince) WHO loved a milkmaidquia : because.quibus : (neut. pl. abl.) the arms WITH WHICH he won Rome.quibus : (fem. pl. dat.) the good fortune, TO WHICH he owed his crown.quibus : (neut. pl. dat.) the crimes FOR WHICH he was executed.quibus : (masc. pl. dat.) the monastery IN WHICH he was interred.quibus : (masc. pl. abl.) his sons, BY WHOM he was attacked when oldquibus : (fem. pl. abl.) the beards, BY WHICH the pirates were known.quicquid : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.quid : (neut. of quis ) : whatquidam quaedam quedam quidam : a certain person or thing, / kind of.quidem : indeed, certainly, at least / ne ... quidem :not ... even.quies quietis : quiet, rest, peace.quilibet : anyone, anything.quin etiam : why even, in fact, moreover.quin : but come now, rather, indeed,quinam quaenam quenam quodnam : which? what?quingenti : five hundred.quinquennis : five years old.quippe : certainly, to be sure, indeed, of course.quisnam, quidnam : who, what.quisquam : anyone, anything.quisque : each one, each person.quisquis : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.quo : to which place, to what place, whither, where.quo : (masc. sing. abl.) (the money) BY means of WHICH he lived.quo : (neut. sing. abl.) (the eagerness) THROUGH WHICH he died.quod : because, whereas, the point that, the fact that.quod : (with time) since, as far as, to the extent that.quod : (beginning sentence) and, but, now.quod : (neut. sing. acc.) (the sea), WHICH you cannot drink dry.quod : (neut. sing. nom.) (the war), WHICH killed so many.quodammodo : in a certain way, in a certain measure.quomodo : in what manner, how / in whatever way, somehow.quondam : formerly, once, at one time, erstwhile.quoniam : since, whereas, because.quoque : also, too.quorum : (neut. pl. gen.) dangers, OF WHICH there were not a few.quorum : (masc. pl. gen.) the army, half OF WHICH was ill.quos : (masc. pl. acc.) those WHOM he accused of treachery.quot : how many, as many (indecl.).quotiens : often.quotienscumque : however often.quovis : to whatever place you will. Rradicitus : by the roots, utterly.rapio rapui ratum : to seize, snatch, carry away.rarus : rare, uncommon.ratio : system, manner, method, procedure, manner.ratio : reckoning, account / reason, judgment, consideration.re vera : in truth.recedo : to go back, retreat, retire, disappear.recipio recepi receptum : to go back, retire, recede, retreat.recito : to read aloud, recite.recognosco : to recognize, recollect, recall.recolo : to recall, reflect upon, rework, resume, rehabilitate.recolo : to cultivate, work again, resume, rehabilitaterecolo : reflect upon, consider, recall.reconcilio : to restore, repair / (of persons) unite, reconcile.recondo : lay up, store, hoard.recordatio : recollection, memory, recall.recordor : to remember, think of, recollect, ponder over.recro : to recreate, restore, revive.rectum : virtue, rightrectus : right, correct, proper, upright, natural, plain.recuperatio : recovery, recuperation.recupero : to regain, recoup, recover.recuso : to refuse.redarguo : refute, disprove, contradict.redarguo : disprove, refute. With gen. prove guilty, convict.reddo : to repeat, recite, represent, imitate, pay up, deliver.reddo : to give back, restore, return, answer, translate, render.redemptio : ransoming, redemption, buying back, farming taxes.redemptor : redeemer (Christ).redeo : to go back, come back, return / (revenue) to come in.redeo : to fall back upon, be reduced to, be brought to.redigo (redactum) : to bring or reduce to a condition, lessen.redono : to give back, give up.reduco : to lead back, bring back, return.redundantia : overflowing, redundancy.redundo : to overflow, stream over, overflow, excess, flood.refectorium : refectory, monastic mess hall.refero : to bring back a message, refer.reformo : to form again, mould anew.Regina : queen.regius : royal, regal.regnum : rule, authority, kingdom, realm.rego rexi rectum : to guide, direct, to rule.regula : rule / monastic rule.relaxo : to loosen, enlarge, relax, ease, lighten.relego relegi relectum : to read again, re-read.relevo : to lift again, lighten, alleviate, relieve.relictus : (fr. relinquo) having inherited, been bequeathed.relinquo : to leave behind, bequeath / abandon, forsake.reliquum : remainder, what is left, leavings.relucesco : to become bright again.reluctor : to struggle against, resist.remando : to send back word.remaneo : to stay behind, remain, continue.remaneo : to remain behind, stay, continue.rememdium : cure, remedy, nostrum, medicine.removeo : to draw back, set aside, take away.remuneror : to repay, reward.renuntio : to declare, announce, report, give notice.renuo : to deny, refuse, reject.rependo : to ransom, pay back, requite.repens : sudden, unexpected, fresh, recent.repente : suddenly, unexpectedly.repere : to crawl.reperio : to get again, find, ascertain, discover, invent.repetitio : repetition.repeto : to seek again, ask back.repeto : to return to, begin again, deduce, recall, recollect.repleo : to replenish, fill up, fill up again, fill, satisfy.repletus : filled, full.repo repsi reptum : to creep, crawl.repono : to deposit, lay up, store / requite.reprehendo : to blame, reprove, refute, hold back, check, catch.repugno : to fight against, oppose, resist / be incompatible with.requiesco requievi requietum : to rest.requiro : to ask for, look for, demand, desire, miss.res rei : thing, matter, business, affair.res publica : commonwealth, state, republic, public business.resisto : to resist, make a stand, oppose.respicio : to look back, provide for, respect, have regard for.respondeo respondi responsum : to answer, reply, respond.restituo : restore, put back, replace, reinstate, repair.resumo (resumpsi, resumptum) : to renew, repeat, resume.retineo : to hold back, restrain, detain, keep, maintain.retraho retraxi retractum : to draw back, pull back.retribuo : to give again, give as due.reus : defendant, accused, answerable, bound.revenio : to come back, return.reverto : to go back, return, revert.revertor reverti reversus : to return, come back.revoco : to call back, recover, refer, revoke.revolvo : to unroll a book, go over again, repeat.rex rgis : king.rhetor : rhetorician, teacher of rhetoric.rhetoricus : rhetorical.rideo risi risum : to laugh at, laugh.rigor : stiffness, hardness, sternness.ritus : usage, ceremony, rite.rogo eum ut +subjunctive : to ask someone to do something.rogo : to ask, ask for.rostrum : bill of a bird, beak.rota : wheel.Rotomagense : Rouen.rotundus : wheel-shaped, round.rubor : redness, blush, modesty, shame, disgrace.rudimentum : trial, attempt, essay.rumor : rumor, gossip.ruo rui rutum : to rush, fall, be ruined.rursus : on the other hand, in return, back, again.rus ruris : the country, countryside, rural area.rusticus : rustic, rural / peasant. sabbatum : sabbath.sacculus : purse, little bag, little sack.sacrificum : sacrifice.sacrilegus : sacrilegious, impious.saepe sepe : hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.saepe sepe : often, frequently, repeatedly.saepenumero : repeated, again and again.saepius sepius : often, frequently, repeatedly.saeta : hair.saeta equina : horse-hair.saevio : to rage, be furious, take violent action.sal salis : salt, wit.salsus : salty, witty.saltem : at least, at all events.salus : health, safety, well-being, salvation / salutation.saluto : to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.salutor : visitor, caller.salveo : to be well, be in good health.salvus : safe, sound.sanctifico : to sanctify, make holy.sanctimonia : purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.sanctimonialis : nun.Sanctus Eleutherius : St. Eligius.Sanctus Egidius : St. Gilles.sanctus : holy, sacred, / saint.Sanctus Rodoenus : St. Ouen.sane : rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.sanitas : health, soundness of mend, sanity.sano : to heal.Santiago : St. James.sanus : sound, healthy, sane.sapiens : (subs.) a wise man, philosopher.sapiens : wise, judicious.sapienter : wisely, judiciously.sapientia : wisdom.sarcina : bundle, pack, burden, load.satago : to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.satago : have one's hands full, have enough to do.satio : to satisfy, sate.satis : enough, sufficient / sufficiently.sato : to sow, plant.satura : satire.saturo : to fill, satisfy.scaber : scabby, rough.scabies : the itch, mange, a rash.Scaldus : Scheldt.scamnum : bench, stool.scaphium (sciphus : Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vesselsceleratus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.scelero : to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.scelestus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.scelus sceleris : crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.schola : school / elite troop of soldiers.scientia : knowledge, science, skill.scilicet : evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.scindo : to cut, rend, split, divide, separate.scio scivi scitum : to know.scio : to know, understand.scio : to know, understand.scisco : investigate, ask, inquire / vote, ordain, resolve.scribo, scripsi scriptum : to write, compose.scrinium : bookcase, case for papers.scriptor : writer, author, scribe.se habere : to keep oneself.se gero : to conduct oneself, conduct, carry on.se astringo : to commit oneself to.secedo : to go apart, withdraw.secerno secrevi secretum : to separate.secundum : (adv.) after, behind.secundum : (+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.secundus : second.securus : safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.secus : non secus, haud secus: just so.secus : otherwise, not so.secus + atque or quam : differently from, otherwise than.secus : wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.secuutus : follower, pursuer.sed : but / and indeed, what is more.sedeo sedi sessum : to sit.seditio : dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.sedo : to settle, smooth, calm, allay.seductor : seducer.semel : a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.semper : always, ever.senectus : old age, dotage.senex senis : old, aged, old man.sensus : feeling, sense.sententia : opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.sentio : to judge, suppose, vote.sentio : feel, perceive, experience, hold an opinion,seorsum : apart, separately.sepelio : to ruin, destroy, bury.septem : seven.sepulchrum : grave, tomb, sepulcher.seputus : buried, sunk, immersed.sequax : following, attending, pursuing.sequor sequi secutus : to follow, trail.serio : seriously.serius : serious, grave, solemn.sermo : talk, common talk, rumor, report, discussion.sermo : discussion, talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.sero : to sow, plant. also, late, at a late hour.servio : (+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.servitus : servitude, slavery.servo : to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.servus : slave, serf.sese : =se : himself, herself, itself.severitas : severity, rigor, sternness, strictness.si : if.sibimet : to them themselves.sic : so, thus / yes, that is so, that is right.siccus : dry, thirsty / sober, temperate.Siclinium : Seclin.Siclinium : Seclin in Melanchois.sicut : as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.sidus : constellation, star.signum : sign, seal, indication, sign.silens : silent, stillsilenti etc : the dead.silentium : silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.silentium : (religion) faultlessness, perfection.sileo : to be still, silent / (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.siligo -inis : wheat, wheat flour.silva : woods, forest.similis : similar, like, resembling.similitudo : likeness, resemblance / uniformity.simplex : simple, unaffected.simul atque : as soon as.simul : at once, at the same time, together.simulatio : pretense,sine : (+ abl.) without.singularis : alone, unique, extraordinary, individual, singular.singuli : one each, one apiece, single, separate.singultim : stammeringly.singultus : sobbing, gasping.singultus : sobbing, death rattle.singulus : single, separate, one at a time, one each.sino : allow, suffer, permit, let.siquidem : since, indeedsitio : to be thirsty.sitis : thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.sive seu : or if.socer : father in law.socius : sharing, associated, allied.socius : partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.sodalitas : fellowship, companionship, secret society.sol solis : sun.soleo : to be accustomed, be used to.solio : ? Herimann, cap. 28.solitudo solitudinis : loneliness, solitude.solium : chair of state, throne / bath-tub.sollers : clever, skillful.sollicito : to stir up, incite, arouse.sollicitudo : uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.sollicitudo : concern, anxiety, solicitude, worry.sollicitus : uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.sollicitus : troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.solum : land, country, soil, ground / bottom, floor, foundation.solum : non solum ... sed etiam : not only ... but also.solum : (adv) alone, only.solus : alone, only, the only.solutio : loosening / payment / solution / explanation.solvo : to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.somniculosus : sleepy, drowsysomniculouse : sleepily, drowsily.somnio : to dream / (+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.somnium : dream, fancy, day-dream / foolishness, nonsense.somnus : sleep.sonitus : noise, sound.sono : to make a noise / sing / celebrate / (of words) to mean.sophismata : false conclusions, logical fallacies.sopor : deep sleep.sordeo : to be dirty, appear vile.sordes : filth, meanness, stinginess.sordesco : to become dirty.sortitus : casting lots, deciding by lot.spargo sparsi sparsum : scatter, strew, spread.speciosus : beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.spectaculum : spectacle, show.specto : to look at, watch, see.speculum : mirror.specus : cave, cavern, grotto, den.sperno sprevi spretum : to scorn, despise, spurn.spero : to hope for, hope.spes : hope.spiculum : sharp point, sting, spear, dart.spiritus : breath, breathing / life / spirit.spoliatio : plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.spolio : to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, lootspolium : spoils, plunder, booty.sponte : willingly, of one's own accord, unaided.St. Richarius : St. Riquier.stabilis : firm, stable, steadfast.stabilitas : firmness, stability, durability.Stabulaus : Stavelot.statim : firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once, immediately.statua : statue.statuo : to give a ruling, make an arrangement, decide.statuo : to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.Stella : star.stillicidium : dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.stipes, itis : log, tree-trunk, branch, post, club, blockhead.stipes : log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.stips, stipis : small coin, gift.sto, steti, statum : to stand, stand still, stand firm.strenuus : brisk, active, vigorous / turbulent, restive.strues : piles, heaps, masses.studio : (+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.studiose : eagerly.studium : eagerness, zeal.stultus : foolish / a fool.suadeo : to recommend, advise (a person)suasoria : persuasive discourse.sub : (+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.subito : adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.subitus : sudden, unexpected.subiungo : to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.sublime : on high, aloft.subnecto : to bind on beneath, to tie.subseco : to cut away, paresubsequor : to follow aftersubstantia : substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.subvenio : to come up to aid, relieve.subvenio : to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.succedo : to approach, submit, etc. etc.succendo : to kindle, set afire from below.successio : succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.succurro : to run up under / aid, assist, help.sufficio : to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.suffoco : to strangle, choke, suffocate.suffragium : vote, franchise / approval support, aid, assistance.suggero : to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.sui : himself, herself, itself.sulum : each, every.sum fui futurus : to be, exist.summa : the highest part / whole, sum.summisse : humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.summissus (from summitto) : let down, lowered, gentle, mild.summopere : very much, exceedingly.sumo : to take, choose, obtain, buy. / take for granted, assume.sumptus : expense, cost.supellex supellectilis : furniture, apparatus, gear.super : (prep.) (+ abl.) over, above / concerning, about, besides.super : (adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.superbia : pride, arrogance.superbus : overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.superficies : surface, top.superfluo : flow over, overflow, be superfluous.superna : northeast by north wind.superne : from above, above.supernus : above, superior.supero : to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.supersum : to be superfluous, to remain.superus superior supremus or summus : above, upper, high.supervacuus : superfluous, unnecessary, extra :supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.suppellex suppellectilus : ornaments.suppellex suppellectilus : household articles, furniture, goods.supplanto : to trip up.supplex : kneeling, entreating, suppliant.supplicium : punishment.suppono subpono : to put under, subject / put next to, add.suppono subpono : to put in place of, substitute, forge.supra : (+ acc.) above.surculus : shoot, sprout.surgo surrexi surrectum : to get up arise.sursum : upwards, sursum deorsum : up and down.suscipio : to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.suscito : to stir up, arouse, excite.suspendo suspendi suspensum : to suspend, hang.sustineo : to hold up, sustain, endure.suus sua suum : (refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.synagoga : synagogue. Ttabella :writing tablet.tabellae : letter, document.tabernus : booth, hut, cottage, hove, small shop, inn, tavern.tabesco : to melt, waste away, pine, be spoiled.tabgo tetigi tactum : to touch.tabula : board, plank, gaming board, painted panel.taceo tacuitacitum : to be silent, leave unmentioned.tactus : sense of feeling, touch.taedium, tedium : disgust, weariness, boredom.talio, -onis : retribution.talis : of such a kind, such.talus : the ankle, ankle bone,.tam ... quam : as ... as possible.tam : to such a degree, so, so far.tamdiu : for such a long time.tamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless, yet, still, for all that.tametsi : even if, although.tamisium : sieve, sifter (Herimann, p. 308).tamquam tanquam : as, just as, like as, just as if.tandem : adv. at last, finally.tantillus : so little, so small.tantum : only.tantummodo : only just, just so long as.tantus : so large, so great, of such a size.tardus : slow, late, tardy.Taruennam : The Rouanne.te : (abl.) you / no one's sweeter than YOU.te : (acc.) you / I got YOU, babe.tego texi tectum : to cover, bury, conceal, hide, protect, shield.temeritas : rashness, temerity.temperantia : moderation, self-control, temperance.tempero : to mix properly, temper, regulate, mitigate.tempero : be moderate, control oneself.tempero : (+abl. or with ab) to keep from, refrain from.tempero : (+ dat.) to control, use with moderation, spare,tempestas : storm, weather.Templovium : Templeuve, villa near Cisoing.templum : sacred precinct, temple, sometimes church.temptatio : trial, temptation.tempus temporis : time.tenax : grasping, stingy, clinging, frugal, obstinate.tendo : to direct, try, attempt, stretch, extend, present, give.tendo : to direct one's course, tend, make or head for.teneo : to keep on, persist, persevere, endure.teneo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain.teneo : to grasp, know, understand.tener tenera tenerum : tender, delicate, soft, young.tenuis : thin, slight, feeble, slim, slender.tenus : prep. With abl. as far as, up to, to, down to.tenus : (after a name in abl. or gen.) up to, down to as far as.tepesco : to cool, grow lukewarm, decrease.tepidus : warm, luke-warm, tepidter : three times, thrice.terebro : to bore through, perforate.teres : rounded, polished, smooth, fine, elegant.terga dare : to flee, retreat, run away.tergeo tergo tersi tersum : to wipe, scour, cleantergiversatio : backwardness, reluctance, evasion.tergo (a tergo ) : in the rear, from behindtergum : skin, hidetergum : back, rear.tergus : the back / skin, hide, leather.termes : a tree branch (especially olive).terminatio : termination, determination, setting of boundaries.termino : restrict, define, close, set a limit to.terminus : a boundary mark, limit, end, border.tero trivi tritum : to rub, wear out.terra : earth, ground, land, country, soil.terreo : to frighten, terrify, scare away, deter.territo : to scare, frighten, intimidate.terror : fright, fear, terror.tersus : clean, neat, correct.tertius : third.testimonium : proof, evidence, witness, indication.testis : one who gives evidence, witness, spectator / testicle.texo : to weave, twine together, plait, construct, build.texo : the main verb for weaving of cloth.textilis : woven fabric, piece of cloth.textor textrix : weaver.textus : woven cloth, web.thalassinus : sea-green.theatrum : theater.theca : case, envelope, covering.thema thematis : theme.thema : subject, topic, theme.theologus : theologian.thermae : warm springs, warm baths.thesaurus : treasure, horde / store-room, treasury.thesis : proposition, thesis.thorax : breastplatethymbra : the herb savory.thymum : the herb thyme.tibi: (dat.) you / I can't give YOU anything but love, baby.timeo : to fear, be afraid, dread.timidus : fearful, timid.timor : fear, dread, object causing fear.titulus : label, title, placard.tolero : to tolerate, bear, endure, sustain.tollo sustuli sublatum : to lift up, raise, elevate, carry away.tondeo totondi tonsum : shave, shear, clip, mow, reap, browse.tonsor : barbar.Tornacense : Tournai.torqueo : to twist, curl, rack, torture, torment, distort, test.torrens : rushing, seething, burning, parched / a torrent.tot : (indecl.) so many.totidem : just as many.toties, toties : so often, so many times.toties, totiens : so many times, so often.toties : often, so many times.totus : whole, entire, complete, all.tracto : to drag, handle / treat, discuss, deal with.trado tradidi traditum : surrender / hand over / transmit, teach.traho traxi tractum : to drag, pull / derive, get.Traiectensium : Utrecht.Traiectum : Maastricht.trans : (+ acc.) across.transeo : to go over, pass over, cross over, go past.transfero transtuli translatum : carry across, transfer, convey.transmitto : to send, carry, or convey across.tredecim : (indecl.) thirteenTrellum : Tre Blon, castle in Hannonia.tremo : to tremble, shake, shudder.trepide : with trepidation, in confusion,tres tria : three.Treverim : Triers.tribuo : to give out, divide, allot, assign, grant, give, allow.tricesimus : thirtieth.triduana : lasting three days.triduanus : three days' duration, lasting three days.triduum : a period of three days.triginta : (inedl.) thirty.tripudio : to leap, jump, dance (as in a religious procession).tristis : sad, gloomy, downcast.Trium Fontium : Trois-Fontaines, Marne, Vitry-le-Francais.triumphus : triumphal procession, triumph.trucido : to kill cruelly, slay, butcher, massacre, slaughter.truculenter : (adv.) wildly, savagely, fiercely, cruelly, roughlytu : you / Old Heidelberg, you are the finest.tubineus : cone shapedtui : your yours / I read YOUR letter that said, dear John.tum : at that time, then / thereupon, in the next place.tumultus : uprising, disturbance, riot, tumult.tumulus : mound, grave, heap of earth.tunc : then, at that time.Tungris : Tongres.turba : uproar, disturbance / mob, crowd, multitude.turbatio : disturbance, confusion.turbatus : angered, exasperated / disturbed, restless, troubled.turbo, onis : hurricane. tornado, that which spinsturbo : to disturb, upset, throw into disorder, confuse, unsettle.turpe : a disgrace.turpis : foul, ugly, disgraceful, morally corrupt.tutamen tutaminis : defense, protectiontutis : protected, safe, secure.tyrannus : tyrant, absolute ruler. Uuberrime : most luxuriantly, most abundantly, most fruitfully.ubi : when, as soon as / wherein, whereby, whereas.ulciscor : to take vengeance for, avenge / take vengeance on.ullus : any.ulterius : farther, more advanced, more remote.ultio ultionis : avenging, punishment, revenge.ultra : (+ acc.) : farther (than), more (than).ultra : (+ acc.) beyond, on the far side of.umbra : shade, shadow.umerus humerus : shoulder, upper arm.umquam : ever, at any time.una : (adv.) in one, together.unde : whence, from where / how, from whom.undique : from all sides, everywhere, on all sides, altogether.universe : generally, in general.universi : all together.universitas : the whole, total, universe, world / university.universum : universe, the world.universus : combined in one, whole, entire.unus : one, only one, at the same time / single, alone.urbanus : urban, urbane, pertaining to the city.urbs urbis : city.uredo : a plant blight.us : foreign, acquired.usitas : customary, usual.usque : all the way, up (to), even (to).ustilo : to burn (Herimannn, p. 308).ustulo : to burn, scorch, singe.usus : use, experience, skill, advantage.ut : (+ subj.) (result) so that, that.ut : (+ subj.) (purpose) in order that, to, that.ut : (+ indic.) when, as.ut : (+ subj.) (command) to, that.uter utrius : either of the twouterque : (gen. utriusque) both, each side, each party.Uticensium : Evroul.utilis : useful, advantageous, helpful.utilitas : utility, usefulness.utique : at any rate, certainly, at least.utor uti usus : to use, employ, possess, enjoy / associate with, find.utpote : seeing that, inasmuch as.utpote : adv. namely, seeing that, inasmuch as, since.utrimque : from both sides, on both sides.utroque : to both sides, in both directions / at each point.utrum : whether.utrum ... an : whether ... or.uxor : wife, spouse. Vvaco :to be free from work, of a master, of property.vacuus : empty, devoid of, free from.vado : go, hasten, rush.vae : (interj.), woe, alas, woe to.valde : intensely, very much, extremely, greatlyvalens : strong, powerful, healthy / able, worthwhile.valeo valui valiturus : to be strong, have power, be well.valetudo : health. good health, bad health.validus : strong, mighty, powerful, exceeding.vallum : palisade, earthen wall, entrenchment, rampart.vapulus : flogged, beaten, knocked about.varietas : variety, differences, diversity.varius : various, varied.vehemens : violent, furious, impetuous.vehementer : violently, forcefully, strongly, exceedingly.vel : or, (adv.) even, actually, for example.velociter: quickly, rapidly, swiftly.velox : quick, rapid, swift, fast.velum : sail, covering, awning, curtain.velut : adv. just as, like, even as.Vendolius : Vendeuil.venia : grace, indulgence, favor, pardon, forgiveness.venio veni ventum : to come.ventito : to come often, to visit frequently.ventosus : full of wind, windy, breezy.ventus : wind, rumor, favor.ventus : wind.venustas : loveliness, charm, attractiveness, beauty.ver, veris : spring, the production of spring.verbera : (in pl.) blows, a beating, thrashing.verbum : word.vere : truly, really, actually, rightly.verecundia : feeling of shame, shame, bashfulness.vereor : to respect, fear, be in dread of, to be afraid.vergo : to bend, incline, verge, to draw to an end.veritas : truth.Vernandense : Vermandois.vero : in truth, indeed, to be sure / however.versus : line, verse.verto : to turn, turn around, turn up / to put to flight, rout.verto : to flee / interpret, understand / upset, overthrow.verumtamen verumptamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless.verus : true, real, proper, right.vesco, vescor : to feed, to eat.vesica : bladder, bladder-like tumor.vesper : evening star, evening.vespera : evening prayer, vespers.vespillo : undertaker.vester vestra vestrum : (pl.) your, yours.vestigium : footstep, trace, mark.vestio vestivi vestitum : to clothe.vestis : clothing, garment, covering, blanket, carpet, tapestry.vestrum vestri : your yours / you make sing about YOUR pretty gals.vetus : old.via : road, way, street.vicinus : neighbor / (med.) resident.vicissitudo: change, alteration.victor : victor, winner.Victoria : victory.victus : living, manner of life / nourishment, food.videlicet : it is clear / (adv.) clearly, plainly, namely.videlicet : (adv.) (ironically) of course, to be sure.video vidi visum : to see, observe, understand, comprehend.videor : to be seen, seem, appear.viduata : deprived, widowed, bereft.viduo : to deprivevigilo : to be awake, watch, be vigilant / to keep vigil.vigor : vigor, liveliness.vilicus, villicus : pertaining to an estate, overseer, steward.vilis : cheap, worth little.vilitas : cheapness, low-price, worthlessness.villa : country house, country estate / (med.) manor, village.vinco vici victum : conquer, overcome, master, win, surpass, excel.vinculum : bond, fetter, tie.vindico (vindicatum) : claim, arrogate, assume, appropriate.vindico : to liberate, deliver / punish, avenge / claim, assume.vindico : to avenge, punish, liberate, deliver, protect.vinitor : vine-dresser (a man who prunes grape vines).vinum : wine.vir : man, hero, man of courage.virga : a green twig, rod, stick, wand, broom, streak, stripe.Virgo : maiden, virgin, young girl.viridis : green.viriliter : manfully.virtus : manliness, excellence, character, worth, courage.vis : (sing.) violence / a large number, quantity, a force / naturevis vires : (pl.) force, power, strength, might, influence.viscus : flesh, internal organs, bowels, entrails, heart.vita : life, way of life.vitiosus : vicious, full of vice, corrupt.vitium : fault, vice, crime.vito : to avoid, shun.vivo vixi victum : to live, be alive.vix : scarcely, hardly, with difficulty, barely.vobis : (abl.) you / who knows more than YOU? I do!vobis : (dat.) you / I'm talkin' to YOU, yeah, talkin' 'bout Cindy.vociferor : to cry aloud, shout.voco in dubium: to call into question.voco : to call, summon, name invite.volaticus : winged, flying / inconstant, unreliable / flighty.volatilis: winged, flying / swift, rapid / fleeting, transitory.volens : willing, favorable.volo (sibi velle) : to mean, signify, denote.volo : to fly, speed, move rapidly.volo : to wish, want, will, ordain, suppose, maintain that, be willing.volubilis : (of speech) rapid, fluent, voluble.volubilis : rolling, revolving, turning around / changeable, inconstant.volubiliter : fluently.voluntarius : voluntary.voluntas : wish, will, inclination / good will.voluntas : last will, testament / meaning, sense.volup : agreeably, pleasantly.voluptarius : pleasant, one devoted to pleasure.voluptas : pleasure.voluptuosus : delightful, pleasurable.volutabrum : pigsty, slough.volva vulva : womb (particularly that of a sow).vomer : plowshare.vomica : ulcer, sore, boil / plague, curse.vomito : to vomit, vomit forth, throw up.vorago : chasm, pit, abyss.vorax : gluttonous, voracious.voro : to eat greedily, swallow up, consume, gorge oneself.vos : (acc.) you / I'll fight YOU all, then ... bring me giants!vos : you (pl) / YOU can't catch me, I'm the gingerbread man.votum : prayer, wish, desire / promise to God.voveo vovi votum : to promise to God, vow, pray for.vox vocis : voice, word / (med.) power, right, authority.vulariter : in the common way, ordinary manner.vulgaris : common, ordinary, usual.vulgivagus : wandering, vagrant, itinerant.vulgo : to spread, publish, impart, make accessible.vulgus : the common people, mob, rabble.vulnero : to wound, injure, hurt, harm.vulnus : wound.vulpes volpes : fox.vulticulus : look, aspect, appearance.vultuosus : grimacing, affected.vultur voltur vulturius volturius : vulture.vultus : the face.vultus : expression of the face, countenance, look, aspect. WWerumensium : Wittewierum.Xxiphias : sword-fish.



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