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2010-05-05 13:11:56
2010-05-05 13:11:56

I don't think so...better to consult a consultant like the Goldman Associates


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Derived from Latin, means ninth

Novem = nine Nonus = ninth

This is called a nonagon, from the Latin root "nonus" meaning ninth.

A nonagon has 9 sides. It come from a Latin word 'nonus' which means nine.

a nonagon has nine sides and nine angles and nine corners. It comes from the Latin word 'nonus' meaning nine.

The cast of The Argument - 1999 includes: Myriam Gibril as Aisha, the witch Kendrew Lascelles as Nonus

A piece for nine musicians is called a nonet. It's from the Italian nonetto (nono = ninth, from the Latin word nonus).

Derived from Latin nonus meaning "ninth", referring to the nine months of pregnancy. This was the name of a Roman goddess of pregnancy. It was traditionally given to the ninth-born child.

The cast of Healer - 2008 includes: John Bostock as Healer Bubba Cheek as Corporal Jacobs Ruth Finkelstein as Customer 2 Susannah Holmes as Boss Jim Nonus as Customer 1 Sandra Raftis as Sonia

From Greek duo "two" + deka "ten" + gonia . You can understand why a hexagon is called a hexagon using the same idea. Hex referring to 6 and gonia again. Now how about a nonagon. Nope, not greek, it comes from the latin word for 9 which is nonus. So it does not always work.

Margarete Riemschneider has written: 'Rhodos' -- subject(s): Antiquities, History 'Der Schwur des Espaini' 'Die Welt der Hethiter' -- subject(s): Hittites, History 'Im Garten Claudias' -- subject(s): Nonus Panpolitanus in fiction, drama, poetry, Fiction

Kendrew Lascelles has: Played himself in "The David Frost Show" in 1969. Played himself in "The Smothers Brothers Summer Show" in 1970. Played Male Poet in "The Wide World of Mystery" in 1973. Played Owen Boles in "Candy Stripe Nurses" in 1974. Played himself in "The Smothers Brothers Show" in 1975. Played Nonus in "The Argument" in 1999.

The last four months of the year are named after numbers. September (from the Latin for seventh month), October (8th), November (9th), and December (10th). But wait! Isn't October the 10th month? Isn't December the 12th month? Of course they are. These names come from the Latin words (Septimus, Octavus, Nonus, Decimus) but date from a calendar that had only 10 months. Two months named for emperors (Caesar Julius, Caesar Augustus) were inserted into the new "Julian" calendar, leaving us with the word for 8th month attached to our 10th month. Silly? Yes. True? Yes.

Examples of unfamiliar words include:1.Terricolous (adj.) Living on or in the ground: terricolous worms2.Curator (noun) guardian: Some kids needs a curator3.Obdormio: (verb) to fall asleep : I will drink milk to obdormio4.Inceptum (verb) beginning something : Carlo is inceptum to learn drivingAabbas abbatis : father / abbot.abbatia : abbey, monastery.abduco : to lead, or take away / detach, withdraw.abeo : to go away, retire / depart from life, die.abeo : to digress / change / vanish, disappear.abscido : to cut off, to separate, take away.absconditus : hidden, concealed.absens, absentis : (adj.) absent, missing, away, gone.absorbeo : to swallow, gulp down, carry away, engross.absque : (+ abl.) without.abstergo : to wipe off, clean away.absum : to be absent, be away, be missing.abundans : abundant, overflowing, abounding in.abundantia : abundance, bounty, plentyabutor : to make full use of, to abuse.abutor : to use abusive language / use a word : (atque) : andaccedo : to approach, come near / (things) to be added.accendo : to kindle, illuminate, inflame.acceptus : welcome, pleasant, agreeable.accipio : to consider oneself indebted, receive, learn, take.accommodo : to adjust, adapt, accommodate oneself.accusator : accusor, plaintiff.accuso : to accuse, blame, find fault with.acer : sharp, keen, eager, severe, fierce.acerbitas : harshness, bitterness.acerbus : bitter, gloomy, dark.acervus : a heap, mass.acidus : sharp, sour.acies : keenness, edge, sharpness, battle-line, battlefield.acquiro : to acquire, gain, get, obtain.acsi : as if, (Herimann p. 283, 293).adamo : to fall in love with, find pleasure in.adaugeo : to make greater, add, increase.addo : to give, bring, place, / inspire, cause, / add, join.adduco : to lead, induce, persuade.ademptio: a taking away.adeo : to such a point, such an extent, so far, so long.adeo : to approach, visit, come to, undertake.adeptio : attainment, obtaining.adepto : to obtain, get, acquire.adfectus affectus : (fr. adficio) : influenced, worked upon.adfero affero : to cause, bring about, contribute.adfero affero : to bring news, report / apply, bring to bear.adficio : to affect, afflict, weaken, sap, exhaust, drain.adflicto affligo : to injure, weaken, discourage, damage, break.adhaero : to hang to, stick to, adhere.adhuc : till then, till now, still, even now, besides, also, yet.adicio : to direct, address, apply / to throw to.adimpleo : to fulfill, perform.adinventitias : (?) Herimann, cap 2.adipiscor : to come up to, overtake, obtain.adiuvo : to help, aid, assist.administratio : giving of help, administration, government.admiratio : wonder, astonishment, surprise, admiration.admiror : to wonder at, admire, marvel at.admitto : to admit, receive.admoneo : admonish, advise.admonitio : warning, reminder (insult - Herimann, p. 282).admoveo : to move to, bring up, apply.adnuo : to nod assent.adopto : to wish for oneself, adopt, select, pick out.adsidue assidue : continuously, without remission.adstringo : (persons) bind, oblige, (+ refl.) commit oneself toadstringo : to tight, compress, compact /adstringo : to draw together, tighten, bind.adsuesco assuesco : to grow accustomed to, used to, make familiar.adsum : to assist, be present, be near, be in attendance,adsumo (assumo) : to take to oneself, claim, appropriate, call.adulatio : fawning, flattery, sycophancy, buttering up.adulescens : young man, youth, lad.adulescentia : youthadultus : (adj.) grown up, mature, adult, of age.aduro (adustum) : to set fire to, burn, singe, kindle, light.advenio : to come, arrive, reach.adversus : (prep. + acc.) toward, against, facingadversus : (adj.) facing, opposite, opposing.adverto : to turn towards, direct one's attention to, attract.advoco : to summon, call / call in an advisor.aedificium edificium : building, structure.aeger eger : sick, ill.aegre egre : (adv.) hardly, scarcely, with difficulty, laboriously.aegresco egresco : to fall ill, become troubled, grow worse.aegresco : to become ill, grow worse, be ill.aegretudo egretudo : sickness, mental illness.aegrotatio egrotatio : sickness, illness.aegrus : ill, diseased, unwell.aeneus eneus : made of copper or bronze, brazen.aequitas equitas : justice, fairness, equity.aequus, equus : level, even, calm, equal, favorable, just.aer, aeris : air, atmosphere, ether, weather.aestas estas : summer.aestivus estivus : pertaining to summer.aestus estus : heat, tide.aetas : an age, stage, period of life, time, era.aeternus eternus : eternal, everlasting, without end.Affligeniensis, Haffligeniensis : Afflighem.ager (agri) : farm, field, acre.aggero : to make a mound, heap up, increase.aggredior : to go to, approach, address, attack.agnitio : recognition, knowledge.agnosco : to know again, recognize, report, understand, admit.agnosco : acknowledge.agnosco : to recognize, understand, perceive.ago (egi actum ) : to spend time, live / manage, drive, lead.ait : he says.aiunt: they say.Aldenard : Audenarde.alienus : somebody else's, foreign, alien, strange, different.alii ... alii : some ... others.alioqui : (adv.) otherwise.alioquin : (adv.) otherwise, in some respects / in general.aliqua : some.aliquando : at any time, sometimes, occasionally, at last.aliquanta : (adj.) moderate, or some size.aliquanto : somewhat, considerably.aliquantum : (noun) a good deal.aliquantus : (adj.) of some size, moderate.aliqui : some.aliquid : someone, somebody, something.aliquis : someone, anyone, anything, (adv.) in any respect.aliquo : (adv.) in some direction.aliquot : some, several.aliquotiens : some times.alius alia aliud : other, another, someone else, something else.allatus (=adfero) : having been brought.alo (alui altum) : nourish, cherish, support, sustain, maintain, keep.Alos : alquod: some.alter : (adv.) otherwise.alter altera alterum : the second, the other one.alter ... alter : the one ... the other.altus : high, deep.alveus : hollow, basket, bed (of a river).amaritudo : bitterness.Ambianis : Amiens.ambitus : border, edge, extent / going around, circuit.ambulo : to walk.amicitia : friendshipamiculum : cloak, cape.amicus : friend, comrade.amissio / amissus : loss.amita : father's sister, paternal aunt.amitto : to dismiss, send away, lose, let slip away.amitto : to send away, let go, let slip, lose.amo : to love, like, be fond of, cherish.amor : love, affection, infatuation, passion.amoveo : to move away, remove, take out, shift.amplexus : an embracing, surrounding, loving embrace, [euphemism] amplio : to enlarge, increase, improve.amplitudo : size, breadth, dignity, grandeur, greatness.amplus : large, spacious, ample / great important, : (adv.) or "Are you going OR are you staying?"ancilla : maidservant, also used by nuns to describe themselves.Andegavense : Anjou.angelus : angel.angulus : corner, niche.angustus : narrow, limited, strait, tight, constricted.animadverto : to turn the mind to, take notice of, see, perceive.animi : at heart.animus : courage, vivacity, bravery, will, spirit, soul.animus : character, intellect, memory, consciousness, often mind.annus : year.anser : goose.ante : (prep. + acc.) before / in front of / (adv.) before, previously.antea : (adv.) before, previously, formerly.antepono : (+ dat.) put before, prefer, favor, promote.antiquus : ancient, old, hoary,aperio : to uncover, lay bare, reveal, make clear.aperte : openly, frankly.apostolus : (legal) notice sent to a higher tribunal / ecc. Apostle.apparatus : equipment, gear, machinery / splendor, magnificence.appareo : to become visible, appear, manifestappello : to call, name, summon.appono : to appoint a person, to add something.appono : to place near, put to, serve, put on the table.appositus : placed near, approaching, appropriate, appositively.approbo : to approve.appropinquo : (+ dat.) to near, drawn near, come close, approach.apto : to fit, adapt, adjust, make ready, or fit.aptus : fitted, connected, fastened / prepared, fitted out.aptus : suitable, appropriate, fitting.apud : (prep. + acc.) among, in the presence of, at, at the house of.aqua : water.ara : altararanea : spider's web.arbitro arbitror : to witness, bear witness / judge, arbitrate.arbor : tree.arbustum : a vineyard planted with trees.arbustus : planted with trees.arca archa : chest, box, money box, coffin, cell.arceo : to shut up, enclose.arcesso, accerso : to bring, fetch, summon, call for.arcus : bow (BOW and arrows), arch, bend, arc.argentum : silver, money.argumentum : proof, evidence.arguo : to show, make clear, attempt to show.arma : arms, weapons.armarium : cupboard, chest, safe (for food, clothing, money).armo : to provide arms, arm, equip, fit out.aro : to plow.ars, artis : skill method, technique, conduct, character.articulus : (of time) a moment, crisis.artificiose : skillfully.artificiosus : skillful, accomplished, skillfuly made.arto : to press together, reduce, abridged.arx , arcis : citadel, stronghold, fortress, keep, donjon.ascisco : to receive, admit / adopt / take up, approve.ascit :asper : rough, harsh, severe.asperitas : roughness, severity / harshness, fierceness.aspicio : to look at, behold, gaze at, see.asporto : to carry off, take away.assentator : flatterer, sycophant, yes-man.astrum : star, constellation.Asvesniis : of : (conj.) but. (more emphatic and emotional than sed).atavus : great-great-great grandfather, ancestor.ater atra atrum : dark.atqui : (conj.) and yet, still.Atrebatum : Arras.atrocitas : hashness, cruelty, frightfulness, barbarity, horror.atrox : terrible, cruel, horror.attero : destroy, waste, weaken, impair.attero : to weaken, ruin, rub against, rub away, erode.attollo : to raise, lift up, elevate / excite, exalt.attonbitus : frantic, inspired, thunder-struck, stunned.auctor : author, originator.auctoritas : authorityauctus : growth, enlargement, increase.audacia : boldness, dash, daring, audacity.audacter, audaciter : boldly, proudly, fearlessly.audax : boldaudentia : boldness, courage.audeo : (part. ausus ) : to : to hear, hearken, listen to.auditor : hearer, listener.aufero : to carry away, remove / steal, carry off, make away with.aureus : golden.auris : ear.Aurissiodorenses : Auxerre, dept. Yonne, between Paris and Dijon.aurum : gold.aut ... aut : either ... or.autem : moreover, however, but, also.autus : increase, enlargement, growth.Auxatia : Alsace.auxilium : aid, help, assistance, support.avaritia : avarice, greed.avarus : greedy, avaricious.aveho : to carry away, remove (avexi avectum )averto : to turn away, avert, avoid. turn back.Avesniis : Avesnes.avoco : to call away, divert. baiulus :porter, pall-bearer, carrier of a burden.balbus : stammering, stuttering, fumbling.barba : beard, whiskers.bardus : stupid, slow, dull.basium : kiss.beatus : blessed, fortunate, sometimes "saint".bellicus : martial, military, war-like.bellum : war.bellus : beautiful, pretty, charming, handsome.bene : melior : optime : well, better, bestbeneficium : benefit, favor, service, privilege, right.benevolentia : benevolence, kindness, good will.benigne : kindly, generously.Berlinmonte : Berlaimont, near Le Quesnoy.bestia : animal, beast.bibo : to drink, quaff.bis : twice.blandior : to flatter, caress, (+ dat.) coax.blanditia : blandishments, attractions, allurement, charm.Blesense : Blois.Boloniense : Bouillon.bonus melior optimus : good, better, best.bos (bovis ) : cow, ox, bull.Brabatensium : Brabant.Brachants : Brabant.brevis : short, small, brief.brevitas : shortness, brevity.breviter : briefly.Brocherota : Broqueroi. Ccado :to fall, drop, plummet, topple.caecus : blind, sightless.caelestis : heavenly, celestial / noun, a god, dweller in heaven.caelum : sky, heaven.calamitas : calamity, misfortune, disaster.calamus : anything made or reed -- pen, arrow, pipe, etc.calcar, -is : spur.calco : to tread, trample upon.calculus : pebble, stone.callide : skillfully, cleverly / cunningly, slyly, subtly.callidus : clever, dextrous, experienced, skilful / cunning, sly.Cameracum : Cambrai.campana : bell.candidus : bright, shining, white.canis : dog.canonicus : canonical, according to the canons, legal, lawful, right.canonus : canon, member of a cathedral chapter or canonry, Augustinian.canto : to sing.capillus : hair.capio : to seize, take, choose / attack, injure / comprehend.capitulus : chapter, chapter meeting, chapter house.capto : to grab, try to get, grab at.caput capitis : head / top, summit / chiefcarbo carbonis : carbon, coal, charcoal.carcer : prison, cell, jail, dungeon.careo : (+ abl. of sep.) be without, be deprived of, lack, want.caries : rottenness, corruption, decay.cariosus : rotten, decayed.caritas : dearness, affection / charity.Carmen : song, poem.Carnotense : Chartres.Carnutum Carnotum : Chartres.carpo : to pluck, seize, grab, lay hold of, hold on to.carus : dear, beloved / costly, high-priced, expensive.casso : to bring to naught, destroy, annul, make void.caste : purely, spotlessly, purely, uprightly, chastely.Castellandum : Chateaudun.casus : accident, chance, fortune.catena : chain, fetters.caterva : crowd, troop, flock.catervatim : in troops, in masses.Cathalaunenses : Chalons.cattus : cat.cauda : the tail of an animal.causa : (in the abl.) on account of, for the sake of.causa : cause / reason, motive, pretext / interest.causa : case at law, case, law-suit / situation, condition.caute cautim : cautiously, with security.cautela : caution, precaution, security.caveo cavi cautum : beware, avoid, look out for.cavus : hole, pit.cedo : to go, proceed / turn out, happen / go away, withdraw.cedo cessi cessum : to grant, yield.cedo : (+ dat.) give ground to, submit to, be inferior to.celebrer : famous, renowned.celebrus : abounding in, rich in, much frequented, respected.celer : quick, swift, rapid, speedy, fast.celeritas : speed, swiftness, rapidity, quickness.celeriter : rapidly, quickly, swiftly, speedily.celo : to hide, conceal, keep secret.cena : dinner, meal.cenaculum : garret, attic.ceno : to dine.censura : judgment.centum : (indecl.) one hundred, 100.cerno : to separate, sift, distinguish / decide, resolve, determine.cernuus : falling headlong.certe certo : (adv) certainly, assuredly.certo : to contend, settle, dispute, to settle by combat.certus : undoubted, certain, sure.certus : settled, resolved, decided / definite, certain, sure.cervus : stag, deercetera : for the rest, otherwiseceteri : the remaining, the rest, the othersceterum : (adv.) otherwise, moreover, but.ceterus : the other, the rest.charisma carisma : gift, present.chirographum : autograph, person's own handwriting / written charter.cibo : food for animalscibus : food for men and animals.cicuta : hemlock.cilicium : (? Herimann, p. 311)cimentarius : mason?ciminatio : accusation, calumny, charge.ciminosus : reproachful, slanderous.cinis cineris : ashes, embers.circumvenio : to come around, surround, cheat, defraud.circumvenio : to beset, assail.cito: quickly, rapidly, speedily.civilis : civil, civic.civis : citizen, townsman, bourgeois, burgess.civitas : state, citizenship, city-state.clam : secretly, in secret.clamo : to call, shout, cry aloud, proclaim, declare.clamor : loud shouting, cry.claro : to make bright or clear, make clear in the mind.clarus : clear, bright / renowned, famous, illustriousclaudeo : to limp, halt, be lame, to hobble.claudo (clausus) : to confine, shut up, close, blockade, besiege.claudus : lame.claustrum : bolt, bar, prison, den, pen, enclosure / cloister.clementia : indulgence, forbearance, humanity, mercy, gentleness, etc.clibanus : oven, furnace / tray for bread making.coadunatio : a gathering together, a summing up, a uniting.coaegresco : to become sick at the same time.coepi : (pres. incipio ) : began, started, undertook, initiated.coerceo : surround, enclose, restrain, confine.cogito : to think, ruminate, ponder, consider, plan.cognatus : (adj.) related by blood (noun) a relative, kinsman.cognomen : surname, family name, nick-name.cognosco : to examine, inquire, learn.cogo, coegi, coactum : to compel, restrict, confine.cogo, coegi, coactum : to bring together, drive, draw.cohaero cohero cohesi cohesum : to adhere, stick togethercohibeo : confine, restrain, hold back, repress.cohors : a yard, enclosure / troop, 1 / 10 of a legion.cohortor : to encourage, incite, exhort.colligo : to gather together, collect, assemble.colloco : to place, put, arrange.collum : neck.colo colui cultum : cultivate, cherishcolor : color.coloratus : colored / dark-complexioned.coloro : to color.coma : hair of the head, leaves, rays of light.combibo : to drink up, suck in.comburo : to burn up, to ruin, consume.comedo comedi comesum : to eat up, consume / waste, squander.comes comitis : companion, friend, comrade / count.cometes : cometcometissa comitissa : countess.comis : courteous, kind, friendly.comitatus : train, retinue, following / war band.comiter : courteously, in a kindly, friendly manner.comitto : to entrust, commit.commemoro : to remind, relate, mention.commeo : To go up and down, back and forth, in and out.commessatio, onis : eating together.comminor : to threaten.comminuo : to scatter, weaken, damage.comminus : hand to hand, in close combat.commisceo : to intermingle, join, mix.commissum : undertaking, that which is entrusted.commodo : (+ acc.) to furnish, lend, give.commodo : to make fit, adapt, please, oblige, serve.commodum : suitable time, opportunity, convenience, use.commodum : convenience, advantage, opportunity, comfort.commoneo : to remind someone forcibly of something.commoneo : to remember, recollect.commoneo : to impress upon one. to remind.commoveo : to move violently, disturb, shake / excite, upset.communis : common, general, run of the mill.comparo : to compare.compater : the godfather of a man's child.compatior : to suffer with one, feel pity, have compassion.compello : to drive together, collect, force, compel.comperio : to disclose wholly, lay open / learn, find out.comperio : to disclose fully, find out with certainty.comperte : on good authority.compes, compedis : fetters, shackles, chained.compes : fetters, shackles, chains.competo : to be appropriate, suitable, fit.complectus : embrace, grasp.compleo : to finish.compleo : to fill up, man, bring up to strength, fulfill.compono : to put together, compose.compositio : composition, agreement, pact / arrangement.compositus : orderly, matching, made up of pieces.comprehendo : to seize, arrest, take prisoner, catch red-handed.comprehendo : to grasp, take together, unite / comprehend.comprehendo : to embrace, take firmly, include, seize.comprobo : to approve fully / to confirm, prove, establish.comprovincialis : born in the same province.comptus : a head-dress, a hairband.conatus : exertion, effort / undertaking / impulse, inclination.concedo : to concede, yield, allow, grant, withdraw, give up.concepta : measures, capacity.concero : connect join, twine, join in conflict.concido : to fall down, sink, perish / (wind) subside.concido : to be ruined, fail / cut up, cut down, destroy.concilium : councilconcipio : to take or lay hold of, receive, take in.concisus : cut up, broken, brief, concise.concito : to move violently, stir up, excite.conculco : to tread under foot, despise, oppress, suppress.concupiscentia : avarice, covetousness.concupisco : to covet, aim at, desire eagerly.concutio : to shake, disturb, agitate.concutio : to shake together, agitate, alarm, disturb, shatter.Condato : Cond.condico : to agree, fix, settle, make arrangements.conduco : hire, employ for wages, among many other meanings.confero : to bring together, put together, collect /confero : discuss, debate, confer / betake oneself, devote.confestim : immediately, without delay.confido : have confidence in, be confident of, rely upon.confiteor confessus : to confess, own up, admit, acknowledge.conforto : to strengthen much.confugo : to flee, have recourse to, take refuge.congregatio : assembly, society, union.congrego : to gather together, assemble, convene.congruus : agreeing, fit, suitable.conicio : to hurl, throw / put together, conjecture.coniecto : to throw together, infer, guess, conclude.conitor : to press upon, to struggle to reachconiuratio : conspiracy, plot.coniuratus : conspirator, plotter.coniuro : to take an oath together, plot, conspire.conor : to undertake, try, venture, presume, attempt.conqueror : to complain loudly.conscendo : to ascend, mount, go up.conscientia : conscience, consciousness, knowledgeconscindo : to tear in pieces.conscius : conscious of, aware of.conservo : to preserve, conserve, maintain, keep, hold to.considero : to look at, regard carefully,consido : to set down, settle.consilio : intentionally, on purpose, designedly.consilium : deliberation, consultation, assembly, council.consilium : advice, suggestion, wisdom, plan, purpose, judgment.consisto : (+ in) to depend on, rely on.consisto : to take one's stand, stand still, stop, be posted.consisto : (+ abl. etc.) to be formed of, consist / stop, stay.consitor : sower, planter.conspergo : to sprinkle, bestrew.conspicio : to catch sight of, perceive, behold, understand.constans : steady, firm, unchanging, constant, unwavering.constanter : steadily, firmly.constituo : to set up, place, establish, post, station.constituo : to arrange, decide, appoint, settle, found, set up.consto : to be established, stand firm, stop, endure.constringo constrixi constrictum : to bind, confine, restrain.construo construxi constructum : to construct, build, arrange.constupator : ravisher, debaucher.constupro : to ravish, corrupt.consuasor : advisor, counselor.consuefacio : to accustom, acclimate, become used to.consuesco : to accustom, inure, habituateconsueta : customary, usual.consuetudo : custom, usage, habit / intimacy, familiar acquaintance.consulatio : deliberation, inquiry, full consideration.consulo : to reflect, consider, ponder, reflect.consulo : (+ dat.) look to the interests of / consult, ask advice.consulo : to look to the interests of, come to a conclusion.consulto : to ask the advice of, consult.consulto : to consider carefully, weigh, ponder.consultum : decree.consummatio : completion, summing up, adding up.consummo : to add together, sum up, make perfect, complete.consumo : to spend, employ, use up, finish, waste away, destroy.consuo consui consutum : to sew together, stitch.consurgo : to stand up, rise up / to arise, break out.contabesco : to waste slowly away, decline in health.contactus : touching, contact / contagion.contages : a touch, contact.contagio contagium : contagion, infection / touching, contact.contamino : to pollute, infect.contego : to cover, shield, protect, defend.contemno : to think meanly of, despise, condemn, hate.contemplatio : survey, contemplation.contemplor : to mark out, regard, consider carefully, survey.contemptim : contemptuously.contemptio : scorn, disdain, contempt.contemptus : despised, despicable, contemptible.contendo : to compare, contrast / compete.contendo : to contend, strive, struggle, hasten.contendo : to assert, maintain / shoot (a missile), cast.contente : eagerly, earnestly.contentus : contented, satisfiedcontentus : strained, stretched / eager, zealous.contigo : (with dat.), to happen, befall.contineo : to touch, reach, grasp, affect, infect.contineo contigi, contectum : border on / befall (good luck).contineo : to keep in, surround, contain, confine, include.contineo : hold together, keep together, connect, join.contineo: to hold back, restrain.contingo : (contactum) to touch closely, happen to, befall.continuo : (adv.) immediately, at once.continuus : connected together, continuous, uninterrupted.contra : (+ acc.) against.contradictio : a speaking against, contradiction.contrado : to deliver together, or wholly.contraho : to draw together, collect, assemble, carry out.contristo : to make sad or gloomycontristo : to sadden, afflict, damage (of crops).conturbo : to confuse, scatter, throw into confusion, distress.conventus : coming together, assembly, union, congress.conversatio : way, manner of life / monastic life.converto : to turn around, cause to turn / to adopt the monastic life.convoco : to call together, convene.copia : abundance, supply.copiae copie : supplies, troops, forces.copiose : fully, at length, copiously.Corbeiam : Corbie.cornu : horn.corona : crown, diadem.corpus corporis : body, corpse.correptius : more shortly.corrigo : (correctum) : to make correct, make right.corripio : to seize, snatch up, steal, (of a disease) attackcorroboro : to strengthen.corrumpo : to break up, destroy, annihilate / spoil, weaken.corrumpo : (documents) to falsify / (character) to corrupt.corruo : to fall to the ground, sink down / be ruined, destroyed.Corturiacum : Courtrai.coruscus : (a) flashing, twinkling, shaking, trembling.cotidie : daily, every day.Courtacum : Courtrai.crapula : wine-drinking, intoxication, drunkenness.cras : (adv.) tomorrow, on the morrow.crastinus : of the morrow, the morrow.creator : creator, founder.creatura : creature, servant.creber : thick, frequent, numerous.crebro : repeatedly, often, one after the other, time after time.credo : to believe / trust, commit / trust in, rely on / think.creo : to create, make.creptio : taking by force, seizure.crepusculum : dusk, twilight.cresco : (cretum) : to grow, increase, expand.creta : chalk, fuller's earth.cribro : to sift.cribrum : sieve.crinis : hair.crinitus : long haired.cruciamentum : torture, torment.crucio : to torture, torment.crudelis : cruel.cruentus : to make bloody, stain with blood.cruentus : bloody, bloodthirsty, blood-red.crur, cruris : leg, shank, shin, also foot.crustulum : pastry, cookie.crux crucis : cross.cubicularis : pertaining to a bedroomcubicularius : bed-chamber servant, chamberlain.cubiculum : bedroom, sleeping chamber.cubitum ire : to go to bed, retirecubitum : the elbow / a cubit.cubo : to lie down, recline.cui : (masc. sing. dat.) TO WHOM did you give it?cui : (fem. sing. dat.) IN WHICH (province) did you live?cui : (neut. sing. dat.) (the monster), TO WHOM the cattle belonged.cuius : (neut. sing. gen) (the building) the size OF WHICH was great.cuius : (masc. sing. gen.) (the saint) WHOSE virtues were many.cuius : (fem. sing. gen.) (the queen), the vices OF WHOM were many.cuiusmodi : of what kind.culpa : fault, blame, (esp. against chastity).culpo : to blame, censure, accuse.cultellus : a little knife.cultura : cultivationcum : (prep + abl.) with.cum : (with indicative) when.cum : (with subjunctive) when, as, while, since, although.cunabula : cradle.cunae : nest for young birds.cunctatio : delay.cunctator : delayer, procrastinator,cunctor : to delay, impede, hold up.cunctus : all, all collectively, the whole.cupiditas : ambition, avarice, party spirit, eager desire.cupido : passion, desire, wanting, yearning, longing.cupio : to desire, wish, long for, desire.cuppedia : delicacies, candies, sweetmeats.cupressus : cypress, cypress wood, a cypress-wood casket.cur : why, wherefore.cura : management, administration, care, concern, charge.curatio : attention / medical attention, healing, curing.curator : guardian, overseercuria : courtcuriositas : curiosity, inquisitiveness, nosiness.curiosus : careful, attentive / curious, inquisitive / worn out by cares.curis quris : a spear.curo : to care for, trouble about, pay attention to.curo : manage, administer / provide money.curo : (+gerundive) to see to a thing being done / cure, rest.curriculum : a running, race, lap around the track, course.currus : cart / a plow with wheels.cursim : hastily, quickly, rapidly.cursito : to run up and down.curso : to run back and forth.cursor : runner, carrier, messenger.cursus : a race, a running, race course, race track, course.curto : to shorten, abbreviate.Curtracus : Courtrai.curtus : shortened / mutilated, defective / gelded.curvo : to bend, arch, curve / influence.curvus : arched, bent, bowed, curved, crooked, wrong (morally crooked).custodia : protection, custody.custodiae custodie : guards, wardens.custos : (custodis) : guardian, keeper, watchman, attendant, guard / spy. Ddamnatio :condemnation.damno : to condemn, damn.dapifer : : (prep. + abl.) down from, from, concerning, about.debeo : to owe, to be morally bound to, to be bound by.debilito : to weaken, enervate, sap, exhaust.decens, decenter : properly, fittingly, suitably.decerno : to decide, determine, settle.decerto : to contend, fight to the finish.decet : it is seemly, comely, suitable, proper.decimus : tenth.decipio : (deceptus) ensnare, trap, beguile, deceive, cheat.decor : beauty, grace.decoro : beautify, embellish, adorn.decorus : beautiful, graceful, charming, proper, fit, becoming.decretum : decree, judgment, edict, order.decumbo : to fall, fall into, lie down.dedecor : unseemly, shameful, disgraceful, dishonorable.dedecus : shame, dishonor, disgrace, crime, dishonorable act.dedico : to dedicate.deduco : to lad out colonists, found a colony.defaeco : to cleanse, purify, purge.defendo : to defend, ward off, protect, shelter.defero : to hand over, carry down, communicate, offer, refer.defessus : weary, tired.defetiscor (defessus) : to grow tired, weary.,deficio : (defectum) : to fail, to weaken, to be in want.defigo : fasten down, secure, fix firmly / concentrate, fix upon.defleo : to weep for, bewail.defleo : to bewail, weep for.defluo : to flow down, waste, disappear.defluo : to flow away, disappear, be lost.defungo : to discharge one's duties, quit, retire, die, finishdegenero : to cause to degenerate, disgrace by degeneracy.degenero : to be unlike one's kind, fall off, degenerate.degero : to pass time, live.degusto : to taste.deinde : next, then, thereafter, from that place.delectatio : delight, pleasure, enjoyment.delecto : to attract, delight / (pass + abl) take delight in.delego : to transfer, commit, assign, impute, attribute, ascribe.deleo : (deletum ) to destroy, wipe out, erase.delibero : to consider, deliberate.delicate : luxuriously, delicately, slowly.delicate : (adv.) luxuriously.deliciae : allurements, charms, delights, fancies / sweetheartdelinquo : to fail, be wanting / fail in duty, commit a crime.deludo : to mock, cheat.demens : (dementis ) : insane, mad, out of one's mind, foolish.demergo : to sink, plunge into, dip under, go into debt.demitto : set down, let fall (to offer payment to the church), lower.demo : to take away, subtract.demonstro : to indicate, show, describe, explain.demoror : to loiter, linger, tarry, belay.demulceo : to stroke down, caress by stroking.demum : at length at last, finally.denego : to refuse, deny, reject.denique : at last, finally, again, in short.dens : (dentis ) : tooth.denuncio : declare, give notice, announce.denuntio : to announce officially, pronounce, declare.denuo : anew, again, a second time, afresh.deorsum : downwards.depereo : to perish, be utterly ruined.depono : to put down, lay aside.depopulo depopulor : to lay waste, ravage, devastate.deporto : to carry off, to take away.depraedor depredor : to plunder, lay waste, pillage, ravage.deprecator : intercessor, one who pleads on behalf.deprecor : to entreat for, beg for / intercede / curse.deprecor : to beg by entreaty, to excuse oneself / curse.deprehensio : detection.deprimo (depressus) : to press down, depress, low-lying.depromo : to take down, produce, fetch out.depulso : push aside, thrust away.deputo : to count, estimate / prune, cut off.derelinquo : to forsake, desert, abandon.derideo : to laugh at, mock, deride.deripio : to tear down, snatch away.desidero : to long for, wish for greatly, to miss.desidiosus : lazy, unmotivated.desino (desiit) : to leave off, give over, cease, stop, desist.desino : cease, stop, end, desist.desipio : to act foolishly, play the fool, make an ass of one's self.desolo : to leave desolate, abandoned, to forsake.desparatus : given up on / desperatedespecto : overlook, despise, look down upon.despero : to have no hope, despair, give up.despero : to be without hope, despair / despair of, give up.despiciens : contemptuous.despicio : to look down, regard from above, despise.desposco : to demand.destinatus : resolute, firm, determined, with one's mind made up.destituo : to set down, place / abandon, leave in the lurch.detego detectum : to uncover, lay bare, disclose.determino : to fix the limits of, set boundaries to, delimit.detineo : hold off, hold back, detain.detrimentum : damage, loss, detriment.deus : god.devenio : to come to, arrive at, reach.devito : to avoid.devoco : to call away, call down, call aside.devotio : (Christian) piety, devotion, zeal.devoveo : to consecrate, sacrifice, devote / curse, execrate.dexter : right, on the right.dextera : the right hand.diabolus : devil, Satan.dico : (dictum ) to say, tell, speak, name, call, pronounce.dictata : things dictated, lessons, presents.dictator : dictator.dictito : to say often, reiterate.dicto : to say often, dictate, get written down.didicerat : (?) Herimann, p. 281.didico : to be told (Herimann cap. 39, 44).dido dididi didtum : to separate, divide, distribute.dies diei : daydiffama -tus : spread around, made known.differo : to spread news / delay, defer, postpone.differo : to spread about, spread news / harrass, disturb.differo : to delay, postpone / to differ, be different.differtus : stuffed full, crammed, jammed.difficilis : difficult, hard, troublesome.difficultas : difficulty, need, trouble, distress.digestor : arranger, composer, one who makes a pattern.dignitas : merit, worth, prestige, dignity.dignosco dignosco : to distinguish, recognize as different.dignus : (+ abl.) worthy, worthy of, meritorious.digredior digredi digressus : to depart, deviate, digress.digressio : separation, departure, digression.digressus : separation, departure, digression.dilabor : to break up, scatter, dissolve, slip away, fall apart.dilato : to spread out, extend, expand, increase.dilgenter : attentively, earnestly, carefully, diligently.diligens : diligent, careful.diligentia : diligence, industry, perseverance, persistence.diligo : to choose out, esteem highly, prize, love.diluculo : dawn, daybreak.diluo : (of troubles) to remove, resolve.dimidium : half.dimitto : to break up, dismiss, leave, abandon.directus : plain, simple, direct, open, straightforward.diripio : to tear in pieces, lay waste, devastate, plunder.diripio : to separate, tear apart / pillage, devastate, lay waste.dirunitas : long duration.diruo : to demolish, destroy, ruin.discedo : (discessum ) : to break up, depart, go away, pass away.discidium : separation, division, disagreement, tearing apart.discipulus : disciple, student, learner, pupil.disco : to learn, become acquainted with.discrepo : to differ, to be different, vary, disagree.dispono : to arrange, put in order, draw up (troops).disputatio : debate, dispute, discussion.disputo : discuss.dissero : to examine, treat of, discuss.dissimilis : unlike, different, disparate, dissimilar, distinct.dissimulo : to ignore, leave unnoticed.dissimulo : to conceal, disguise, keep secret.dissolutus : lax, weak, wanting in energy, dissolute, profligate.distinguo : to mark off, distinguish, divide / separate.distribuo : to distribute, divide.districtus (fr. distringo) : strict, severe / hesitating / busy.distulo :(past) to delay [MGHss 25 : 268].dito : to enrich, make wealthy.diu : by day, for a long time, a long time ago.diu : adv. a long while, long time, for a long time.diutinus : lasting a long time, enduring, long-lived.diutius : longer, too long (a period of time).diuturnus : lasting a long time, of long duration.diversus : different, unlike, opposed, hostile.dives : rich, opulent, wealthy.divinitus : divine influence, admirably, nobly, by inspiration.divinus : divine, sacred.divitiae divitie : riches, dare dedi datum : to give, offer, convey, offer, donate, furnish.doceo docui doctum : to instruct, teach, : teacher.doctrina : doctrine, teaching, instruction, learning.doctus : taught, instructed, learned, tutored.dolens : painfully.doleo : to suffer pain, to be pained, grieve.dolor : pain, grief. misery, pain, suffering.dolose : slyly, deceitfully.dolosus : crafty, cunning, sly, deceitful.dolus : fraud, deceit, guile, treachery, a trap.domesticus : domestic, civil.domina domina : lady, mistress.dominatus : rule, mastery, tyranny, domination.dominus domino : master, lord.domito : to tame, subdue, break in.domus : house, home, residence.donec : up to the time when, until, as long as, while.donum : gift, present, donation.dormio : to sleep, slumber, siesta, nap.dubito : to doubt, hesitate.dubium : doubt, hesitation, reservation.duco : to lead on the march, marry a wife, command.duco : to lead, draw, esteem, consider.duco : to draw, shape, construct / (time) spend, delay.duco : to charm, influence, mislead, draw in.duco : to calculate, count, reckon, esteem, considered.dudum : for a long while, a long while ago, some time age.dulcedo : sweetness, pleasantness, charm.dulcidine : sweetly, pleasantly, charmingly.dulcis : sweet, pleasant, agreeable.dulcitudo dulcitudinis : dum : while, as long as, until.dummodo : (conj. + subj.) provideddumtaxat : at least, not less than / at most, not more than.duo : twoduro: to harden, last, endure.durus : hard, harsh, tough, strong,enduring, / rough, rude, uncouth.Dusiol petram : Duissenpierre.dux ducis : leader, guide, commander, general, duke. Eeatenus : so far, thus far, up to then.ebullio : to boil up, bubble up, to appear, produce in abundance.ecclesia : church.econtra : the same as contra: against, opposite, etc.ecquando : at any time? ever?edico : to announce, declare.editio : the publishing of a book, an announcement.edo : put forth, give out.edo edi essum : to eat, consume, devour, waste.edoceo : to inform fully, instruct thoroughly.educo : to draw out, lead out, march out / bring up, rear / sue.effectus : doing, execution, performance, effect, result.effero extuli elatum : to carry out, bury, lift up, exalt.effervo : to boil up.efficio : to do, produce, effect, make / bring about, cause / prove.effringo effrego : break, break open.effugio : (effugi effugiturus ) : flee from, escape, elude, run away.effundo : to pour out, pour forth, shed, utter.egenus : in want of, in need of, destitute.egeo : to need, lack, want, be without.ego : I ; I can't live without you, baby.egredior : (egressus ) : to go out, leave, depart, exit.eicio eiectum : to throw out, eject, drive out.elatus : puff-up, proud of oneself, arrogant.electus : chosen, select.elementum : first principle, element, basic constituent.elemosina : almselemosinarius : almoner, person in charge of providing charity.eligo : to pick out, select, choose.eloquens : eloquent, persuasive, fluent.eloquentia : eloquence, readiness of speech, fluency, persuasiveness.eluo : to wash out, rinse cleanse / squander, waste.eluvies : a flowing over, flood, innundation.eluvio : inundation.emanio : to flow out, spread / arise, emanate, originate.emendo : to amend, correctemercor : to buy up.emerio : to obtain by service, earn completely, deserve well.emineo : to stand out, project, be remarkable, conspicuous.eminor : to threaten, menace.eminus : at a distance, from a distance.emiror : to wonder at exceedingly.emo emi emptum : to buy, purchase.emoveo : to move away, remove, take away.emptio : a buying, a purchase.enim : for, in fact, truly (may often be omitted)enumero : to count, count up, enumerate.eo ire itum : to go, advance, proceed, travel, move along, progress.episcopalis : episcopalepiscopus : bishopepistula : letter, epistle, missive, message.epulo : sumptuous food, banquet, feast.epulor : to feast, feast on.eques equitis : horseman, cavalry man rider (classical).equidem : (adv) indeed, truly, for my part.equitatus : cavalry, horsemen (classical).equus : horse, steed, mount.erepo : to creep out, creep over, creep up.erga : (+ acc.) toward, about.ergo : (gen. +) on account of, because of.ergo : (adv.) accordingly, then, therefore.eripio : (eripui ereptum ) : to snatch away, take away, rescue.erogo : to pay out.erogo : to pay out, expend, disburse.erro : to wander, stray, rove / be mistaken, err, go astray.error : error, mistake, going astray.erubesco : to blush, grow red, be ashamed.erubesco : (+ inf.) to blush to, (+acc.) blush for, respect.erudio : to instruct, teach, educate.eruo : to dig up, pull out / raze, demolish.esurio : to be hungry, to ... et : both ... and.etenim : for indeed.etiam : (adv.) even, also.etsi : (acsi) even if, although.evenio : to come to pass, happen, befall.eventus : consequence, issue, result, occurrence, experience.everto : to turn out, eject, dislodge, overturn / destroy, ruin.evito : to shun, avoid; also, to kill.evoco : to draw out, draw on, produce, recall to the colors.ex : (= e ) : (prep. + abl.) out of, from within, from / on account of.exaequo exequo : to be like, equal / make level or even, relate.excedo : (trans.) to exceed, leave, pass beyond.excellentia : excellence, merit, worth.excessum : departure, death, digression.excipio : (excepi exceptum ) : to take out, except / take, capture.excito : call forth, bring about, wake, raise up.exclamo : to shout, cry aloud, exclaim, call someone by name.excludo : to shut out, exclude.excolo : to honor (a deity), polish, adorn, refine, serve.excrucio : to torment, torture, cause great pain.excusatio : excuse.excuso : to exempt from blame, excuse, make excuses, plead.exemplar : model, pattern, original, prototype, book to copy.exemplum : pattern, model, example .exerceo : to train, cultivate, keep at work, exercise, practice.exercitus : army.exertus : tested, tried, approved, experienced.exesto : extra esto.exheredo : to disinherit.exheres : disinherited.exhibeo exibeo : to produce, show, display, offer, allow, cause.exhibeo : to show, present, allow, display, present, offer.exhilaro : to make cheerful.exhorresco : to be horrified, to shake, shudder / dread, tremble at.exigo : drive out, force out, exact, demand, sell.exigo : complete, finish, determine, decide, settle.exilis : thin, slender, meager.eximietate : uncommonness, excellence.eximius : extraordinary, excellent, fine, superb.eximo : to free, release, take out, remove, waste.exinde : thence, next / thereupon, after that, then / accordingly.exitiabilis exitialis exitosus : fatal deadly, destructive, lethal.exitium : destruction, ruin.exitus : going out, going forth, exit, end, finish.exordium : the beginning (especially of a speech).exorior : to rise, spring up, issue, appear, come forward.exoro : to prevail upon a person, entreat successfully.exorsus : begun.expedio : to release, set free, clear, set straight.expedio : to free from a snare, disentangle, set free, ready.expello (expuli expulsum ) : to drive out, expel, force out, banish.experior (experiri, expertus ) : to try, test, experience, prove.expers : wanting, destitute of, not sharing in.expetens : desirous, eager.expeto : to fall upon.expeto : to demand, require / desire, strive after, make for.expilatio : plundering, taking booty.expiscor : to fish out, find out, discover.expleo : to make losses good / fulfil, discharge (duties).expleo explevi expletum : to fill, fill up, complete, finish.expletio : satisfying.expletus : (part.) perfect, complete.explicatus: explanation, exposition.explico : to unfold, unroll, disentangle / explain, expound.expono (exposui expositum ) : to set forth, explain, expose.expositus : open, accessible, exposed.expostulo : to demand earnestly / to make a claim.expugno : to capture, overcome, subdue, take by storm, gain.exquisitus : sought after, exquisite, excellent, fine, delicate.exsequor exequor : to follow to the grave, follow to the end.exsequor : to maintain, keep up, carry out, fulfill, accomplish.exsequor : to execute, avenge, punish / relate, describe, explain.exsertus exertus : project, thrust forward.exsilium : exile, banishment.exspecto : to look for, expect, await, wait for.exstinguo, exstingui, exstinctum : to extinguish, put out.exsto : to stand out, be extant, appear, project, show itself.externus : outer, foreign, outside, external.extollo : to praise exaggerate / decorate, adorn.extollo : to lift up, raise up, erect / elevate, exalt.extorqueo : to twist, wrench, dislocate / extort by force.extra : (prep. + acc.) beyond, outside.extremus : outermost, last, extreme.exturbo : to drive away, thrust out.exulto : to exult, be joyful.exuro, exussum : burn down, burn, set on fire.exustio : burning up, conflagration. Ffabula : fable, story, tale, play.facile : easily.facilis : easy, agreeable, affable, pleasant.facillimus : easiest, most agreeable, pleasantestfacina -oris : bad deed, crime, villainy / deed, action.facio : to sacrifice, suit, help, be of service.facio : to give permission / to experience, suffer (troubles).facio : (trans.) to make, do, act, perform, cause, bring about.factum : deed, accomplishment, work, act, achievement.facultas : power, means, opportunity, capacity, ability, stock.facundia : facultas : feasibility, opportunity, resources, abundance.facunditas : fertility, quickness or readiness of speech.faenum fenum : hay.falsus : false, deceptive.fama : talk, report, rumor, tradition.familia : family, household.familiaris : belonging to a household / friendly, intimate.famulatus : servitude, slavery, service.famulus : servant.fas est :: it is right, it is fitting, it is lawful.fas : divine law or command / fate, destiny / lawful, allowed.fateor : to confess, admit, allow, reveal, make known.fatigo : worry, fatigue, vex, harass, tease.fatum : fate, destiny, doom, lot, weird.fautor : favorer, promoter, patron, partisan, supporter.faveo : (+ inf.) To be inclined to do.faveo : (+ dat.) be favorable to, aid, support, help. fawning like that of a dog, cringing flattery.feculentia : dregs, lees, impurities, filth.fefello : to be failed by, disappointed by something. Herimann, p. 278.feliciter : happily.Felix felicis : lucky, fortunate, happy.femina : womanfenestra : window.fere : almost, nearly, not quite, generally.feretrum : bier, litter.feritas : wildness, savageness.ferme, fere : almost, about.fero tuli latum : to carry, bring, tell, relate, and much else.ferrum : iron, sword.ferus : fierce, wild, savage, untamed.festinatio : speed, haste.festino : to hasten, hurry, speed.festinus : hastening, hasty.feteo : to have a bad odor, stink.ficus : fig tree.fidelis : faithful, loyal, truefidelitas : fidelity, loyalty, homage.fidens : confident, without fear, courageous.fides : trust, confidence, reliance, belief, faith.fides : promise, assurance, word of honor, engagement.fiducia : confidence, trust, assurance.filia : daughterfilius : sonfimus : dung, dirt, filth, manure.fines finium : boundaries, limits, / territory.finis : end, limit, boundary, purpose.finitimus finitumus : neighboring, adjacent, related to, similar.fio, fieri, factus : be made, be done, become.firmo : to assert, maintain / strengthen, make firm / encourage.firmus : firm, strong, reliable, solid.flamma : flame, fire.flatus : blowing, blast, breathing, arrogance, haughtiness.flax, falcis : sickle, bill-hook, pruning hook.fleo : to weep, cry, shed tears, sob.fluctus : billow, wave.flumen : river.fluo : to flow, pour, stream.fodio : to prick, sting, jab.fore, forem : future infinitive of sum.forensis, e : legal.forma: form, shape, beauty.formica : ant.formo : to shape, form, fashion.fors fortis : chance, luck, fortune.forsit forsan forsitan : perhaps, probably.fortasse : perhaps.forte : by chance, by luck, accidentally.fortis : strong, brave.fortiter : strongly, bravely.fortitudo : physical strength, courage, moral bravery.fortuna : fortune, luck, fate, chance.fortunate : fortunately.fortunatus : fortunate, lucky, : market place, town square.foveo fovi fotum : to cherish.frango (fracta) : to break in pieces, shatter.frater : brother.frendo : to gnash one's teeth, bruise, crush, grind.frendo : gnash the teeth, crush, bruise, grind.frequentatio : frequency, crowding.frequentia : a large concourse, population, numerous assembly.frequento : to crowd, collect in large number, visit.frigus : cold, coolness, cold of winter / dullness, indolence.frons : forehead, brow, front.fructuarius : fruitful, fertile.fructus fructus : fruit, profit, enjoyment, produce.frugalitas : frugality, economy, pinching pennies.frumentum : grain.fruor : to have the benefit of, to enjoy.frustra esse : to be deceived, to be mistaken.frustra : in vain, mistakenly, wantonly, without reason.frux, frugi : fruits of the earth.fuga : flight, escape,fugio : to flee, escape, run away / avoid, shun.fugitivus : fugitive : deserter, runaway slave.fugo : to put to flight, chase away, drive into exile, pursue.fulcio : to support, strengthen, uphold / to besiege, oppress.fulgeo (fulsi ): to flash, shine, beam.fultus : supporter.fundo : to pour, pour out (like molten metal), melt, cast.fundo : (milit.) to rout, scatter, defeat, put to flight.fungor, fungi, functus : to occupy oneself, perform, do, execute.funis -is : rope, cord, line.furibundus : raging, furious / inspired.furor : madness, rage, frenzy.furs : thief.furtificus : thievish.furtim : by stealth, stealthily.furtum : theft, robbery / furta : stolen property / trick, deceit.fusus : (from fundo) : spread out, extended, wide, copious. Ggalea : helmet.Gandavum : Ghent.gaudium : joy, delight, happiness.Gemblacensis : Gembloux.gemo : to sigh, groan, wail.gens : clan, race, nation, people, tribe.genus : kind, sort, class, category.gero : to carry, bear, wear / bear, give birth to / to carry about.gesto : to carry, bear about.gestum (gero) : carrying about, conduct (oneself).gestum (gero) : carriage, bearing / having borne.gigno (genuit) : to bring forth, bear, beget, father.glacialis : icy, frozen, full of ice.gladius : sword.Gloria : fame, renown, glory.glorior : to glory, boast, pride oneself.grando, onis : hailstorm.grassor : go about, go ahead, proceed, attack.gratia agere : (+ dat.) to thank.gratia : gratitude, favor.gratia : in order to, for the sake of, to.gratia : (in the abl.) on account of.gratulor : to wish a person joy, congratulate (+dat.),give thanksgratus : pleasing, agreeable / grateful.gravatus : sick, oppressed, ill.gravis : heavy, weighty, serious, important / severe, grievous.gravitas : weight, seriousness, dignity, importance.graviter : heavily, seriously.gravo : to oppress, burden, make suffer.gregatim : in troops, or crowds.gregatim : adv., In flocks, herds, troops, crowds.gusto : to taste. Hhabeo habui habitum : to have, hold, possess / consider, regard.habitus : disposed, in a certain condition.hac : this side, this way, here.hac : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THIS (the sword), ...hactenus : hitherto, up to this point, so far.hae he : (fem. pl. nom) THESE (speeches) were very fine.haec hec : (fem. sing. nom.) THIS (sword) is more expensive.haec hec : (neut. pl. nom.) THESE (kisses) are sweeter than wine.haec hec : (neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).hanc : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THIS (her youth).harum : (fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THESE (gates).has : (fem. pl. acc.) They gave THESE (their lives) for the Faith.Hasnonium : Hasnon.haud : no, not at all, by no means.Helcim : Helchin on the left bank of the Scheldt.Helnonensis : Elnon. Herimann, p. 279.Heniis Harniis : Hames.hereditas : inheritance, often simply "property."hesito (haesito) : to be unsure, uncertain, wavering.hi : (masc. pl. nom.) THESE (men) are loyal to the king.hic : (adv.) here.hic haec (hec ) hoc : this, the latter / he, she, it.hic : (masc. nom. sing.) THIS (house) is filthy.hilaris : cheerful, merry, gay.hinc : from this place, hence.his : (masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THESE (roads).his : (masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THESE (policemen).his : (fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THESE (churches).his : (fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).his : (neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).his : (neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).hoc : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THIS (field).hoc : (neut. sing. nom.) THIS (monastery) is well-built.hoc : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THIS! (doubt)hoc : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THIS! (fetter)hodie : today.hodiernus : of today.Hoienses : Huy, Belgium, between Liege and Namur.homo hominis : human being, man.honor : honor, esteem, public office.honorabilis : respectful.hora : hour, time.hordeum, ordeum : barley.horrendus : horrible, dreadful.hortor : exhort, incite, encourage.hortus ortus : garden / pl. grounds, park.horum : (masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THESE (soldiers) are spent.horum : (neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.hos : (masc. pl. acc.) They burned THESE (houses) to the ground.hospes : guest, host, stranger.hostes hostium : the enemy.hostis : an enemy of the state.huic : (neut sing. dat.) I'd give my right arm FOR THIS (cooky).huic : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THIS (doctor).huic : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THIS (abbey).huius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THIS.huius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THIS (the cost).huius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THIS (change).humanitas : kindness, culture, refinement.humanus : pertaining to man, humane, humane, cultured, refined.humilis : lowly, humble.humo : cover with earth, bury,humus : ground, earth, soil / land, country.hunc : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THIS (fruit).Hunnam : Bunna.hypocrita : hypocrite Iiaceo :to lie, lie prostrate, lie dead.iacio : to throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse.iaculator : : a thrower, javelin man, spear thrower.iaculum : dart, javelin, short spear.iam : now, by now, already / presently, immediately, soon.iam : moreover, henceforth, indeed, just, further.ianua : door.ibi : thereictus : blow, bite, stroke, bolt, thrust.idcirco : on that account, for that reason, for that purpose.idem eadem idem : the same.identidem : again and again, repeatedly.ideo : for that reason, on that account, therefore.idoneus : proper, worthy, fitting, deserving, capable.igitur : therefore, consequently, for this reason.ignarus : ignorant, not knowing.ignavus : lazy, listless, inert, sluggish cowardly, a coward.ignis : fire.ignoro : to be ignorant of, not know / rarely:neglect, overlook.ignosco: (+ dat.) to overlook, forgive, pardon.ignotus : unknown, obscure, ignorant, ignoble.ilico : on the spot, immediately.illa : (fem. sing. nom.) THAT (sword) is more expensive.illa : (neut. pl. acc.) Deborah always won THESE (wars).illa : (fem. sing. abl.) He who lives BY THAT (the sword), ...illa : (neut. pl. nom.) THOSE (arms) belong to the victor.illacrimo : (+ dat.) to weep over.illae ille : (fem. pl. nom.) THOSE (women) must die!illarum : (fem. pl. gen.) The city wall had four OF THOSE (gates).illas : (fem. pl. acc.) They gave THOSE (their lives) for the Faith.illata : from infero : to cause, occasion, etc.illaturos : from infero "they would cause."ille illa illud : that, the former, the famous / he, she, it.ille : (masc. nom. sing.) THAT (house) is filthy.illi : (fem sing. dat.) There is a statue IN THAT (abbey).illi : (masc. sing. dat.) He sent FOR THAT (doctor).illi : (masc. pl. nom.) THOSE (men) are loyal to the king.illi : (neut sing. dat.) i'd give my right arm FOR THOSE (cookies).illiam : (fem. sing. acc.) She wasted THAT (her youth).illic : there, at that place, therein, in that matter.illis : (masc. pl. dat.) Tell it TO THOSE (Marines).illis : (fem. pl. dat.) She gave her property TO THOSE (churches).illis : (neut. pl. abl.) She earned it BY THESE (her deeds).illis : (fem. pl. abl) A life is enriched BY THESE (friendships).illis : (masc. pl. abl.) They passed BY THOSE (roads).illis : (neut. pl. dat.) Listen TO THESE (orders).illius : (fem. sing. gen.) They are fond OF THAT (change).illius : (neut. sing. gen.) She paid half OF THAT (the cost).illius : (masc. fem. neut. gen. sing.) Go ahead, eat some OF THAT.illo : (neut. sing. abl.) Do not hesitate BECAUSE OF THAT! (doubt)illo : (masc. sing. abl.) He gave plenty FOR THAT (field).illorum : (masc. pl. gen.) The horses OF THOSE (soldiers) are spent.illorum : (neut. pl. gen) The cattle OF THESE (monsters) were fat.illos : (masc. pl. acc.) They burned THOSE (houses) to the ground.illuc : thither, to that place, to that matter, to that person.illud : (neut. sing. nom.) THAT (monastery) is well-built.illud : (neut. sing. acc.) Break THOSE (fetters)!illudo illusi illusum : to mock, make fun of, ridiculeillum : (masc. sing. acc.) He ate THAT (fruit).imago : image, likeness.imber ymber : rain shower, rain storm, pelting rain.imbrium : of rain.imcomposite : adv from incompositus : incompositione in Herimann.imitabilis : that can be imitated,imitor : to imitate.immanitas : savagery, frightfulness.immerito : adv. undeservingly, without merit, unjustifiably.immineo : to hang over, be imminent, : by all means, by no means, on the contrary.immodicus : immoderate, excessive, beyond measure.immortalis : immortal.immotus : unmoved.immunda : unclean, impure, dirty, foul.immundus : foul, impure.impedimentum : hindrance, impediment, obstacle, difficulty.impedio : entangle, ensnare, obstruct, surround, hinder, prevent.impedito : a hinderance.impedo : to entangle, ensnare, hinder, prevent, obstruct.impello : to drive against, strike upon.impello impuli impulsum : to set in mortion, impel, urge on.impendeo : to hang over, threaten, menace, be imminent.impendium : expenditures, outlay, interest on a loan.impendo : to lay out, expand, weigh out.impenetrabiilis : impenetrable.impensa : expense, outlay.imperator : commander in chief, general, emperor.imperceptus : unperceived / unknown,imperiosus : imperious, domineering, powerful.imperium : power to command, authority, command, rule, control.impero : to give orders, command / to rule, hold sway.impetro : to get, accomplish, effect, obtain (by asking).impetus : attack, onset, rapid motion / impulse, passion, force.impleo : to fill in (or up), satisfy, content, fulfil, perform.importo : to bring in, introduce, import / bring upon, cause.importunus : unsuitable, unfavorable, troublesome / inconsiderate.impraesentiarum : for the present, in present circumstances.imprimis : especially, particularly, specifically.improbus : inferior, bad, wicked, persistent, perverse, bold.improvidus : improvident, negligent, thoughtless, feckless.improviso : unexpectedex improviso : suddenly.impudens : impudent, shameless, insolent, presumptuous.impudenter : impudently, insolently, presumptuously.impunitus : unpunished, unrestrained, safe.imputo : to lay to a charge, enter in an account, impute praesentia : for the : (+ acc.) into, toward, : (+ abl.) in.inanis : empty, vain, inane.incassum : in vain.inceptor : beginner.inceptum : beginning, attempt, enterprise.incertus : uncertain, doubtful, unsure, hesitant.incido in mentionem : to happen to mention.incido : to fall in or on, fall in with / happen, occur.incipio : to take in hand, begin, commence.incito : to excite, spur, inspire, increase / hasten, urge on.inclino : to bend, incline, turn, change / fall back, waver.includo : to shut in, enclose, establish a siege, surround.inclutus / inclitus : celebrated, famous, renowned.incola, ae : resident, inhabitant of a place.incompositus : disorder, lack of regularity.inconsulte : indiscreetly.incontinencia : lack of restrain, incontinence.incorruptus : uncorrupted, genuine, pure.incredibilis : incredible, unbelievable.increpare : to rebuke, chide, scold.increpo : (of persons) to chide, rebuke.incubo : to hang over, dwell in, lie heavily upon.incurro : to run into, assail, attack, raid into, come upon.Inda : Cornelism / Anster.indagatio : investigation.inde : thence, from there, for that reason, thereafter, then.indebitus : not owed, not due.indico : to proclaim, make publicly known, announce, disclose.indigeo : to require, need, stand in need of.indignatio : indignation.indignus : unworthy, lacking in merit, unfit.indo (past indidi) : to establish, cause, occasion.indomitus : untamed, wild.induco : cover, put on clothing, erase writing, revoke, annul.induco : bring in, introduce, induce, persuade / decide.induco indux inductum : to lead in, introduce, induce, influence.industria : industry, diligence.industrius : industrious, diligent, assiduous, hard-working.indutiae : truce, armistice, suspension of hostilities.inedicabilis : unexplainable, inexplicable.ineptio : to play the fool, to trifle.inexpugnabilis : impregnable, unconquerable, not to be taken by force.infamo : to put to shame, disgrace.infantia : infancy, babyhood.infector : dyer.infectum reddere : to revoke, render impossible, make void, annul.infectus : unworked / not done, unfinished, incomplete.infecunditas : barrenness, sterility.infecundus : barren, sterile.infelicitas : bad luck, misfortune,infeliciter : unhappily.infelix : arbor infelix : the gallows.infelix : unfruitful, barren, unproductive, infertile.infenso : to attack, avenge.infensus : hostile, aggressive / (arms) aimed, ready / (spirit) dangerous.inferi : those down below, the dead.inferne : on the lower side, below.infero : To carry in, put or place on.infero : (in logic) to infer, conclude.infero : (abstract things) : bring on, occasion, cause.inferus : below, under, southern.infervesco : to come to a boil, become hot.infeste : in a hostile manner, belligerently.infesto : to attack, disquiet.infestus : aggressive, hostile, dangerous.inficio infeci infectum : to poison, taint, corrupt.inficio infeci infectum : to tinge, dye, stain, imbue.infidelis : unfaithful, disloyal, untrue.infidelitas : faithlessness, disloyalty.infideliter : faithlessly, disloyally.infidus : untrue, disloyal.infigo : to fix, fasten / to imprint, impress.infindo infidi infissum : to cut into.infinitas infinitio : eternity, infinity, endlessness.infinitus : unlimited, infinite, without bounds, boundless, limitless.infirmatio : weakening / refusing / invalidating.infirme : weakly, faintly.infirmitas : weakness, feebleness / instability, fickleness.infirmo : to weaken / shake / invalidate, annullinfirmus : not strong, weak, feeble / (sometimes) sick, ill.infit : he, she, or it begins, begins to speak.infitialis : negative, containing a no, rejection.infitias ire : to deny.infitior : to deny / deny a debt, refuse to return something.inflammatio : setting afire / (people) inflaming / (souls) inspiring.inflammo : to set on fire, inflame, to torch, kindle.inflatio : inflation, flatulence.inflatius : too pompous / on a grander scale.inflatus : pompous, swollen, puffed up, inflated.inflatus : blowing into, blast, inspiration.inflecto : to warp / change, sway, affect.inflecto inflexi inflectum : to bend, bow, curve.infletus : unwept, unmourned, unlamented.inflexio : a bendings, swaying.inflexus : bending, curving.infligo inflixi inflictum : to strike, hit, knock / cause damage.inflo : to blow into / to inspire, puff up, elate.influo influi influxum : to flow in / to rush in, steal in.infodio infodi infossum : to dig in, bury.informatio : concept, idea.informis : formless, shapeless / deformed, hideous.infortunatus : unfortunate, unhappy, unlucky.infortunium : misfortune, bad luck / punishment.infra inferius infimus : low down.infra : (adv.) below, underneath / to the south, in the underworld.infra : (+ acc.) below, under / (time) later thaninfula : insignia of office.ingemuo = dat. : to groan, sigh over.ingenium : innate character, talent, nature.ingens : of immoderate size, vast, huge, monstrous, remarkable.ingero : to go off to, betake oneself to, pour forth, inflict.ingratus : ungrateful, unpleasant, disagreeable.ingravesco : to become heavy, become a burden.inicio inieci iniectum : to throw on, put on, don / inspire.inimicus : personal enemy, foe, opponent.iniquus : unequal, unjust, unfair.initium : beginning, start, commencement, origin.iniuria : injury, damage, hurt / injustice, wrong.iniustus : unjust, inequitable, unfair.innotesco, innotui : to become known.innotesco : to become know, noted.innuo : to give a nod to, give a sign to.inolesco : to grow in or on.inops : poor, helpless, in needinquam : I say.inquis : you say.inquit : he, she, it says.inrideo : to laugh at, mock, ridicule.inritus irritus : void, invalid, in vain, useless, ineffectual.inruo irruo : to rush in, fling in.insania : insanity, irrationality, madness, folly.insciens : unknowing, unaware, ignorant.inscribo : inscribe, entitle, enlist.insensatus : irrational.insequor : to follow, pursue, assail, reproach, rebuke, attack.inservio : to be a slave, serve, be devoted to.insideo : sit upon something, be firmly placed.insidiae : (pl.) treachery, ambush, plot, conspiracy.insinuo : to insinuate, work one's way in, intimate.insisto : to enter upon [a journey] tread; (with d.) follow.insolita : unaccustomed, unusual.insolitus : unaccustomed / unusual, strange, uncommon.insons insontis : guiltless, innocent.insperatus : unexpected, unlooked for, unanticipated.instanter : urgently.instar : a form, figure, after the fashion of, like.instigo : to goad, incite, stimulate, urge.instituo : to establish, found, institute.insto : to pursue eagerly, devote oneself to.instructus (from instruo) : equipped, trained, supplied.instructus : trained, taught.instruo : to built in, set up, construct, furnish / train.instruo : prepare, provide / draw up an order of battle.Insula : Lille.Insula : island.insurgo insurgi insurrectum : to rise up, rebel, revolt.integer : whole, untouched, unhurt, undamaged / complete, entire.intellego intellexi intellectum : to understand, comprehend, see.intempestivus: unseasonable, untimely, immoderate.intendo : to stretch, strain, try to prove.intendo : to extend, aim, direct, direct one's course, aim at.intentio : effort, exertion, attention, intent / attack, accusation.intentus : thorough, tense, anxious, strict.inter : (+ acc.) between, among.intercipio intercepi interceptum : to interceptinterdico : to forbid, prohibit, outlaw, gain an injunction.interdico : to forbid, prohibit, interdict.interdum : sometimes, now and then, at times.intereo : to perish, die.interficio interfeci interfectum : to kill, murder, slay.interrogatio : interrogation, inquiry.intro : to walk into, enter, make one's way into.introduco : to lead in, introduce.intueor : to look at attentively, gaze at, consider.intumesco : to swell up, increase, swell with anger.intumesco : to sell, sell up, sell with anger.intus : within.inultus : unavenged, unpunished.invado : to undertake, go in, enter, get in.invado : to assail, usurp, seize, attack, fall upon.invalesco : to gather strength, become stronger.invenio : to come upon, find, discover.inventor : inventor, discoverer.investigo : to track down, investigate.inveteratus : hardened by age, of long-standing.invetero : to give duration, to render oldinvicem : one after the other, by turns, mutually, each other.invictus : unconquer, unconquerable, undefeated.invideo : to envy, be jealous of, look upon with envy.invidia : envy, jealousy, hatred.inviso : to go to see, visit, inspect, look at.invisus : hated, hateful.invito : to invite, summon.invitus : unwilling, against one's will.ioco iocor : to joke, jest, make merry.iocus : joke, jest, jape, gag.ipse ipsa ipsum : himself, herself, itself.ipsemet : his own very self.IRA : anger, wrath.irascor iratus : to be angry, to be wrathful.iratus : angry, wrathful.irrito : to irritate, exasperate, excite.irritum : nothingness, worthlessness, vanity.irritus : vain, useless, ineffectual, of not effect.irritus : undecided, void, unfixed, of no ea id : this, that / he, she, it.iste ista istud : that / sometimes pejorative.ita ut : (with subj.) in such a way that,ita : so, thus.ita : (in narration) and so; (with adj. or adv.) so, so very.itaque : (adv.) and, so, therefore.iter itineris : road, route, journey.itero : to repeat, say again, iterate.iterum : again, a second time, once more.iubeo iussi iussum : to order, command.iucunditas : pleasure, charm.iucundus : agreeable, pleasant, gratifying.iudex : judge, juror.iudicium : judgment, decision, opinion, trialiudico : to judge, consideriugis, e : perpetual, continuous.iugis iuge : perpetual, continuous.iumentum : beast of burden.iungo iunxi iunctum : to joiniuro : to swear, to make an oath.ius iurandum iuris iurandi etc. : oath.ius iuris : justice, law, right.iussu : (abl.) at the command of, by order of.iustus : just, right, equitable.iuvo : to help, aid, assist / to please.iuxta : just short of.iuxta : close by, near / in like manner, equally.iuxta : (+ acc.) close to, near to / (time) just before. Jjaculum : dart, javelin.judicium : trial, legal investigation, judgment, decision.jugis : adj. continual, ceaseless, perennial, constant.jugiter : continually, perpetually, constantly / instantly.jumentum : draft animal.juvenis : young man, youth.juventus : the age of youth (20-40 years).Llabefacio labefeci labefactum : to shake, loosen / impair.labefacto : to weaken, disturb / shake violently.labellum : a little lip / a small washing vessel.labes labis : stain, blemish, disgrace, infamy / misfortune.labia labium :lip (labiae : lips).labiosus : having large lips.labo : to totter, sink, begin to fall.labor : hardship, fatigue, distress.labor laboris : labor, work, toillabor lapsus : to slip, glide, slide.labores solis : eclipse of the sun.laboriose : laboriously, with great effortlaboriosus : toilsome, laborious / (persons) industrious, toiling.laboro : (intrans.) to work, toil, suffer, be afflicted, be troubled.laboro : (trans.) work out, prepare, arrange, form, elaborate.labrum : lip, edge, rim / bathing tub.labrusca : wild grape vine.labruscum : the wild grape.lac lactis : milk.lacer : torn, mangled, cut to pieces.laceratio : a tearing, mangling.lacero : to tear to pieces, mangle / squander money / slander someone.lacerta : lizard.lacertosus : muscular, powerful.lacertus : the upper arm / strength.lacesso : to harass, attack.lacrima Heliandum : amber.lacrima : tears / exudations from some plants.lacrimabilis : lamentable, deplorable, woeful.lacrimo : to weep, shed tears / exude, drip.lacrimosus : tearful, mournful, shedding tears,lactans : giving milk.lactatio : enticement, come-on.lacteus : milky, of milk, milk-white.lacteus : of milk, milky, milk-white.lacto : to allure, entice, wheedle.lactuca : lettuce.lacuna : missing letters, words, or phrases in a manuscript.lacuna : a hole, empty space / pond, pool / deficiency, loss.lacunar : panelled ceiling.lacus : a hollow / lake, pool, pond, trough, tank, tub.laedo ledo : strike, hit, hurt, damage, offend, annoy, violate.laesio lesio : rhetorical attack / wounding.laetabilis letabilis : joyous, glad.laetans : rejoicing, joyous.laetatio letatio : rejoicing, joy.laetifico letifico : to fertilize / cheer, gladden, delight.laetificus letificus : gladdening, joyous, spreading happiness.laetitia letitia : fertility / richness, grace / joy, delight.laeto leto : to cheer, gladden, make joyful.laetor letor : to rejoice, be joyful.laeve leve : left-handedly, awkwardly.laevus levus : foolish, silly / unlucky, unpropitious.laevus levus : the left hand, left side, left-handed.laganum : a cake.lama : bog, slough.lambo : to lick / (of rivers) to wash.lamenta (neut. pl) : weeping, wailing.lamentabilis : lamentable, mournful.lamentatio : weeping, wailing, lamenting.lamentor : to weep, wail, lament / (trans.) to bewail.lamia : witch, vampire.lamnia lammina lamna : sheet of metal, coin, knife blade, nutshell.lapsus : fall, fault, error, sliding, graduate movement.laqueum : noose, halter, snare, trap.laqueus : snare, trap, noose.largior : lavish, bestow, grant, give abundantly.lascivio : to run riot, play, be wanton.lasesco : to become tired, grow weary.latus -Eris : sides, flank / lungs /laudator : praiser.laudo : to praise, extoll, commend / name, mention, cite, quote.Laudunum : Laon.laus : praise, glory, fame.lebes : copper kettle, basin, cauldron.lectica : litter, bier.lector : reader.lectus : bed.legatarius : legatee.legatus : deputy, ambassador, envoy,legens legentis : a reader.legio : legionLego : to gather, choose, collect, pass through, read,lemiscus : a ribbon.lemma : theme, title, epigram.lemures : (pl. only) ghosts, phantoms.lenimentus : alleviation, improvement, mitigation.lenio : to mitigate, relieve, make better.lenis : smooth / gentle, kind, mild.lenitas lenitudo : smoothness, gentleness, mildness.leno : procurer, go-between.lenocinium : enticement, allurement.lenocinor : to pander, flatter, make up to / to promote, advance.lens lentis : lentil.lente : slowly, calmly, cooly, deliberately.lentesco : to become soft, flexible, sticky / to weaken, slacken.lentitudo : slowness, apathy, sluggishness.lento : to bend.lentulus : rather slow, a little slow.lentus : lethargic, inactive / slow, lingering.lentus : tough, resistant, tenacious / supple, pliant /Leo : lion.Leodie : Liege.lepide : charmingly, wittily, elegantly, pleasantly.lepidus : charming, witty, pleasant, elegant.lepor lepos : charm, wit, elegance.lepus : hare, rabbit.Lesciense, monastery of : Liessies.letalis : mortal, deadly, fatal.letaliter : mortally, fatally.letanie : litanylethargus : drowsiness, apathy, sleepiness, coma.letifer : deadly, mortal.leto : to kill, slay.letum : death, ruin, annihilation.levamen : alleviation, mitigation, solace, refreshment.levamentum : comfort, easing, alleviation, consolation.levatio : alleviation, mitigation, solace.leviculus : empty-headed, vain, silly.levidensis : thin, slight, poor.levis : rapid, swift / unimportant / fickle, inconstant / unstable.levis : light, slight, trivial / beardless, bald / light-armed.levitas : lightness, levity / fickleness, inconstancy / groundlessness.leviter : lightly, softly, slightly.levo : to smooth, polish.levo : to raise, lift up / relieve, ease / diminish, weaken, impair.lex legis : law, statute / covenant, agreementlibatio : libation.libellus : little book.libenter : willingly, with pleasure.liber : child, offspring.liber libri : book.liber libera, liberum : free, independent, unrestricted.liberalis : courteous, generous, gentlemanly.liberalitas : courtesy, kindness, generousity / a grant.liberaliter : courteously, generously, honorably.liberatio : release, liberation, acquittal, setting free.libere : freely, openly, frankly.libero : to liberate, set free.libero : to lift (an obstacle), raise.libero : to set free, deliver, liberate, release / exemptlibertas : freedom, liberty, independence / frankness, candor.libido : whim, caprice, violent desire, passionate longing.licet : granted that, although / it is allowed, one may or can.licet : (as conj.) granted that, although.ligo : to bind, tie.lima : file, polishing, revision.limen, limina : threshold.lingua : language, tongue, speech.lino : to smear, befoul, dirty.linteum : linen, napkin.liquidus : fluid, flowing, liquid / clear, evident, certain.litigo : to quarrel, dispute.littera : letter (of the alphabet).litterae : (pl.) letter, epistle, missive, note / literature.loci : (pl.) passages in literary works.loco : to place, put, position.locupleto : to enrich, make : place, location, situation, spot.loginquitas : distance, remoteness, isolation.longe lateque : far and wide.longe : far.longus : longloquax loquacis : talkative, loquacious, garrulous.loquor locutus : to say, speak, tell.loricatus : wearing armor, armored.lubricus : oily, slippery, slick.lucerna : lamp.lucror : to gain, profit, win.lucrosus : profitable, gainful.lucrum : gain, profit.luctisonus : sad-sounding, mournful, baleful.luctus : lamentation, mourning, grief.ludio ludius : actor, playerludo lusi lusum : to play, sport / imitate, banter / delude, deceive.ludus : game, sport, school.lues : plague, pestilence, calamity.lugeo : to mourn, be in mourning, grieve / (tans,) to lament, bewail.Luna : moon.lupus : wolf.Lutosensis : Leuze.lux lucis : light.luxuria : luxury, extravagance, opulence.Mmacellarius : butcher, slaughter-house.macer : thin, lean.macero : to soften, weaken, reduce, torment.macies : thiness, gauntness / poverty barrennessmacresco : to become lean, skinny, thin.mactabilis : deadly, lethal.macto : to magnify, glorify, honor / slay, fight, punish, afflict.macula : stain, mark, spot / blemish, fault, flaw.maculo : to stain, blemish, defile, pollute.maculosus : spotted, speckled, polluted.madesco : to get wet.madide : drunkenly.madidus : wet, moist, soaked, boiled, soft, drunk, dyed, steeped.mador : wetness, moisture.maero : to grieve, sorrow.maeror meror : mourning, grief, sorrow.magis : more, to a greater extent, rather, for preferencemagister : master, canon / master of a school, professor.magnopere magnus opere : very, very much.magnus maior maximus : large, great, important.magus : magical.maiestas : majesty, dignity, greatness.maiores : (pl.) ancestors.Malbodiensis : Maubeuge.male peius pessime : badly, ill, wrongly.malens : preferring.Malmundarium : Malmedy.malo mallui malus : to choose, prefer.malum : evil, misfortune, misdeed, crime, injury, damage.malus peior pessimus : bad, wicked, evil.mancipo mancepo : to sell formally, turn over, give into charge.mancipo : to sell formally, give up.mandatum : order, decree, mandate, instruction.mando : to commit, entrust, order, command.mane : morning, early in the morning, early.manentia : permanency.maneo : to remain, stay, stay the night, last, endure, abide by.mansuetus : mild, soft, gentle.manus manus : hand, band, handwriting.Marceniense : Marchiennes,Marcieniensis : Marchiennes.mare maris : sea.maritus : husband.mater matris : mother.matera, mairia : ?vat, for the fermentation of beer.materia : material, substance, matter.matertera : maternal aunt.matrimonium : marriage.maxime : greatly, exceedingly, to the highest degree, very.maxime : especially, particularly, : (acc.) me / that old black magic has ME in its : (abl.) me / you'll do fine with ME, baby.medicus : doctor, physician.mediocris : ordinary, average, fair, moderate, mediocre.meditor meditatus : to reflect upon, consider, ponder / practice.medius : middle, the middle of.mei : my, mine / MY heart belongs to daddy. that old gang of MINE.mel mellis : honey.melior : better.mellitus : honeyed, sweet as honey.membrana : thin skin, film, parchment, membrane, prepared skin.memini meminisse : to remember.memor : mindful, remembering, grateful, thoughful, prudent.memoratus : mentioned.memoria : memory, remembrance, recall, recollection.Menapiorum :mendosus : faulty, full of faults.mens mentis : mind, thought, intention, intellect.mensa : table.mensis mensis : month.merces mercedis : pay, reward, recompense, compensation.mereo, mereor : deserve, earn, be entitled to, merit.mereo : deserve, gain, obtain, serve as a soldier.meretrix meretricis : prostitute, whore, harlot.meridianus : midday, afternoon, south.mestitia : misfortune?Metim : Metz.metuo : to fear, dread, be frightened.metus : fear, dread, anxiety.meus : my.mica : crumb, morsel, grain.mihi : (dat.) me / give ME land, lots of land.miles militis : soldier, warrior, knight.milia : (pl.) thousands.militaris -e : of a soldier, military, martial.mille : a thousand.millies milies : a thousand times.minime : in the least degree, very little / not at all, by no meansminimus : least, smallest, slightest.ministro : to serve, wait upon, provide, supply.ministro : to attend, wait upon, assist.minor : smaller, less, slighter.minuo minui minutum : To less, diminish, decrease, grow smaller.mire : wonderfully, marvellously, uncommonly.miro : to wonder.miror : to marvel at, admire, wonder.mirus : wonderful, astonishing, extraordinary.misceo miscui mixtum : to mix, mingle, blend.miser : wretched, unfortunate, miserable.misere : wretchedly, miserably.misereo, misereor : to pity.misericordia : pity, mercy.missa : holy massmitesco : to grow mild, ameliorate.mitigo : to make mild or ripe, make smooth, pacify, appease.mitis : mild, gentle / ripe, mature.mitto misi missum : to send, dispatch.modestus : orderly, within bounds, moderate, restrained.modica : moderate, within bounds, limited, undistinguished.modicus : ordinary, undistinguished, within bounds.modio : a grain measure, a bushel basket.modo : now, just now, only.modus : measure, bound, limit / manner, method, mode, way.Moguntienses : Mainz.moleste : take annoyancemoleste fero : I take annoyance.molestia : annoyance, troublesomeness / stiffness, affectation.molestus : troublesome, disagreeable, annoying.molior : to build, erect, construct, contrive, toil, struggle.mollio : to soften, make pliant.mollis : adj. soft, pliant, flexible, easily moved, gentle.monachus : monk.Monasteriense : Munster.monasterium : monastery, abbey, convent.moneo : to warn, admonish, remind, advise, instruct.monitio : admonition, warning.mons montis : mountain, mount.monstro : to show, appoint, point out, ordain.monstrum : portent, omen, monster.Montensem : Mons.mora : delaymoratlis : mortal.morbus : sickness, disease, illness.mores, morium : ways, conduct, character, morals.morior : to die, wither away, decay.mors mortis : death.morsus : a biting, bite, also, sting, pain.mortifera : deadly thingsmortuus : dead, deceased, passed away, gone West, departed.mos moris : will, inclination / custom, wont, usage, rule.moveo moti motum : to move, arouse, affect, influence.mox : soon, presently, then, thereupon.mucro : a sharp point, edge, dagger point.mugio : to groan, bellow, roar, low.mulier : woman.multi : many, numerous / the common herd.multo : by much, by far, by a great deal, by a lot.multum : much, greatly.multus : ne multus : briefly, in brief.multus : much, greatmultus plus plurimum : much, a lot.mundo : to clean.mundus : world, universe.mundus : clean, neat, elegant.munero / munerior : to give, present.munimentum : fortification, protection, defenses.munio : to fortify, defend, protect / build a road.munitio : fortifying, defense works, bridging, fortification.munus muneris : service, office, function, duty / gift.mus muris : mouse.mussito : to grumble, mutter.mutatio : change, alteration, transformation.muto : to change, alter / exchange.muto : punish, fine, mulct.mutuo : borrowed, lend,mutuus : interchanged, mutually, reciprocal / reciprocity.mutuus : a loan. dare mutuum : to make a loan. N nam : namque : (conj.) for.NNamucense : Namur.narro : to make known, say, speak, narrate.nascor nasci natus : to be born, spring forth.natalis natalis : birthday.natio : nation, : naturenauta : sailor.navigatio : voyage, navigation.navigo : to sail, navigate.navis navis : ship, vessel, ... quidem : not ... : (conj.) that ... not, in order that ... not, in order not to.necdum (neque dum) : and not yet.necessarius : necessary, needed, essential.necesse : (adj.) necessary, unavoidable, indispensable.necne : or not.neco : to kill, slay, put to death.nefas : wrong, sin.nego : to deny.negotium : employment, business, task, occupation, pains.nemo : no one, nobody.neo : to spin, interweave. (to spin thread and yarn).nepos nepotis : grandson.nequam : worthless, good for nothing, bad.nequaquam : by no means, not at all.neque ... neque : neither ... nor.neque nec : and not, nor.nequeo : not to be able, to be impossible.nequitia nequities : worthlessness, badness, wickedness.nescio : to be ignorant, be unaware, not know, be unknowing.nichilominus : nevertheless.nidor : vapor, smell, reek, odor.Niger : black.nihil : (undeclinable) nothingnihilum : nothing.nimirum : of course, undoubtedly, certainly (sometimes ironical).nimis : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessivelynimium : (adv.) too much, overmuch, excessively.nisi : if not, unless, except.niteo : to shine, glitter, be bright, glow, be sleek, flourish.nitesco : to begin to shine, grow sleek.nitor : to strive, exert oneself, make an effort, persevere.nitor : to rest, lean, support oneself / trust in, depend upon.nitor : brilliance, brightness, glow, elegance, splendor.Nivellensem : Nivelles, city and monastery.niveus : white, (nare, navi) : to swim, float, fly, sail.nobis : (abl.) us / there'll be no one as happy as US.nobis : (dat.) us / the world belongs to US.nocens : bad, wicked, injurious, culpable, evil.noceo : (+ dat.) to do harm to, inflict injury, hurt.nolo, nolle, nolui : to be unwilling, wish not to, refuse.nomen : name / nomen Romanorum: Roman power.nominatim : by name, expressly.nomine tenus : nominally, in name.nomine tenus nominetenus : as far as the meaning of the word extends.non : not.nondum : not yetnonnisi : not? not unless? Herimann, cap. 34.nonnullus : some / pl. several.nonnumquam : sometimes.nonus : ninth.nos : we / WE live and die by that creed.nos : us / they tried to tell US we're too young.nosco : to become acquainted with, get to know.noster nostra nostrum : our, ours.noster nostri : our ours / OUR hearts beat as one.noster nostri : our ours / that old dream of OURSnota : mark, token, note, sign.notarius : stenographer (class.), notary, legal scribe.novem : nine.novitas : newness, novelty, strangeness.novo : to make anew, refresh, revive, change, alter, invent.novus : novel, unusual, extraordinary / news, novelty, a new thingnovus : new, fresh, young, inexperienced, revived, refreshed.nox noctis : night.nullus : not any, no, none.numerus : total, category, class, number.numquam : adv. at no time, never.nunc quidem : at one time ... then.nunc : now, at the present time.nunquam : never.nuntio : to announce, report, relate.nuntius : messenger, message.nuper : newly, recently, not long ago.nusquam esse : not to exist.nusquam : nowhere, in no place, nothing, for nothing, never.nutrimens : food, nourishment.nutrimentus : nourishment.nutrio : to suckle, nourish, bring up, rear.nutus : a nodding, nod, command, will.nutus : a nod, command, will / gravitation, movement down. Oobdormio : to fall asleep.obduro : to be hard, persist, endure, last, hold out.obicio obieci obiectum : to offer, throw in someone's teeth.obligatus : bound, under an obligation.obliquo : to turn sideways, turn aside.oblittero : to cancel, blot out.oblivio : forgetfulness, oblivion.obruo : to overwhelm, destroy.obsequium : indulgence, pliancy, submission.obstinatus : firm, resolved, staunch.obtestor : to implore, entreat, beg, call as a witness.obtineo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain / to continue.obviam ire : (+ dat.) to go to meet, oppose / help, remedy.obviam : on the way, in the way / (+ dat.) towards, against.obvius : on the way, in the way / (in dat.) open, accessible.occasio : favorable moment, opportunity.occido occidi occasum : to fall, fall down, (for the sun) to set.occulto : secretly.occupo : to take possession, grasp, seize, enjoy, get a start on.occurro : to fall upon, attack, work against, counteract.occursus : meeting, falling in, running into each other.ocius : quick. fleet, sooner, faster.oculus : eye.odio : to hate, despite, hold in contempt, dislike strongly.odium : hatred.offensio : striking, knocking, hitting against, blow.offero : to bring forward, place before, present, offer, expose.officina : workshop, factor.officium : duty, service, job.olim : at that time, formerly, once, for a long time now.omitto : to omit, leave out / let go.omnigenus : of all kinds.omnino : altogether, entirely, wholly, certainly, completely.omnipotens : all-powerful, almighty, omnipotentomnis : all, every.onero : to load, burden, oppress, fill up.onus : load, burden, weight, trouble / charge, public road tax.opera : work, pains, labor.operor : to work, labor, toil, take pains.opes : (pl.) means, wealth, abundance, riches, resources.opinio : opinion, report, rumor, conjecture, report.opisthotonos : A disease where the body is curved backward.oporotheca : place for keeping fruit.oportet : it is proper, one should, one ought.oportunitas : convenience, fitness, advantage, opportunity.oppono opposui oppositum : to set against, oppose, be opposite.opportune : (adv) opportunely, conveniently.opportunitas : fitness, suitability, convenience, advantage.opportunitatus : Herimann, cap. 42.opportunus : opportune, fit, convenient, suitable.opportunus : fit, suitable / (time) favorable / (+dat.) liable to.opprimo oppressi oppressum : to suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check.opprobrium : reproach, disgrace.oppugno : to fight against, attack, assault, assail.ops : singular: power, power to aid, power to help.optimates : the aristocratic party.optimus: one of the best, aristocrat, noble.opto : to desire, wish for, want.opus operis : work, labor, work done, completed work, building.oratio : speech, address, oration.orator : orator, speaker.orbis terrarum : the world, the Earth.orbis : circle, orb.ordinatio : rule, government, order, arrangement, regulation.ordine, ordinem : regularly, appropriately, properly.ordo : rank, class, order.orior oriri ortus : rise, become visible, appear.ornatus : dress, attire, equipment, ornament, embellishment.orno : to equip, furnish, supply / decorate, adorn.oro : to speak, argue, plead, orate, beg, entreat.OS, oris : mouth, face, countenance.ostendo : show, reveal, present, make plain, declare.ostium : entrance, door.otium : free time, leisure, ease, peace, repose.otium : ease, leisure, inactivity.ovis ovis : sheep. paciscor : to make an agreement, covenant, pact.paciscor : to make a bargain or agreement, covenant, deal.pactum : treaty, pact, contract.pactum : agreement, contract, covenant, pact.pactus : agreed-upon, stipulated, betrothed.paene, pene : nearly, almost.paganus : countryman, peasant, pagan.pala : spade, peel for putting bread in the oven.palam : openly, publicly, (+abl.) in the presence of.palea : chaff.pallium : coverlet, mantle, cloak.palma : palm.pando : to stretch out, spread out, extent.panis panis : bread.par : equal, like.paratus : prepared, ready, provided, equipped.paratus : prepared, ready, equipped; (of persons) skilled.paratus : preparation, fitting out, equipment.parco : (with dative) to spare, refrain from injuring.parco : (+inf.: to forbear to), avoid, spare, keep oneself from.parens parentis : parent.pareo : (+ dat.) to be obedient to, obey.paries parietis : wallparilis : similar, like, equal.pario : to bear, bring forth, produce / create, make, get.pariter : equally, in like manner, as well.paro : to prepare, get ready / set, put / furnish, supply / partis : part, share / direction.partim : partly / some.parum minus minime : (adv.) little, too little, not enough.parvus minor minimus : small, littlepasco : to graze, forage, browse.passer : sparrow.passim : adv. far and wide, everywhere, scattered about.patefacio : to disclose, expose, open, make open.pateo : to be revealed, to stand open, to be clear, plain.pater patris : father.paternus : of a father, paternal, native.patiens : patient / (+ gen.) capable of enduring.patientia : patience, suffering, endurance.patior : to suffer, endure, permit.patria : fatherland, one's native country, homeland.patrocinor : to protect, defend, support, patronize.patronus : patron, protector.patruus : paternal uncle.pauci : few, a few, some.paulatim : gradually, little by little.pauper : beggar, person without means.pauper : poor, with few means, poverty-stricken.paupertas : beggardry, poverty, humble circumstances.pax pacis : peacepeccatus : sin.pecco : to do wrong, err, sin, go astray.pecto : to comb, card, thrash (to card wool).pectus pectoris : heart, breast.pecunia : money.pecus : a single head of cattle, especially a sheep.peior : worse (see malus).pello pepulli pulsum : to hit, beat / exile, drive away, banish.pendeo : to hang, depend, be suspended / be uncertain, undecided.pendo : to weigh, value, consider, judge, esteem.penitus : inward, inner, interior.penitus : (adv.) inside, widely, through and through, completely.penus, us : provender, supplies, victuals.pepulo : ? Herimann, cap. 3.per : (+ acc.) (cause) because of, on account of.per : (+ acc.) (means / instrument) through, with, by, by means of.per : (+ acc.) (of time) throughout, during, in the course of.per : (+ acc.) (of space) through, along, over / in the presence of.peracto : to carry through, complete, accomplish.peragro : to wander through, travel through.percipio percepi perceptum : to gain, learn, perceive, understand.percontor percunctor : inquire, interrogate, investigate.perculsus : a shock.percutio (percussum) : to strike hard, pierce, transfix / shock.perdignus : very worthy.perdo : to destroy, ruin, waste, scatter, squander.perduco : to lead through, conduct, carry through.peregrinus : wanderer, foreigner, stranger / pilgrim, crusader.pereo : to pass away, be destroyed, perish.perfectus : complete, finished, done / perfect, without flaw.perfero : to bear, suffer, endure.perficio perfeci perfectum: to do thoroughly, accomplish, bring about.perfruor : to execute completely, enjoy to the full.perfusus : steeped, soaked, drenched.pergo : to continue, proceed, go on with.periclitatus : put in peril, endangered.periclitor : to test make a trial, put in peril, endanger.periculosus : hazardous, dangerous.periculum : danger, risk.perimo peremi peremptum : to destroyperitus : skilled, expert.periurium : perjury, oath-breaking, forswearing an oath.perlustro : to pass through, survey, look, examine.permitto permissi permissum : to allow, permit, let.permoveo : to excite, agitate, stir up, move.perniciosus : pernicious, destructive.perperam : wrongly, falsely.perpetro : to complete, accomplish, perform.perpetuus : perpetual, lasting, continuous, uninterrupted.perscitus : very clever, exceedingly sharp.perscribo : to write out, write down, place on record.perseco : to cut through, dissect, cut away.persequor persequi persecutus : to follow, pursue, take revenge.perseverantia : perseverance, persistence.persevero : to persist, persevere, continue.persisto : to persist, persevere.persolvo : to unloose, explain, expound / pay off a debt, pay.personam gero : to act a part.perspicuus : transparent, bright, clear, evident.persuadeo persuasi persuasum : (+ dat.) to persuade.perterreo : to terrify.pertimesco : to become very much afraid.pertinacia : firmness, obstinacy, stubbornness.pertinaciter : stubbornly, obstinately.pertinax : persistent, firm, mean, stubborn, obstinatepertineo : to pertain to, relate to, concern.pertingo : to stretch out, extend.pertorqueo : to twist, distort.pertraho : to drag, forcibly conduct, entice, allure.perturbo : to disturb, trouble, perturb, disrupt.perturpis : very disgraceful.peruro perussi perustum : to burn up, consume / inflame, gall, chafe.pervalidus : very strong.pervenio : (+ acc.) to reach, attain, reach, be passed to.perverto perverti perversum : to turn upside down, overturn, overthrow.pervideo pervidi pervisum : to look over, survey, inspect, discern.pes pedis : foot.pessimus : worst (see malus)pessum do: to destroy, ruin, wreckpessum ire: to sink, be ruined, destroyed, be put to an end.pessum : to the ground, to the bottom, downward.pestifer : pestilential, injurious, damaging, plaguey,pestifere : destructively, injuriously.pestis pestis : plague, epidemic, pestilence / destruction, curse.petitus : inclining towardpeto : to make for, go to, seek, strive after.peto : to ask for, beg, request, demand / to sue for.Pevela : Pevle, near Cisoing.pharetra : a quiver.phasma phasmatis : ghost, spirit, specter.phitonicum : Herimann p. 275.pia pium : honest, godly, holy, pious, dutiful, patriotic.pica : jay, magpie.picea : the spruce treepictor : painterpictoratus : painted / of cloth, embroidered.piger pigra pigrum : lazy, slow, dull.pignus : pawn, pledge, token, (in pl.) persons in pledges ofpiper, piperis : pepper.pipio : to chirp, tweet, pipe.pirum : pear.pirus : pear tree.piscator : fisherman.piscis piscis : fish.pius: dutiful, godly, holy, upright, kind, honest, affectionate.placeo : (+ dat.) to please, be agreeable toplacet : it is agreed, it is resolved, it seems good.placide : quitely, gently.placidus : quiet, still, gentle.placitum : judgment, case / plea, litigation / defense.placitum : accord, agreement, pact / assembly for judgment.placo : to placate, appease.plaga : district, zone, region.plagiarius : kid-napper, plagiaristplane : plainly, clearly.plango planxi plactum : to strike, beat / bewail, mourn.platea : street, courtyard.plaustrum : wagon, cart, Charles Wain.plebs plebis : the common people, the masses, the crowd.plecto : to punish.plector : to be punished.plene : (adv.) completely, wholly, fully.plenus : full, complete, full, satisfied, rich, mature, plump.plerumque : for the most part, generally, commonly, mostly.plerusque : very many, a great number, a large part, the greater part.plico : to fold.plorabilis : deplorable.plorator : a lamenter.ploratus : weeping, lamenting.ploro : to lament, weep, weep over.pluit pluvit : it is raining, a shower is falling.pluma : feather / featherbed / pen.plumbeus : leaden, made of lead / dull, stupid, heavy, oppressive, bad.plumbum album : tin.plumbum : lead, a bullet, lead pipe.pluo : to rain, shower, sprinkle.plura : more numerous, several, many.plures : more numerous, several, many.plurimi : at the highest price, of the highest worth.plurimus : most, very many.pluris : (gen.) at a higher price, of a great valueplus : more.plusculus : somewhat more, rather more.pluvia : rain, shower.pluvialis : pertaining to rain, of rain.pocius potius : rather, preferably.poema poematis : poem, verse, rhyme.poena : pain, punishment, penalty / poena dare : to pay the penalty.poeta : (masc.) poet.polenta : pearl barley, barley groats.pollen : (also pollis ): fine flour, fine meal.polleo : to be strong, powerful, able.pollex : thumb, big toe.polliceor : to promise, offer.pollicitus : promised, a promise.pomum : fruit, apple.pono posui positum : to lay, place, put, set / (milit.) post, station.pons pontis : bridge.poposco : see posco : Herimann, cap. 28, 69.populus : people, the people, nation, crowd, multitude, host.porro : forward, further, next, in turn, (of time) long ago.porta : gate, entrance.posco : to call upon, ask earnestly, request.positus : position, place, arrangement.possessio : possession, property.possum posse potum : to be able, avail, have : (+ acc.) after, behind.postea : afterwards.posteri : posterity.posterus, postremo : subsequent, following, next, future.posthabeo : [posthabito] : to put after, consider of less account.postpono : to put after, consider secondary.postquam : (conj.) after.postulo : to ask.potens : able, mighty, powerful, strong.potestas : power, ability, authority / opportunity.potior : (+ gen. or dat.) to possess, hold, get possession of.potissimum : (adv.) chiefly, most of all.potissimus : best of all, chief, principal.potius : rather, preferablyprae dulcis / pre dulcis : exceedingly sweet.prae se ferre / pre se ferre : to show, exhibit, on account of.prae quam / pre quam : in comparison with.prae pre : (prep. with abl.) before,prae pre : (adv.) before, in front.praebeo prebeo : to offer, hold out, supply, provide, allow.praebeo prebeo : (+ refl.) to show oneself, present oneself.praecedo precedo : to precede, go before / surpass, excel.praecelsus precelsus : exceedingly high.praecepio precepio : precept, preconception.praeceptum preceptum : precept.praecido : to cut short, lop, mutilate.praecipio, precipio : to instruct, advise, warn, anticipate.praecipuus precipuus: excellent, distinguished, extraordinary.praeclarus preclarus : excellent, famous, beautiful, striking.praeconor preconor : to be a public crier, to herald, proclaim.praecox precox : ripe beforehand, premature.praeda preda : plunder, booty, spoils of war, loot, gain, prey.praedico predico : to warn, admonish, instruct, foretell.praeeo preeo : to go before, precede / to say in advance / to order.praefero prefero : to carry in front, display, prefer.praefero prefero : anticipate, carry by, ride by.praeficio preficio / prefeci prefectum : to put in charge ofpraefinio prefinio : to appoint ahead of timepraefoco prefoco : to choke, suffocate.praegravo pregravo : to press heavily upon, weigh down, oppress.praemitto : to send forward, dispatch, send in advance.praemium premium : reward, prize.praemo premo : to press down, strike down.praenuntio, prenuntio : to foretell, announce before hand.praenuntius prenuncius : foretelling, harbinger, omen, token.praepono prepono : to set over, prefer.praepositus prepositus : (monastic) prior.praeproperus, preproperus: over-hasty, precipitate.praesentia presentia : presence, presence of mind, effect, power.praesentia presencia : power, effect.praesidium presidium : guard, garrison, detachment / protection.praestans prestans : excellent, distinguished, imminent.praestantia prestantia: superiority, excellence.praesto : to stand before, be outstanding, excell, surpass, show.praesto presto : to answer for, be responsible for.praesto presto : to do, perform, display, fulfill, offer, present.praesul presul : dancer / presider, protector, director.praesum presum : to be at the head of, be in charge of.praesumo presumo : to anticipate, take for granted.praeter : adj., except; prep. + acc., besides, beyond, more than.praeterea preterea : besides, further, hereafter.praetereo pretereo : to pass over, pass by, omit.praeteritus preteritus : past.praetermissio pretermissio : neglect, passing over, omission.praetorgredior pretergredior : to pass beyond, go beyond.praevenio, prevenio : to come before, anticipate.praevenio : get the start of.pravitas : crookedness, depravity, deformity, perversity.preastolatio prestolatio : the waiting for, expectation.precipio : to anticipate, instruct, advise, warn.precipue : chiefly, especially, particularly.precor : to pray, beg, entreat, invoke.prehendo : to seize, snatch, grasp, detain, arrest.premo pressi pressum : to squeeze, press down, strike down.prenda : booty, loot, stolen goods.pretereo : to go by, pass by, escape.pretium : price, value, reward.prevenire : to come to, go before hand, attend.prex precis : request, entreaty, prayer.primitus : first, for the first time.primo : first, at first, at the beginning, at the start.primoris : first, foremost / most distinguished, first.primum : quam primum : as soon as possible.primum : at first, for the first time, in the first place.princeps : chief, prince.principatus : rule, dominion, pre-eminence, first place.principium : beginning.prior prius : former, prior.priores, um : forefathers, ancestors.priscus : ancient, antique, former, old days, venerable.pristinus : former, venerable, ancient.prius : before, formerly.priusquam : (conj.) before.privatus : private, unofficial, a private person.privigna : step-daughter.privo : to depriveprivus : (with gen.) deprived eo : because of the fact, because, for this : (+ abl.) in return for, instead of / for, : (+ abl.) in front of, before / on behalf of, for.probitas : probity, uprightness, honesty.probo : to show, prove, demonstrate, approve, find good, judge.procedo : to go out, come out / result, prosper / turn out well.procedo : to go ahead, proceed, advance, continue.procella : storm, tempest, gale; (milit) charge, onset, wave.procella : storm, tempest, gale.procer : chief noble, prince.procinctu : prepared or ready for battle.procul : far, at, to, from a distance.procurator : manager, bailiff, agent.prodigiosus : unnatural, wonderful, miraculous, amazing.proditor : traitor, betrayer.proelium : battle.profecto : truly, really, indeed.profero : to carry out, bring forth.proficio : to make progress, advance.proficio : advance, assist, help, aid, be of use.proficiscor : to depart, set out, to start forward, to arise.proficuus : proficiscor : to start forward, set out, depart, arise.profiteor: to make a public statement / to declare oneself.profiteor: to acknowledge, confess / offer, promise.profor profari profatus : to speak out.profugus : fleeing, fugitive, banished, migratory.profundo frofui profusum : to pour forth, gush, stream.profundum : a depth, abyss, chasm / the sea.profundus : deep, profound, high, thick, dense, boundless.progener : husband of a grand-daughter.progenero : to produce, engender.progenies : descent, lineage, progeny, offspring, descendants.progenitor : founder of a family, ancestor.progigno progenui progenitum : to engender, bring forth.prognatus : born, sprung from / son.progredior : to go forth, advance, proceed, go out.progressio : advance, progress, increase.progressus : advance, going forward, increase, a royal circuit.prohibeo : to prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit, forbid.prohibitio : prohibition, restrain, forbidding.proicio : to throw forth, fling, abandon.proinde ut: proinde quam: just as.proinde quasi proinde ac si : just as if.proinde : consequently, therefore, as a result.prolabor : to slide forward, slip forward, fall forward, fall down.prolapsio : a slipping or sliding.prolatio : a bringing forward, mentioning / extension / deferring.prolato : to enlarge, lengthen, extend / put off, defer.prolecto : to entice, allure.proles : offspring, descendants, posterity, (plants :fruit).proletarius : a citizen of the lowest rank.prolicio prolixi : to lure forth, entice.prolix : long, stretching.prolixus : wide, broad, long / willing, obliging, favorable.proloquor : to speak out, declare openly.proluo prolu prolutum : to wash away, wash clean.prolusio : preliminary exercise, prelude.proluvier : inundation / scouring / discharge.promereo promereor : to deserve, meritpromeritum : desserts, merit, credit.promissio : a promise.prominens : jutting out, standing out / a projection.promineo : to stand out, jut, extend.promisce promiscue : indiscriminately.promiscus promiscuus : mixed, indiscriminate / commonplace, usual.promissio : a promisepromissor : a promiser, suretor, guarantor.promitto : to let go, send forth, undertake, promise.promitto : to let go forward, send forth, promise, prompsi promptum : to produce, disclose, bring forth.promontorium : peak, mountain crest, ridge, promontory.promoveo promovi promotum : push forward, move ahead, advance.prompte : promptly, resolutely, readily.promptu : in promptu habere : to have read, display, have on show.promptu : in promptu ponere : to make clear, reveal, disclose.promptu : in promptu esse : to be ready, to be easy, to be clear.promptus : (persons) prepared, resolute, prompt.promptus : ready at hand, visible, apparent.promulgatio : publication, promulgation (of a law).promus : steward, butler.promutuus : (cash) advanced, prepaid, arraigned beforehand.pronepos proneptos : great-grandsonpronuntio : to proclaim, announce, declaim.prope : near, nearly, not far from, just now, closely.prope : near, near to, not far, not long from now.propello : to drive before one, drive away.propero : to hasten, speed, move rapidly, come quickly.propero : to hasten / accelerate, speed up.propinquo : (intrans) to come near, draw near, approach.propinquus : near, close, similar, nearly related.propono : display, publish, relate, tell, propose, promise.propositum : a design, purpose, scheme, theme of discourse.proprie : exclusively, particularly, peculiarly. properly.proprius : one's own, special, characteristic, particular.proprius : one's own, permanent, special, peculiar.propter : (+ acc.) near, close, on account of, because of.propugnaculum : fortification, rampart, defense.prorsus : forward, straight ahead, to sum up, utterly, wholly.prosequor (prosecutus) : to attack, go with, pursue, attend.prosper : favorable, fortunate, lucky, prosperous.prosperitas : prosperity, good fortune.prosum (profuturus) : to be useful, of benefit, do good.prosum : to be useful, do good, benefit (+ dative).prosum : (with dat.) to be useful, do good, benefit.protestor, protesto : to declare in public, affirm, bear witness.protinus : forward, further on, continuously, immediately.protraho (protractus): to draw out, protract, defer, make known.prout : just as, according to.provectus : advanced, advanced in age.proveho : to carry on, carry forward, advance, promote,proventus : a growing up, increase, crop, yield, or issue.provideo : to foresee, provide, make provision for.provisor : one who provides for, or against.provolvere se : to throw oneself down, abase oneself.proximus : nearest, closest, next.prudens : prudent, wise.prudenter : wisely, discreetly.prudentia : foresight, wisdom, discretion.Pruma : Prums.publicus : of the people, public, open to all.puchre : beautifully, finely, handsomely.pudendus : shameful, disgraceful.pudeo : to be ashamed,pudicus : modest. chaste.pudor : modesty, bashfulness.puella : girl.puer : boy.puerilis : childish, boyish, foolish.pueriliter : boyishly, childishly, foolishly.puga pyga : buttocks.pugna : fight, battle, conflict, set-to.pugnacitas : the desire to fight, pugnacity.pugnaculum : fortress.pugnax : fond of fighting, combative, stubborn, contentious.pugno : to fight.pugnus : the fist.pulchellus : pretty.pulcher pulchra pulchrum : beautiful, handsome, fine.pulchritudo pulchritudinis : beauty, fineness.pulex : the flea.pullulo : shoot up, sprout, burgeon.pullus : dark-colored, blackish / sad, gloomy / a dark garment.pullus : young animal / chicken, chick.pulmentum : anything eaten with bread, sauce or relish.pulmo : the lung.pulpa : flesh.pulpitum : platform, stage.pulso : to strike (the hours)pulsus : beating, blow, push, influence.pulsus : beating, blow, push, impulse, influence.pulvis : dust, powder / arena, scene of action.pumilius pumilio : a dwarf.punctum : a prick, little hole, puncture / a point, spot, place.pungo pupugi punctum : to penetrate / sting, annoy, harass.pungo pupugi punctum : to prick, puncture, stab / touch, move.puniceus : purple, red.punio : to punish, avenge, gave vengeance.punitor : punisher, avenger.pupa : doll / little girl.pupillus pupilla : orphan, ward.puppis : stern of a ship, the poop.pupula : pupil of the eye.purgamentum : rubbish, trash, filth, sweepings.purgatio: cleaning out, cleansing / excsuing, justification.purgo : to clean, cleanse, purify / clear away, wash off / justify.purpura : purple dye, purple cloth / high rank, emperorship.purus : pure, free from.pusillus : tiny, puny / petty, mean.putator : pruner.puteo : to stink, be redolent, smell bad.puter : rotten, decayed, putrid / loose, crumbling / flabby.putesco : to putrefy, day, rot.puteus : well, pit.puto : to clear, settle up, consider, think, believe, suppose, judge.putus : pure, unmixed, unadulterated.pyropus : bronze.pyus pyxidis : a little box, casket. Qqua : (adv.) by which route, where.qua : (fem. sing. abl.) (the abbess) BY WHOM she was advised.quadraginta : forty (indecl.)quadratus : square, a square.quadrigae : four-horse team.quadrivium : second stage of the medieval curriculumquadrivium : crossroads, place where four roads meet.quadrum : a squarequadruplator : an exaggerator, informerquadruplor : to be an informant.quae : (neut. pl. nom.) WHAT cannot be avoided must be endured.quae que : (fem. sing. nom.) (the milkmaid), WHO loved a prince.quae : (neut. pl. acc.) those things WHICH we must havequae : (fem. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (women) WHO have ears to hear ..quaero quero : to seek, search for / ask, enquire, search forquaero quero : to miss, want / seek to know / obtain, get.quaesitio quesitio : investigation, interrogation.quaeso queso : to seek for, ask for.quaestio questio : seeking, searching / inquiry, investigation.quaestuosus questuosus : profitable, fond of gain, rich.quaestus questus : profit, a source of profit, gaining, getting.qualis : of what kind? of the kind that.qualiscumque : of any kind whatever, any whatever.qualislibet : of what sort you will.qualitas : quality, property.qualiter : as, just as.quam plures : as many as possible.quam : (adv. and conj.) how, than, as ... as possible.quam : (fem. sing. acc.) (the church), WHICH the Lord loved.quamdiu : such a long time.quamobrem, quam ob rem : wherefore? why? for which reason.quamquam : nevertheless, and yet (beginning a sentence) / though.quamtotius : ? completely.quamvis : (conj) however much, although / as much as you like.quando : (interr.) when si quando : if ever.quandoquidem : since, because.quanti : for how much, at what price.quanto : by how much (+ comp. adj. or adv.)quantocius quantotius : the soon the better.quantocius quantotius : as quickly as possible.quantum in me est : as much as in me lies.quantum : (+ gen.) as much of ... as.quantum : how much?, how much!, as much as.quantus ... quantus : as great as, as much as.quantus : how great?, how great!, how much, as great as.quantuscumque quantacumque quantumcumque : however greatquantuslibet : as much as you will, as great as you will.quantuvis : as great as you please, however great.quapropter : wherefore.quare : wherefore, why, because of which thing.quartus : fourth.quarum : (fem. pl. gen.) their envy and jealousy, OF WHICH we know.quas : (fem. pl. acc.) the fates, against whom he struggledquasi : as if, just as, just as if, as it were / a sort ofquassatio : a shaking.quasso : to shake violently, shake to pieces, break, shatter..quatenus / quatinus : since, as, in order that, that.quatenus / quatinus : how far, to what extent, where, seeing that.quarter : four times / again and again.quattuor : four (indecl.)quem : (masc. sing. acc.) (the man), WHOM the king struck.quemadmodum : how, in what manner.queo : to be able.quercetum : an oak grove, and oak forest.quercus : oak tree.quereia querella : complaint, complaining.queribundus : complaining, plaintive, whining.querimonia : complaint, a charge in court.queritor : to complain excessively, whine, gripe.quernus : oaken.queror : to complain, lament, bewail (dogs) whine, whimper.querulus : complaining, whining, lamenting.qui quae que quod : which, what, that.qui : (masc. pl. nom.) Let THOSE (men) WHO have eyes to see ...qui : (masc. neut. nom.) (the prince) WHO loved a milkmaidquia : because.quibus : (neut. pl. abl.) the arms WITH WHICH he won Rome.quibus : (fem. pl. dat.) the good fortune, TO WHICH he owed his crown.quibus : (neut. pl. dat.) the crimes FOR WHICH he was executed.quibus : (masc. pl. dat.) the monastery IN WHICH he was interred.quibus : (masc. pl. abl.) his sons, BY WHOM he was attacked when oldquibus : (fem. pl. abl.) the beards, BY WHICH the pirates were known.quicquid : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.quid : (neut. of quis ) : whatquidam quaedam quedam quidam : a certain person or thing, / kind of.quidem : indeed, certainly, at least / ne ... quidem :not ... even.quies quietis : quiet, rest, peace.quilibet : anyone, anything.quin etiam : why even, in fact, moreover.quin : but come now, rather, indeed,quinam quaenam quenam quodnam : which? what?quingenti : five hundred.quinquennis : five years old.quippe : certainly, to be sure, indeed, of course.quisnam, quidnam : who, what.quisquam : anyone, anything.quisque : each one, each person.quisquis : whoever, whatever, whatsoever, anything at all.quo : to which place, to what place, whither, where.quo : (masc. sing. abl.) (the money) BY means of WHICH he lived.quo : (neut. sing. abl.) (the eagerness) THROUGH WHICH he died.quod : because, whereas, the point that, the fact that.quod : (with time) since, as far as, to the extent that.quod : (beginning sentence) and, but, now.quod : (neut. sing. acc.) (the sea), WHICH you cannot drink dry.quod : (neut. sing. nom.) (the war), WHICH killed so many.quodammodo : in a certain way, in a certain measure.quomodo : in what manner, how / in whatever way, somehow.quondam : formerly, once, at one time, erstwhile.quoniam : since, whereas, because.quoque : also, too.quorum : (neut. pl. gen.) dangers, OF WHICH there were not a few.quorum : (masc. pl. gen.) the army, half OF WHICH was ill.quos : (masc. pl. acc.) those WHOM he accused of treachery.quot : how many, as many (indecl.).quotiens : often.quotienscumque : however often.quovis : to whatever place you will. Rradicitus : by the roots, utterly.rapio rapui ratum : to seize, snatch, carry away.rarus : rare, uncommon.ratio : system, manner, method, procedure, manner.ratio : reckoning, account / reason, judgment, vera : in truth.recedo : to go back, retreat, retire, disappear.recipio recepi receptum : to go back, retire, recede, retreat.recito : to read aloud, recite.recognosco : to recognize, recollect, recall.recolo : to recall, reflect upon, rework, resume, rehabilitate.recolo : to cultivate, work again, resume, rehabilitaterecolo : reflect upon, consider, recall.reconcilio : to restore, repair / (of persons) unite, reconcile.recondo : lay up, store, hoard.recordatio : recollection, memory, recall.recordor : to remember, think of, recollect, ponder over.recro : to recreate, restore, revive.rectum : virtue, rightrectus : right, correct, proper, upright, natural, plain.recuperatio : recovery, recuperation.recupero : to regain, recoup, recover.recuso : to refuse.redarguo : refute, disprove, contradict.redarguo : disprove, refute. With gen. prove guilty, convict.reddo : to repeat, recite, represent, imitate, pay up, deliver.reddo : to give back, restore, return, answer, translate, render.redemptio : ransoming, redemption, buying back, farming taxes.redemptor : redeemer (Christ).redeo : to go back, come back, return / (revenue) to come in.redeo : to fall back upon, be reduced to, be brought to.redigo (redactum) : to bring or reduce to a condition, lessen.redono : to give back, give up.reduco : to lead back, bring back, return.redundantia : overflowing, redundancy.redundo : to overflow, stream over, overflow, excess, flood.refectorium : refectory, monastic mess hall.refero : to bring back a message, refer.reformo : to form again, mould anew.Regina : queen.regius : royal, regal.regnum : rule, authority, kingdom, realm.rego rexi rectum : to guide, direct, to rule.regula : rule / monastic rule.relaxo : to loosen, enlarge, relax, ease, lighten.relego relegi relectum : to read again, re-read.relevo : to lift again, lighten, alleviate, relieve.relictus : (fr. relinquo) having inherited, been bequeathed.relinquo : to leave behind, bequeath / abandon, forsake.reliquum : remainder, what is left, leavings.relucesco : to become bright again.reluctor : to struggle against, resist.remando : to send back word.remaneo : to stay behind, remain, continue.remaneo : to remain behind, stay, continue.rememdium : cure, remedy, nostrum, medicine.removeo : to draw back, set aside, take away.remuneror : to repay, reward.renuntio : to declare, announce, report, give notice.renuo : to deny, refuse, reject.rependo : to ransom, pay back, requite.repens : sudden, unexpected, fresh, recent.repente : suddenly, unexpectedly.repere : to crawl.reperio : to get again, find, ascertain, discover, invent.repetitio : repetition.repeto : to seek again, ask back.repeto : to return to, begin again, deduce, recall, recollect.repleo : to replenish, fill up, fill up again, fill, satisfy.repletus : filled, full.repo repsi reptum : to creep, crawl.repono : to deposit, lay up, store / requite.reprehendo : to blame, reprove, refute, hold back, check, catch.repugno : to fight against, oppose, resist / be incompatible with.requiesco requievi requietum : to rest.requiro : to ask for, look for, demand, desire, miss.res rei : thing, matter, business, affair.res publica : commonwealth, state, republic, public business.resisto : to resist, make a stand, oppose.respicio : to look back, provide for, respect, have regard for.respondeo respondi responsum : to answer, reply, respond.restituo : restore, put back, replace, reinstate, repair.resumo (resumpsi, resumptum) : to renew, repeat, resume.retineo : to hold back, restrain, detain, keep, maintain.retraho retraxi retractum : to draw back, pull back.retribuo : to give again, give as due.reus : defendant, accused, answerable, bound.revenio : to come back, return.reverto : to go back, return, revert.revertor reverti reversus : to return, come back.revoco : to call back, recover, refer, revoke.revolvo : to unroll a book, go over again, repeat.rex rgis : king.rhetor : rhetorician, teacher of rhetoric.rhetoricus : rhetorical.rideo risi risum : to laugh at, laugh.rigor : stiffness, hardness, sternness.ritus : usage, ceremony, rite.rogo eum ut +subjunctive : to ask someone to do something.rogo : to ask, ask for.rostrum : bill of a bird, beak.rota : wheel.Rotomagense : Rouen.rotundus : wheel-shaped, round.rubor : redness, blush, modesty, shame, disgrace.rudimentum : trial, attempt, essay.rumor : rumor, gossip.ruo rui rutum : to rush, fall, be ruined.rursus : on the other hand, in return, back, again.rus ruris : the country, countryside, rural area.rusticus : rustic, rural / peasant. sabbatum : sabbath.sacculus : purse, little bag, little sack.sacrificum : sacrifice.sacrilegus : sacrilegious, impious.saepe sepe : hedge, fence, enclosure, haye.saepe sepe : often, frequently, repeatedly.saepenumero : repeated, again and again.saepius sepius : often, frequently, repeatedly.saeta : hair.saeta equina : horse-hair.saevio : to rage, be furious, take violent action.sal salis : salt, wit.salsus : salty, witty.saltem : at least, at all events.salus : health, safety, well-being, salvation / salutation.saluto : to wish well, greet, visit, reverence, pay respect to.salutor : visitor, caller.salveo : to be well, be in good health.salvus : safe, sound.sanctifico : to sanctify, make holy.sanctimonia : purity, charity, virtue, sanctity, sacredness.sanctimonialis : nun.Sanctus Eleutherius : St. Eligius.Sanctus Egidius : St. Gilles.sanctus : holy, sacred, / saint.Sanctus Rodoenus : St. Ouen.sane : rationally, sensibly, really, indeed, to be sure.sanitas : health, soundness of mend, sanity.sano : to heal.Santiago : St. James.sanus : sound, healthy, sane.sapiens : (subs.) a wise man, philosopher.sapiens : wise, judicious.sapienter : wisely, judiciously.sapientia : wisdom.sarcina : bundle, pack, burden, load.satago : to pay a creditor, satisfy a creditor.satago : have one's hands full, have enough to do.satio : to satisfy, sate.satis : enough, sufficient / sufficiently.sato : to sow, plant.satura : satire.saturo : to fill, satisfy.scaber : scabby, rough.scabies : the itch, mange, a rash.Scaldus : Scheldt.scamnum : bench, stool.scaphium (sciphus : Herimann, cap. 24) pot, bowl, drinking vesselsceleratus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.scelero : to pollute with guilt, with blood, etc.scelestus : wicked, accursed, infamous, criminal.scelus sceleris : crime, sin, evil deed, wickedness.schola : school / elite troop of soldiers.scientia : knowledge, science, skill.scilicet : evidently, certainly, of course, no doubt, assuredly.scindo : to cut, rend, split, divide, separate.scio scivi scitum : to know.scio : to know, understand.scio : to know, understand.scisco : investigate, ask, inquire / vote, ordain, resolve.scribo, scripsi scriptum : to write, compose.scrinium : bookcase, case for papers.scriptor : writer, author, habere : to keep gero : to conduct oneself, conduct, carry astringo : to commit oneself to.secedo : to go apart, withdraw.secerno secrevi secretum : to separate.secundum : (adv.) after, behind.secundum : (+ inf.), following, after, during, according to.secundus : second.securus : safe, secure, free from care, unworried, unconcerned.secus : non secus, haud secus: just so.secus : otherwise, not so.secus + atque or quam : differently from, otherwise than.secus : wrongly, badly, not as one would wish.secuutus : follower, pursuer.sed : but / and indeed, what is more.sedeo sedi sessum : to sit.seditio : dissension, quarrel, insurrection, mutiny, rising.sedo : to settle, smooth, calm, allay.seductor : seducer.semel : a single time, for the first time, even once, once, ever.semper : always, ever.senectus : old age, dotage.senex senis : old, aged, old man.sensus : feeling, sense.sententia : opinion, thought, way of thinking, meaning, purpose.sentio : to judge, suppose, vote.sentio : feel, perceive, experience, hold an opinion,seorsum : apart, separately.sepelio : to ruin, destroy, bury.septem : seven.sepulchrum : grave, tomb, sepulcher.seputus : buried, sunk, immersed.sequax : following, attending, pursuing.sequor sequi secutus : to follow, trail.serio : seriously.serius : serious, grave, solemn.sermo : talk, common talk, rumor, report, discussion.sermo : discussion, talk, common talk, conversation, rumor.sero : to sow, plant. also, late, at a late hour.servio : (+ dat.) to be a slave to, serve.servitus : servitude, slavery.servo : to watch over, keep, protect, observe, save, reserve.servus : slave, serf.sese : =se : himself, herself, itself.severitas : severity, rigor, sternness, : if.sibimet : to them themselves.sic : so, thus / yes, that is so, that is right.siccus : dry, thirsty / sober, temperate.Siclinium : Seclin.Siclinium : Seclin in Melanchois.sicut : as, just as, as it were, (+verb in subj.) just as if.sidus : constellation, star.signum : sign, seal, indication, sign.silens : silent, stillsilenti etc : the dead.silentium : silence, stillness, quiet, repose, obscurity.silentium : (religion) faultlessness, perfection.sileo : to be still, silent / (+ acc.) be silent about / rest.siligo -inis : wheat, wheat flour.silva : woods, forest.similis : similar, like, resembling.similitudo : likeness, resemblance / uniformity.simplex : simple, unaffected.simul atque : as soon as.simul : at once, at the same time, together.simulatio : pretense,sine : (+ abl.) without.singularis : alone, unique, extraordinary, individual, singular.singuli : one each, one apiece, single, separate.singultim : stammeringly.singultus : sobbing, gasping.singultus : sobbing, death rattle.singulus : single, separate, one at a time, one each.sino : allow, suffer, permit, let.siquidem : since, indeedsitio : to be thirsty.sitis : thirst, dryness, drought, eager desire.sive seu : or if.socer : father in law.socius : sharing, associated, allied.socius : partner, comrade, associate, ally, fellow.sodalitas : fellowship, companionship, secret society.sol solis : sun.soleo : to be accustomed, be used to.solio : ? Herimann, cap. 28.solitudo solitudinis : loneliness, solitude.solium : chair of state, throne / bath-tub.sollers : clever, skillful.sollicito : to stir up, incite, arouse.sollicitudo : uneasiness, anxiety, disquiet, apprehension.sollicitudo : concern, anxiety, solicitude, worry.sollicitus : uneasy, worried, anxious, restless, agitated.sollicitus : troubled, anxious, concerned, worried.solum : land, country, soil, ground / bottom, floor, foundation.solum : non solum ... sed etiam : not only ... but also.solum : (adv) alone, only.solus : alone, only, the only.solutio : loosening / payment / solution / explanation.solvo : to loosen, untie, release, free, dissolve, break up.somniculosus : sleepy, drowsysomniculouse : sleepily, drowsily.somnio : to dream / (+ acc.) to dream of, imagine foolishly.somnium : dream, fancy, day-dream / foolishness, nonsense.somnus : sleep.sonitus : noise, sound.sono : to make a noise / sing / celebrate / (of words) to mean.sophismata : false conclusions, logical fallacies.sopor : deep sleep.sordeo : to be dirty, appear vile.sordes : filth, meanness, stinginess.sordesco : to become dirty.sortitus : casting lots, deciding by lot.spargo sparsi sparsum : scatter, strew, spread.speciosus : beautiful, handsome, imposing / specious plausible.spectaculum : spectacle, show.specto : to look at, watch, see.speculum : mirror.specus : cave, cavern, grotto, den.sperno sprevi spretum : to scorn, despise, spurn.spero : to hope for, hope.spes : hope.spiculum : sharp point, sting, spear, dart.spiritus : breath, breathing / life / spirit.spoliatio : plundering, looting, stripping, robbing.spolio : to strip, plunder, despoil, rob, lootspolium : spoils, plunder, booty.sponte : willingly, of one's own accord, unaided.St. Richarius : St. Riquier.stabilis : firm, stable, steadfast.stabilitas : firmness, stability, durability.Stabulaus : Stavelot.statim : firmly, steadfastly, on the spot, at once, immediately.statua : statue.statuo : to give a ruling, make an arrangement, decide.statuo : to cause to stand, establish, place, set up.Stella : star.stillicidium : dripping moisture, rainwater from the eaves.stipes, itis : log, tree-trunk, branch, post, club, blockhead.stipes : log, stump, tree trunk, branch, post, club.stips, stipis : small coin, gift.sto, steti, statum : to stand, stand still, stand firm.strenuus : brisk, active, vigorous / turbulent, restive.strues : piles, heaps, : (+ dat.) to study, pursue eagerly, be eager for.studiose : eagerly.studium : eagerness, zeal.stultus : foolish / a fool.suadeo : to recommend, advise (a person)suasoria : persuasive discourse.sub : (+ acc. or dat.) under, up under, close to, beneath, below.subito : adv. suddenly, unexpectedly.subitus : sudden, unexpected.subiungo : to yoke beneath, join, attach, subdue, subjugate.sublime : on high, aloft.subnecto : to bind on beneath, to tie.subseco : to cut away, paresubsequor : to follow aftersubstantia : substance, essence, means of subsistence, property.subvenio : to come up to aid, relieve.subvenio : to come to the aid, succor, relieve, help, assist.succedo : to approach, submit, etc. etc.succendo : to kindle, set afire from below.successio : succeeding, succession, descent, descendant.succurro : to run up under / aid, assist, help.sufficio : to be sufficient, suffice, be enough.suffoco : to strangle, choke, suffocate.suffragium : vote, franchise / approval support, aid, assistance.suggero : to bring up, supply, provide, add, attach. place next.sui : himself, herself, itself.sulum : each, every.sum fui futurus : to be, exist.summa : the highest part / whole, sum.summisse : humbly, softly, calmly, modestly.summissus (from summitto) : let down, lowered, gentle, mild.summopere : very much, exceedingly.sumo : to take, choose, obtain, buy. / take for granted, assume.sumptus : expense, cost.supellex supellectilis : furniture, apparatus, gear.super : (prep.) (+ abl.) over, above / concerning, about, besides.super : (adv.) over, above, besides, beyond, moreover, remaining.superbia : pride, arrogance.superbus : overbearing, arrogant, haughty, proud.superficies : surface, top.superfluo : flow over, overflow, be superfluous.superna : northeast by north wind.superne : from above, above.supernus : above, superior.supero : to be above, have the upper hand, surpass, conquer, overcome.supersum : to be superfluous, to remain.superus superior supremus or summus : above, upper, high.supervacuus : superfluous, unnecessary, extra :supervenio : to arrive, come up, arrive unexpectedly.suppellex suppellectilus : ornaments.suppellex suppellectilus : household articles, furniture, goods.supplanto : to trip up.supplex : kneeling, entreating, suppliant.supplicium : punishment.suppono subpono : to put under, subject / put next to, add.suppono subpono : to put in place of, substitute, forge.supra : (+ acc.) above.surculus : shoot, sprout.surgo surrexi surrectum : to get up arise.sursum : upwards, sursum deorsum : up and down.suscipio : to raise up, maintain, support, accept, receive, undertake.suscito : to stir up, arouse, excite.suspendo suspendi suspensum : to suspend, hang.sustineo : to hold up, sustain, endure.suus sua suum : (refl. poss. adj.) his, her, its, their own.synagoga : synagogue. Ttabella :writing tablet.tabellae : letter, document.tabernus : booth, hut, cottage, hove, small shop, inn, tavern.tabesco : to melt, waste away, pine, be spoiled.tabgo tetigi tactum : to touch.tabula : board, plank, gaming board, painted panel.taceo tacuitacitum : to be silent, leave unmentioned.tactus : sense of feeling, touch.taedium, tedium : disgust, weariness, boredom.talio, -onis : retribution.talis : of such a kind, such.talus : the ankle, ankle bone,.tam ... quam : as ... as possible.tam : to such a degree, so, so far.tamdiu : for such a long time.tamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless, yet, still, for all that.tametsi : even if, although.tamisium : sieve, sifter (Herimann, p. 308).tamquam tanquam : as, just as, like as, just as if.tandem : adv. at last, finally.tantillus : so little, so small.tantum : only.tantummodo : only just, just so long as.tantus : so large, so great, of such a size.tardus : slow, late, tardy.Taruennam : The Rouanne.te : (abl.) you / no one's sweeter than YOU.te : (acc.) you / I got YOU, babe.tego texi tectum : to cover, bury, conceal, hide, protect, shield.temeritas : rashness, temerity.temperantia : moderation, self-control, temperance.tempero : to mix properly, temper, regulate, mitigate.tempero : be moderate, control oneself.tempero : (+abl. or with ab) to keep from, refrain from.tempero : (+ dat.) to control, use with moderation, spare,tempestas : storm, weather.Templovium : Templeuve, villa near Cisoing.templum : sacred precinct, temple, sometimes church.temptatio : trial, temptation.tempus temporis : time.tenax : grasping, stingy, clinging, frugal, obstinate.tendo : to direct, try, attempt, stretch, extend, present, give.tendo : to direct one's course, tend, make or head for.teneo : to keep on, persist, persevere, endure.teneo : to hold, keep, possess, maintain.teneo : to grasp, know, understand.tener tenera tenerum : tender, delicate, soft, young.tenuis : thin, slight, feeble, slim, slender.tenus : prep. With abl. as far as, up to, to, down to.tenus : (after a name in abl. or gen.) up to, down to as far as.tepesco : to cool, grow lukewarm, decrease.tepidus : warm, luke-warm, tepidter : three times, thrice.terebro : to bore through, perforate.teres : rounded, polished, smooth, fine, elegant.terga dare : to flee, retreat, run away.tergeo tergo tersi tersum : to wipe, scour, cleantergiversatio : backwardness, reluctance, evasion.tergo (a tergo ) : in the rear, from behindtergum : skin, hidetergum : back, rear.tergus : the back / skin, hide, leather.termes : a tree branch (especially olive).terminatio : termination, determination, setting of boundaries.termino : restrict, define, close, set a limit to.terminus : a boundary mark, limit, end, border.tero trivi tritum : to rub, wear out.terra : earth, ground, land, country, soil.terreo : to frighten, terrify, scare away, deter.territo : to scare, frighten, intimidate.terror : fright, fear, terror.tersus : clean, neat, correct.tertius : third.testimonium : proof, evidence, witness, indication.testis : one who gives evidence, witness, spectator / testicle.texo : to weave, twine together, plait, construct, build.texo : the main verb for weaving of cloth.textilis : woven fabric, piece of cloth.textor textrix : weaver.textus : woven cloth, web.thalassinus : sea-green.theatrum : theater.theca : case, envelope, covering.thema thematis : theme.thema : subject, topic, theme.theologus : theologian.thermae : warm springs, warm baths.thesaurus : treasure, horde / store-room, treasury.thesis : proposition, thesis.thorax : breastplatethymbra : the herb savory.thymum : the herb thyme.tibi: (dat.) you / I can't give YOU anything but love, baby.timeo : to fear, be afraid, dread.timidus : fearful, timid.timor : fear, dread, object causing fear.titulus : label, title, placard.tolero : to tolerate, bear, endure, sustain.tollo sustuli sublatum : to lift up, raise, elevate, carry away.tondeo totondi tonsum : shave, shear, clip, mow, reap, browse.tonsor : barbar.Tornacense : Tournai.torqueo : to twist, curl, rack, torture, torment, distort, test.torrens : rushing, seething, burning, parched / a torrent.tot : (indecl.) so many.totidem : just as many.toties, toties : so often, so many times.toties, totiens : so many times, so often.toties : often, so many times.totus : whole, entire, complete, all.tracto : to drag, handle / treat, discuss, deal with.trado tradidi traditum : surrender / hand over / transmit, teach.traho traxi tractum : to drag, pull / derive, get.Traiectensium : Utrecht.Traiectum : Maastricht.trans : (+ acc.) across.transeo : to go over, pass over, cross over, go past.transfero transtuli translatum : carry across, transfer, convey.transmitto : to send, carry, or convey across.tredecim : (indecl.) thirteenTrellum : Tre Blon, castle in Hannonia.tremo : to tremble, shake, shudder.trepide : with trepidation, in confusion,tres tria : three.Treverim : Triers.tribuo : to give out, divide, allot, assign, grant, give, allow.tricesimus : thirtieth.triduana : lasting three days.triduanus : three days' duration, lasting three days.triduum : a period of three days.triginta : (inedl.) thirty.tripudio : to leap, jump, dance (as in a religious procession).tristis : sad, gloomy, downcast.Trium Fontium : Trois-Fontaines, Marne, Vitry-le-Francais.triumphus : triumphal procession, triumph.trucido : to kill cruelly, slay, butcher, massacre, slaughter.truculenter : (adv.) wildly, savagely, fiercely, cruelly, roughlytu : you / Old Heidelberg, you are the finest.tubineus : cone shapedtui : your yours / I read YOUR letter that said, dear John.tum : at that time, then / thereupon, in the next place.tumultus : uprising, disturbance, riot, tumult.tumulus : mound, grave, heap of earth.tunc : then, at that time.Tungris : Tongres.turba : uproar, disturbance / mob, crowd, multitude.turbatio : disturbance, confusion.turbatus : angered, exasperated / disturbed, restless, troubled.turbo, onis : hurricane. tornado, that which spinsturbo : to disturb, upset, throw into disorder, confuse, unsettle.turpe : a disgrace.turpis : foul, ugly, disgraceful, morally corrupt.tutamen tutaminis : defense, protectiontutis : protected, safe, secure.tyrannus : tyrant, absolute ruler. Uuberrime : most luxuriantly, most abundantly, most fruitfully.ubi : when, as soon as / wherein, whereby, whereas.ulciscor : to take vengeance for, avenge / take vengeance on.ullus : any.ulterius : farther, more advanced, more remote.ultio ultionis : avenging, punishment, revenge.ultra : (+ acc.) : farther (than), more (than).ultra : (+ acc.) beyond, on the far side of.umbra : shade, shadow.umerus humerus : shoulder, upper arm.umquam : ever, at any time.una : (adv.) in one, together.unde : whence, from where / how, from whom.undique : from all sides, everywhere, on all sides, altogether.universe : generally, in general.universi : all together.universitas : the whole, total, universe, world / university.universum : universe, the world.universus : combined in one, whole, entire.unus : one, only one, at the same time / single, alone.urbanus : urban, urbane, pertaining to the city.urbs urbis : city.uredo : a plant : foreign, acquired.usitas : customary, usual.usque : all the way, up (to), even (to).ustilo : to burn (Herimannn, p. 308).ustulo : to burn, scorch, singe.usus : use, experience, skill, advantage.ut : (+ subj.) (result) so that, that.ut : (+ subj.) (purpose) in order that, to, that.ut : (+ indic.) when, as.ut : (+ subj.) (command) to, that.uter utrius : either of the twouterque : (gen. utriusque) both, each side, each party.Uticensium : Evroul.utilis : useful, advantageous, helpful.utilitas : utility, usefulness.utique : at any rate, certainly, at least.utor uti usus : to use, employ, possess, enjoy / associate with, find.utpote : seeing that, inasmuch as.utpote : adv. namely, seeing that, inasmuch as, since.utrimque : from both sides, on both sides.utroque : to both sides, in both directions / at each point.utrum : whether.utrum ... an : whether ... or.uxor : wife, spouse. Vvaco :to be free from work, of a master, of property.vacuus : empty, devoid of, free from.vado : go, hasten, rush.vae : (interj.), woe, alas, woe to.valde : intensely, very much, extremely, greatlyvalens : strong, powerful, healthy / able, worthwhile.valeo valui valiturus : to be strong, have power, be well.valetudo : health. good health, bad health.validus : strong, mighty, powerful, exceeding.vallum : palisade, earthen wall, entrenchment, rampart.vapulus : flogged, beaten, knocked about.varietas : variety, differences, diversity.varius : various, varied.vehemens : violent, furious, impetuous.vehementer : violently, forcefully, strongly, exceedingly.vel : or, (adv.) even, actually, for example.velociter: quickly, rapidly, swiftly.velox : quick, rapid, swift, fast.velum : sail, covering, awning, curtain.velut : adv. just as, like, even as.Vendolius : Vendeuil.venia : grace, indulgence, favor, pardon, forgiveness.venio veni ventum : to come.ventito : to come often, to visit frequently.ventosus : full of wind, windy, breezy.ventus : wind, rumor, favor.ventus : wind.venustas : loveliness, charm, attractiveness, beauty.ver, veris : spring, the production of spring.verbera : (in pl.) blows, a beating, thrashing.verbum : word.vere : truly, really, actually, rightly.verecundia : feeling of shame, shame, bashfulness.vereor : to respect, fear, be in dread of, to be afraid.vergo : to bend, incline, verge, to draw to an end.veritas : truth.Vernandense : Vermandois.vero : in truth, indeed, to be sure / however.versus : line, verse.verto : to turn, turn around, turn up / to put to flight, rout.verto : to flee / interpret, understand / upset, overthrow.verumtamen verumptamen : notwithstanding, nevertheless.verus : true, real, proper, right.vesco, vescor : to feed, to eat.vesica : bladder, bladder-like tumor.vesper : evening star, evening.vespera : evening prayer, vespers.vespillo : undertaker.vester vestra vestrum : (pl.) your, yours.vestigium : footstep, trace, mark.vestio vestivi vestitum : to clothe.vestis : clothing, garment, covering, blanket, carpet, tapestry.vestrum vestri : your yours / you make sing about YOUR pretty gals.vetus : old.via : road, way, street.vicinus : neighbor / (med.) resident.vicissitudo: change, alteration.victor : victor, winner.Victoria : victory.victus : living, manner of life / nourishment, food.videlicet : it is clear / (adv.) clearly, plainly, namely.videlicet : (adv.) (ironically) of course, to be vidi visum : to see, observe, understand, comprehend.videor : to be seen, seem, appear.viduata : deprived, widowed, bereft.viduo : to deprivevigilo : to be awake, watch, be vigilant / to keep vigil.vigor : vigor, liveliness.vilicus, villicus : pertaining to an estate, overseer, steward.vilis : cheap, worth little.vilitas : cheapness, low-price, worthlessness.villa : country house, country estate / (med.) manor, village.vinco vici victum : conquer, overcome, master, win, surpass, excel.vinculum : bond, fetter, tie.vindico (vindicatum) : claim, arrogate, assume, appropriate.vindico : to liberate, deliver / punish, avenge / claim, assume.vindico : to avenge, punish, liberate, deliver, protect.vinitor : vine-dresser (a man who prunes grape vines).vinum : wine.vir : man, hero, man of courage.virga : a green twig, rod, stick, wand, broom, streak, stripe.Virgo : maiden, virgin, young girl.viridis : green.viriliter : manfully.virtus : manliness, excellence, character, worth, courage.vis : (sing.) violence / a large number, quantity, a force / naturevis vires : (pl.) force, power, strength, might, influence.viscus : flesh, internal organs, bowels, entrails, heart.vita : life, way of life.vitiosus : vicious, full of vice, corrupt.vitium : fault, vice, crime.vito : to avoid, vixi victum : to live, be alive.vix : scarcely, hardly, with difficulty, barely.vobis : (abl.) you / who knows more than YOU? I do!vobis : (dat.) you / I'm talkin' to YOU, yeah, talkin' 'bout Cindy.vociferor : to cry aloud, shout.voco in dubium: to call into question.voco : to call, summon, name invite.volaticus : winged, flying / inconstant, unreliable / flighty.volatilis: winged, flying / swift, rapid / fleeting, transitory.volens : willing, favorable.volo (sibi velle) : to mean, signify, denote.volo : to fly, speed, move rapidly.volo : to wish, want, will, ordain, suppose, maintain that, be willing.volubilis : (of speech) rapid, fluent, voluble.volubilis : rolling, revolving, turning around / changeable, inconstant.volubiliter : fluently.voluntarius : voluntary.voluntas : wish, will, inclination / good will.voluntas : last will, testament / meaning, sense.volup : agreeably, pleasantly.voluptarius : pleasant, one devoted to pleasure.voluptas : pleasure.voluptuosus : delightful, pleasurable.volutabrum : pigsty, slough.volva vulva : womb (particularly that of a sow).vomer : plowshare.vomica : ulcer, sore, boil / plague, curse.vomito : to vomit, vomit forth, throw up.vorago : chasm, pit, abyss.vorax : gluttonous, voracious.voro : to eat greedily, swallow up, consume, gorge oneself.vos : (acc.) you / I'll fight YOU all, then ... bring me giants!vos : you (pl) / YOU can't catch me, I'm the gingerbread man.votum : prayer, wish, desire / promise to God.voveo vovi votum : to promise to God, vow, pray for.vox vocis : voice, word / (med.) power, right, authority.vulariter : in the common way, ordinary manner.vulgaris : common, ordinary, usual.vulgivagus : wandering, vagrant, itinerant.vulgo : to spread, publish, impart, make accessible.vulgus : the common people, mob, rabble.vulnero : to wound, injure, hurt, harm.vulnus : wound.vulpes volpes : fox.vulticulus : look, aspect, appearance.vultuosus : grimacing, affected.vultur voltur vulturius volturius : vulture.vultus : the face.vultus : expression of the face, countenance, look, aspect. WWerumensium : Wittewierum.Xxiphias : sword-fish.

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