Public Servant or Government Official
One can go to the official USA government website to apply for jobs in government. Another source to try is USAJOBS which is the federal government's official site on information on jobs in government.
The members of Congress must have a vote to remove the official from office. But, another government official must have evidence (such as a crime record, or testimony from an alleged mistress) of why the other official should be removed from power.
arraign, bring to trial, ligitate, sue, try
The word prosecute is not a noun, it is a verb. The noun form for is prosecutable, an abstract noun. Another noun form is prosecution, also an abstract noun.
because every citizen of the nation is also a citizen of a state. If you prefer, they could pass laws that affect citizens of another country or another planet.
Government's important duties include making laws and enforcing those laws in order to protect its citizens. Another important duty of government is to provide for under privileged members of government.
An official who takes the position of another official is usually called a substitute, reserve, or replacement official.
Naturalized citizens == ==
It depends entirely on who "they" are and who "his" business belongs to. Assuming that this is a pure laissez-faire system, the government would not interfere in business activities in any way save to prosecute criminal acts, such as an employee murdering another employee. The government would not employ any regulations.
another word for official is one, just that only one
A démarche is a formal diplomatic stand of one government's official position, views and wishes on a particular subject to an appropriate officer of another government or international organization