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Distinguish between commercial banking and merchant banking?

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2011-01-23 04:04:35
2011-01-23 04:04:35

Merchant Banking refers to negotiated private equity investment by financial institutions in the unregistered securities of either privately or publicly held companies. A bank that offers these services is called a merchant bank. Both commercial and investment banks may engage in merchant banking activities. The original purpose of merchant banks was to facilitate and/or finance production and trade of commodities and hence the name "merchant"

Commercial banks are the normal banks that provide day to day banking services like checking/saving accounts, fixed deposits, loans etc.

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Also good resource is askanydifference commercial and merchant bank. Both good for exams


The world of banking and finance is one of many intricacies. Many types of financial institutions exist, including commercial banking and merchant banking. The difference between commercial banking and merchant banking lies mainly in the services they provide, and to whom they are provided. Commercial banking is generally accessible to anyone for basic banking needs, whereas merchant banks serve mainly large companies and very wealthy individuals. Commercial banks are what people typically refer to as "banks." A commercial bank can provide loans to individuals and small businesses. It raises funds by collecting deposits from these same groups of people, as well as from interest charged on loans. It also purchases bonds from governments and corporate entities. The banks described above are the most common definition of commercial banks. Commercial banking is also sometimes defined as the provision of banking services such as checking and loans to large businesses, as distinguished from individual citizens. In this case, banking provided to individuals is referred to as retail banking to differentiate it from the second definition of commercial banking. Commercial banking and merchant banking both involve the provision of financial services and advice. Merchant banking, however, often focuses on investing a depositor's assets in a finance portfolio and managing these investments. Merchant banks are commonly called investment banks in the United States. Apart from investing and managing the assets of wealthy clients, merchant banks also offer counsel and advice to large corporations. This advice is particularly useful when a corporation is considering getting involved in a merger with, or acquisition of, another corporation. Both commercial banking and merchant banking have roots that go back hundreds of years, if not more. Merchant banks were actually the original banks, and were invented in the Middle Ages by Italian grain merchants. These merchants, as well as Jewish traders fleeing persecution in Spain, used merchant banking to finance long trading journeys as well as the production of grain. The use of commercial banks by the average citizen is a relatively new phenomenon, historically speaking, but moneylenders have engaged in basic banking practices since the time of ancient Roman Empire. Primitive banking, though, mainly consisted of changing foreign currency to that of the Empire, rather than investment as we see today. Today's commercial banks are so common that more people work in the commercial banking sector than in any other part of the financial services industry.


The world of banking and finance is one of many intricacies. Many types of financial institutions exist, including commercial banking and merchant banking. The difference between commercial banking and merchant banking lies mainly in the services they provide, and to whom they are provided. Commercial banking is generally accessible to anyone for basic banking needs, whereas merchant banks serve mainly large companies and very wealthy individuals. Commercial banks are what people typically refer to as “banks.” A commercial bank can provide loans to individuals and small businesses. It raises funds by collecting deposits from these same groups of people, as well as from interest charged on loans. It also purchases bonds from governments and corporate entities. The banks described above are the most common definition of commercial banks. Commercial banking is also sometimes defined as the provision of banking services such as checking and loans to large businesses, as distinguished from individual citizens. In this case, banking provided to individuals is referred to as retail banking to differentiate it from the second definition of commercial banking. Commercial banking and merchant banking both involve the provision of financial services and advice. Merchant banking, however, often focuses on investing a depositor’s assets in a finance portfolio and managing these investments. Merchant banks are commonly called investment banks in the United States. Apart from investing and managing the assets of wealthy clients, merchant banks also offer counsel and advice to large corporations. This advice is particularly useful when a corporation is considering getting involved in a merger with, or acquisition of, another corporation. Both commercial banking and merchant banking have roots that go back hundreds of years, if not more. Merchant banks were actually the original banks, and were invented in the Middle Ages by Italian grain merchants. These merchants, as well as Jewish traders fleeing persecution in Spain, used merchant banking to finance long trading journeys as well as the production of grain. The use of commercial banks by the average citizen is a relatively new phenomenon, historically speaking, but moneylenders have engaged in basic banking practices since the time of ancient Roman Empire. Primitive banking, though, mainly consisted of changing foreign currency to that of the Empire, rather than investment as we see today. Today's commercial banks are so common that more people work in the commercial banking sector than in any other part of the financial services industry.


Wholesale banking is the transaction of business between a bank and other financial institutions, large corporations, government agencies which usually involve high value transactions, meanwhile merchant banking is involved in long term loan and underwriting for corporation which may include international transaction


It's my belief that they are one and the same, but if I'm wrong I'll be glad to see the correct answer!


Personal Banking is banking usually done in small local branch where you would make your deposits and withdrawals or anything like that. Commercial Banking is done traditionally at the larger branches and that is where business apply for loans open large commercial accounts and different business products are offered.


Retail banking is mostly associated with single customers of small business customers. When you open an account or one for your spouse, that is retail banking. If you have a small business, and it opens an account that is retail banking. If you are an employer of 5,000 people and you open a company account with the bank, that is still retail banking. However, when you for example do imports/exports, you are not dealing with commercial banking section of the bank. When you do payroll management, you are working with transactional banking section, which works under commercial banking. When your bank offers you cash management from your 100 stores across the country, that is commercial banking.


Merchant Banking refers to negotiated private equity investment by financial institutions in the unregistered securities of either privately or publicly held companies. A bank that offers these services is called a merchant bank. Both commercial and investment banks may engage in merchant banking activities. The original purpose of merchant banks was to facilitate and/or finance production and trade of commodities and hence the name "merchant" An Investment bank is a financial institution that helps individuals, corporations etc. in raising capital by underwriting and/or acting as the clients agent in issuance of securities (Shares, bonds etc.). An investment bank may also assist companies that are involved in mergers and acquisitions and provides services like trading stocks & derivatives, fixed income instruments, foreign exchange, commodities etc.


Commercial Banking is a bank whose principal functions are to receive demand deposits and to make short-term loans. Corporate Banking is Any financial or monetary activity that deals with a company and its money. so Commercial focus on Individual and Corporate focusses on Companies..


Retail Banking is nothing but the one which directly deals with and stands for General Public . And the other types like Commercial and corporate are what we can say as Non-Retail Banking


They are both one and the same. The kind of services offered by them and the type of customers they serve are similar and so there are not any major differences between them.


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Commercial banking is primarily concerned with receiving deposits and lending to businesses, whereas Retail Banking provides the same products (such as deposits or loans) just to individuals. Not trying to make this more complicated, but Commercial & Retail Banks (depending on the organisation and region) also differentiate here by investable assets per customer (e.g. <US$100.000). Customers with higher investable assets would be either classified into Premium Banking (e.g. >US$ 100.000 <US$ 200.000) or Private Banking (e.g. >US$ 200.000).


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Wholesale banks offer services to large organizations including deposit accounts, loans, treasury management services, institutional trust services, merchant services, payroll, etc. They are usually much more complex banking relationships than retail banking relationships. Retail banks offer services to consumers and small businesses including checking and savings accounts, loans, mortgages, etc. Most commercial banks in the US offer both, but they are separate divisions of the bank.


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