Does the VIN tell the color of the car?

No, it does not. VIN's contain information as to the Make, Model, Year, number of doors, country assembled, and plant assembled. It can also contain the upgrade package (ie - Chevrolet Tahoe LT vs LS), transmission system (4x4 or 4x2), and engine size. However, the color is not included. The color code can be located near many VIN labels, especially inside door jambs, as a separate line item. Note - VIN standards were not adopted and enforced until 1981, so any vehicles made prior to 1981 do not have a "readable" VIN that can be decoded for this information.