Vietnam War
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Effects of cold war?

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2013-04-14 21:55:15

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Following the

"Cold War" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Cold

War,

"Russia" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Russiacut

military spending dramatically, but the adjustment was wrenching,

as the military-industrial sector had previously employed one of

every five Soviet adults

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_the_Cold_War#cite_note-Aslund-1"

style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none; white-space: nowrap;">[1]and

its dismantling left hundreds of millions throughout the former

Soviet Union unemployed.After Russia embarked on capitalist

economic reforms in the 1990s, it suffered

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1998_Russian_financial_crisis" title=

"1998 Russian financial crisis" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">a financial

crisisand a recession more severe than the United States

and

style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Germanyhad

experienced during the

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Depression" title=

"Great Depression" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Great

Depression.Russian living standards have worsened overall in

the post–Cold War years, although the economy has resumed growth

since 1999.

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The legacy of the Cold War continues to influence world

affairs.

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Effects_of_the_Cold_War#cite_note-Halliday-3"

style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none; white-space: nowrap;">[After

the

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dissolution_of_the_Soviet_Union"

title="Dissolution of the Soviet Union" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">dissolution of

the Soviet Union, the post–Cold War world is widely considered

as

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polarity_in_international_relations#Unipolarity"

title="Polarity in international relations" class="mw-redirect"

style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">unipolar,

with the United States the sole remaining superpower.The Cold War

defined the political role of the United States in the post–World

WarII world: by 1989 the United States held military alliances with

50countries, and had 1.5million troops posted abroad in

117countries.The Cold War also institutionalized a global

commitment to huge, permanent peacetime

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military-industrial_complex" title=

"Military-industrial complex" class="mw-redirect" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">military-industrial

complexesand large-scale

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_funding_of_science" title=

"Military funding of science" class="mw-redirect" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">military funding

of science.

"margin-top: 0.4em; margin-bottom: 0.5em; line-height: 19.1875px; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 13px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">

Military expenditures by the US during the Cold War years were

estimated to have been $8trillion, while nearly 100,000Americans

lost their lives in the

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War" title="Korean War" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Korean

Warand

"Vietnam War" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Vietnam

War.Although the loss of life among Soviet soldiers is

difficult to estimate, as a share of their gross national product

the financial cost for the Soviet Union was far higher than that of

the United States.

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In addition to the loss of life by uniformed soldiers, millions

died in the superpowers'

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proxy_war" title="Proxy war" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">proxy

warsaround the globe, most notably in

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southeast_Asia" title=

"Southeast Asia" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Southeast

Asia.Most of the proxy wars and subsidies for local conflicts

ended along with the Cold War; the incidence of interstate wars,

ethnic wars, revolutionary wars, as well as refugee and displaced

persons crises has declined sharply in the post–Cold War years.

"margin-top: 0.4em; margin-bottom: 0.5em; line-height: 19.1875px; font-family: sans-serif; font-size: 13px; background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);">

The legacy of Cold War conflict, however, is not always easily

erased, as many of the economic and social tensions that were

exploited to fuel Cold War competition in parts of the Third World

remain acute.The breakdown of state control in a number of areas

formerly ruled by Communist governments has produced new civil and

ethnic conflicts, particularly in the former

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yugoslavia" title="Yugoslavia" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Yugoslavia.In

Eastern Europe, the end of the Cold War has ushered in an era of

economic growth and a large increase in the number of

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liberal_democracy" title=

"Liberal democracy" style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">liberal

democracies, while in other parts of the world, such as

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afghanistan" title="Afghanistan"

style=

"color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">Afghanistan,

independence was accompanied by

"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Failed_state" title="Failed state"

style="color: rgb(11, 0, 128); background-image: none;">state

failure.


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