How and why was the country of Canada created?
For two generations these colonies developed separately. The British also maintained colonies in Newfoundland, Prince Edward island, the western plains, and the Pacific Coast. The colonies viewed themselves as different from other parts of the British Empire. Therefore, the British Parliament created the Dominion of Canada in 1867.
Canada became a country on July 1, 1867, by means of the British North America Act. Canada was the first country to be created by legislation. The British North America Act united three provinces: Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the pre-Confederation Province of Canada (which had been created by the Act of Union, 1840). Upon Confederation, the pre-Confederation Province of Canada was severed into the provinces of Ontario and Québec.