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One system creates an emotional response, and the other dampens it. The sympathetic nervous system creates a short-term mobilizing response, and the parasympathetic nervous system dampens it in the long term.

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โˆ™ 2013-07-29 20:50:14
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Q: How do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems operate antagonistically in emotional responses?
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What is the function of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems?

The sympathetic nervous system is involved in the stimulation of activities that prepare the body for actions called fight-or-flight responses (responses that serve to fight off or retreat from danger). The parasympathetic nervous system activates tranquil functions as in eating and digesting. It is sometimes called the rest-and-repose response. Generally, both sympathetic and parasympathetic systems target the same organs, but often have opposite reactions.


Describe the meaning and importance of sympathetic tone and parasympathetic tone?

Both your sympathetic and parasympathetic neurons have a constant rate of firing under normal conditions. This is called their "tone", and it maintains the normal rate of your heartbeat, keeps your blood pressure within a normal range and such to maintain homeostasis. Of course, the sympathetic and parasympathetic firing rate changes greatly during fight-or-flight responses and such.


What is the difference between sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves?

Sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves are part of the Autonomic Nervous system. They control body functions that are involuntary and are responsible for many responses that range from 'flight-or-flight' as part of the stress response, to digestion, and even sexual arousal. The Sympathetic branch of the Autonomic Nervous system is sometimes called 'thoracolumbar outflow' and the parasympathetic branch is called the 'craniosacral outflow.'This refers to the regionds where the nerve roots are located along the verebral columb.


Are sweat glands parasympathetic or sympathetic?

They are sympathetic but an exception - ACh is released as a post-synaptic neurotransmitter rather than Adrenaline/Noradrenaline.Illicitinga parasympathetic response will not stimulate these neurons and therefore sweating is not a parasympathetic side effect.However, as post-synaptic sweat glands contain Muscarinic receptors and not adrenoceptors the administration of a non-selective Muscarinic agonist would result in both a parasympathetic response such as constriction of the pupil or decreased heart rate as well as sweating due to the activation of these sympathetic post-synaptic MAChR in the sweat glands.Atropine would reduce all parasympathetic responses and stop sweating.


Initiates the rest-and-digest or feed-and-breed responses?

Parasympathetic


What do the nerves in the autonomic nervous system do?

The autonomic system controls responses that are involuntary, such as maintaining breathing or keeping your heart at a steady rate. It consists of parasympathetic and sympathetic divisions. Parasympathetic is for 'rest and digestion' and symapthetic is for 'fight or flight' In short sympathetic speeds up body reactions but slows digestion and parasympathetic slows body reactions and assists and controls digestion. In reality both systems will function in conjunction with each other to bring about normal body states.


Why are sympathetic responses generally widespread?

Because NE and Epinephrine are secreted into the blood as part of the sympathetic response


Responsibility of the autonomic nervous system?

All the unvoluntary things.... You have the parasympathetic nervous and the sympathetic nervous system. Parasympathetic nervous system: Long pre-g, short post-g aka the craniosacral nervous system - The slow responses.... like slow heart rate by vagus nerve Sympathetic nervous system: Short preg-, long post-g aka the thoracolumbar nervous system - Fight or flight responses like increase heart rate . Pre-g nicotinic stimulation to adrenal medulla which releases adrenaline (epinephrine)


Why is it that when you cry mucous secretions coming from the nose are also present?

Because crying is an emotional response that is related to the parasympathetic nervous system. When it gets activated, most all of the parasympathetic responses are elicited, and one of them is to increase the secretion of mucous throughout the body along with the tears. So that is why your nose runs too.


Does the hypothalamus control emotional responses?

Yes


Are the the thermoregulatory responses to increased heat are mediated by the sympathetic nervous division?

yes


The high road for emotional responses travels through?

the cortex


What is the division of the autonomic nervous system that controls the series of physiological responses that are called rest-and-digest?

Parasympathetic.


Sympathetic responses generally are widespread because?

Sympathetic responses are more widespread because of the way the efferent nerves (from spinal cord outward) are positioned. The autonomic system has two neurons between its spinal cord and the organ that it is modulating whereas the somatic system has only one. The difference between the sympathetic and the parasympathetic is that in the case of sympathetic, the first nerve out of the spinal cord, called the preganglionic fiber is extremely short and ends relatively close to the spinal cord. Here, the preganglionic fiber synapses with on average of 10 postganglionic fibers which then moves onto effect a variety of different organs. On the other hand, in the parasympathetic division the preganglionic nerve are extremely long and extends until it is almost at the organ. From there, it synapses with a very short post-synaptic nerve that then synapses an organ. The ratio in this case can be about 1:3 but usually is 1:1. To sum things up, in the sympathetic division, the preganglionic fiber terminates very early and therefore has the "opportunity" to interact with a variety of nerves. On the other hand, the parasympathetic division has such a long preganglionic fiber that by the time it synapses its post ganglionic fiber, it is pretty much at the organ. NE and epinephrine are secreted into the blood as part of the sympathetic response.


What is emphatic responding?

Empathic responses are genuine responses indicating that you have heard the other person's concerns and understand them on an emotional level.


What is the function of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems?

The sympathetic nervous system is most active when you are in an emergency, exercising, or an exciting or embarrassing situation. It is often referred to as the "fight-or-flight" system. It increases the heart rate, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels. It also dilates the bronchioles of the lungs, and dilates the blood vessels of the skeletal muscles. This nervous system enables the body to cope rapidly with situations. The parasympathetic nervous system is active when the body is resting. It is referred to as the "resting-and-digesting" system. It conserves your body's energy by slowing the heart rate. It also promotes digestion.sypmathetic is the "fight or flight" response and the parasympathetic is the "rest and digest" responses


What has the author Emily M Masson-Guipe written?

Emily M Masson-Guipe has written: 'The effects of exercise training on sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system responses to a novel stressor in Sprague-Dawley rats' -- subject(s): Zoology, Rats, Cardiovascular system, Exercise, Physiological aspects


The division of the autonomic nervous system that controls the series of physiological responses that are collectively called the rest and digest response?

parasympathetic division


Can a person survive without the sympathetic nervous system?

No, the sympathetic nervous system is the basis of "fight or flight" responses and is integral to the normal function of the body. Actually, the sympathetic nervous system of the fetus is what starts the process of labor, so a person couldn't even be born without a sympathetic nervous system.


The division of the autonomic nervous system that controls the series of physiological responses that are collectively called the rest-and-digest response?

parasympathetic nervous system


Does sympathetic or parasympathetic nerve increase pupil size?

the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is a very important part of the autonomic nervous system. the SNS is well known for its role in the fight-or-flight response in the body. among the effects it has are: bronchodilation, increased heart rate, increased metabolism and dilated (increased diameter) pupils. the reason why pupils become dilated during SNS activity is because dilated pupils allow more light to enter the eye and it also increases the visual field - remember this is a fight-or-flight response, our responses to perceived threats are heightened and our senses are really alert.the parasympathetic system on the other hand functions in time of rest and digestion. the PNS is therefore most active during our relaxed states.sympathetic.


The difference between habits and attitudes is that?

Habits are ways of doing things; attituted are emotional responses.


In a play dialog is?

verbal exchange between characters, revealing their thoughts, responses, and emotional states.


When dealing with a life crisis what are the five emotional responses?

The five standard emotional responses to a life crisis are: 1) Denial 2) Anger 3) Bargaining 4) Depression 5) Acceptance These may not occur in order or may happen multiple times.


What does the sympathetic nervous system control?

This system controls autonomic functions. These are what are called the "fight or flight" response and the "rest and repose" responses.