Brake Pads and Rotors
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Volvo S60

How do you change your own brake pads on a 1996 Toyota Paseo?

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July 15, 2015 8:57PM

First, apply wheel chocks to the rear wheels to keep your

vehicle from rolling and loosen the 4 lug nuts before you raise the

wheel off the ground. Now, raise the car and set it on a jack

stand. This is safer than leaving the car on the jack while you

remove the wheel and perform the repair. Set the jack stand on the

frame to avoid damaging the underbody of the vehicle. Next, remove

the wheel and set it aside. You will now be looking at the rotor

and caliper. There are two bolts on the caliper that need to be

removed. They are facing inward towards the engine. Remove them

with a 3/8 drive socket wrench and 14mm 6 point socket. 6 point

sockets are less likely to strip a bolt head but you should be

alright if you only have 12 point sockets. Loosen and remove the

caliper bolts. Now, use two hands and hold the caliper on both

ends. Slowly move the caliper back and forth while pulling upward

to remove it from the pads and bracket. Once you have freed the

caliper from the pads, use a hanger to hang the caliper from the

strut tower. Remove the old brake pads from the bracket(the pads

will still be sitting in the bracket after you remove the caliper)

and set them aside. Use a wire brush to clean the contact points

where the old brake pads were. Now, you are ready to compress the

caliper piston. If you do not have a caliper piston compressor

tool, check with your local auto parts store(cheap tool $10-$20

saves a lot of headache when doing a brake job). Now, take the old

brake pad and compressor tool and set the old pad against the

caliper piston(Do not use the new pad for this part) and set the

compressor tool inside the caliper. Turn the handle of the

compressor tool so that it starts to press against the old pad.

Make sure to set the tool is set on the center of the caliper

piston. Start to turn the tool until the piston starts to recede

into the body of caliper. Be sure to check on the level of brake

fluid in your master cylinder reservoir. As your brake pads wear

down, the brake fluid in the reservoir moves into the brake caliper

as the piston extends further out of the caliper body. Make sure

the fluid does not overflow(you will have a mess to clean up,

nothing serious) Continue compressing the caliper piston unitl it

becomes flush with the rubber boot surrounding the caliper piston.

You have now finished compressing the caliper piston. When you buy

your new brake pads, get some brake caliper lube. Use this on the

areas where the brake pads touch the caliper piston and the areas

where the pads sit in the bracket. Next, install the new brake pads

into the bracket after you have applied the lubricant. Push the

pads in towards the rotor until they both are resting against it.

Now you are ready to re-install the caliper. Hold the caliper with

both hands and install it over the new pads. Take your caliper

bolts and thread them back in by hand. You may need to lift or push

down on the caliper a little to get the bolts to thread in. Use

your socket wrench to tighten the bolts. DO NOT overtighten the

bolts. Now, you are finished with re-assembly of the caliper. Next,

put the wheel back on and tighten the 4 lug nuts. Jack up the

vehicle and remove your jack stand. Set the vehicle down. Take your

star wrench and tighten the lug nuts in a cross pattern. For

example, tighten the top lug nut. Then, tighten the bottom lug.

Move to the left lug and tighten it, then tighten the right lug.

Now, remove the wheel chocks from the rear wheels. You are now

ready for a test drive. Make sure to perform a sequence of

stops(5-10) from 30 mph to near stop to break in the new pads. Good

luck!!! Also, make sure to perform this service on both right front

and left front of your vehicle during the same repair. Never

replace just one side or the other!!

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