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It's not that hard to install a hard drive if you are handy with tools and repairs. But there are a few things you need to know.

IDE Interface cable:

The IDE cable is flat, usually gray, about 2" wide and has three plugs on it. The plugs are 40-pin connectors. One end plugs into the motherboard, and might be blue. You don't have to worry about that end, just leave it where it is. At the extreme other end of the IDE cable, opposite the mother board is the PRIMARY DRIVE (MASTER) connector. Then there is a plug in the middle that is the SECONDARY DRIVE (SLAVE) connector. The MASTER connector on the end might be black, and the SLAVE connector in the middle may be gray. Make sure the MASTER connector is plugged into the Master hard drive. I've heard people say that it really doesn't matter, but I've experienced that it does. I had my drives plugged in wrong, and my hard drive kept crashing.

Jumper Block, Jumper

At the back of the hard drive is what is called a Jumper Block. The Jumper Block has a little, tiny plug in it that connects two of the pins. Depending upon where the little, tiny plastic plug is plugged into, determines whether the drive set up as the Master or Slave. There are 4 possible settings depending upon whether there is only 1 drive on the IDE cable or two drives plugged into the IDE cable. The 4 settings are:

  • Cable Select - (Usually the default setting) The jumper plug is usually all the way to one side nearest the power supply plug. If your system supports "Cable Select", then the system determines which will be the Master and which will be the Slave.
  • Master - For when two drives share the same IDE Cable. The hard drive that is booting up your computer should be the Master.
  • Slave - Also for two drives
  • Single - The jumper plug is not present. For one drive on the IDE Cable.

1) Take the hard drive with Windows '98 out of the old PC.

Remove the cover.

Unplug the power supply

Unplug the IDE cable

Unplug any other wires

Remove the screws on both sides of the hard drive

Slide the old hard drive out.

2) Change the jumpers on the w98 drive to indicate SLAVE (exact jumper configuration varies by make and model of hard drive)

You will need something like tweezers or something very small to get the jumper out. The jumper is usually a little piece of white or black plastic, and it's very small.

Sometimes the hard drive will have letters stamped into the metal to indicate which is the Master and which setting is the Slave.

3) Verify the jumpers on the XP drive indicates Master or Single/Master (Single only will not work).

The hard drive in the new computer probably will already have the jumper plugged into the Master slot.

4) Put the old drive into an open slot in the new PC and secure it with screws

5) Connect the open connector from the same cable as the existing hard drive of the new PC.

Most computers have two IDE cables. Each of the cables has two plugs on it.

6) Boot up the new PC

7) In Windows Explorer you should see your old W98 drive now as either D-drive or E-drive. In my computer, my second hard drive shows up as F: drive because I also have two CD burners.

8) In Windows Explorer you can copy or move files to your new drive. I like to right click the Start button, and choose "Explore" as a fast way to get into Windows Explorer.

2011-09-13 04:47:22
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