The time frame depends upon the lender. Regardless of whether the repossession is voluntarily done by the borrower or a forced repossession by the lender the consequences remain the same. The borrower will be responsible for any deficiency between the amount that the repossessed vehicle is sold for at public auction and the remaining balance on the loan agreement including added fees and penalties. The respossession will also remain on the borrower's credit report for the required 7 years. Be advised, a lender has no legal obligation to recover the vehicle but can instead file a lawsuit against the borrower for the entire amount of the loan plus legal and other associated costs.