In 1791, Congress added 10 amendments. These first 10 amendments make up the Bill of Rights.
1Amendment I - Freedom of Religion, Speech and the Press; Rights of Assembly and Petition.
2Amendment II - Right to Bear Arms
The amendment was adopted so that Congress could not disarm a state militia.
3Amendment III - Housing of Soldiers
Grew directly out of an old complaint against the British, who had forced people to take soldiers into their homes.
4Amendment IV - Search and Seizure
You may not be searched or have property seized without probable cause and/or a search warrant.
5Amendment V - Rights of the accused (Self-incrimination, Double Jeopardy, Due Process, Just
6Amendment VI- Rights to a Fair Trial (Speedy and Public Trial by Jury*, Tried in state where crime was committed, Informed of charges against accused, Witnesses, Right to a lawyer)
7Amendment VII- Rights in Civil Cases (Trial by jury in civil cases over $20)
8Amendment VIII - Cruel and Unusual Punishment
Bails, fines and punishments must be humane and fit the crime committed
9Amendment IX - Rights Retained by the People
Any rights not listed in the Constitution are still protected
10Amendment X - Powers Retained by the States and the People
States or people have all powers not given to national government. (i.e., marriage)