Founding Fathers

The core group of individuals who created the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, and fought the American Revolution is known as the Founding Fathers. They are credited with the establishment of the United States as it is today.

Founding Fathers
American Revolution
Declaration of Independence

How many people signed the Declaration of Independence on July 4 1776?

52

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Health
Oral Health and Dental Care
Founding Fathers
US Presidents
George Washington
Fillings Crowns and Dentures

What were George Washington's false teeth made from?

Washington wore many partial and full dentures over the course of his life, but contrary to popular belief, none were made out of wood. Instead, they were made from ivory, lead-tin alloy, copper alloy, silver alloy, real human teeth, and probably cow and horse teeth, too.

Dentures made of wood weren't common in his time, and although his false teeth were very uncomfortable, they were also fairly advanced for the late 18th century. The wooden teeth myth probably stems from the fact that as the ivory dentures were used and stained, they developed a grainy look, possibly being mistaken for wood.

Unfortunately, the real human teeth he used were likely purchased from slaves, and they didn’t really have the option to refuse the purchase.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
US Constitution

What state did not send delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787?

Rhode Island. The State's leaders refused to participate in the Constitutional Convention because they believed it was a conspiracy to overthrow the current government, which was operating under the Articles of Convention. Patrick Henry, who would have been their delegate, declared he "smelt a rat," and didn't want to participate in a project that threatened state sovereignty.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
US Constitution

Which Founding Fathers signed the Constitution?

George WASHINGTON, President New Hampshire: JOHN LANGDON, NICHOLAS GILMAN Massachusetts: NATHANIEL GORHAM, RUFUS KING Connecticut: WM. SAML. JOHNSON, ROGER SHERMAN New York: ALEXANDER HAMILTON New Jersey: WIL. LIVINGSTON, DAVID BREARLEY, WM. PATERSON, JONA. DAYTON Pennsylvania: B. FRANKLIN, THOMAS MIFFLIN, ROBT MORRIS, GEO. CLYMER, THOS. FITZSIMONS, JARED INGERSOLL, JAMES WILSON, GOUV MORRIS Delaware: GEO. READ, GUNNING BEDFORD jun, JOHN DICKINSON, RICHARD BASSETT, JACO. BROOM Maryland: JAMES MCHENRY, DAN OF ST THOS. JENIFER, DANL CARROLL Virginia: JOHN BLAIR, JAMES MADISON jr North Carolina: WM. BLOUNT, RICHD. DOBBS SPAIGHT, HU WILLIAMSON South Carolina: J. RUTLEDGE, CHARLES COTESWORTH PINCKNEY, CHARLES PINCKNEY, PIERCE BUTLER Georgia: WILLIAM FEW, ABR BALDWIN

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Founding Fathers
American Revolution
Declaration of Independence

Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence?

Although Thomas Jefferson is often credited as the sole writer of the document, the Declaration (1776) was a collaborative effort.

Jefferson was the one responsible for writing both the first and final draft. However, he was actually part of a committee appointed by the Second Continental Congress to write it. The other four members were Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert R. Livingston and Roger Sherman, all of whom provided recommendations on the language of the document.

However, he was actually part of a committee appointed by the Second Continental Congress to write it. The other four members were Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert R. Livingston and Roger Sherman, all of whom provided recommendations on the language of the document.

The US Constitution had a much wider authorship, with various sections provided by many of the Founding Fathers. The various suggestions and clauses were merged into a first draft by a "Committee of Detail" consisting of:

John Rutledge (SC)

Edmund Randolph (VA)

Nathaniel Gorham (MA)

Oliver Ellsworth (CT)

James Wilson (PA)

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Founding Fathers
Politics and Government
US Constitution

What is the Elastic Clause?

The elastic clause provides flexibility for our government.


The elastic clause in the US Constitution grants Congress the right to pass all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out the powers specifically granted to Congress by the Constitution.
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Founding Fathers

Who were the Founding Fathers of The United States of America?

The Founding Fathers were a group of well-educated men who led America in the early stages of her history. These men risked their lives for the freedom of Americans. This began with achieving independence of the thirteen colonies from England, and continued with the formation of a government for the new nation once the Revolutionary War had been won.

As for specific people, the 7 Founding Fathers included: George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, James Madison, Alexandra Hamilton, John Hancock and Benjamin Franklin.

If one considers any of the people who participated in the forming of this Republic or of evicting the King to be "Founding Fathers," then naturally the Framers of the Constitution are a subset of the Founders, since they gave us the format and structure for the Republic. Of course, the number who might be deemed Founding Fathers would be larger than the list of Framers, a case in point being Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, who were not present at the writing of the Constitution, but were surely Founding Fathers.

Men that historians say were influential include:

Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, John Adams, Alexander Hamilton, Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Thomas Paine, Roger Sherman, John Jay, James Wilson, and Governor Morris. It would be impossible to construct a list which would be accepted by all historians.


George Washington , Thomas Jefferson , Nathan Hale , Benjamin Franklin , Samuel Adams , John Adams

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Founding Fathers
US Constitution
Federalist Papers

Who were the authors of the Federalist Papers?

There were three authors of the Federalist Papers.

James Madison (28 papers: 10, 14, 37-58 and 62-63) and Alexander Hamilton (52 papers: 1, 6-9, 11-13, 15-36, 59-61, and 65-85) wrote most of the Federalist Papers, but John Jaywrote papers 2-5 (Foreign Affairs) and 64 (on the Senate). All of the essays were signed Publius and the actual authors of some are under dispute, but the general consensus is that Alexander Hamilton wrote 52, James Madison wrote 28, and John Jay contributed the remaining five.

In total, the Federalist Papers consist of 85 essays outlining how this new government would operate and why this type of government was the best choice for the United States of America.

The Federalist Papers remain today as an excellent reference for anyone who wants to understand the U.S. Constitution.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
US Constitution

Who wrote the US Constitution?

A man named Governor Morris of Pennsylvania was in charge of the committee to draft the final copy of the Constitution. Other men who had much to do with writing the Constitution included John Dickinson, Governor Morris, Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Thomas Paine, Edmund Randolph, James Madison, Roger Sherman, James Wilson, and George Wythe. Morris was given the task of putting all the convention's resolutions and decisions into polished form. Morris actually "wrote" the Constitution. The original copy of the document is preserved in the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C.

Jacob Shallus who, at the time, was assistant clerk of the Pennsylvania State Assembly, and whose office was in the same building in which the Convention was held, was given the task of engrossing the Constitution prior to its being signed.

Here is more input from other WikiAnswers contributors:

  • The U.S. Constitution is the work of several men, directly and indirectly. The three most notable persons whose work influenced the Constitution but who were not involved in its writing are Thomas Jefferson, John Adams and Thomas Paine. The group of men involved in the writing of the Constitution are generally referred to as the "framers".
  • No single individual wrote it. Twelve of the thirteen states sent delegates to the Constitutional Convention to revise the Articles of Confederation and the entire convention worked on it. After the political questions were hashed out a 'committee of style' was formed to put the ideas into formal words. It is generally accepted that Governor Morris created most of the actual wording included in the final draft from the Committee of Style.
  • The original copy of the document is preserved in the National Archives Building in Washington, D.C.
  • The person most associated with authoring the US Constitution was James Madison, the fourth President of the United States. Primary Author: James Madison (drafted the Virginia Plan). He is known as "The Father of the Constitution." James Madison wrote the Constitution in 1787. The constitution wasn't passed until 1788.

The US Constitution was written by the members of the Constitutional Convention.
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Founding Fathers
Declaration of Independence

Who was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson is often credited as the sole writer of the document, but the Declaration (1776) was a collaborative effort.

Jefferson was the one responsible for writing both the first and final draft. However, he was actually part of a committee appointed by the Second Continental Congress to write it. The other four members were Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Robert R. Livingston and Roger Sherman, all of whom provided recommendations on the language of the document.

Thomas Jefferson was the main writer of the Declaration of Independence. The Draft of which was heavily edited by the Continental Congress can be seen in: Adrienne Koch and William Peden eds., The Life and Selected Writings of Thomas Jefferson (New York: Random House, 1944).
Thomas Jefferson

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Founding Fathers

Were the Founding Fathers democratic reformers?

The way this question is answered depends a great deal on what is understood by "democratic reformer."

If the word "democratic" is given an extremely narrow definition, it is easy to say that the founding fathers were not democratic reformers. Their original intent was only to throw off the yoke of british rule. Looking back to pre-revolutionary America we see that the colonial governments were modeled after british limited monarchy, the colonies had assemblies, upper and lower houses, and while they did not have a king they had a governor who was chosen directly by the king so as to be an extension of the kings will in the colonies. We must assume that even during the revolution the founding fathers had no designs of a democracy and even after the revolution some might hesitate to call the government formed a democracy because it lacked a strong central government. In fact, the articles of confederation were modeled more after the grecian city-states which were republican governments.

One might argue that it is irrelevant to the concept of democracy whether the central government is weak or strong; by this argument, Switzerland is the least democratic country in the world and absulute dictatorships are more democratic since they are centralized. In addition these remarks really only apply to the actions of the founding fathers prior to the Constitution of 1787 since that Constitution created a stronger central government although it retained a monarch-like figure in the position of President.

The founding generation were democratic reformers in many ways, and were really seen as radical during their time. They did receive a lot of their ideas of democracy from the Enlightenment writers, such as Locke, Voltaire,and Rousseau. Nevertheless, many of the founders were rather reserved on giving democratic power and say in the government to the common man, being uncertain that the country would be able to remain stable and orderly if such was the case.

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Founding Fathers

What was the Attitude of founding fathers toward political parties?

Washington was against them. His reasoning was that the political party would take over and the "good of the people" would be forgotten. He has a point if you look at what has happened 2 hundred years later. Washington and the founding fathers felt that a man should serve his country for a brief period of time to help the people and then go home to his business/plantation leaving the job to new people. They never foresaw the professional congress person.

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Founding Fathers
Benjamin Franklin

Was Benjamin Franklin a physicist?

Yes he basically wrote many theories on electricity. So he was a physicist

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Founding Fathers
History of Ireland

Who is the founder of the Irish Times?

The founder of the Irish Times was Major Lawrence Knox.

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Founding Fathers
Definitions

What does despise mean?

Despise means to hate someone.

More precisely and accurately, it means to look down upon with contempt or to regard as negligible or worthless (according to Merriam-Webster). It's a synonym of hate, but synonyms aren't definitions. (In this case, it's also important to ask yourself, "What does hate mean?" The American pop culture has overused "to hate" to the point where very few really know the full sense of its meaning.) After all, it is quite possible to despise a person's behavior without hating the person.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
US Constitution
Bill of Rights

What can accurately be said of the Bill of Rights?

That they are the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, ratified in 1791. The Bill was drafted by James Madison, a Federalist who would become the fourth US President. Madison drew mainly on English law in writing the amendments, but his sources were many, including earlier Colonial documents. The Bill was designed to appease anti-Federalists who believed the Constitution granted too many rights to the federal government. The Bill of Rights defines and protects individual rights, such as freedom of speech, the press, religion (the First Amendment), and the Second, the right to bear arms, while limiting the power of the federal government to curtail or deny these rights. The Third Amendment, covering quartering of soldiers, was a necessary piece of legislation at the time of ratification, but it is and will remain insignificant as long as the US is not occupied by an opposing army.

Amendments 4-8, the so-called "Judicial amendments" protect the rights of individuals suspected of or accused of a crime. They also outline the functions of criminal courts. The importance of the protection they grant cannot be overstated. Amendment 4 covers protection from search and seizure; the 5th guarantees due process and grand juries, and guarantees against double jeopardy and self-incrimination. The Sixth Amendment concerns speedy, impartial trials; trial by jury, the right to confront witnesses and the right to an attorney. Amendment 7 covers jury trials in Federal cases, and the 8th Amendment forbids excessive bail, fines, and cruel and unusual punishment.

The Ninth Amendment was smart and forward-thinking, although it may sound dull when read. It protects individual rights that are not covered by the Constitution, which includes the right to privacy in issues that did not exist 200 years ago. Reproductive rights cases have been argued and won on the Ninth Amendment. Finally, the Tenth, or "States' Rights" amendment specifically says that the Federal Government has no rights other than those outlined in the Constitution. So simple a statement leads to numerous forms of interpretation. Those whose interpretation is broad regard the rights of individual states to be on a par wih the federal governments'. Wikipedia presents a comprehensive explanation of the 10th Amendment, a lengthy list of categories under which it has been challenged, and detailed examples of cases that fall under those categories and their outcomes.

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Founding Fathers
US Presidents
Thomas Jefferson

What was Thomas Jefferson's childhood like?

His first memory was horseback riding with a slave into the Virginia wildness at the age of three. He was born on his father's plantation called Shadwell. He was the third of ten children. At the age of five he learned to read, write and do arithmetic from a private tutor. At age 9 he was placed in a classical school under Reverend William Douglas. He also took to hunting at an early age, but his love of nature overcame this hobby and he soon disliked it. In 1758 he was sent to a school under Reverend James Maury and at age 14 his father died. In 1760, at the age of 17, he entered the College of William and Mary. He eventually learned to speak 6 languages.

As a young child Thomas Jefferson was an enthusiastic student, often spending up to fifteen hours a day studying. He was to retain a life long interest in reading. He had both a keen intellect and also a wide range of interests. His interests ranged from philosophy and architecture to the natural sciences. At the age of 17 he entered the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, two years later he graduated with the highest honors. After leaving college he studied law under George Wythe and later served in the Virginia House of Burgess.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States

Why did Hamilton and burr hate each other?

Burr believed that Hamilton was the sole detriment to the rise of his political career, namely. Hamilton had intervened, for Jefferson, in the nasty election of 1800, and had also intervened in the race for the governor of New York later. Both times, Hamilton had ruined Burr's chances. This animosity led Burr to kill Hamilton in 1804.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
US Constitution

When was the U.S. Constitution signed?

It was signed on by the delegates to the Constitutional Convention, meeting in Philadelphia, on September 17, 1787. Contrast this with the signing of the Articles of Confederation, the prior constitution of the United States. It was first signed on July 9, 1778, but due to a number of objections by the states (particularly over the status of the western territories), signing was not completed until March 1, 1781.

However that is not the date that the United States was actually established; in other words, the Constitution did not take effect on that date. Technically, and according to its own stipulation, it took effect when it was signed by the ninth state to ratify it: New Hampshire. That happened June 21, 1788. The date mentioned above, September 17, 1787, is when the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia agreed on the final draft of the Constitution and sent it to Congress with the recommendation that it be sent to the states for ratification.

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Founding Fathers
Parts of Speech

What part of speech is looked?

Looked is a verb. It's the past tense of look.

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Founding Fathers
History of the United States
US Constitution

What was the Great Compromise at the Constitutional Convention and what problem did it solve?

Delegate Roger Sherman introduced the Great Compromise to resolve a dispute between larger (higher population) states and smaller states to ensure fair representation in Congress by reconciling plans originating in Virginia and New Jersey.

Sherman's compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise, combined ideas of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan at the Constitutional Convention. This Compromise created a bicameral (two house) legislature that had a lower house with representation based on population, to be calculated by census count every ten years (Virginia Plan), and an upper house based on equal representation of two Senators each, without respect to population (New Jersey Plan). The Upper House later became known as the US Senate, and the Lower House, the US House of Representatives.

The agreement also provided that all bills regarding taxes be initiated in the Lower House.

Apportionment by population protected the citizens' interests; equal representation preserved the balance of power between states.

The Great Compromised passed after eleven days of deliberation, but didn't completely satisfy the southern states, whose population consisted largely of slaves who weren't considered citizens. This issue was addressed by the Three-Fifths Compromise, which allowed the census to count each slave as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of apportionment of Representatives in the House.

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Founding Fathers

When writing the pledge of allegiance do you underline it?

No. If referencing it in a paper you will put it in quotes as you do a poem.

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Founding Fathers
Thomas Jefferson
Declaration of Independence

What were Thomas Jefferson's views on slavery?

Jefferson's views on slavery were contradictory: On one hand, Jefferson was morally opposed to slavery. He felt it was evil and wrong. His original draft of the Declaration of Independence condemned it in no uncertain terms. As Governor of Virginia, he proposed legislation to abolish it. On the other hand, despite his moral opposition though, he owned a significant number of slaves and even fathered children with one of his slaves, Sally Hemmings.

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Founding Fathers
US Constitution
Washington, D.C.

What kind of district Colombia have?

The District of Columbia is the capitol of the United States of America.

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Founding Fathers
Alexander Hamilton

Did Alexander Hamilton own slaves?

No, Alexander Hamilton did not own slaves, but he was "complicit in the system," as Hamilton playwright Lin-Manuel Miranda put it. While Hamilton grew up on mostly black Caribbean islands and, especially early in his life, expressed hatred for slavery, he made multiple concessions to his anti-slavery stance as he advanced in his career. He managed slave sales for his wife's family and also accepted the "three-fifths compromise," which counted black people as three-fifths of a person, at the United States Constitutional Convention.

Late in his career, Hamilton did do some good in terms of race. He pushed an emancipation law in New York, which passed in 1799, and as secretary of the U.S. Treasury, he laid out an economic blueprint that was devoid of slavery.

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