How was Europe transformed by Renaissance?
Before the Renaissance, Europe was going through the Dark Ages. The Dark ages started after Rome collapsed after being attacked by the Huns and other outside forces. Technology and the quality of living plummeted after Rome fell. People went from having an advanced plumbing system to having none at all. Diseases also killed many people, and there was no government or structure. Renaissance means "rebirth". During the Renaissance technology improved and education became important to people again. A structured Feudalist Government was forming and art and literature flourished again.
The term "renaissance" itself, is French for "rebirth." The renaissance was a time of rebirth of ideas, and it saw a remarkable resurgence of learning and knowledge throughout Europe. The etymology of the term "renaissance" is as follows: It stems from "re-", meaning "again," and "nascere," meaning "be born." So, the term Renaissance means to " be born again".