In Windows 2000:
Assuming that the computer has IDE drives, the first thing to do is to install each operating system on each disk. Set one drive as Master and the other as Slave. Install both drives in the computer. Start the computer and it will boot into The first drive. Open Windows Explorer, go to Tools -> Folder Options and click the view tab. Select the "Show hidden files and folders" button, click Apply, then OK. Expand My Computer and select the "C" drive. Locate the "boot.ini" file, right click on it and select "Properties". If the read only box is checked, UNcheck it, click apply, OK. If it's already unchecked, leave it alone - click cancel. Double click on the boot.ini file to open it in Notepad. Under the [Operating Systems] heading, under the 2000 Pro entry on a new line, add this entry:
multi(0)disk(1)rdsk(0)partition(1)\WINNT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect (if WINNT is your Window directory)
Save and reboot. You should now have both systems listed in the choices menu. Select the second Windows 2000 and cross your fingers. You should now have a dual-disk dual boot setup. If it fails, you can always boot back into the first drive as long as you don't change that entry in the boot.ini file.
In Windows 2000/XP:
Assuming that the computer has IDE drives, the first thing to do is to install each operating system on each disk. Put one drive in the computer and install XP on it. When that's done, remove it, install the second drive and install 2000 Pro on it. Remove it. On the drive that has XP, set that drive as master, and set the 2000 Pro drive as slave (XP will boot W2k, but W2k will not boot XP). Install both drives in the computer. Start the computer and it will boot into XP. In XP, open Windows Explorer, go to Tools -> Folder Options and click the view tab. Select the "Show hidden files and folders" button, click Apply, then OK. Expand My Computer and select the "C" drive. Locate the "boot.ini" file, right click on it and select "Properties". If the read only box is checked, UNcheck it, click apply, OK. If it's already unchecked, leave it alone - click cancel. Double click on the boot.ini file to open it in Notepad. Under the [Operating Systems] heading, under the XP entry on a new line, add this entry:
multi(0)disk(1)rdsk(0)partition(1)\WINNT="Microsoft Windows 2000 Professional" /fastdetect
Save and reboot. You should now have both systems listed in the choices menu. Select Windows 2000 and cross your fingers. You should now have a dual-disk dual boot setup. If it fails, you can always boot back into XP as long as you don't change that entry in the boot.ini file
The easiest way is to have Windows on the primary partition or hard drive and to use a program called Wingrub. There are examples in the Wingrub program on how to set it up. Wingrub can also be used to dual boot XP/2000 & 9x/ME despite it's warning to the contrary.
The default annotation C: typically refers to the primary hard drive or primary partition of a hard drive from which the operating system is booted. The reason it is typically the C: letter drive is that, back in the day, a 3.5" disk drive was annotated as A: by default and the 5" or floppy drive was annotated as B: by default. The drive letter D: is usually utilized to indicate the default annotation of the primary optical (cd-rom or dvd-rom) drive of the computer. Due to the creation of hard drive partitions, (or devisions of a hard drive to create virtually separate drives) it is possible for one hard drive to have multiple drive letters typically ascending in letter from E: (Drive C: Primary Hard Drive Drive D: Primary Optical drive. Drives E:, F:, G:, etc secondary hard drives which are also known as slave drives.) Windows is capable of customizing the drive letter annotations to suit the user, (including the primary drive annotation of C:) which is why this is not universal for all computers. However, for Windows, the primary hard drive from which the operating system is booted is always annotated as C: by default. If the drive letter has been changed in the operating system only, a menu will typically pop up on boot up on at least one occasion asking for the drive letter of the hard drive on which the operating system is loaded. (Unless the motherboard settings are changed, the motherboard will automatically try to boot the operating system from drive C:)
The convention of assigning letters to drives is mainly a MS-DOS/Windows thing. (It happens in other operating systems as well, like VM/CMS in which the drives are actually "virtual" drives, but I assume you're talking about the much more widely known Windows operating system.) Technically you can assign whatever letter you want to a drive, but by tradition the first hard drive is usually C (A and B were used for floppy drives, back when computers actually had floppy drives).
A drive is a temporary storage device such as a Floppy disk device, Cdrom, DVD player or burner, Hard drive, flash drive, or memory reader. a D-drive is just a lettered drive designation. It could be any one of the drives listed above, or any number of other types of drives. Most system builders start with an A-drive and usually assign a Floppy drive to that letter. B drive letters are second floppy drive (if present), a C-drive letter is usually saved for a hard drive and D drive letter is usually used for CD/DVD/blue-ray drives, however, these designations are not exclusive and there is no hard rule as to what letters go with which drive types. There are any number of these designated letters, and different computers are built with any number of drives.
MSDOS and Microsoft Windows identifies drives by single letters (many other operating system allow drives to be named with words or phrases):drive A the first internal floppy diskette drive (usually not used anymore)drive B the second internal floppy diskette drive (usually not used anymore)drive C the first internal hard disk drivedrives D through Z additional drives, may be internal or external, hard disk drives or optical drives, etc.
you don't need a hard drive to run an operating system or store files because there are other storage options available like CD's, flash drives, solid state drives but you need an operting system to make a computer function so if the operating system is on the hard drive you would need the hard drive for the computer to function with your personal settings, files and operating system.
On the older style ATA drives, now called PATA or simply IDE, each drive chain had two positions for drives. One was called the Master, and the other the Slave drive. The drives performed in exactly the same manner, and the only difference most people would notice was that the Master drive was given a drive letter before the slave drive. In short, a Slave drive does everything a Master drive does.
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