Portuguese is spoken as the native, the official and the most widely known language of Portugal. For it's native to the ancient northwestern part of the Iberian Peninsula, whose space is divided between the modern nations of Portugal and Spain. It's the official language, according to the national government. And it's the most widely known, because it's the mother tongue of most Portuguese. From the Iberian Peninsula, its use spread to Africa, Asia, and the Americas by way of the 15th and 16th century Portuguese navigators. In fact, its use became official in the African, Asian and South American colonies, and remained so even with independence in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde Islands, East Timor, Guinea-Bissau, Macau, Mozambique, and Sao Tome and Principe. And Portuguese is used today in countries that weren't part of the Portuguese colonial empire. For example, there are Portuguese speaking communities in the African countries of Equatorial Guinea, Mauritius, Morocco, Namibia, Senegal, and South Africa. And there are Portuguese speaking communities in the American nations of Aruba, Bermuda, Bonaire, and Curacao in the Caribbean; Canada and the United States of America in the North; and Argentina, Bolivia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Suriname, The Co-operative Republic of Guyana, Uruguay, and Venezuela in the South. And Portuguese also is spoken on the continents of Europe, Australia, and Antarctica. For there's a Brazilian scientific presence on the south polar continent.