ROADMAP to solve Kashmir Issue has four aspects namely its main purpose the formula, its implementation and its salient features. Let us elaborate
(a) The Main Purpose
The main rather the sole purpose of our road map is to ensure a peaceful, prosperous and respectable future for India, Pakistan and Kashmir. As everybody knows, Kashmir Issue has already caused two bloody wars between India and Pakistan, has also been sucking the blood of their economies and has subjected Kashmiris to miseries, massacres and continuous agony during last about six decades and if the issue remains unresolved it is definitely going to harm all the three nations far more than it has done in the past.
(b) The Formula:
Our Formula to solve Kashmir Issue is that the divided Jammu Kashmir State be re-united in five peaceful phases and made a fully independent state with a democratic, federal and secular system of government and having friendly relations with both India and Pakistan. Fifteen years after re-unification and independence there be a UN supervised referendum in which Kashmiris would determine whether Kashmir should perpetuate its independence, become part of India or Pakistan or adopt any other course and that democratically given popular verdict of Kashmiris be accepted by all concerned as final settlement of Kashmir Issue and implemented.
It would have been in the fitness of things if the governments of India and Pakistan and Kashmiri leadership on both sides of the LoC could take collective steps to implement this formula. But in the light of the past experience, it looks quite difficult if not impossible, to expect that sort of fairness, broadmindedness and sleflessness from all the three parties. The alternative is that the UN Secretary General appoints as the initial step to implement the unanimous Security Council resolution No. 1172 of June 6, 1998, an International Kashmir Committee (IKC) comprising one nominee each of the UN Secretary General, permanent member countries of the Security Council, NAM, OIC, EU, Germany and Japan. The Committee members should discuss the formula first among themselves and evolve a practicable and easy way to implement it. It should then discuss the matter with the governments of India and Pakistan and Kashmiri leadership and obtain their approval and consent to cooperate with the Committee in implementation of the Formula. Obtaining of consent and cooperation of India, Pakistan and Kashmiri leadership will complete the first phase. The second phase will be withdrawal of all foreign armed forces and militants and civil personnel from the State. The third phase will be to disarm all anti and pro-India militants including the murderous Task Force. It will also include repatriation to their homes of the people displaced as a result of armed freedom struggle. The fourth phase will be to reopen all intra Kashmir roads closed since 1948 and establish the first national assembly in Srinagar comprising members of the existing assemblies at Srinagar, Muzaffarabad and Gilgit. The Central government will be formed out of senior officials of the three governments. The Parliament to be elected will be bicameral with National Assembly (Lower House) based on population of all the five provinces i.e. Kashmir Valley, Jammu, Ladakh, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. The Upper House (Senate) will have equal representation of all the five provinces. IKC will leave the State after formation of the central and provincial governments following the first general elections. The fifth phase will be to have the referendum to determine the future of the State and to implement the result of the referendum. Implementation of the result of the referendum will settle Kashmir Issue forever.
(d) SALIENT FEATURES OF THE ROADMAP
(i)This formula solves Kashmir Issue without injuring the national egos of India or Pakistan as neither of them will be required to handover the part of Kashmir under ones control to the other.
(ii)This formula solves the Issue without causing mass-migrations, communal/ethnic disturbances or further bloodshed
(iii)This solution safeguards the national interests especially the national security of all the three nations since both India and Pakistan will be having friendly relations with Kashmir.
(iv)This solution will change Kashmir from the position of a bone of contention to a bridge of friendship between India and Pakistan
(v)The final solution of the issue evolved through JKLF formula will be-based on the freely expressed and unfettered will of Kashmiri people
(vi)This Roadmap solves Kashmir Issue without disturbing the national ideologies of India and Pakistan
(vii)Friendly relations between India and Pakistan to be achieved by this satisfactory solution of Kashmir Issue can help both politically, economically and diplomatically enabling both to upgrade their economic, political and diplomatic positions.
(viii)This solution of Kashmir Issue will help to solve other disputes between India and Pakistan.
(ix)Once India and Pakistan stop pulling each others legs on international level, both will play important roles in international matters and in the process raisE their own position tosfar more respectable heights than they are today
(x)This solution of Kashmir Issue will save all the three nations from the horrors of an atomic war between India and Pakistan which is inevitable in case the issue remains unresolved.
(xi)This solution will ensure a peaceful, prosperous and respectful future for all the three nations if India and Pakistan just part with the parts of Kashmir under their control. What a collossal gain for what a small price!
yes ,because problem was started because of partition.
Kashmir is a natural part of Pakistan just like Punjab is, most rivers in Pakistan get their water from Kashmir mountains, there are per-dominantly Muslims in Kashmir so it was natural that Kashmir should be a part of Pakistan, Muslims are really wealthy and prosperous in the part of Kashmir that Pakistan has, however, the Indian held Kashmir has many reported incidents of violence, rape, torture and murders towards Muslim majority. Pakistan does not want that part of Kashmir but wants its people to be happy and in peace, Pakistan only seeks their independence, an independent and peaceful Kashmir state is the solution!
the flower that grows in jammu kashmir lol
An advisory referendum is one that does not necessarily have any impact to the constitution. The questions involved only pertain to the country but not directly to its constitution.
My experience in Canada, having actively participated in both, is that a referendum is a non-binding expression of the opinion of the electorate, whereas the result of a plebiscite is binding on the government. It would appear, however, that this distinction is not universal.
No but they there is only 160 left in the wild
1) yes, jammu-kashmir belongs to India only. Radhika.N 2) Jammu and Kashmir is the only state in India which enjoys special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India according to which, no law enacted by the Parliament of India, except for those in the field of defence, communication and foreign policy, will be extendable in Jammu and Kashmir unless it is ratified by the state legislature of Jammu and Kashmir. P.Ragava
jammu & kashmir
dont know. i only need this answer
There was no real crisis. Only a minor mishap
Denmark has had an opt-out on adopting the Euro since 1992. A referendum to adopt the Euro was held in 2000, but was rejected by just over half the population. Danish politicians have pushed for another referendum since 2000, with Danish supporting for adopting the Euro rising ever since then. However, when the European debt crisis hit in 2008, support for the Euro fell dramatically. Adopting the Euro is now opposed by about 2/3 of Danes. The United Kingdom is the only other country to have an official opt-out on joining the Eurozone. The British oppose adopting the Euro much more than the Danes, European debt crisis or not. If and when the European debt crisis subsides, Denmark could very well hold another referendum and vote for the Euro in the future.
Yeah, Crisis Core Final Fantasy VII is out already. Also Crisis core is ONLY for PSP. it is only for psp and not for any thing else:)
Kashmir is the only state which has two capitals- Srinagar and Jammu
Spoiled ballots typically do not count toward any result in a popular referendum. They are usually counted for the sake of calculating turnout and then rejected.However, in some jurisdictions, spoiled votes can help to change the outcome of a referendum. In many countries, a referendum is only valid if a certain number of people - usually 40% of the electorate or more - turn out to vote.Because of this requirement, spoiled votes can help turn an unsuccessful referendum into a successful one. Suppose for example, 100 people are voting in a referendum and turnout must be 50% for it be successful.If 22 people vote Yes and 18 people vote no, 55% of participants are in favour of the referendum but it fails because only 40% of voters turned out. However if another 11 people spoil their ballots then the turnout rises to 51% and the referendum is successful. It is thus theoretically possible for spoiled ballots to help a referendum succeed where it would otherwise fail.Similarly, spoiled ballots can help to defeat a referendum. In some countries a successful referendum needs to have the support of certain portion of the entire electorate (usually more than 50%), regardless of how many of them turnout to vote. In that situation, in a Yes or No referendum, even though spoiled ballots are not recorded as "No" votes, they actually help to reject the referendum, as only "Yes" votes count towards crossing the minimum threshold for success.As such, all though they do not count towards the official result, spoiled votes can help to change the outcome of a referendum. In this sense they are much more powerful than they are in normal elections. However this is only true of certain jurisdictions where these limitations exist - in a country like the United Kingdom, where a referendum counts regardless of how many people turn out to vote, spoiled ballots remain powerless.
A foundational document by which Australia is governed and can only be changed by way of a national referendum.
Its a land occupied by both India and Pakistan. A territory remains unsettled since 1947. Kashmir is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. Today, it denotes a larger area that includes the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir, the Pakistani-administered territories of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, and Chinese-administered territories of Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract.
Well I only know SYNONYMS and they are crisis, crossroad, exigency, head, juncture, pass.
Through a successful referendum as outlined in section 128 of the Constitution.
No, there can be many solutes in a solution, but only one solvent.
A dilute solution.
The office of 'dictator' was only instituted in times of national crisis, and even then rarely for more than 6 months. If the crisis had passed earlier, the Dictator was expected to step down again.
The original game Final Fantasy VII happens, that is. Since Crisis Core is only a prequel to the game.