Name the Supreme Allied Commanders in the Pacific and Europe How did they earn these titlesjobs?
The Combined Chiefs of Staff, a US-British military coalition,
established the basic framework for the commands. They took their
marching order from FDR and Churchill who pretty well agreed on the
who, what, when and where of how to fight WWII. The lead in the
west was going to depend on US weapons and manpower and the top
posts would be held by Americans. Eisenhower was selected to head
SHAPE or the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe for both his
planning and political skills. The Pacific was divided into the
Pacific Oceans Area or POA which Nimitz was to command and SWPA or
the Southwest Pacific Area which would go to Gerneral MacArthur
whose knowledge of the Phillipenes and his influence with the Joint
Chiefs of Staff or JCS earned him the nod.