Were the actions of 19th Century industrialists more beneficial to the U.S. than they were harmful?
Without a doubt, the 19th century industrialist served a higher purpose in the growth of new industries and inventions. Yes, there were problems but the end results placed most Americans at a higher standard of living and the industrialists produced new jobs.
These are fairly central in Buddhism. Karma (kamma) is the view that actions have similar repercussions, either in this life or in future lives. For example, harmful actions have negative repercussions, and beneficial actions have positive repercussions. So one can help ensure a pleasant reincarnation by performing beneficial actions and abstaining from harmful actions. The ultimate goal of Buddhism is the cessation of suffering and reincarnation. This is known as nibbana (nirvana).