Taiwan's coordinates are 23°46'N 121°0'E and is 180 kilometers off the Southeastern coast of China, across the Taiwan Strait. The East China Sea lies to the North, the Philippine Sea to the East, the Luzon Strait directly to the South and the South China Sea to the Southwest. The Philippines are directly South of Taiwan.
What is the old name for the island nation that lies east of a strait bearing its name and is located on the tropic of cancer east of china?
The old name for the island of Taiwan was Formosa (on the Strait of Formosa). The islands of Taiwan were known as the Republic of China after the establishment of the mainland People's Republic of China in 1949. If you are referring to Taiwan, the historical names can only be listed in chinese. In traditional chinese: 大灣/台員/大員/台圓/大圓/台窩灣 In simplified chinese: 大弯/台员/大员/台圆/大圆/台窝弯