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Microorganisms that are part of the body's normal flora play many roles in the body some of them are still undefined, but here are a few examples of what microorganims do:

1. Immune defense: They compete with pathogenic bacteria and prevent pathogenic bacteria from growing.

2. Digestion: They help digest and break down food in your small and large intestines which your body can use. People who have problems digesting certain kinds of food usually have the wrong balance of microorganisms.

3. Production of useful compounds; Bacteria make vitamin K and anti-inflammatories as well as many other useful compounds.

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10y ago
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2w ago

Microorganisms can damage the body by causing infections, releasing toxins that harm tissues, triggering harmful immune responses like Allergies, and disrupting normal body functions by competing for resources.

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12y ago

Four ways that pathogens can infect humans is by :

-passing from one person to another with physical contact, like sexual contact or high-fiving

ex: if you kiss someone, they possibly have an open cold sore, and cold sore viruses are able to get into your body

-pathogens can also infect the human without direct contact

as if a person sneezes, the pathogens spread out and get shot into the air

inhaling oxygen can also cause humans to be infected, if someone currently has a sickness (cold or cough) other people will be able to catch the sickness that contains pathogens

so basically... sexual contact, greetings with hands, inhaling oxygen containing sickness, or sickness getting shot into the air.

HOPE THIS HELPED THANKS!

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14y ago

Bacteria are responsible for tooth decay and amoeba are responsible for dysentery.

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12y ago

They can enter your body through your eyes, mouth and nose.

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10y ago

siderophores, direct damage, toxins, lysogenic conversions

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14y ago

pathogens

antigens

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15y ago

water, fruit,and juice

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Q: What are 4 ways in which microorganisms can damage the body?
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What are four reasons for knowing which microorganisms are associated with different parts of the body?

(1) To gain an understanding of the different microorganisms at specific body locations, which provides greater insight into the possible infections that might result from injury to these body sights (2) To develop a knowledge of the native microorganisms in any one part of the body, which helps the clinician put in perspective the possible source and significance of microorganisms isolated in clinical infections (3) To gain a knowledge of indigenous microbiota that aids in understanding the consequences of overgrowth of those microorganisms normally absent at a specific body site (4) To develop an increasing awareness of the role these indigenous microbiota play in stimulating the host in immune response, which provides protection against microorganisms that might otherwise cause disease.


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