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Poisons and Toxins
Poisons are chemicals that adversely affect living organisms at the molecular level. Regardless of whether they're inhaled, absorbed, or digested; targeted toward a specific organism or broad in scope; or whether they're acute or chronic, a large enough dose of poison will result in severe illness or death. Please direct all questions regarding poisons, including their chemistry, uses, control, effects, and antidotes, into this category. If you are having an immediate issue with a possible poisoning, you should contact your local poison control or emergency medical center right away.
Asked in Nuts, Poisons and Toxins
Can the cyanide in Almonds give you a stomach ache?
Only the bitter variety, called flowering almond and planted decorative purposes, has sufficent cyanide to harm you. The bitter almond has a pink flower. The sweet almond tree has white blooms and the fruit contains no cyanide. The nut has a strong bitter taste and it is dificult to ingest more than a single one. Even that could give you a mild stomach ache. Both varieties contain a chemical pre-curser to cyanide which can become poisonous under damp conditions. ...
When you burn petrol what gases are formed?
Petrol is a hydrocarbon ( made of hydrogen and carbon). When it burns in plentiful of oxygen it form carbon di oxide gas and water vapours. If oxygen is in limited supply carbon monoxide is formed instead of carbon dioxide. Petrol sometimes contains impurities of Nitrogen and Sulphur. When petrol burns these elements combine with oxygen to make oxides of nitrogen and sulphur dioxide ( All of which are gases). ...
Asked in Chickens and Roosters, Poisons and Toxins
Can you feed your chickens green tomatoes?
The green fruit is fine for the hens, you may wish to crush them up since they can be too hard for beaks to break through to get at the meat. Do not feed them the leaves or stalks of a tomato plant. ...
Asked in Biochemistry, Poisons and Toxins
How do poisons affect enzymes?
Generally the poison covalently bonds to the active site of the enzyme rendering it useless. Only in extreme cases will a poison be able to carry out such a reaction at cellular conditions. More likely it will compete with substrates for the active site by non covalent interactions or bind to a protein on a second site that distorts the proteins shape and therefor function. for example cyanide inhibits cytochrome c oxidase by binding to a separate site other than the active...
What dangers are associated with high concentrations of mercury in the body?
There are different levels of mercury poisoning, acute and chronic. Sudden exposure to high levels will cause breathing problems, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, etc. Chronic, exposure over time, causes nerve damage, (tremors,convulsions,) personality disorder, (anger, depression,) organ failure, (kidney infection, pulmonary edema) and many other physical/mental problems. Children are especially at risk since they are developing. If exposure is suspected the person should seek medical treatment immediately. Mercury has a half life of several months in the body, assuming no treatment. One normally experiences a...
Asked in Poisons and Toxins, Silverware
Is carbon in silverware dangerous to ingest?
Well honestly if it was, then we would all probably be dead. It shouldn't be harmful, considering it goes through a dish washer and when they first make the silver in a factory they only put the carbon in them in order to hold there shape. They go through a series of test first to make sure no chemical is unbalanced. so don't worry about it. Answer: If by silverware you mean eating utensils made of Sterling Silver, there is no carbon in...
Asked in Poisons and Toxins
Why do they put poison in shoe boxes?
If you are referring to the little rectangular packets inside of shoe boxes that are labeled as toxic, these are small packages of dessicant which absorb moisture. This prevents shoes or other items from being damaged by moisture or humidity which can increase depending on where the boxes are being stored or transported. ...
Asked in Cats (Felines), Cat Health, Poisons and Toxins
What Orchids are poisonous to cats?
none that are known of. the cat fanciers society lists orchids on the safe cat- household plant list. vanilla actually comes from an orchid. it is still best to keep kitties away from them however, because of what pesticides, fertilizers, and potting media may have been used around the plant. i have cats and orchids, i try to use no pesticides, and i keep the fertilizers away from the plant leaves. i occasionally catch them nipping the edges of leaves or tasting...
Asked in Cleansing, Drug Cleansing, Poisons and Toxins
Does cranberry juice cleanse your system of toxins?
Cranberry juice can cleanse your system of bacterial toxins, through the process known as acidification of the urine. This is why cranberry juice has been scientifically proven to be helpful in curing UTIs (urinary tract infections). In addition, cranberry juice contains proanthocyanidins. This compound modifies bacterial cells, affecting the cell membrane, and condensing the bacterial cells. Furthermore, cranberry juice compounds interrupt communication between bacterial cells and creates an energy barrier between bacteria and the urinary tract. With regard to cleansing your system of drug-related...
Asked in Chemistry, Poisons and Toxins
Is astatine poisonous?
That cannot be determined because it is impossible to get any more than a submicroscopic amount of it due to its being extremely rare and having a very short half life. But it most likely would be because it is related to the elements chlorine, bromine and iodine. ...
Asked in Alcoholism, Poisons and Toxins
How long do symptoms of alcohol poisoning last?
Really depends on how quickly the liver and the rest of the body breaks down the alcohol. On a personal level I have has this once many moons ago and I was very ill for about 24-36 hours. I was unable to keep any fluids down was going to call a Doctor was getting very worried. But once my stomach finally settled down and I was able to replace fluids I felt better. Needles to say I have never been this bad...
Why was minamata disease named after the Mad Hatter?
Minamata disease was not named for the Mad Hatter. It was referred to as "Mad hatter disease" in a several Japanese government reports. Both conditions are a result of mercury poisoning; however, the method of poisoning is different. Minamata disease is actually named for a city in the Kumamoto region of Japan. In 1956, it was discovered that a Chisso Corporation chemical factory had been dumping polluted wastewater since 1932. The local population had unknowingly consumed massive quantities of mercury through fish and...