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Poisons and Toxins

Poisons are chemicals that adversely affect living organisms at the molecular level. Regardless of whether they're inhaled, absorbed, or digested; targeted toward a specific organism or broad in scope; or whether they're acute or chronic, a large enough dose of poison will result in severe illness or death. Please direct all questions regarding poisons, including their chemistry, uses, control, effects, and antidotes, into this category. If you are having an immediate issue with a possible poisoning, you should contact your local poison control or emergency medical center right away.

2,055 Questions

How do pigs release toxins from their bodies?

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Asked by Wiki User

Pigs release toxins from their bodies primarily through their liver and kidneys. The liver detoxifies substances by breaking them down, while the kidneys filter out waste products and toxins from the blood to be excreted in urine. Additionally, pigs may also release toxins through sweating and breathing.

How long does strychnine poison stay in the body?

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Asked by Wiki User

Strychnine has a half-life of about 10-12 hours in the body, meaning it takes this amount of time for half of the substance to be eliminated. However, traces of strychnine can be detected in the body for several days to weeks depending on the dose and individual factors. Prompt medical treatment is crucial in cases of strychnine poisoning.

Is there a poisonous shrew?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, some shrews have venomous saliva that they use to subdue their prey. However, they are not considered dangerous to humans as their venom is generally not potent enough to cause harm.

Is feces poisonous?

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Asked by Wiki User

Feces can contain harmful bacteria, viruses, and parasites that can cause illness if ingested. While it may not be poisonous in small amounts, it is generally not safe to consume and can lead to serious health problems if proper hygiene practices are not followed.

Why toxins increase in concentration at each successive tropic level ina food chain?

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Asked by Wiki User

Toxins accumulate at each successive trophic level because they are stored in the tissues of organisms and are not easily metabolized or excreted. This process is known as bioaccumulation. As predators consume multiple prey individuals, they accumulate the toxins stored in those organisms, leading to higher concentrations at each higher trophic level.

Increasing concentrations of toxins in organisms as you move up the food chain is called?

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Asked by Wiki User

biomagnification. This process occurs when toxins accumulate in organisms at higher trophic levels due to the consumption of contaminated prey or food sources. Biomagnification can have harmful effects on top predators in the ecosystem.

What is exfoliative toxin?

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Asked by Wiki User

Exfoliative toxin is a protein produced by certain strains of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria that causes skin exfoliation, or peeling. It breaks down a protein that helps cells stick together in the skin, leading to the separation of skin layers and causing symptoms such as redness, blistering, and peeling of the skin. Conditions such as staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome are associated with exfoliative toxins.

What type of animal uses toxins on nematocysts to capture prey?

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Asked by Wiki User

Jellyfish use toxins in nematocysts to capture and immobilize their prey. The nematocysts are specialized cells located on their tentacles that inject venom into the prey upon contact.

How do the actions of each neurotoxin act to block nervous stimulation of the muscular system?

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Asked by Wiki User

Neurotoxins like botulinum toxin block the release of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter necessary for muscle contraction, leading to muscle paralysis. Tetanus toxin, on the other hand, inhibits the release of inhibitory neurotransmitters, causing muscles to contract uncontrollably. Both toxins disrupt normal nervous stimulation of the muscular system, resulting in paralysis or spasms.

What trophic level is most affected by environmental toxins such as DDT?

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Asked by Wiki User

The trophic level most affected by environmental toxins such as DDT is usually the top predators, such as apex predators or carnivorous animals. This is because toxins bioaccumulate as they move up the food chain, reaching higher concentrations in organisms at higher trophic levels.

What is the function of aerobic bacteria in aeration tanks?

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Asked by Wiki User

Aerobic bacteria in aeration tanks help break down organic matter in wastewater by using oxygen for respiration. This process helps reduce the organic load and pollutants in the water, making it cleaner and safer for discharge into the environment.

Do dump cane plant have poison?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, parts of the dumb cane plant (Dieffenbachia) contain calcium oxalate crystals which can cause irritation and swelling if ingested. It is not typically lethal, but can cause discomfort if it comes into contact with the skin or is consumed.

Deadly poison used in the Apollo?

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Asked by Wiki User

The deadly poison used in the Apollo spacecraft was potassium cyanide. It was carried by astronauts as a precautionary measure in case they needed to end their lives quickly and painlessly in the event of an emergency or being stranded in space.

Deadly poison used in the Apollo program to power equipment?

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Asked by Wiki User

The deadly poison used in the Apollo program to power equipment was polonium-210. It was used in the Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generators (RTGs) to provide electrical power for spacecraft systems during missions. However, precautions were taken to ensure the safety of personnel handling the equipment.

What is the worst KIND of poison?

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Asked by Wiki User

The worst kind of poison is one that is fast-acting, lethal in small doses, and difficult to detect or treat. Examples include nerve agents like VX or ricin.

How does poison kill mice?

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Asked by Wiki User

Poison can kill mice by disrupting their nervous system, causing paralysis, convulsions, and eventual death. The poison may also lead to internal bleeding or organ failure, further contributing to the lethal effects on the mouse.

What makes gases so toxic?

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Asked by Wiki User

Gases can be toxic when they interfere with the normal functioning of cells or organs in the body. Toxic gases like carbon monoxide can bind to hemoglobin in the blood, reducing the amount of oxygen that can be carried to tissues. Other gases like chlorine or ammonia can irritate and damage respiratory or other systems when inhaled in high concentrations.

What are the advantages of a root hair cell?

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Asked by 04chlo

Root hair cells have long, thin projections that increase surface area for efficient absorption of water and minerals from the soil. They have a large number of mitochondria to provide energy for active transport processes. Additionally, root hair cells play a crucial role in anchoring the plant in the soil.

How big is a queen bee?

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Asked by Wiki User

A queen bee is typically larger than worker bees, measuring about 0.75-1 inch in length. She has a long abdomen and is robust in size compared to other bees in the hive.

Which fast-acting compounds that attack oxygen-dependent tissues known to be particularly sensitive to these compounds?

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Asked by Wiki User

Compounds like hydrogen peroxide and ozone are known to be fast-acting and attack oxygen-dependent tissues, such as bacterial cells or human cells. These compounds generate reactive oxygen species which can damage cellular components like DNA, proteins, and lipids, leading to cell death.

How do you know that the mushroom is a deadly galerina?

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Asked by Ginezumi

The deadly Galerina mushroom can be identified by its small size, rusty brown spore color, and a ring on the stem. Additionally, the deadly Galerina has a dark brown cap and a bitter taste. It is crucial to consult a mycologist or use reputable resources to accurately identify this mushroom as it can be easily confused with other species.

What material was used to power the seismic equipment left on the lunar surface by Apollo missions?

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Asked by Wiki User

Plutonium-238 was used as the power source for the seismic equipment left on the lunar surface by the Apollo missions. This radioactive isotope provided a long-lasting and reliable source of energy for the instruments to continue collecting data on moonquakes and the lunar interior.

What energy is found in flute?

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Asked by Wiki User

The energy found in a flute comes from the vibrations of the air column inside the instrument when a player blows air across the mouthpiece. This energy is converted into sound waves that produce the flute's musical tones.

Is pi 3.142857?

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Asked by Wiki User

NO!!!!

pi ~ 3.14

pi ~ 3.141592

pi = 3.141592.....

pi is an Irrational number . This means that the decimals go to infinity and there us no regular order in the decimal digits.

Any value given for 'pi' is only an approximation.

When learning in school of circles, and you are given pi = 3.14 or 3.1416 or 22/7 , these are only approximate values, and just given for ease of calculation.

pi has been calculated to at least 50 billion places and still going!!!!

Are ladybugs poisonous?

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Asked by Wiki User

There are over 5000 species of ladybugs. Many of them do contain chemicals which smell and taste bad in order to deter predators; some of them can spray these chemicals when threatened. However, I don't think any of them are actually poisonous.