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First Aid

First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by a lay person to a sick or injured casualty until definitive medical treatment can be accessed.

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First aid pocket guide on burns?

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Asked by Wiki User

This project makes me clear that it is important for improve to have at least basic knowledge of first aid .It can serve to save a person's life. So project like these should become a part of every school curriculum to spread awareness among students.

How do you know you need stitches?

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Asked by Wiki User

Determining whether you need stitches involves assessing the severity of a wound. Here are signs that may indicate stitches are necessary:

Depth of the wound:

  • If the wound is deep and extends beyond the top layer of skin (epidermis) into the underlying tissues, stitches may be needed.
  • Wounds with jagged or gaping edges may also require closure.

Size of the Wound:

  • Larger wounds may need stitches to promote proper healing and reduce the risk of infection.
  • If the wound is longer than half an inch or an inch, especially on visible parts of the body, it may require stitches.

Location of the wound:

  • Wounds on joints, such as knees or elbows, or areas that move frequently may benefit from stitches to prevent the skin from pulling apart during movement.
  • Wounds on the face, especially if they are deep or involve the lips, may need stitches to minimise scarring.

Bleeding:

  • If the wound is bleeding heavily and the bleeding does not stop with direct pressure, stitches may be necessary to close the wound and control the bleeding.

Foreign Objects:

  • If there are foreign objects, such as glass or debris, embedded in the wound, medical attention is needed to clean the wound and potentially close it with stitches.

Wound Shape:

  • Irregularly shaped wounds or those with uneven edges may require stitches for proper closure.

Cleanliness of the wound:

  • If a wound is difficult to clean or has a high risk of infection (such as bites), stitches may be recommended to minimise infection risk.

Time Since Injury:

  • Delayed treatment of a wound may reduce the effectiveness of stitches. In general, wounds that are closed within the first six hours have a lower risk of infection.

If you experience any of these signs, it's advisable to seek medical attention promptly. A healthcare professional can assess the wound, determine whether stitches are needed, and provide appropriate care to promote optimal healing. If in doubt, it's better to consult with a healthcare provider rather than risk inadequate wound closure and potential complications.

What is the first action of the major emergency response planning?

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Asked by Wiki User

The first action in major emergency response planning is to assess the situation and ensure the safety and well-being of individuals involved. At wound-care.co.uk, we understand the importance of preparedness for various emergency scenarios. Our range of wound care products is designed to provide aid in emergencies, ensuring that you have the necessary supplies to address wounds, injuries, and health concerns swiftly and effectively. By having products like dressings, bandages, and first aid supplies readily available, you can respond promptly to any injuries or wounds that may occur during emergencies, thereby prioritizing the health and safety of those affected. It's vital to have these items on hand and accessible in your emergency response kit to be well-prepared for any situation.

What are the outer parts of the male reproductive system?

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Asked by Wiki User

There are two main exterior structures of the male reproductive system, the penis and the scrotum:

The penis consists of the root (which is attached to the lower abdominal structures and pelvic bones), the visible part of the shaft, and the glans penis (the cone-shaped end). The opening of the urethra (the channel that transports semen and urine) is located at the tip of the glans penis. The base of the glans penis is called the corona. In uncircumcised males, the foreskin (prepuce) extends from the corona to cover the glans penis.

The penis includes three cylindrical spaces (sinuses) of erectile tissue. The two larger ones, the corpora cavernosa, occur side-by-side. The third sinus, the corpus spongiosum, surrounds most of the urethra. When these spaces fill with blood, the penis becomes large and rigid (erect).

The scrotum is the thick-skinned sac that surrounds and protects the testes. The scrotum also acts as a climate-control system for the testes because they need to be slightly cooler than body temperature for normal sperm development. The cremaster muscles in the wall of the scrotum relax to allow the testes to hang farther from the body to cool or contract to pull the testes closer to the body for warmth or protection.

What are some suggestions for a project in first aid?

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Asked by Wiki User

A first aid kit is a collection of supplies and equipment for use in giving first aid,[1] and can put together for the purpose (by an individual or organization, for instance), or purchased complete. There is a wide variation in the contents of first aid kits based on the knowledge and experience of those putting it together, the differing first aid requirements of the area where it may be used, and variations in legislation or regulation in a given area.

The international standard for first aid kits is that they should be identified with the ISO graphical symbol for first aid (from ISO 7010) which is an equal white cross on a green background, although many kits do not comply with this standard, either because they are put together by an individual or they predate the standards.

Does a brown recluse bite make you get a hole where you got bitten?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, it can. The venom of the brown recluse causes necrosis of the tissues as it turns them into a liquid. Many times a "pit" is left where these tissues were previously.

What do you do if a cockroach bites you?

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Asked by Wiki User

If the bite swells, see a doctor. Although cockroaches are not known to readily bite humans, if one is still, sleeping for example, it is possible for they are omnivores. Cockroaches are known to carry diseases, pathogens that people can be allergic to, so the wisest course is to see your doctor if it welts up. That could be an allergic reaction and the doctor might wish to treat it with fluocinonide or other preparation.

First aid om snake bites?

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Asked by Wiki User

Firstly, snakes aren't Poisonous, they're Venomous - Venom is just protein - one could take a glass of venom and, provided he / she has no cavities in their teeth and no ulcers in their mouth or stomach, could drink it with no consequences!There are three main classes of snake venom: -

1. Myo-cytotoxic, (Puff Adder, Gaboon Viper, Horned Adder, Pit Viper) - these snakes have hinged fangs and their venom causes massive swelling and tissue damage.

2. Neurotoxic, (Cobras, Mambas, Berg Adder, Sea Snake, Rinkhals) - These snakes are front fanged and cause respiratory and cardiac arrest.

3. Haemotoxic - (Boomslang, Vine Snake) - these snakes are back fanged and their venom dissolves the platelets in their victim's blood causing massive hemorrhaging.

If someone is bitten, don't try and catch the snake, you might be bitten as well! Call Emergency Services and Sit the patient down under a tree and wash the bite site and surrounding skin, (often the snake will deliver a Dry Bite - no injection of venom).Remove any jewelery like rings and watches because there is going to be swelling.If a first aid kit is available, grab the bandage that is used for sports injuries - the Crape Bandage. *Wrap the extremity from Distal to Proximal and then make sure there is a Distal Pulse - this will tell you if the dressing is too tight or not.*The reason for this treatment is to try and spread the venom around the entire limb - {the body will always flush an injury site with fluid, by spreading the venom the body flushes the entire limb with fluid and therefore Diluting the venom and giving you more time to get the patient to Medical assistance}.

What is the most important step for treating shock victim's?

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Asked by Wiki User

Keep the victim warm. If his face is red raise his head. If his face is pale raise his tail.

Also don't ever give a person who is in shock food or water!!

The best way to treat shock is to treat the injury or illness.

What would happen if you got attacked by an opossum?

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Asked by Wiki User

When an opossum gets threatened it will growl, urinate, burp\belch, and or play dead yes it does seem funny but its so true. look it up if you don't believe me. A opossum may if it can just lay down and play dead when it feels threatened, but if this does not work for them, they will try to defend themselves as best they can, mainly with their teeth. yep and they can play dead up to 4 hours!!!!!

When a wasp has already stung someone does the wasp die or does the wasp live?

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Asked by Wiki User

A wasp, unlike a worker bee, has a smooth sting, so can withdraw it after stinging. So, the wasp is not injured and lives to sting another day. Yes this is true But if it trys to sting through your clothes it will not get the stinger out and because of that it will die!!! thts a lie a wasps stinger it made out of a strong metal like substance and can sting thro anythin they only die when they can't live any longer

Can you treat a burn with butter?

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Asked by Wiki User

The grease doesn't help it heal and will acutally make it hurt more. Ice is the thing to use.

Because, the butter will melt because the burn is hot and if the butter melts and the surface it is on is hot the butter will get hotter and and burn you more.

Babies drinking pool water?

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Asked by Wiki User

Don't let them drink it. Chances are, a little won't hurt them, but its not a good habit to deveplop. Especially, if there are alot of chemicals in it.

What happens if you drink bleach?

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Asked by Wiki User

I don't know, but I wouldn't try this without adult supervision, unless you are an adult, because orange juice is very acidic because of the citrus level, and if mixed with the chemical, bleach the outcome might not be too good.

What are home first-aid remedies to get relief from burning on your hands mouth nose and face due to capsaicin when cutting up raw Jalapeños?

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Asked by Wiki User

In order to explain this, I need to strike up a little chemistry chat. So brace yourself.

Capsaicin is the active ingredient in pepper spray (which is nasty enough to be outlawed by the Hague Conventions on warfare). It's a hugely nasty irritant of skin and especially mucous membranes. And this is, of course, the active ingredient in peppers, notably of the capsicum family (you might recognize that name from Tabasco sauce). In its raw form, it's WAY more "hot" than habaneros or Scotch bonnet peppers -- which are arguably the hottest in the world.

The capsaicin bonds to the chemo receptors in your skin and mucous membranes that carry the pain signal to the brain (mostly the receptors that transfer "abrasion" more than "heat," but who can tell when it really hurts?), and it turns that signal ON. After a few seconds, this bond is VERY strong. Alcohol and water won't break it, nor will oils. You might do better with detergents, but at an industrial strength that would be dangerous to use, so that won't do.

So what DO you do?

Well -- mostly you treat as you would any chemical burn. Flush for a long time with cool water, and be REALLY careful not to cross-contaminate -- wear gloves, eye protection -- the works. Apply a pain cream after that, and bandage in case the delicate skin breaks.

I should add that, when I chop peppers that are high up the Scoville scale (the old-school, imprecise, but user-friendly scale used to measure how hot peppers are), I dress up like a spaceman. That is to say, I use eye protection, gloves, a plastic cutting board sheet that I can wash for a day, etc. When I treat a pepper burn (or, worse, a pepper spray burn), I'm even more careful.

There is one more idea you can try (which is why I gave you the chemistry lesson): The principle protein in milk is casein and, for reasons my limited chemistry fails to explain, capsaicin bonds more readily to casein than it does to YOU. So you might try flushing the burned area with milk. If you're eating hot chilis and your mouth is on fire, this actually works, at least better than anything else I can think of (and lord knows I've tried). I would think it doesn't work as well topically, where the skin is less delicate than in the mouth, but, as it's harmless, give it a try.

What is the best way to get over a terrible hangover?

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Asked by Wiki User

Avoiding hangoversHangovers are caused to some degree by congeners, which are natural byproducts of alcohol fermentation and give many types of alcohol their flavor. Alcoholic drinks like brandy and red wine contain more conogers than white wine and vodka. Darker ale gives you a worse hangover than lighter beers, because they tend to have more conogers and impurities. The congeners can cause nausea and constrict blood vessels which cause headaches. The prickly pear juice cancels out the effects of congeners.

The simplest way to avoid a hangover is don't drink. The next simplest is don't ever drink to excess.

If consuming alcohol it's a good idea to drink lots of water after you finish drinking. Alcohol dehydrates the body and causes headaches. Also, drinking prickly pear juice, which tastes much like watermelon, a few hours before you start drinking is said by some to help prevent them.

Better quality spirits tend to have fewer impurities, one of the major causes of hangovers.

There are currently 32 alleged hangover remedies being sold in the U.S. Chaser, Rebound, and similar brands are widely advertised and sales are growing rapidly. Most products are made of so-called natural substances and escape regulation by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Therefore consumers have no guarantee as to the purity, contents, strength, or quality of these products.

But more important is the fact that these products have not been able to demonstrate that they actually prevent or even reduce hangovers. This is clearly a case of buyer beware.

Another serious problem with these alleged hangover remedies is that they may encourage people to drink more than they should. Excessive alcohol consumption is harmful to health and is often associated with undesirable social outcomes. Think of a hangover as nature's way of telling us that we consumed too much.

What to do when a nectarine pit is swallowed?

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Asked by Albie4971

it hurts but nothing really happens.... but how CAN you swallow a peach seed? those things are flipin' huge..... just don't swallow one ok?

What are the symptoms of not drinking enough water?

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Asked by Wiki User

Our bodies are approximately two-thirds water. A one percent drop can make us tired. The further the drop the greater the risk of being exhausted, then perhaps fainting. When it drops even further, we risk death. Also, not drinking enough water increases our risk of kidney and bladdar infections. Water helps move the waste material out of our bodies and helps our blood to flow. We need water to survive and enough water helps us to maintain good health.

Is your fish dying?

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Asked by Wiki User

The basic rules for keeping any kind of fish sucessfully are. :- 1 inch of fish needs at least 1 gallon of water. :- Every tank must have a permanently running cycled filter. :- Every tank must have at least 50% of its water replaced every week. If you stick to the above rules your fish will stand a chance of survival. If you miss out on any of the above I can guarantee that your fish will be constantly getting sick and dying before they should.

How do you know if you have a fractured ankle?

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Asked by Wiki User

The standard test is called PAD - Pain, Abnormal mobility and Deformity. In fact, with an ankle it can be very difficult to know unless it's obviously bent in the wrong direction. Best thing to do if you suspect a fracture is to go to your closest A&E hospital (ED/ER depending on where you live).

How do you make sperm come out fast?

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Asked by Wiki User

I am male in sex and under 18 years. I almost have release of sperms during night for last 4 years every 2 days in week and my health is also too much down due to this. I have used many medicines but of no use. Please tell me how could i save my self from this disease

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How do you wash a bandage?

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Asked by Wiki User

Most bandages no longer need to be or should be washed. If it is cloth you can boil it in water or wash it in bleach. You want to make sure its sterile and bleach or boiling can do this. The best suggestion is to just use a new bandage each time.

How do you trace the route of air from the external nares to an aveolus?

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Asked by Wiki User

During breathing air enters the nose by passing through the external nares( nostrils)=> pharynx=>larynx=> trachea=> The trachea (windpipe) divides into two main bronchi (also mainstem bronchi), the left main bronchus and right main bronchus. The right main bronchus subdivides into three lobar bronchi while the left main bronchus divides into two. The lobar bronchi divide into => tertiary bronchi, also known as segmental bronchi, each of which supplies a => bronchopulmonary segment. A bronchopulmonary segment is a division of a lung that is separated from the rest of the lung by a connective tissue septum.. There are ten segments per lung, but due to anatomic development, several segmental bronchi in the left lung fuse, giving rise to eight. The segmental bronchi divide into many => primary bronchioles which divide into =>terminal bronchioles, each of which then gives rise to several => respiratory bronchioles, which go on to divide into 2 to 11 => alveolar ducts. There are 5 or 6 =>alveolar sacs associated with each alveolar duct. The alveolus is the basic anatomical unit of gas exchange in the lung.

How do you get rid of a burn on your hand?

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Asked by Wiki User

The best treatment for a burn is to rinse gently in cool water and apply an antiseptic ointment with pain reliever, such as Neosporin. Take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain and see a doctor if the pain is bad enough that these things don't work.