Allergies occur when the immune system is over-stimulated. Most people will suffer from allergies at least once in their lives. Examples include asthma, hay fever and insect stings.

7,530 Questions
Disability Issues

What is the worse galactocemia galactocemia type 1 2 or 3?

Screening for PKU is done with bacterial inhibition assay (Guthrie test), immunoassays using fluorometric or photometric detection, or amino acid measurement using tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). Measurements done using MS/MS determine the concentration of Phe and the ratio of Phe to tyrosine, both of which will be elevated in PKU. Incidence: A rarer form of hyperphenylalaninemia occurs when PAH is normal, but there is a defect in the biosynthesis or recycling of the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) by the patient. This cofactor is necessary for proper activity of the enzyme. The coenzyme (called biopterin) can be supplemented as treatment. Those who suffer from PKU must be supplemented with tyrosine to account for PAH deficiency in converting phenylalanine to tyrosine sufficiently. Dihydrobiopterin reductase activity is to replenish quinonoid-dihydrobiopterin back into its tetrahydrobiopterin form, which is an important cofactor in many metabolic reactions in amino acid metabolism. Those with this deficiency may produce sufficient levels of PAH, but since tetrahydrobiopterin is a cofactor for PAH activity, deficient dihydrobiopterin reductase renders any PAH enzyme non-functional. Tetrahydrobiopterin is also a cofactor in the production of L-DOPA from tyrosine and 5-hydroxy-l-tryptophan from tryptophan, which must also be supplemented as treatment in addition to the supplements for classical PKU. Levels of dopamine can be used to distinguish between these two types. Low levels of dopamine lead to high levels of prolactin. By contrast, in classic PKU, prolactin levels would be relatively normal. Tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency can be caused by defects in four different genes.

Dog Breeds

What are the best dog breeds for a person with dog allergies?

Each person with allergies will react differently to different dogs, even different dogs in the same breed. Although, certain breeds are usually better tolerated by those with allergies to dogs, such as:

  • Airedale terrier (The King of the Terriers)
  • Basenji
  • Bichon frise
  • Havenese
  • Irish water spaniel
  • Keeshond
  • Kerry blue terrier
  • Maltese
  • Mexican Hairless and other "hairless" dogs such as Xoloitzcuintli
  • Most poodle mixes like the Labradoodle
  • Poodle
  • Portugese water dog
  • Schnauzer (miniature, standard and giant)
  • Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier

Though these are good breeds for some allergy sufferers, some people have different types of allergies. Common allergens from dogs that cause allergic responses in people are the proteins found in their dander (dandruff), saliva, and sometimes in their urine. Also, some dogs in some breeds are not as allergen free as others in the same breed, therefore, a trial with the allergic person and the dog closely together for a period of time is the best method to use to determine if the dog is one that the allergic person can live with.

Certain breeds are also known to be often problematic for those with allergies to dogs. These breeds include:

  • Afghan Hounds
  • Basset Hounds
  • Cocker Spaniels
  • Dachshunds
  • Doberman Pinschers
  • German Shepherds
  • Irish Setters
  • Springer Spaniels

President Obama chose a Portuguese Water Dog after much research looking for a dog that was good for his daughter who has allergies. The Portuguese Water Dogs are known to be a good dog breed for many people with allergies to dog dander and saliva.

You might also go to an allergist to determine if a series of allergy shots to help reduce the extent of the allergic response would be helpful in your case.

As already mentioned, one person's allergies may differ from another person's allergies and the breeds listed above are only a few "hypoallergenic" dogs for some people. Therefore, the best approach before getting a dog for a home with someone who is allergic, is to visit the dog or bring the dog to the home to visit for a trial. Reputable dog breeders will be agreeable to assist with this process as will Humane Societies and most Shelters for dogs.

Some claims of breeds that are hypoallergenic are disputed by medical allergists who say the variants may actually be the degree to which the person is sensitive, the size of the dog (smaller dogs spread less dander in the environment, therefore, may create fewer symptoms just due to a lower quantity of allergens), the ease of care of the dog breed's coat to brush to keep clean and dander-free, and other care and environmental factors. As stated above, some of the allergy problem can also be caused by saliva and urine, and not just dander (skin dandruff on the dogs), so bathing is also important in some cases.

For a longer list and additional information about "hypoallergenic dogs", see the related links.

See the related question below about dogs who are low shedding for more information about allergies and shedding. See also related links in the sources and related links section below.

For additional and personal anecdotal information from contributors and allergy sufferers, see the discussion page. And feel free to add to that discussion about your experiences.

Conditions and Diseases
Head, Ears, and Nose

Is there a hereditary link to food allergies?

Yes-sometimes food allergies/intolerances can be hereditary. This is most common when there is a history of allergies in the family.

Food Safety
Special Needs Children

What galactocemia is worse type 1 2 or 3?

classic| severe. classic galactosemia, can result in life-threatening complication's (classic galactocemia is the most severe type of this disorder)

clinical virant| moderate?

biochemical virant| mild/moderate?

durate virant| mild/severe? (mild fourm of classic galactocemia)


Can you be allergic to glitter?

Yes, you can. Basically, you can be allergic to anything. How do I know? I'm allergic to glitter.


Is cream of wheat gluten free?

The keyword being "wheat" in that question is your answer.

Women's Health

How can you stop vaginal itching and swelling?

An allergic reaction could cause this or a number of infections, which are not necessarily passed on by having sexual contact. Do not be ashamed to talk to your doctor. They can refer you to a nurse for advice if you are embarrassed. Vulval skin is sensitive. It may react to irritants such as soaps and a whole range of substances may cause allergy. To maintain good health in this area you need to treat it with respect. If infection is present it is most likely to be Candida or 'Thrush' which lives on all our bodies. It should respond to the following advice but again make sure you see your doctor.

  • Clothing: Wear loose fitting cotton underwear. Sometimes, it is quite helpful to wear no knickers at all. Try to avoid tight outer garments such as cycling shorts or tights and leggings. Change your brand of sanitary pads in case they are causing the problem. Check out that your washing products are not too harsh.
  • Hygiene: Bath or shower regularly and change your underwear. Avoid all contact with perfumed soaps. Try adding a a few drops of Tea Tree pure Essential Oil to your bath water and wash with baby shampoo. Avoid perfume and personal deodorants.
  • Diet: Avoid sugary foods as they encourage the spread of some infections such as candida. Anti-biotics upset the natural body defenses and encourage the spread of troublesome micro-organisms. Try some bio-yoghurt or drinks daily, if you have recently had a course of antibiotics. Indeed tampons soaked in yoghurt and inserted into the vagina often cures vaginal candidal infections within a day or two. Coconut oil has proved to protect against candida infection and would be a good basis for a cream to cool the area. Aloe Vera Gel is also very good.

Here are more answers and opinions:

  • Vaginal itching and swelling are symptoms of either a yeast infection or allergic reaction to clothing perfumes, soaps, etc. If this is your first yeast infection then you should see your healthcare provider....otherwise Monistat 1 works well and relieves you from the irritation and pain. A discharge that looks like cottage cheese is normal also as long as it doesnt have an odor. Make sure in the future you wear loose clothing and cotton underwear. Certain foods can also trigger a yeast infection, but what I have found to be very beneficial in preventing a yeast infection is drinking the 8 glasses of water recommended. Even when you may feel slight irritation, drinking water immediately has helped to flush my system and get rid of the irritation before it is out of control. If you drink plenty of water then it could have a lot to do with your clothes or what you eat.
  • I started having this problem in my mid-teens and now I'm in my late 20s. Doctors didn't know what was wrong, but I finally figured out that CLOTHING is the number one culprit and number one solution. Anything that isn't breathable will cause vaginal soreness because the bacteria will build up in your vaginal wall. When at home, try to always wear loose and/or 100% natural material skirts (cotton is best). Try to go without underwear if you can, but if you can't, always wear 100% cotton. Try to avoid wearing pants, but if you do, get some that are loose in the crotch area (they can be tight everywhere else - low-rise is good for this). And ALWAYS buy 100% cotton pants - though this is very hard to do these days. For the winter, wear long skirts with 100% cotton tights. I have yet to find a bathing suit bottom that breathes well, so I rarely go swimming in public places, which is unfortunate. Hope this helps you out some. There are tons of women out there with this problem, but as yet there doesn't seem to be any institutional responses to it.
  • I found I had the same problem... and the cause was ...cheaper brands of toilet tissue! I changed to a `better brand` and the symptoms disapeared...try it, it will take a few days. It could also be the material in your knickers which may cause the itching, too.
  • There is something though that was told to me to do by a wise older woman. She told me when it gets bad and the itching is unbearable to get a cold wash cloth as cold as possible and just lay it on the vaginal area. Sometimes I may lay it inside of the lips. This causes the itching to cool down. You may have to wet it over about 4 times or less, but eventually the itching will cease. This really worked for me. Late at night when I am tired and can't go to sleep I may lay it on the vaginal area and go right on to sleep. I hope this works for other women.
  • Wash and don't have unprotected sex with people that have poor hygiene.
  • You can also use oatmeal in the bath to make the swelling and itching stop.
  • I don't see this mentioned much, but it works amazingly well. Peel a garlic clove, cut it in half, and stick it up there. If you're afraid of losing it, loop some dental floss through it--but I think it'd be kind of hard to lose it really. You can put it in anytime, but overnight might be best if you don't want everybody thinking you smell like garlic (the smell comes out on your breath as if you'd eaten it). It might burn and sting a bit, but I've found the stinging to be nothing compared to the way a yeast infection stings. If one night doesn't fix things, then do it another night...I've never had to do this more than 2 nights. I've had problems with yeast for years, and nothing else works as well as this (or is as cheap and nontoxic).
  • You can find various products online for vaginal itching and swelling. You should make a search on internet for the best possible solutions available there. There are some medical products like Rephresh Vaginal Gel 4, Lanacane Original Cream,Replens 6 Applicator Pack, Eurax Lotion, Anusol Cream and many more. All the products are specially designed for the treatment of vaginal related issues.
  • To stop vaginal discharge you can choose some medicines which are mentioned below depends upon the causative micro organism:

    Imidazole Antifungals:They are broad spectrum antifungal covering dermatophytes,Candida, other fungi involves in deep mycosis, Nocordia, trichomonas vaginalis, some gram positive & negetive & anaerobic bacteria, Staph. aureus, Strept. faecalis, Bac. fragilis. They increase permeability of fungal cells & inhibit synthesis of ergosterol & damage cell membrane of fungi. Examples are:Clotrimazole,Econazole, Miconazole,Ketonazole.

  • For this type of Vaginal infections, there is plant named as Soymida febrifuga of Meliaceae Family is using for relief. The stem-bark of the plant is useful. In my opionion, the best soloution is Use Margo Soap. It is manufactured in India using Neem Oil. Its antibacterial and antifungal properties cures and prevents all infections. It totally prevents odour. I sugested this to my girl friend and we are happy now.
Conditions and Diseases
Medication and Drugs
Antihistamines (allergy medicine)

Can you take adipex and allegra D together?

That really depends. Those drugs together don't have any SERIOUS interactions. The thing is, both of those drugs have side effects that include causing high blood pressure and raising heart rate. When you take both of them together, these effects can become more likely.

That doesn't mean you can't take them together. However, it does mean that you should talk to your doctor about it first.


Can allergies cause blurred vision in one eye?

Yes they can. I have noticed this especially with pet allergies. I try my best to keep my hands away from my eyes as much as possible to prevent this.

Celiac Disease

Does jiffy mix contain gluten?

Yes, it contains wheat flour. Any product having "flour, enriched flour, ect..) on the label is not gluten free.


Is Ezekiel bread gluten free?

Most are not, but some (the English muffins) are clearly labeled to be gluten free.

Conditions and Diseases
Head, Ears, and Nose

Could an allergy cause swelling under one eye?

Yes. When you notice it take your usual allergy medicine. Also, put an ice pack on the swollen area. Swelling should reduce.

See your doctor/emergency center if:

You do not know that you suffer from allergies

swelling doesn't reduce within one hour of treatment


Are frosted mini- wheats gluten free?

No, mini-wheats are made of wheat which contain the protein - gluten.

Conditions and Diseases
Skin Disorders

Are skin rashes caused by allergies?

A rash can be caused by various things, similar to a food allergy to milk or eggs or infection. Rashes can likewise be caused by diseases, for example, measles or chickenpox. Dermatitis and hives, the two of which are identified with allergy, are two of the most widely recognized kinds of skin rashes.

On the off chance that your skin condition is the consequence of an allergy, an allergist can analyze and treat your condition, so you can make every second count.

Herbsdaily website offers a wide range of products to treat skin rashes.


Can food allergies make one vomit often?

If someone has a food allergy, there are different symptoms and vomiting is one symptom. If you experience vomiting shortly after eating a suspected food allergen, then it is probably caused by a food allergy. You may also have other symptoms including: hives, coughing, sneezing, migraines, rashes, or anaphylactic shock. If you suspect a food allergy, you should see your doctor and discontinue eating the food until you can be tested.

Dieting and Weight Loss

How do you gain face fat?

by munching out

Celiac Disease

Is malic acid gluten free?

Naturally-occuring malic acid is usually extracted from apples. It is more common to find synthetic malic acid being added to foods which is synthesised from butane gas.

Therefore, malic acid has had no contact with wheat through either process and can safely be said to be gluten free.

Medical Terminology

What does DOT mean?

DOT stands for Directly Observed Therapy. DOT means that a health care worker meets with a person who has TB to help him or her remember to take the medicines to treat TB. The health care provider watches the patient take each drug dose. DOT is convenient and easy to arrange, and it can fit into your daily routine.

Cats (Felines)
Care of Rabbits

Can cats be allergic to rabbits?

Highly unlikely.

Celiac Disease

Does Metamucil contain gluten?

No it`s gluten free


Does maltodextrose contain gluten?

In the US they are usually made from corn. In some countries, they are made from rice. In MOST countries, they are made from wheat. It is best to check with the manufacturer.

Conditions and Diseases
Head, Ears, and Nose

What is the antidote for clotrimazole allergy?

There is no miracle cure/antidote for any allergies-however they can be controlled through avoiding contact with the known allergen-or through antihistamines which can be bought over the counter.


How do you stop an allergic reaction to citrus fruits?

I saw a dermatologist yesterday for a rash around my lips that I've had for 2 weeks, and she determined that it's from eating citrus. (I eat a grapefruit or orange nearly daily.) She told me to stop eating those kinds of fruits and prescribed me "Hydrocortisone Butyrate ointment .01% - Rx only" that I'm instructed to apply twice daily. So it has only been one day so far, and I see a difference already; the redness & swelling around my lips have gone down. You may want to ask a pharmacist if the over-the-counter hydrocortizone works the same as my prescribed ointment. (But I think I'll keep eating fruits, knowing that this stuff clears it up quickly.)


Your creams may clear it up, but unless you stop eating citrus for a good period of time, your allergic reaction will continue to increase to the point where you cannot eat citrus at all.

Goats and Sheep

Can you be allergic to lanolin?

YES, I am allergic to LANOLIN. I had a shower using some cream shower gel (containing Lanolin) and the next day I was scratching alot and felt like I had dry skin. So I took a bath with E45 Embollient Bath Oil (which contains Lanolin.

When I got out of the bath, my body was covered in Red Rashes, which then over the next few hours became raised and very itchy and sore.

I must add that because I felt itchy before the bath, I put in way over the Dosage stated of 15 ML. I probably put in 150 ML of E45 Bath Oil, thinking "More the Better" as I just didn`t think it would harm me.

I suffered with the Rashes and Burnt skin (the skin feels hot and it is like living with very bad sun burn) for a couple of weeks, with no change, so I went to see a nurse at the doctors, who immediately said "You are allergic to Lanolin"

The BEST Cure for the rashes and skin in my case was Antihistamine Tablets. I now have to avoid Wool alcohols and in particular Lanolin. I am a 50 year old male. I have never suffered from anything in the past.

Environmental Issues

Can you be allergic to plastic grocery bags?

Allergic to the kind of plastic Grocery bags are made from as some people are allergic to latex would seem unlikely , but maybe possible


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