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The philosophy of Judaism is that this world is a purposeful creation by God*, in which all people are tested concerning their use of free-will. We possess a soul which lives on after the body dies and is held responsible for the person's actions. Anyone who is worthy, Jewish or not, can merit reward in the afterlife.

Here is a list of the most basic beliefs of Judaism, as collated by Maimonides:
1. God exists, and is the Creator.
This tells us that the world is not purposeless or chaotic. Life is the result of a deliberate, purposeful, intelligent and kind Creator; not a melancholy chaos or a string of fortuitous accidents.

2. God is One and unique.
This is the basis of all Western monotheistic belief, which was given to the world by Abraham and his descendants. This belief places God at the center of reality and of our world-outlook and thoughts.

3. God is not physical.

This includes the corollary that no person should be worshiped as God or as a god. Judaism has no god-kings, no demigods, no angel who flouts God's will, and no sports-idols, movie-idols etc.


4. God is eternal.
This includes the belief that God's ways are also eternal. God is not capricious, forgetful or fickle. Investing in a relationship with God is the only thing that will bear eternal benefits.


5. Prayer is to be directed only to God.
This also teaches us that no person, government or institution is to be accorded blind trust. We pray directly to God, three times a day; and we recount our shortcomings, ask for our needs, and acknowledge our successes with happy thanks.


6. The words of the prophets are true.

The prophecies of the Hebrew Bible have been coming true throughout history. Even secular archaeologists (the unbiased ones) have stated that the Hebrew Bible is the most accurate of historical records, as the disdainful theories of Wellhausen and Bible-critics of his ilk have been shattered by the archaeologist's spade. A list of Bible verses which were deemed anachronistic but later shown to be perfectly accurate would run into the many hundreds. 7. The prophecies of Moses are true; and he was the greatest prophet.

8. The Torah was given to Moses by God.
These two beliefs are the basis of our attitude towards the Torah: it is the center of our lives. Jews are keeping mitzvot (commands), saying blessings, praying, learning Torah and doing acts of kindness and charity all the time. The Torah is the single greatest thing that a Jew has; given to us to provide knowledge, guidance, inspiration, awe and reverence, advice, law, comfort, history and more. It is the basis of Judaism.


9. There will be no other Torah.
We Jews have been around for 3800 years. New fads, manifestos, beliefs or lifestyles which rear their heads are met by the Jew with a calm, seasoned eye and the proverbial grain of salt. The Torah doesn't change; and every new thing can be measured against the Torah's standards.


10. God knows the thoughts and deeds of all.
11. God rewards the good and punishes the wicked.
These two beliefs provide a vast incentive towards righteousness and, when needed, repentance.
They also form part of the basis of our belief in the afterlife, since this entire world wouldn't be enough to reward a Moses or punish a Hitler.
God is just (Deuteronomy 32:4); and all outstanding accounts are settled after this life.


12. The Messiah will come.
13. The dead will be resurrected.

Judaism is the only ancient religion which taught optimism; and a large part of that optimism was and is based upon the words of the prophets.

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โˆ™ 2015-04-23 17:34:31
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โˆ™ 2016-04-16 22:02:09

Beliefs in God, education justice and obedience

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Q: What are the central beliefs of Judaism?
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Related questions

What central beliefs are shared by the two religions?

Judaism


What were the central beliefs of the people from the religion Judaism?

The entire Torah.


Which central beliefs emerged from the orgin of Judaism?

That God is One.


What reflects one of the central beliefs of Judaism?

The statement: That which is hateful to you, do not do to others.


Is judaism based on law?

Yes, the Torah contains 613 laws. These are central to Judaism, but there are also beliefs that are equally important.


What is the special belief in Judaism?

Probably the most central belief in Judaism is that there is only one God. However, there are additional beliefs in Judaism. See the Related Question to read more.


What central beliefs of judaism did the hebrews go against by worshiping the golden calf?

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What are three central beliefs of judaism?

Belief in God Belief in the Torah Awareness that humans possess an eternal soul


What is the three core beliefs for Judaism?

what are the three core beliefs for Judaism ,Christianity, Islam.


According to the Torah what is the central belief of Judaism?

The Torah doesn't specify the central belief of Judaism, rather, the teachings held within the Torah are what Judaism bases its beliefs on. Judaism teaches that it's man job on earth to help HaShem complete creation by bringing justice and good into the world.


Where do Judaism get their beliefs?

From the Torah.


Describe the central beliefs of Judaism including a listing of the major Jewish holidays?

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