Human Anatomy and Physiology

What are the components of fitness?


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December 09, 2014 11:25AM


The 5 basic components of fitness are:

1. Flexibility- The range of movement at the joints.

2. Muscular Endurance- The ability of the muscles to maintain continuous force over a period of time.

3. Muscular Strength- The ability of the muscles to exert a single maximal force to overcome resistance.

4. Cardiorespiratory Endurance- The ability (of the body) to continue to give oxygen and nutrients and remove waste products to and from the body cells over periods of time.

5. Body Composition- Body fat to body ratio.

Additional components of fitness, which may be considered appendages to these five core components, include:

6. Speed- The ability to move over a distance in a short amount of time.

7. Agility- The ability to change body position quickly without losing balance.

8. Static Balance- The ability of stability whilst unmoving.

9. Dynamic Balance- The ability stability whilst moving.

10. Coordination- The ability to combine motions to complete a task with accuracy.

11. Reaction Time- The time taken to respond to a motion.

12. Muscular Power- The combination of strength and speed.
The different components of physical fitness are, health related components, which are related to how well the systems of your body works and skill related components, which form the basis for successful sport or activity participation.

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May 10, 2012 3:39PM

There are 5 components of Fitness - Flexibility; Muscular Endurance; Muscular Strength; Cardiorespiratory Endurance; Body Composition. To begin with do some cardio work like running, cycling and some weight work.