Asked in The Difference Between
What are the differences between SRAM and DRAM?
SRAM(Static Random Assessable Memory)-where the word static indicates that it, does not need to be periodically refreshed, as SRAM uses bistable latching circuitry (i.e., flip-flops) to store each bit. Each bit is stored as a voltage.Each memory cell requires six transistors,thus giving chip low density but high speed.However, SRAM is still volatile in the (conventional) sense that data is lost when powered down.
Disadvantages are more expensive and also consumes more power
In high speed processors (such as Pentium), SRAM is known as
cache memory and is included on the processor chip.However
high-speed cache memory is also included external to the processor
to improve total performance.
DRAM(Dynamic Random Assessable Memory)- Its advantage
over SRAM is its structural simplicity: only one transistor (MOSFET
gates) and a capacitor (to store a bit as a charge) are required
per bit, compared to six transistors in SRAM. This allows DRAM to
reach very high density.Also it consumes less power and is even
cheaper than SRAM (except when the system size is less than 8 K)
But the disadvantage is that since it stores bit information as charge which leaks;therfore information needs to be read and written again every few milliseconds.This is known as refreshing the memory and it requires extra circuitry,adding to the cost of system.