Best Answer

Social change is a complex and multi-faceted phenomenon. There are both endogenous (internal to the society concerned) and exogenous (external to the society) factors influencing social change. The following are the important factors contributing to social change:

  1. Environmental factors: Geological and climatic phenomena like earthquakes, flood, draught, tornado, tsunami etc. cause drastic changes in the economy or material assets of a society which in turn leads to social change. Variation in the availability of water resources and mineral resources (eg. Petroleum) can also affect social change.
  2. Biotic factors: Fluctuation in agricultural productivity, availability of fishery wealth, spread of diseases affecting man, crops and domesticating animals, changes in population structure, sex ratio, age ratio etc. can also contribute to significant changes in life style and thereby in the culture.
  3. Cultural factors: The main cause of social change is the cultural factor. The basic elements of culture like language, religion, philosophy, literature, faith and values will take long time to change due to the influence of another culture. The co-existence of two different cultures for a long period can cause cultural diffusion leading to changes in both. India, for example, discarded age long customs like Sati and Child marriage because of her contact with the Europeans.
  4. Demographic factors: Changes in population factors such as Birth Rate, death rate, migration or Immigration can cause changes in sex ratio, age-ratio and other vital population parameters. Such changes affect marriage norms, familial relations, conditions of the marginalized etc. ultimately influencing social change.
  5. Technological factors: Technological advancement has resulted in the production of surplus food, population growth, urbanization and industrialization. All these have affected family size, occupational divisions, gender roles, interdependency, social competition etc. Developments in the field of transportation and communication reduced the social distance which gave momentum to cultural diffusion and thereby to social change.
  6. Ideological factors: Political, social and religious ideologies can bring forth radical changes in social structure and social relationships. For example, the spread of communist political ideology in Kerala brought an end to feudalism followed by drastic changes in class structure which reflected even on family relations. The social philosophies of persons like Sree Narayna Gurn, Sahodharan Ayyappan, Ayyankali etc. resulted in the vertical mobility of oppressed communities in Kerala which brought lasting changes in the social sphere of the state.
  7. Psychological factors: Man, by nature, is a lover of change. The inherent tendency to look for novelty compel man to experiment new ideas which may sometimes results in the establishment of new social setup. Change in attitude of society towards family planning, dowry, Caste System, women's education etc. which brought about radical changes in society are primarily psychological in nature.
  8. Other factors: In addition to above mentioned factors other elements such as wars, ethnic tensions, competition for resources, trade unionism, banking system, human rights movement, enhanced environmental awareness etc. have resulted in wide spread social variation and modification.

Reference: Arjunan,N.K.(2010). Philosophical and Sociological Bases of Education (2nd Ed.). Palakkad: Yuga Publications.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2015-06-03 17:06:05
This answer is:
User Avatar
Study guides


67 cards

selection process for all federal judges

appellate jurisdiction vs original jurisdiction in federal courts

how did the 14th amendment affect civil liberties in the united states

what term describes the view that only fundamental bill of rights protections should apply to the statesย 

See all cards
8 Reviews

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What are the factors affecting social change?
Write your answer...
Still have questions?
magnify glass
Related questions

What are Social factors affecting curriculum?

what are social factors affecting curriculum?

What is a factors affecting choice of business?

technological factors,economic factors and social cultural factor

Factors affecting social mobility?

education religion culture

Factors affecting social environment in organization?

Tell me the answere

What are the Factors affecting change in fashion at present?

econimic factor political factors social factors Another answers in the point of view (fashion related): Two major factors that change in fashion are: 1) War/Conflict 2) Sex

What are the Main social factors affecting communication?

i need the answer to this question AYSAP :|

What are the factors affecting human resources development?

There are several factors affecting human resources development in any company. They include political factors, social, technological, legal, and environmental factors.

What are the social cultural factors affecting gender equality specifically in developing countries?

factor affecting gender equity

What are the factors affecting individual differences?

THE 3 FACTORS AFFECTING Individual DIFFERENCES ARE THE FF:1. Physiological Factors2. Cultural influences3. Interaction between biological and social Factors

What are the major factors affecting travel and tourism industry?

PEST Political, Economicl, social and Technologicl factors.

What are the factors affecting competitive interactions?

climate change and disease

What are the factors affecting the intellectual development and social development of the child?

genetics and environment

Determine factors affecting decision implementation in an organization?

what are the factors that affecting decision making what are the factors that affecting decision making what are the factors that affecting decision making what are the factors that affecting decision making what are the factors that affecting decision making

What are the factors affecting human attitude in the use of English?

monetary problems social supprt

What are the Factors affecting moral development?

gender culture parents school and teachers social

Factors affecting the ecosystem?

factors affecting ecosystem

Factors affecting profit?

factors affecting profit?

What are the factors affecting forgetting?

factors affecting forgetting

What is social functioning and factors affecting it?

physical variables, social variables, cultural variables , psychological variable and ego psychology.

What factors affect evaporation andcondensation?

Factors affecting evaporation :heatamount of liquidtime given to evaporate for the liquidFactors affecting condensation :Coolness for the gas to change to liquidTemperatureTime

Social factors affecting business?

There are a number of social factors that affect business in any environment. Some of the common factors include age, education level, income and culture among others.

What are the major factors affecting population change?

Current birthrates and increased longevity.

What are global factors affecting business?

The global factors affecting business are the issues that will influence the way business runs from one country to another. Some of the main factors are political, legal, social as well as technological developments.

What are the factors affecting choices of colors?

factors affecting choice of color

Factors affecting cardiorespiratory endurance?

factors affecting cardiorespiratory fitness