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What are the immediate effects of exercise on the body?

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January 30, 2010 5:11PM

Exercise is crucial for strong muscles and bones. Muscle strength declines as you get older, but if you exercise their muscles are stronger than other peoples in their same age group. If children exercise regularly, it will lower the risk of chronic pain in the future and it also prevents back and neck pain. The more men exercise whilst they are younger the lower the risk of neck tension in the future. Women who have greater endurance strength as teenagers also have a lower risk of neck tension in the future. Although, men with greater endurance strength when they are teenagers have higher risks of knee injuries when they are older. Exercise also makes ligaments stronger around the joints and regular stretching increases the range of movement at a joint. It also makes the cartilage thicker so that the bones are less likely to jar. Although running too much can be bad for the joints in your knees and can last long term and weights can increase the damage in your joints.

Bones, joints and muscles

Immediate effects

  • Muscle contraction.
  • Increased blood flow to muscles.
  • Rise in muscle temperature.

Effects of regular training

  • Increase of bone width and density.
  • Muscle, tendons and ligaments get stronger.
  • Joints are more stable.
  • Increase of flexibility of joints.
  • Muscles get bigger.
  • Muscle endurance improves.