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What are the names of God found in the Bible?

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June 05, 2008 11:41AM

= Names of God in Judaism = From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Names_of_God_in_Judaism

In Judaism, the name of God is more than a distinguishing title. It represents the Jewish conception of the divine nature, and of the relation of God to the Jewish people. To show the sacredness of the names of God, and as a means of showing respect and reverence for them, the scribes of sacred texts took pause before copying them, and used terms of reverence so as to keep the true name of God concealed. The various names of God in Judaism represent God as he is known, as well as the divine aspects which are attributed to him. Names of God * 1.1 The Tetragrammaton ** 1.1.1 Pronouncing the tetragrammaton *** 1.1.1.1 Hashem *** 1.1.1.2 Adoshem * 1.2 Other names of God ** 1.2.1 Adonai ** 1.2.2 Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh ** 1.2.3 El ** 1.2.4 Elohim ** 1.2.5 `Elyon ** 1.2.6 Shaddai ** 1.2.7 Shalom ** 1.2.8 Shekhinah ** 1.2.9 Yah ** 1.2.10 YHWH Tzevaot/Sabaoth

From a Christian perspective all the names of Jesus are names for God as is the Holy Spirit. So, while Christians would include all the Old Testament divine names on their list, they believe that Jesus and Jehovah are one, as asserted by Jesus himself.

Some additional name to those listed above include: 'Jesus Christ' and 'Son of David', both recorded in Matthew 1:1 as well as elsewhere. Note that the personal name Jesus which means savior was given to Him in the dream by the angel appearing to Joseph in

21And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

His official name Christ means the anointed one, the Messiah and is mentioned in

41He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.

Another important title was 'Son of Man' as He was most often known to His disciples in His state of humility and so it is His most frequently used title, especially in Luke.

20And Jesus saith unto him, The foxes have holes, and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man hath not where to lay his head.

Son of God was what Jesus named Himself when declaring plainly His deity and essential oneness with the Father. The whole context is given below to demonstrate that this was indeed a title that Jesus gave Himself and that its meaning was clearly understood by the Jews who then were going to administer the appropriate punishment for blasphemy as they did not accept His claim.

30 I and my Father are one. 31Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him. 32Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me? 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. 34Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods? 35If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken; 36Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?

Jesus is called 'God our savior' a number of times in letters written by Paul, as well as a similar title 'God and savior.'

1Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the commandment of God our Saviour, and Lord Jesus Christ, which is our hope;

13Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

See also Titus 1:3, Titus 3:4 and 1 Timothy 2:3 for more of these. Studies on the Greek used have demonstrated the clear link between God and savior as applying both to Jesus Christ and as stressing explicitly His essential oneness and pre-existence with the Father. 34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God: