libel and slander can lead to compensation depending on the reputaion of the person
Charges can be pressed against people who commit the act of lying under oath. This is known as Perjury and carries harsh penalties such as incarceration. If someone says something about someone that they know is not true and it imputes their character, it is illegal. If the lies are written, it is called libel, and if they are spoken, it's slander.
my estranged wife under Oath made a written allegation on an affidavit which subjected another person and me to having had a sexual relationship when she was a minor. This was both untrue and malicious. The other person has written a document supporting this fact. I wish to now to sue for libel and defamation.
If the news agency writes in a newspaper that "person X caused the death of person Y under circumstance A", stated as fact, then this can be claimed as libel. If it is spoken on television instead of written in a newspaper then it is not libel, but rather slander. If it is instead rendered as "authorities allege that person X caused the death of person Y under circumstance A", then it is neither. This is a statement of opinion. News agencies have people on staff whose sole job is to edit news releases so that they cannot reasonably be interpreted as defamation. They are called, interestingly enough, libel editors.
NOAdded: The answer to this question will depend on how up-to-date the laws are in your particular jurisdiction (or nation). If you are posting the information with malicious intent, and/or to expose the person to harm or ridicule, you may be subject to proscution under libel, slander, or invasion of privacy laws.
Legal Definition - Defamation and LibelDefamation is an act of communication that causes someone to be shamed, ridiculed, held in contempt, lowered in the estimation of the community, or to lose employment status or earnings or otherwise suffer a damaged reputation. Such defamation is couched in 'defamatory language'.Libel and slander are subcategories of defamation. Defamation is primarily covered under state law, but is subject to First Amendment guarantees of free speech. The scope of constitutional protection extends to statements of opinion on matters of public concern that do not contain or imply a provable factual assertion.Libel is published material meeting three conditions:the material is defamatory either on its face or indirectly;the defamatory statement is about someone who is identifiable to one or more persons; and,the material must be distributed to someone other than the offended party; i.e. published, as distinguished from slander.Elements of Libel and SlanderSpecific requirements that a plaintiff must prove in order to recover in a defamation action differ from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. Under the Restatement (Second) of Torts, which is drafted by the American Law Institute and has been influential among state courts, aplaintiff must prove four elements.First, the plaintiff must prove that the defendant made a false and defamatory statement concerning the plaintiff.Second, the plaintiff must prove that the defendant made an unprivileged publication to a third party.Third, the plaintiff must prove that the publisher acted at least negligently in publishing the communication.Fourth, in some cases, the plaintiff must prove special damages.
Whether gossiping results in a tort depends on the nature of the gossip itself. Opinions expressed are protected under the freedom of speech, but facts that are can proved or disproved may result in libel or slander. So gossips about a specific action or deeds that the said person may or may not have done can result in a tort, while opinions about the ethics of such an action may not.
OSHA does not have the authority to impose penalties on individual employees, only on employers. Therefore, there are no OSHA OSHA penalties for operating machinery while under the influence. If you operate machinery while under the influence of drugs or alcohol and place yourself or others at risk as a result, the penalties to you will come from your employer, who may go so far as to fire you. If your employer does not take action to prevent such improper employee conduct, the employer may be subject to fines and citations from OSHA.
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