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Australia is the smallest continent, and because it is surrounded by water, it is referred to as an island continent.

Australia is comprised largely of desert and semi-arid land, some of which is sandy, and some of which is stony desert, known as gibber. There are numerous flat areas of bushland and mallee and mulga scrub, and extensive rainforest in the far north and in sections along the eastern coast, including Tasmania.

A significant mountain range, the Great Dividing Range, extends right along the eastern coast from the far north to the south, in western Victoria. The world's two highest monoliths (or rather, inselbergs) are located in Australia. They are Mt Augustus and Uluru (Ayers Rock).

Much of the land along the east coast and in the southeast quarter of the continent is rich and fertile. Australia is known for its clean, pristine beaches and the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Queensland. The world's largest sand island, Fraser Island, also lies off the Queensland coast.

Tasmania (Australia's island state) is a rugged, wild island.

Of particular importance to this dry continent is the Murray-Darling Basin. The Murray-Darling Basin covers 1 061 469 square kilometres, which is about 14% of the Australian continent. Note that the Murray River and Darling River are two separate and distinct rivers. Contrary to popular belief, the Murray-Darling basin is not fed by a single river, but by two major rivers, the Murray and the Darling, and numerous tributaries. The total length of the rivers and their tributaries, according to Geoscience Australia, is 6695km, just over half the length of the Nile River.

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8y ago
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13y ago

Australia's characteristics are extremely diverse. Very much like America. From sandy beaches on the shore to desert at the interior. Rain forests and coral reefs, (The Great Barrier Reef), Mountains, cities, towns. Varied climates, from tropical to very very cold. Most of the arable soil is within about 250kms from the coast line, and the climate allows for almost any crop you care to plant. Just find the right place. Some places if you plant a fence post it will grow, and others nothing will ever grow.

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7y ago

The main landforms of Australia include:

  • the Australian Alps, where Australia's ten highest mountains are all within six kilometres of each other
  • numerous deserts, e.g. Simpson Desert, Great Victoria desert, Great Sandy Desert, etc
  • Unusual mountain formations such as the Bungle-Bungles (Western Australia) and the Warrumbungles (NSW)
  • The Grampians (mountain range in western Victoria)
  • Blue Lake (volcanic crater lake in Mt Gambier, South Australia)
  • Limestone cliffs of the Great Australian Bight
  • Uluru/Ayers Rock, the world's second largest monolith
  • Mt Augustus, the world's largest monolith
  • the Devil's Marbles, large tumbled rocks near Tennant Creek in central Australia
  • Fraser Island, the world's largest sand island
  • the Great Barrier Reef, the world's largest coral reef (actually a series of reefs) and the only living organism visible from space
  • Kata-tjuta/the Olgas - bald rock domes in central Australia
  • the Pinnacles - a vast desert of upright sandstone formations, weathered over time into weird shapes
  • the Three Sisters, a famous landmark in the Blue Mountains
  • the Twelve Apostles, off the southern Victorian coastline - a series of sandstone cliffs and rock formations that are gradually eroding away (three have collapsed in the last few years)
  • Wave Rock, a 14m high granite rock cliff face near Hyden, Western Australia, weathered into a perfect wave formation
  • Lake Eyre, 15m below sea level in the South Australian outback, and the other many, vast saltpans
  • Nullarbor Plain, a huge, treeless plain crossing South Australia and western Australia
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12y ago

Well there is a lot of desert and bushland. In fact Australia has lots of bushland. There are also wetland, swamps, coastal areas, alpine mountains, estuaries, tropical rainforest, woodland, grasslands, Savannah, temperate woodlands and more. the pointed cape on the eastern side of Australia called cape york which is home to the Daintree rainforest. This rainforest, along with the rainforest in Papa New Guinea are the oldest rainforests in the entire world. In the Northern Territory, it is covered with tropical wetlands near the coast. But further inland, there is thick bush and even further down there is vast desert. In the Kimberly's (northern Western Australia) there is red bushland and rugged deserts. Down south of Western Australia there are temperate woodlands and forests. Then across the Nullubore which is the stretch of land between the city of Perth and the city of Adelaide, there are endless plains of Savannah, dry grasslands, treeless bushland and occasionally, desert. Over east in Victoria and New South Whales, there are grasslands and much bushland. Also at mount Kosciusko in the Snowy Mountains there are obviously Alpine regions. However, most of Australia is quite flat. And lastly, Tasmania which is the large island in the southeast of Australia is covered in lush, mountainous wet temperate forest completely unlike the Australian mainland. Overall Australia is very dry and hot. It has it's exceptions however in Cape York, Coastal Northern Territory and Tasmania.

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11y ago

Uluru (formerly Ayers Rock), The Olgas, The 12 Apostles, The Blue Mountains, The Three Sisters (Blue Mountains)

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9y ago

Australia is a continent and a country of its own. It has various land features including valleys, mountains, and deserts.

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Victoria Brady

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2y ago

I think Australia has mostly flat terrain with a couple mountains. I am not positively sure that this is correct but it is my best guess.

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Q: What best describes the geography of Australia?
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