South Australia

South Australia is an Australian state with a total area of 402,903 square miles (1,043,514 square kilometers), making it the fourth largest state in the country. It has a population of 1,644,642 (as of June 2010).

1,578 Questions
Football - American
American Football History
South Australia

Why is American football called football?

Although what Americans call "soccer" and the rest of the world calls "football" consists of almost all players using their feet to play the game, Americans decided to use the name ''football'' for another sport (What other countries call American Football). Some feel that this is incorrect and that the sport doesn't fit the name since probably 90-95% of the time the "football" doesn't touch any of the players feet. But it should be understood by all that there are no rules or laws of the world saying that a sport must be called by a name that the majority of the world uses, and it should also be understood that although the ball might not "touch" a players foot for most of the game, feet are being used for much of the game, including running, kicking, and scoring.

For example, to get the ball to the other end of the field and to the goal a player must run, stumble, hop, and trample among other things to get over and through the opposing sides teammates. No matter how much passing (or throwing as some would call it) is involved, there has been no known game where passes were thrown through the entire duration of the game and not anyone had to use their feet at all to gain progress. It is basically impossible to throw the whole distance of the football field through the entire game to gain points (for both teams). There has also been no known game where, again, through an entire duration players floated, hovered, crawled, walked on their hands or did anything of the sort to gain progress and to gain each and every point. They had/have to use their feet no matter which way they are trying to score. Although there is passing, sometimes it is misconstrued by those who don't completely understand the sport, that that isn't all there is (There is also a thing called the ''run game'').

So, although Americans may not have gone with what seemed to be the easier and more popular route of naming the two sports (soccer=football, football=pass ball, or throw ball, or catch ball to some) that does not mean it is wrong, or that it doesn't make sense, or that the name should be changed because it doesn't fit in with the entire world.

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It's a reflection of the game's origins. The first football-type games played on U.S. college campuses were kicking-oriented sports like soccer. But every school had its own rules. It wasn't until the 1870s that the schools convened to agree on a standardized set of rules -- which, at Harvard's prodding, were based on the English rugby code. Rugby, of course, is really "rugby football." And since everyone had already been calling it football, the name stuck -- although it could just as easily at that point have become known as American rugby.

Kicking was a much more prominent part of the game in the early days than it is now, too. Before the forward pass was legalized, teams attempted more field goals, and punting was considered a primary defensive strategy for a team whose running game was bogging down.

Also

The word 'football' is from the English language and was originally spelled as 'foot ball'. When the term 'foot ball' was first used in medieval England it described 'a ball game played on foot' known as mob football or Shrovetide football in which more running with the ball was required than kicking the ball. These ball games had earlier descriptions such as 'playing at ball' and there were similar if not identical ball games being played in other countries at the same time. These games include 'Hurling' played in Wales & Cornwall and 'La Soule' or 'Choule' played in the north of France. However, mob football or Shrovetide football was the first ball game to be specifically referred to as 'foot ball'. I have created the link 'Shrovetide football' from the BBC which provides an insight into how the game is played showing photos of the Up'ards and Down'ards 'mob' playing the game.

These Shrovetide games evolved into other forms of football notably Rugby football which was said to have been started by a pupil at Rugby school called William Webb Ellis in 1823. The Rugby Union Football world cup is called the "Webb Ellis Trophy" after him. The rules of early Rugby contributed too many other codes of football in England and other English speaking countries during the 19th centaury. American football is one of these games. It could be argued that American football is a purer form of football than say Association football (soccer) or Australian Rules football because like Rugby is retains more of the original medieval characteristics.

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Some might say, simply, "because they kick the football." But the real story is deeper. The origin of Gridiron (American football) is in the history of the world's most popular sport: Football (soccer). When soccer -- more universally known as "football" (which of course makes sense because football players use their feet) -- players decided to change their centuries-old game with restrictions such as the no-use-of-hands rules, people who disliked this broke away to create rugby. The US version of the game under the same old name "football" (Gridiron) has more of a rugby style, the whole time forgetting why it was called that.

* Gridiron (American football) is a derivative of rugby football, and while the feet are used more often in rugby than on the gridiron, much of the game is still played by handling the ball. Both variations are still considered football.

* North America style Gridiron (American football) did not originally use the "forward pass" and much more of the play involved footwork, such as the "drop kick" and the running punt kick. In the first rules, only the " side pass" was allowed, as long as the two players were side by side, with no forward motion of the ball, similar to rugby rules. The Canadian Football League ( CFL ) still allows a drop kick to score a field goal, and also has a thing called a "safety" when the kicker is able to kick the ball through the end zone, so it lands out of play. Both the NFL and the CFL still have the drop-kick available as a weapon - on the point-after-touchdown, or from the field for 3 points. The "safety" is worth a single point in Canada. The Canadian game also features the ability, on fumbles, to kick the ball, but not on incomplete passes. It also features a 'touch back' which is a tackle in the end-zone, which is worth two points (called a safety in US football

* The global name for football (soccer) is of course football. The global name for American football is Gridiron. Gridiron is a type of handball and not football. Football is a sport where players control the ball with their feet and only football (soccer) does this. Gridiron is where hands are used to control a ball. Football has been played for many centuries but had no official rules. The British created rules for football in 1848. After that many codes of handball arose including rugger and gridiron, none of which are codes of football.

* It's a reflection of American football's origins. The first football type of game that colleges played in North America was almost identical to what became soccer: You scored by kicking a goal. But every school had its own rules. That was true even over in England, before the Football Association was created to establish a standard set of rules. Over here in the USA, we had no such governing body, so the schools took it upon themselves to sit down and draw up their own set of rules that everyone could agree on.

In an age when overseas communications took weeks, if not months, Americans lived in relative isolation from their football counterparts in Europe and thus weren't able to easily keep tabs on how the game was progressing there. So Americans (and Canadians) took it upon themselves to sort things out on their own and draw up a set of rules that appealed to them. Although most schools in North America were playing some variety of soccer, others, including Harvard, preferred a game that was more like rugby. When the schools first met to discuss a set of rules, Harvard pressed to base their common rules on the English rugby code, and they prevailed. From that point on, the American version of football began to develop out of rugby instead of soccer.

The same process of codifying rules had happened in England, too: After the Football Association was formed, some clubs disagreed over which rules to use -- primarily, the rule that governed the use of hands in the game. Those who favored prohibiting the hands formed the Football Association, and those who wanted to use the hands as part of the game eventually went on to form the first Rugby Football Union.

The American game could just as easily have been called American rugby, but since everyone was already calling it "football," the name stuck. Besides, in the early days, the American game was much more kicking-oriented than it is now. When there was no forward pass and kicks could be taken from anywhere on the field, teams would frequently dropkick to try to score, or they'd use a deep punt as a defensive strategy, if their running game was getting bogged down. It was only when the forward pass was legalized and kicks were limited to those taken from behind the line of scrimmage that the feet began to play a less prominent role in the American game. But again, everyone already called the game football, so there was no reason to change it.

Just keep in mind that what we call "rugby" is actually "rugby football," yet rugby players handle the ball as much as they kick it. What most of the world calls simply "football" is technically "association football," from the name of its founding and governing body. When soccer and rugby split, the association game simply adopted "football" as its name, while rugby football focused on the first part of its name. That doesn't mean one game is football while the other isn't. They're still both football games with a shared origin.

What's more, since the soccer/rugby split, other football-related games have evolved to emphasize other parts of the body to propel the ball. In fact, of the world's six major football codes -- soccer, rugby league, rugby union, Australian rules football, American (gridiron) football, and Gaelic football -- soccer is the only one that prohibits use of the hands. And they all employ kicking strategies to a greater or lesser extent.

In 1895 Rugby football clubs north of England based in Huddersfield, Yorkshire created a break-way game that became known as Rugby League Football. This is a faster game with 13 players instead of the 15 as used in the Rugby Union game. In Britain today a football club will typically carry the name of the village, town or city in which the club is located followed by one of three acronyms namely AFC (Association Football Club), RUFC (Rugby Union Football Club) or RLFC (Rugby League Football Club). All are considered forms of football that evolved from a common game with very few rules which can be traced hundreds of years. As American football was created by emigrants influenced by these games American Football shares these common origin as do the people whose medieval European ancestors who played the game in its original primitive pre-codified form.

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History of Australia
South Australia

Who discovered Australia?

There is no straightforward answer to this question.

Australian Aborigines made it to Australia anywhere between 6,000 and 50,000 years ago. No written records exist, so one can only speculate on when they first arrived, and who was the first of them.

The Asian people visited the northern coast regularly for hundreds of years before Europeans set foot on the continent, to collect sea-slugs (trepang), a valued delicacy in Asia. Again, there is no record of the very first man or woman to step foot on the continent.

It is believed that the Portuguese were the first to sight the Australian continent, but there are no records within Portugal itself to substantiate the claim. The source for this claim are the Dieppe Maps, which date between 1542 and 1587, and which were drawn up by a group of French cartographers using a Portuguese source. These maps name a large land mass believed to be the Australian continent as Java-la-Grande. There is some speculation that the maps, not being to scale, actually represent an exaggerated western Java, possibly even Vietnam.

Willem Jansz/Janszoon was a Dutchman who was seeking new trade routes and trade associates. Commanding the Duyfken, he became the first recorded European to step foot on Australia's shores on the western shore of Cape York Peninsula, on 26 February 1606. However, he believed the Cape to be part of New Guinea, from whence he crossed the Arafura Sea, so he did not record Australia as being a separate, new continent.

In 1616, Dutch sea-captain Dirk Hartog sailed too far whilst trying out Henderik Brouwer's recently discovered route from the Cape of Good Hope to Batavia, via the Roaring Forties. Reaching the western coast of Australia, he landed at Cape Inscription in Shark Bay on 25 October 1616. His is the first known record of a European visiting Western Australia's shores.

The first Englishman to visit Australia was William Dampier, in 1688.

James Cook (not yet a captain) charted the eastern coast of Australia and claimed it in the name of the British in 1770, calling it New South Wales. He charted the east coast between April and August of that year. For this reason, Cook is often wrongly credited with discovering Australia.

187188189
Television and Video
South Australia
Broadcast Television

Who made the first television?

In 1928, Philo Farnsworth made the world's first working television system.

575859
New Zealand
South Australia
Western Australia

How do you call New Zealand from Australia?

To dial New Zealand from Australia, dial 001164, followed by the area code without the initial 0, followed by the local number.

For example, to dial Dunedin (03) 4939151, dial 001164 3 4939151.

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History of Australia
Australia
South Australia
Adelaide

What are the major cities in Australia?

Australia's major cities are its capital, Canberra, and the capital cities for each state and territory.

Although Canberra is the capital of Australia, it is relatively small in population.

Each of the state capitals are:

New South Wales - Sydney

Victoria - Melbourne

Queensland - Brisbane

South Australia - Adelaide

Tasmania - Hobart

Western Australia - Perth

Northern Territory - Darwin

Within each of the states are also several smaller, but significant cities. The following list is by no means exhaustive, but examples include:

New South Wales: Wollongong, Newcastle, Griffith, Wagga Wagga, Dubbo, Albury, Coffs Harbour, Port Macquarie, Goulburn, Tamworth, Orange, Bathurst, Katoomba, Lithgow, Armidale, Queanbeyan

Victoria: Wodonga, Wangaratta, Geelong, Ballarat, Bendigo, Warrnambool, Swan Hill, Mildura

Queensland: Cairns, Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Bundaberg, Toowoomba, Gold Coast, Gladstone, Mount Isa, Caloundra, Ipswich, Maryborough

South Australia: Port Augusta, Port Lincoln, Murray Bridge, Elizabeth, Mount Gambier, Whyalla, Port Pirie

Tasmania: Launceston, Devonport

Western Australia: Fremantle, Bunbury, Mandurah, Rockingham, Kalgoorlie-Boulder, Albany, Geraldton

Northern Territory: Alice Springs, Palmerston

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Australia
South Australia

Is Rhodes grass a weed in south Australia?

Yes. Rhodes Grass is classed as an environmental weed in South Austraia.

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Politics and Government
University of South Carolina
South Australia
US Senators and Representatives

In which senate district is South Evanston located?

Hello, I need more information. May you be talking about Evanston, IL(USA)? If so then you would have two senators - because each state has two. Below is a link to senate.gov's website for Illinois. http://www.senate.gov/general/contact_information/senators_cfm.cfm?State=IL If you are talking about house reps instead of senate try putting the zipcode in house.gov's website. If you question was for something outside of the USA please provide more info. Also it may just be me being dumb and not getting your question. If so I'm sorry. Chris. data backup.

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Football - American
Football Rules and Regulations
South Australia

Can a quarterback kick the ball in American football?

The quarterback may not advance the ball to another player by kicking it. However, the quarterback may also play the position of punter or place kicker if needed.

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South Australia
BB Guns

Where can you get a bb gun in south Australia?

You can buy them at a place called the Brickwork markets in South Australia =)

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History of Australia
Australia
Continents
South Australia

Where did Australia get its name?

The Australian continent was variously known as Locac or Lucach, India meridional (South India), Java le Grande and Terra Australis by Mercator (and others) in the latter half of the 1500s.

The name Australia is derived from the Latin phrase terra australis incognita meaning 'unknown south land' in reference to the as yet unknown land mass believed to lie in the south throughout the Middle Ages.

Portuguese sailor Pedro Fernández de Quirós (in portuguese Fernandes de Queirós), searched for this new land in 1606 while serving in the spanish navy, and called it Austrialia del Espíritu Santo or 'Great South Land of the Holy Spirit'. The word "Austrialia", slightly different from the current "Australia", was a mixture formed by "Austria" (the country of origin of the Habsburg dinasty) and "Austral" ("Southern"). In those times the current nations of Spain and Portugal were under the rule of the same crown. The word Austrialia was intended to be an homage to the ruling monarchs. Different variations on the name were used in many languages. There was, however, a German document dating back to 1545 describing a southern land mass as Australia.

(note the link below for a reference to this document)

The first use of the word "Australia" in English was in 1625-the words "A note of Australia del Espiritu Santo, written by Master Hakluyt.

Matthew Flinders, who was the first known European explorer to circumnavigate the Australian continent in 1802, is credited with assigning the name 'Australia' to this continent although it did not immediately receive universal approval. In 1814 when explorer Matthew Flinders published his work 'A Voyage to Terra Australis', he used the term 'Australia' within the book. Around 1818, Governor Lachlan Macquarie, arguably the most influential man in Australia at the time, also requested that the name "Australia" be officially ascribed.

The name 'Australia' was formally adopted in 1824.

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Australia
South Australia
Australia Travel
Adelaide

Is there a drive in in Adelaide?

Yes; you can find the Mainland drive-in at 588 Main North Road, Gepps Cross. See the related link.

777879
History of Australia
Australia
South Australia

Why did the Germans settle in South Australia?

At the time when German immigrants were escaping persecution, South Australia was just opening up for colonisation. Thanks to a wealthy Scottish businessman and chairman of the South Australian Company, George Fife Angas, a deal was struck by Pastor August Kavel to start a new Lutheran settlement in South Australia. The countryside in the Barossa Valley region of South Australia was reminiscent of the Germans' homeland, and it was ideal for them to continue established agricultural practices from Germany and Prussia.

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South Australia
Adelaide

What is Adelaide's nick name?

The city of Adelaide is known as the City of Churches.

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South Australia
Adelaide

How much does it cost to ride on the Ferris Wheel at the Royal Adelaide Show?

Idk but im geussing about three to five dollars i mean how expensive could it be its just a ferris wheel

A fourth grade tea hers name is mr. Ferris

697071
Football - Australian Rules
South Australia

Which SANFL team is nicknamed the Panthers?

South Adelaide.

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South Australia

Who built the first school in South Australia?

Under a gum tree at Reeves Point near Kingscote- site of the first landing of settlers of the South Australian Company in July 1837.

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Clothing
South Australia

Where can you get a heaps good t-shirt in South Australia?

Urban Cow Studio on Frome Street

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Rain and Flooding
Australia
South Australia

What is the average temperature and rainfall in Nurioopta South Australia?


The annual average minimum is 8.7 degrees Celsius
The annual average maximum is 20.9 degrees Celsius

The average daytime temperature in January is 28.8 C.
The average daytime temperature in June is 14.2 C.

Annual average rainfall is 500mm



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South Australia

What kind of trees are in Southern Australia?

There are many well known trees in Southern Australia. The herbig tree, canoe tree, eucalyptus, and red gum are just a few.

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Australia
Flight Times
South Australia
Adelaide

What is the size of Adelaide?

Adelaide is the capital of of South Australia. About 1.1 million people live there and it covers an area of about 1,826 square kilometres
Adelaide is 1826.9km2.

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Australia
South Australia
Population

What is the population of Grenfell Australia?

Grenfell is a small country town located 372 km west of Sydney with an estimated population of 2,300.

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Queensland
South Australia
Victoria

What is the name of the most southern state of Australia?

The island of Tasmania is Australia's most southern state. It lies across Bass Strait, south of Victoria, which is the southernmost mainland state.

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Australia
Mountains
South Australia

How many mountains are in Australia?

See the Web Link to the left for the answer and links to much more. It is interesting to note that Australia is comparatively flat, with the highest mountain, Mt Kosciuszko, being only 2228 meters.

515253
Football - American
American Football History
South Australia

How are Canadian and American football rules different?

The rules are essentially the same. It's the make-up of the game that is different.

The Canadian Football field and end zone is larger 110 yd by 65 yd and the end zone is 20 yd by 65 yd. (In comparison the American football field is just 100 yd by 53 1/3 yd and the end zone is just 10 yd deep.)

Canadian Football has 12 players (instead of 11) and they are allowed just three downs to make a first down.

In Canadian Football:

-The defensive line must be at least one yard from the line of scrimmage.

-The goal posts are on the goal line rather than the end line.

-Any player in the offensive backfield can be in motion in any direction before the snap of the ball.

-Their is no fair catch rule on punts, however the kicking team must be at least 5 yards away from the catcher at the time the ball is caught or receive a "no yards" penalty.

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Train Travel
South Australia
Australia Travel
Adelaide

Where in Adelaide does the Ghan leave from?

The ghan leaves from Adelaide's Keswick Terminal.

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