Australia Animal Life

Australia wildlife is much more than kangaroos, koalas and dingos. Ask questions here about the animals that call Australia home.

1,428 Questions
Australia Animal Life
Red Kangaroos

Who are the red kangaroo's predators?

Dingoes are the main predators.

Other Red Kangaroo predators include wedgetail eagles.

Introduced predators such as foxes, wild dogs and feral cats are a threat to joeys.

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Australia Animal Life

What animals are native to Australia?

Australia's most common native animals are marsupials. These are the pouched mammals (some pouches are nothing more than a flap of skin) and include:

  • some sixty species of kangaroo, including wallaroo, potoroo, pademelon, rufous rat-kangaroo and wallaby (note: the rat-kangaroo is quite different to the kangaroo rat of North America)
  • koala
  • wombat
  • possum (not opossum)
  • glider
  • potoroo
  • bandicoot, including the bilby
  • quokka
  • quoll
  • Tasmanian Devil
  • phascogale
  • dunnart
  • cuscus
  • bettong
  • nabarlek
  • numbat
  • antechinus
  • native hopping mouse

There are many marine mammals, including dolphins, and the very unique dugong, or sea-cow. The only placental mammals native to Australia are bats, of which there are over 80 species, bush rats and native hopping mice (rodents, not marsupials), of which there are several species. Dingoes are not truly native, not having originated here: they came with the Aborigines thousands of years ago, and for this reason are not necessarily considered to be truly native.

Monotremes (egg laying mammals) are also native to Australia. These include the platypus and the short-beaked echidna.

Native birds include:

  • emu and southern cassowary, Australia's only flightless birds
  • kookaburra
  • budgerigar
  • magpie
  • lyrebird
  • brush turkey
  • friar bird
  • little penguin
  • bowerbird
  • many varieties of lorikeets, rosellas and parrots, including the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Gang-Gang Cockatoo, corella, mulga parrot and the Galah
  • Australia's most well-known native eagle is the Wedge-tailed Eagle. It is considered to be in the same "superspecies" as the Golden Eagle, but has some distinguishing characteristics (especially the shape of the tail).

There is a wide variety of native reptiles uniquely adapted to the country, such as:

  • Thorny Devil
  • Blue-tongue Lizard
  • Frill-necked lizard
  • goanna
  • native geckos
  • Saltwater or Estuarine crocodile
  • Australia is also home to many of the world's most venomous snakes, such as the Inland Taipan, Death Adder, Mulga or King Brown, Red Bellied Black, Black Tiger, Copperhead, Gwardar, Collett's, Fierce, Eastern Tiger and Eastern Brown.

There are no native species of toads, but plenty of native frogs, such as green tree frogs, corroboree frogs and pobblebonks.

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Marsupials
Kangaroos
Australia Animal Life

Where does the musky rat kangaroo live?

The habitat and locality of the tiny musky rat-kangaroo is in the tropical rainforests of north Queensland, Australia. These rat-kangaroos, the smallest of all the kangaroo species, need to live in the wet tropics. They are restricted to the regions around Crater Lakes National Park, specifically around lake Barrine and Lake Eacham.

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Australia Animal Life

What is the Australian bird that laughs like a human being?

The Laughing Kookaburra is an Australian native bird with a distinctive laughing call. It is the largest member of the kingfisher family, but it does not hunt for fish: rather, it captures lizards and snakes and occasionally small mammals.
The Laughing kookaburra is the only species of kookaburra with a very distinctive laughing call, that begins almost with a chuckle, before erupting into a raucous laugh. This is how the kookaburra defines its territory to other birds. The Blue-winged kookaburra also has a characteristic laughing call, though not as recognisable as that of the Laughing kookaburra.


Two other species of kookaburra are found in New Guinea and on the Aru islands of southeastern Indonesia, but these species do not "laugh".



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Platypuses
Australia Animal Life

What amphibious Australian mammal lays eggs?

The platypus fits this description. It is an egg-laying mammal, and while it lives on dry land, it is semi-aquatic, hunting for its food in water.

The platypus is not the only egg-laying mammal. There are three known species of egg-laying mammals, or monotremes. They are the platypus and short-beaked echidna(Tachyglossus aculeatus) of Australia, and the long-beaked echidna (Zaglosssus bruijni) of New Guinea.

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Australia Animal Life

What are the most popular pets in Australia?

Like other western countries, cats and dogs are probably indeed the more common house pet. Nationwide you can find pet shops with birds, numerous types of fish, also guinea pigs are a very popular house pet.

Other pets that I know of numerous Australian house holds having are rats, mice, snakes (the carpet snake kind so non-venomous) lizards and turtles.

As Australia has so much outback and farm land, there are plenty of pets in the form of horses. I'm from rural Australia and have even known friends on property to have pet goats.

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Marsupials
Australia Animal Life

How long does a male red tail phascogale live?

Male red tailed phascogales rarely live after their first mating: they often die from stress related reasons afterwards. Thus, the average life span for males is just under a year. Females can live for four years.

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Koalas
Australia Animal Life

What are 3 unique Australian animals?

There are many unique Australian animals. 3 of them would be the platypus and the echidna (the monotremes). The other one would probably be one of these;

  • The blobfish
  • The koala
  • The bilby
  • The kangaroo
  • The emu
  • The Tasmanian Devil
  • The wombat
  • The kookaburra
  • The Sulphur Crested Cockatoo
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Kangaroos
Australia Animal Life
Grasslands

What Australian wildlife lives in the grasslands?

Australian grassland animals include:

  • wombat
  • potoroo
  • planigale
  • wallaby
  • kangaroo
  • rat-kangaroo
  • bandicoot
  • echidna
  • numbat
  • antechinus

Note that for all the animals above, they may be found in some grasslands and not others (e.g. the numbat is found exclusively in grasslands of a small section of far Western Australia). Also, the grasslands may not be their only habitat. Many of them have other habitats as well, such as eucalyptus bushland. Echidnas are found in almost all biomes.

Birds found in the grasslands include:

  • Plains wanderer
  • Emu
  • Zebra finch
  • Grey grasswren
  • Brown quail
  • Painted button-quail
  • Cape Barren goose
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Australia Animal Life
Kangaroos

Why are kangaroos nocturnal?

Kangaroos, like almost all marsupials, are nocturnal because this is an adaptation that helps them avoid diurnal predators such as wedge-tailed eagles.

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Scattergories and Words Starting with Certain Letters
Australia Animal Life

What are some Australian animals starting with c?

  • Carpentarian antechinus (marsupial)
  • Carpentarian dunnart (marsupial)
  • Cassowary (bird)
  • Cape Barren Goose (bird)
  • Chuditch (marsupial)
  • Crocodile
  • Cape York rock wallaby
  • Cuscus
  • Common Sheathtail Bat
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Birds
Australia
Australia Animal Life

How many species of Australian birds are there?

There are approximately 760 species of Australian birds(the numbers are a bit flexible due to migratory species,and the changing of bird names within species).

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Marsupials
Australia Animal Life

What is a Dibbler?

A dibbler is a small, endangered marsupial native to Australia, and about the size of a mouse - hence, it is often grouped with the so-called "marsupial mice" of Australia. It is one of the group of marsupials known as dasyurids, which includes all the carnivorous marsupials. Thought to be extinct for many years, this tiny creature was rediscovered in a limited number of coastal heath and mallee heath regions of southwest Western Australia. To feed, the dibbler forages for both vertebrates and invertebrates in leaf litter, or it climbs the leaves of shrubs to catch insects.

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Cryptids and Legendary Creatures
Australia Animal Life

What are some Australian Mythical animals?

Australia's most well-known mythical animals are:

  • bunyip
  • yowie
  • dropbear

A bunyip is an Australian Mythical animal that lives in outback 'billabongs' (small swamp-like ponds or lakes in the middle of the bush). They eat kangaroos or stray sheep (sometimes a woman or child if the chance is there). They were supposed to be larger than human, fat, hairy and very ugly with a loud booming call.

The yowie is a mythical Australian creature, commonly frequenting bushland on the continent's eastern side, although the west is not without its sightings. One of the earliest sightings of the yowie is recorded in a letter from naturalist H J McCooey in "The Australian Town and Country Journal", dated 9 December 1882. McCooey claimed to have seen the yowie in 1880, in an area of bushland between Ulladulla and Bateman's Bay on the New South Wales southern coast. He described the yowie as being about 5 feet high, standing on its hind legs, with long black hair which was reddish about its throat.

A dropbear is a more humorous version of an Australian mythical creature, and supposed to be a killer koala that leaps out of trees onto the heads of unsuspection campers and boy scouts.

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Flightless Birds
Animal Life
Australia Animal Life

What are the flightless birds of Australia?

Australia's flightless birds are the emu, the Southern cassowary, and the Little (or Fairy) penguin.

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Australia Animal Life

What animals live in Australia?

There is a great variety of both native and introduced animals in Australia.

Australia's most common native animals are marsupials. These are the pouched mammals (some pouches are nothing more than a flap of skin) and include:

  • some sixty species of kangaroo, including wallaroo, potoroo, pademelon, rufous rat-kangaroo and wallaby (note: the rat-kangaroo is quite different to the kangaroo rat of North America)
  • koala
  • wombat
  • possum (not opossum)
  • glider
  • potoroo
  • bandicoot, including the bilby
  • quokka
  • quoll
  • Tasmanian Devil
  • phascogale
  • dunnart
  • cuscus
  • bettong
  • nabarlek
  • numbat
  • antechinus
  • native hopping mouse

There are many marine mammals, including dolphins, and the very unique dugong, or sea-cow. The only placental mammals native to Australia are bats, of which there are over 80 species, bush rats and native hopping mice (rodents, not marsupials), of which there are several species. Dingoes are not truly native, not having originated here: they came with the Aborigines thousands of years ago, and for this reason are not necessarily considered to be truly native.

Monotremes (egg laying mammals) are also native to Australia. These include the platypus and the short-beaked echidna.

Native birds include:

  • emu and southern cassowary, Australia's only flightless birds
  • kookaburra
  • budgerigar
  • magpie
  • lyrebird
  • brush turkey
  • friar bird
  • little penguin
  • bowerbird
  • many varieties of lorikeets, rosellas and parrots, including the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, Gang-Gang Cockatoo, corella, mulga parrot and the Galah
  • Australia's most well-known native eagle is the Wedge-tailed Eagle. It is considered to be in the same "superspecies" as the Golden Eagle, but has some distinguishing characteristics (especially the shape of the tail).

There is a huge variety of native reptiles uniquely adapted to the country, such as:

  • Thorny Devil
  • Blue-tongue Lizard
  • Frill-necked lizard
  • goanna
  • native geckos
  • Saltwater or Estuarine crocodile
  • Australia is also home to many of the world's most venomous snakes, such as the Inland Taipan, Death Adder, Mulga or King Brown, Red Bellied Black, Black Tiger, Copperhead, Gwardar, Collett's, Fierce, Eastern Tiger and Eastern Brown.

In addition, Australia has many introduced species, some of which cause massive damage to the ecology in Australia. The following is a list of animals that are of most concern to Australia's native flora and fauna.

  • Cane toad (Bufo marinus)
  • European wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
  • European red fox (Vulpes vulpes)
  • Feral camel (Camelus dromedarius)
  • Feral cat (Felis catus)
  • Feral goat (Capra hircus)
  • Feral horse (Equus caballus) and Feral donkey (Equus asinus)
  • Feral pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Feral water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)
  • European carp (Cyprinus carpio)

All domesticated pets, with the exception of some native birds such as finches, and various parrots such as budgies, cockatoos, cockatiels, Bourkes, etc, have been introduced into Australia. Non-native birds include Indian mynas, common starling, mallard and rock pigeon.

Dogs, cats, white mice and other common pets have also been introduced.

All livestock has been introduced, and this includes sheep, goats, pigs, horses, cattle and poultry. Deer have also been introduced.

Some common types of rats and mice are introduced, as are hares. However, there are native rats such as the rock rat and bush rat, and native mice such as the spinifex hopping mouse. Insects include the honey bee and the fire ant.

A list of some of the animals of Australia can be found at the related link below.

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Australia Animal Life

Are there wolves in Australia?

Are wolves native to Australia

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Fish
Lakes and Rivers
Australia Animal Life

What type of fish live in the Yarra River?

There are many fish living in the Yarra River in Australia. These include bream, mulloway, redfin, carp, blackfish, perch, eels and others. The Yarra River of New Zealand is great for brown and rainbow trout.

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Animal Life
Australia Animal Life

What is the most toxic animal?

The marine "box jellyfish" often found around the Australian coastline has long tentacles which contain a most deadly poison should any unfortunate creature make even the slightest contact with them. There is also a species of sea snake which is extremely poisonous as the venom from one of these could kill a man within 2 minutes after being bitten. The snake that you are talking about is most likely the banded sea krait, Laticauda colubrina, this snake is EXTREMELY non-aggressive in fact, but should never be touched or treated with disrespect another very venomous creature is the cone-shell sea snail, which reportedly can kill a man in the time it takes to smoke 1 cigarette (approx. 5 minutes)

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Marsupials
Australia Animal Life

The kowari does not need to?

The kowari, a tiny mouse-like marsupial that inhabits the salty Lake Eyre basin, gibber deserts and dry grasslands, does not need to drink water. It obtains all of its moisture needs from its food, which consists of birds, rodents, insects and lizards.

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Animal Life
Australia Animal Life

List four traits of animals?

The four main traits of an organism to enable it to be classified as an animal are:

  1. They are consumers, meaning they eat other organisms.
  2. They have a means of locomotion that enables them to move from place to place.
  3. They react and respond to their environment.
  4. They are multicellular, meaning their bodies have multiple cells.
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Kangaroos
Australia Animal Life

What animals are found only in Australia?

All of the following animals are native to Australia alone, although in some cases they have been introduced to other countries.

  • some sixty species of kangaroo, including wallaroo, potoroo, pademelon, rufous rat-kangaroo and wallaby (note: the rat-kangaroo is quite different to the kangaroo rat of North America) This includes two species of tree kangaroo. (Other species of tree kangaroo are found in New Guinea)
  • koala
  • wombat
  • some species of possum (not opossum) such as Mountain Pygmy possum
  • gliders such as the Mahogany glider, Squirrel glider, Feathertail glider, Greater glider
  • potoroo
  • bandicoot, including the bilby
  • quokka
  • quoll
  • Tasmanian Devil
  • phascogale
  • dunnart
  • bettong
  • nabarlek
  • numbat
  • antechinus
  • native hopping mouse
  • platypus
  • emu
  • budgerigar
  • corella
  • cockatiel
  • red-tailed black cockatoo
  • gang-gang cockatoo
  • rainbow lorikeet
  • crimson rosella
  • galah
  • lyrebird
  • mulga parrot
  • Bourke's parrot
  • Thorny Devil
  • Blue-tongue Lizard
  • Frill-necked lizard

See also the related question.

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Monotremes
Australia Animal Life

What is an egg laying mammal in Australia?

The monotremes are the egg laying mammals. The platypus, four species of echidnas are the last egg laying mammals.

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Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species
Australia
Indigenous Australians
Australia Animal Life

What Australian animals are endangered by the Australian bush fires?

Any Australian animals which live in the bush can be endangered by bushfires.

Animals most at risk include:

  • koalas
  • possums (especially the Leadbeater's Possum)
  • gliders
  • numbats (far southwestern Australia only)
  • quolls
  • wombats
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Australia Animal Life

What is the name of a small bear-like Australian animal?

This description fits the koala. However, it is not strictly correct to say a koala is bear-like, as it is not even remotely related to bears. Koalas are marsupials, but bears are placental mammals.

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