Democracy

What countries live under democracy?

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July 27, 2015 2:45AM

Answer 1

First off, in modern political-science parlance, a "democracy"

is defined as a government form where citizens can participate in

government via voting in open, free elections where the election

provides a meaningful choice to the citizen. It does NOT mean that

the citizen has to directly participate in the government

themselves.

Most modern democracies are organized as a

representative republic (some are constitutional monarchies), where

citizens vote in contested elections (i.e. where two more more

meaningfully different persons in the contest) for representatives,

who have actual powers to alter current laws in the country and

bring about reforms (either more liberal or more conservative).

Given that there are no democracies in pure sense existing in

the world today (hippie communes excepted), the following is a list

of Republics and Kingdoms that are primarily governed by the

criteria mentioned above and are typically classified as Liberal

Democracies: (This list is not exhaustive)

Argentina, Australia, Barbados, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria,

Canada, Cape Verde, Chile, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark,

Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany,

Ghana, Greece, Guyana, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland,

Israel, Jamaica, Japan, Kiribati, South Korea, Lesotho, Lithuania,

Mali, Mexico, Micronesia, Mongolia, Namibia, Netherlands, New

Zealand, Norway, Palau, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sao Tome

& Principe, Senegal, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa,

South Korea, Spain, Suriname, Sweden, Taiwan, Trinidad and Tobago,

Tunisia (if the recent election is indicative), Turkey, Tuvalu,

United Kingdom, United States of America, and Uruguay

In addition there are what are termed Illiberal Democracies,

which are places that operate like Liberal Democracies on their

face, but are plagued with one or more of the following problems:

Powerful Non-Elected Elite Have a Strong Say in Government, Voter

Fraud, Election Non-Recognition, Extra-Constitutional Authorities,

Prevalent Coups d'Etat, and Insignificant Differences between

Candidates or lack of Advertisement for Most Candidates. A list of

such countries would include:

Mexico, Venezuela, Ukraine, Russia, Iran, Most of Sub-Saharan

Africa, Thailand, Italy, Lebanon, and Egypt.

Answer 2

Well, because democracy gives citizens the right to vote for who

they believe should rule several countries practice it such as

Australia, America, Europe and has began to spread across the

globe.

Answer 3

Many countries around the world are democracies. In form they

may be congressional federal republics like the US, Colombia and

Brazil; parliamentary federal republics like India, Germany and

South Africa; unitary congressional republics like Uruguay, Chile

and Costa Rica; unitary parliamentary republics like Finland, Italy

and Singapore; federal parliamentary monarchies like Australia,

Canada and Malaysia; or unitary parliamentary monarchies like

Sweden, New Zealand, Spain, Japan and the UK.

What they all have in common is a balance of internal power

where the voting electorate (the People) has the final say in who

governs the country and the electorate is made up of the whole of

the adult citizenry, with no special group either with more power,

or excluded from power.

The difference between a congressional system and a

parliamentary system is that the congressional system has one head

who is both Head of State and Head of Government, whereas a

parliamentary system has a separate Head of State (either a

president or a monarch) and a Prime Minister who is Head of

Government.

The separation of powers in a congressional system is typically

divided three ways between Legislative, Executive and Judicial

branches.

In a Parliamentary system the separation it is normally between

the Parliament (legislative and most of the executive powers), the

Head of State (a small part of the executive powers and a tiny part

of the judicial powers) and an independent judiciary (virtually all

of the judicial powers). The answer to that is the US, Mexico, and

some parts of Africa


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