The current national flag of the Republic of South Africa is made up of 6 colors:
- Chili red
- National flag white
- Spectrum green
- National flag blue
- Blue black
- Gold yellow
The flag was designed by Mr. Fred Bronwell. Its debut came after the country's first democratic elections, which took place in April 1994. The flag has thus become a symbol of the unity of the different race groups in South Africa. The flag was designed using a combination of colors from historic South African flags.
- The chili red may have been adopted from the Dutch flag
- The blue and white were colors on both the Dutch and old South African flags
- The black, green and yellow were colors on the ANC flag
The flag was not designed with the intention of having each of the colors represent a certain aspect in South Africa. The Y or V form of the flag was chosen to symbolize the unity, or coming together, of South Africa's different groups.
Many South Africans choose to associate each color on the flag with something, or some event, that is significant in their view. As a result, many unofficial interpretations of the national flag exist in South African communities. A common interpretation is as follows:
Red: bloodshed of activists
White: white population
Blue: skies or the ocean, since SA is bordered by 2 oceans
Green: agriculture and land
Black: the non-white population or Mr Mandela, the ex-head of SA.
Since these are unofficial interpretations, they may vary widely. The South African government's official website stresses the following:
"Individual colours, or colour combinations represent different meanings for different people and therefore no universal symbolism should be attached to any of the colours."
(See the Related link below for more information.)
The South African flag contains the colours of black, yellow, green, white, red and blue.The red, white and blue of the flag were carried over from the old flag, and represented the influence of the English and Dutch who first colonised the region. The red is not a true red, but a red/orange. This colour recalls the red of the Union Jack and Dutch flags and the orange of the previous flag, resulting in a combination of the two colours. Red and orange were both predominant colours in earlier South African flags.The black, green and gold are the colours of the southern African nations in general. The green theoretically reflects the unification of the various ethnic groups of southern Africa.
The colours on the flag have no meanings. However, the flag itself is a symbol of freedom and democracy, as it became the official South African flag after the first democratic election in 1994.
"Although the colors have no official meaning attached to them, they represent a synopsis of the country's vexillological history and current political realities. Black, green and yellow are the colors of Nelson Mandela's political party. Moreover, the flag incorporates also the colors of the African National Congress and the former Boer republics flags (red, white, and blue). The Y shape represents the convergence of South Africa's diverse society and unity. The South African flag is basically made up of former South African flags and the past meanings of the colors were that red stands for bloodshed, blue for open blue skies, green for the land, black for the black people, white for the European people and yellow for the natural resources such as gold."
Actually they do not represent anything, because it was felt that different people should have their own interpretation of what the colours could mean. In the overturned Y shape, however, many people may well see the symbolism of different elements of the South African population coming together to become one nation.