What education and training do you need to become a photographer?

You must study film / photography. Try a liberal arts college or comunity college that offers these courses. Some business administration should also come in handy when running your studio.

I would also suggest becoming a studio assistant or intern. it is not hard getting jobs with photographer they mostly just need extra hands around on a shoot. if you watch them work and how they run their business you can learn many lessons that are not in college courses If you want to shoot retail portraits, study psychology.

Another view: Most photographers are self-employed. Running a photography business is about business first, photography second. You can be the best photographer in the world, but you'll starve if you don't know how to find and retain clients in today's highly competitive marketplace.