Asked in Women's HealthCancerBreast Cancer
What happen next after you have been told you have breast cancer?
Asked in Breast Cancer
Do you have breast cancer in both of your breast or one?
It honestly depends on what condition you are diagnosed with for example you could go for a screening, find out that you have a small cancer tissue- for example- then go for another screening and find out you have cancer tissues in both breasts. Everybody is diffrent. Be more specific the next time you ask a question about breast cancer :)
Asked in Breast Cancer
What if i have breast cancer?
Then I have to give a question back. (Hypothetically) How did you find out you have breast cancer? 1. If your answer is that you self-test by finding a lump on your chest area then the first thing you should do is get a diagnosis from an expert. As much as you want to get treatment as soon as possible.. that is not possible. You still have to have a recommendation from a Doctor to go through cancer treatment. 2. If you found out that you have breast cancer through expert diagnosis then you should then get a 2nd opinion. You have to be 200% - nay - 300% sure that you do have cancer. Cancer treatments are not to be taken lightly. Chemo therapy can damage your system if you're not careful. After all this the next thing you should do is choosing which Cancer Treatment you prefer -- Chemo or Holistic Medicine? or Both? If by chance you decided to cure breast cancer through Holistic Medicine, you have to be 500% sure this time that this is what you want. Not all alternative centers offer the same services, the same goes for Chemo therapies.
Asked in Cancer, Breast Cancer
Can men get breast cancer at the age of fifteen?
Asked in Cancer
How deadly is breast cancer?
First answer (I'm not sure that this addresses the question): The treatment here in the US is barbaric. Cut and burn is what they do in the US. Look to go to another country that 'thinks outside' the box in terms of treating breast cancer and you can get your cancer treated and get to keep your breasts too! Second answer: The odds of surviving breast cancer are much better than surviving cancers at most other site locations. Pancreatic cancer victims, for example, have just a 5% chance of survival. However, there are far more breast cancer cases than most other site locations (except prostate cancer), so deciding how deadly it is takes a bit of analysis and a bit of philosophy. Does "deadly" refer to the total number of deaths or to how likely one is to die once they have become afflicted? Each person must decide that individually. The Information Please Almanac's compilation of data from the American Cancer Society, U.S. National Institutes of Health, and National Cancer Institute tells us the 5 year survivability rate for breast cancer in the US is 90% for whites, and 77% for blacks. I'm estimating this means (.87* .9 + .13 * .77 = ) 88% overall. Early detection and treatment is key. In 2007 there were 180,510 estimated new cases of breast cancer about 1% of whom were men. That means that over the next 5 years, if survival rates remain unchanged, approximately 21,661 (12%) of these people will die of the condition. Comparatively, lung cancer has a 15/12% white/black 5 yr survival rate est. 14% overall. In 2007, there were 213,380 new cases of lung cancer. That means 183,506 of these people are likely to die of lung cancer over the next 5 years. That is 8.5 times the number of people that will die of breast cancer and more than the total number of new breast cancer cases surviving or not. But the largest killer is heart disease. Heart disease killed 631,636 persons in 2006 including 315,930 women - more than half of the total and 14.6 times the number of all breast cancer deaths (men & women). So, how deadly is breast cancer? The rest is an individual and philosophical decision. Chances are if you had a family member that died of breast cancer you'll say it is "very" deadly. If you had a family member that died of cancer at another site location or heart disease you're likely to wonder what all the breast cancer hoopla is about. http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0883543.html#axzz12R7XmUYH http://www.infoplease.com/us/statistics/leading-causes-death.html
Definition Breast cancer is a cancer that starts in the tissues of the breast. There are two main types of breast cancer: Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type. Lobular carcinoma starts in the parts of the breast, called lobules, that produce milk. In rare cases, breast cancer can start in other areas of the breast. Breast cancer may be invasive or noninvasive. Invasive means it has spread from the milk duct or lobule to other tissues in the breast. Noninvasive means it has not yet invaded other breast tissue. Noninvasive breast cancer is called "in situ." Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), or intraductal carcinoma, is breast cancer in the lining of the milk ducts that has not yet invaded nearby tissues. It may progress to invasive cancer if untreated. Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS) is a marker for an increased risk of invasive cancer in the same or both breasts. Many breast cancers are sensitive to the hormone estrogen. This means that estrogen causes the breast cancer tumor to grow. Such cancers have estrogen receptors on the surface of their cells. They are called estrogen receptor-positive cancer or ER-positive cancer. Some women have what is called HER2-positive breast cancer. HER2 refers to a gene that helps cells grow, divide, and repair themselves. When cells (including cancer cells) have too many copies of this gene, they grow faster. Historically, women with HER2-positive breast cancer have a more aggressive disease and a higher risk that the disease will return (recur) than women who do not have this type. However, this may be changing with specifically targeted treatments against HER2. Alternative Names Cancer - breast; Carcinoma - ductal; Carcinoma - lobular; DCIS; LCIS; HER2-positive breast cancer; ER-positive breast cancer; Ductal carcinoma in situ; Lobular carcinoma in situ Causes, incidence, and risk factors Over the course of a lifetime, 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer. Risk factors you cannot change include: Age and gender -- Your risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. Most advanced breast cancer cases are found in women over age 50. Women are 100 times more likely to get breast cancer than men. Family history of breast cancer -- You may also have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have a close relative who has had breast, uterine, ovarian, or colon cancer. About 20 - 30% of women with breast cancer have a family history of the disease. Genes -- Some people have genes that make them more likely to develop breast cancer. The most common gene defects are found in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. These genes normally produce proteins that protect you from cancer. If a parent passes you a defective gene, you have an increased risk for breast cancer. Women with one of these defects have up to an 80% chance of getting breast cancer sometime during their life. Menstrual cycle -- Women who got their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after age 55) have an increased risk for breast cancer. Other risk factors include: Alcohol use -- Drinking more than 1 - 2 glasses of alcohol a day may increase your risk for breast cancer. Childbirth -- Women who have never had children or who had them only after age 30 have an increased risk for breast cancer. Being pregnant more than once or becoming pregnant at an early age reduces your risk of breast cancer. DES -- Women who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent miscarriage may have an increased risk of breast cancer after age 40. This drug was given to the women in the 1940s - 1960s. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) -- You have a higher risk for breast cancer if you have received hormone replacement therapy with estrogen for several years or more.Obesity -- Obesity has been linked to breast cancer, although this link is controversial. The theory is that obese women produce more estrogen, which can fuel the development of breast cancer. Radiation -- If you received radiation therapy as a child or young adult to treat cancer of the chest area, you have a much higher risk for developing breast cancer. The younger you started such radiation and the higher the dose, the higher your risk -- especially if the radiation was given during breast development. Breast implants, using antiperspirants, and wearing underwire bras do not raise your risk for breast cancer. There is no evidence of a direct link between breast cancer and pesticides. The National Cancer Institute provides an online tool to help you figure out your risk of breast cancer. See: www.cancer.gov/bcrisktool Symptoms Early breast cancer usually does not cause symptoms. This is why regular breast exams are important. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include: Breast lump or lump in the armpit that is hard, has uneven edges, and usually does not hurt Change in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple -- for example, you may have redness, dimpling, or puckering that looks like the skin of an orange Fluid coming from the nipple -- may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, and look like pus Men can get breast cancer, too. Symptoms include breast lump and breast pain and tenderness. Symptoms of advanced breast cancer may include: Bone pain Breast pain or discomfort Skin ulcers Swelling of one arm (next to the breast with cancer) Weight loss Signs and tests The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and risk factors. Then the doctor will perform a physical exam, which includes both breasts, armpits, and the neck and chest area. Tests used to diagnose and monitor patients with breast cancer may include: Breast MRI to help better identify the breast lump or evaluate an abnormal change on a mammogram Breast ultrasound to show whether the lump is solid or fluid-filled Breast biopsy, using methods such as needle aspiration, ultrasound-guided, stereotactic, or open CT scan to see if the cancer has spread Mammography to screen for breast cancer or help identify the breast lump PET scan Sentinal lymph node biopsy to see if the cancer has spread If your doctor learns that you do have breast cancer, more tests will be done to see if the cancer has spread. This is called staging. Staging helps guide future treatment and follow-up and gives you some idea of what to expect in the future. Breast cancer stages range from 0 to IV. The higher the staging number, the more advanced the cancer. Treatment Treatment is based on many factors, including: Type and stage of the cancer Whether the cancer is sensitive to certain hormones Whether the cancer overproduces (overexpresses) a gene called HER2/neu In general, cancer treatments may include: Chemotherapy medicines to kill cancer cells Radiation therapy to destroy cancerous tissue Surgery to remove cancerous tissue -- a lumpectomy removes the breast lump; mastectomy removes all or part of the breast and possible nearby structures Hormonal therapy is prescribed to women with ER-positive breast cancer to block certain hormones that fuel cancer growth. An example of hormonal therapy is the drug tamoxifen. This drug blocks the effects of estrogen, which can help breast cancer cells survive and grow. Most women with estrogen-sensitive breast cancer benefit from this drug. Another class of hormonal therapy medicines called aromatase inhibitors, such as exemestane (Aromasin), have been shown to work just as well or even better than tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Aromatase inhibitors block estrogen from being made. Targeted therapy, also called biologic therapy, is a newer type of cancer treatment. This therapy uses special anticancer drugs that target certain changes in a cell that can lead to cancer. One such drug is trastuzumab (Herceptin). It may be used for women with HER2-positive breast cancer. Cancer treatment may be local or systemic. Local treatments involve only the area of disease. Radiation and surgery are forms of local treatment. Systemic treatments affect the entire body. Chemotherapy is a type of systemic treatment. Most women receive a combination of treatments. For women with stage I, II, or III breast cancer, the main goal is to treat the cancer and prevent it from returning (curing). For women with stage IV cancer, the goal is to improve symptoms and help them live longer. In most cases, stage IV breast cancer cannot be cured. Stage 0 and DCIS -- Lumpectomy plus radiation or mastectomy is the standard treatment. There is some controversy on how best to treat DCIS. Stage I and II -- Lumpectomy plus radiation or mastectomy with some sort of lymph node removal is the standard treatment. Hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and biologic therapy may also be recommended following surgery. Stage III -- Treatment involves surgery, possibly followed by chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and biologic therapy. Stage IV -- Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, or a combination of these treatments. After treatment, some women will continue to take medications such as tamoxifen for a period of time. All women will continue to have blood tests, mammograms, and other tests after treatment. Women who have had a mastectomy may have reconstructive breast surgery, either at the same time as the mastectomy or later. Support Groups Talking about your disease and treatment with others who share common experiences and problems can be helpful. See: Cancer support group Expectations (prognosis) New, improved treatments are helping persons with breast cancer live longer than ever before. However, even with treatment, breast cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Sometimes, cancer returns even after the entire tumor is removed and nearby lymph nodes are found to be cancer-free. How well you do after being treated for breast cancer depends on many things. The more advanced your cancer, the poorer the outcome. Other factors used to determine the risk for recurrence and the likelihood of successful treatment include: Location of the tumor and how far it has spread Whether the tumor is hormone receptor-positive or -negative Tumor markers, such as HER2 Gene expression Tumor size and shape Rate of cell division or how quickly the tumor is growing After considering all of the above, your doctor can discuss your risk of having a recurrence of breast cancer. Complications You may experience side effects or complications from cancer treatment. For example, radiation therapy may cause temporary swelling of the breast (lymphedema), and aches and pains around the area. Lymphedema may start 6 to 8 weeks after surgery or after radiation treatment for cancer. It can also start very slowly after your cancer treatment is over. You may not notice symptoms until 18 to 24 months after treatment. Sometimes it can take years to develop. Ask your doctor about the side effects you may have during treatment. Calling your health care provider Contact your health care provider for an appointment if: You have a breast or armpit lump You have nipple discharge Also call your health care provider if you develop symptoms after being treated for breast cancer, such as: Nipple discharge Rash on the breast New lumps in the breast Swelling in the area Pain, especially chest pain, abdominal pain, or bone pain Prevention Tamoxifen is approved for breast cancer prevention in women aged 35 and older who are at high risk. Discuss this with your doctor. Women at very high risk for breast cancer may consider preventive (prophylactic) mastectomy. This is the surgical removal of the breasts before breast cancer is ever diagnosed. Possible candidates include: Women who have already had one breast removed due to cancer Women with a strong family history of breast cancer Women with genes or genetic mutations that raise their risk of breast cancer (such as BRCA1 or BRCA2) Your doctor may do a total mastectomy to reduce your risk of breast cancer. This may reduce, but does not eliminate the risk of breast cancer. Many risk factors, such as your genes and family history, cannot be controlled. However, eating a healthy diet and making a few lifestyle changes may reduce your overall chance of getting cancer. There is still little agreement about whether lifestyle changes can prevent breast cancer. The best advice is to eat a well-balanced diet and avoid focusing on one "cancer-fighting" food. The American Cancer Society's dietary guidelines for cancer prevention recommend that people: Choose foods and portion sizes that promote a healthy weight Choose whole grains instead of refined grain products Eat 5 or more servings of fruits and vegetables each day Limit processed and red meat in the diet Limit alcohol consumption to one drink per day (women who are at high risk for breast cancer should consider not drinking alcohol at all) References Carlson RW, Allred DC, Anderson BO, Burstein HJ, Carter WB, Edge SB, et al. Breast cancer. Clinical practice guidelines in oncology. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 2009 Feb;7(2):122-92. Chlebowski RT, Kuller LH, Prentice RL, Stefanick ML, Manson JE, Gass M, et al. Breast cancer after use of estrogen plus progestin in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2009 Feb 5;360(6):573-87. Hayes DF. Clinical practice. Follow-up of patients with early breast cancer. N Engl J Med. 2007;356(24): 2505-13. Goss PE, Ingle JN, Ales-Martinez JE, et al. Exemestane for breast-cancer prevention in postmenopausal women. N Engl J Med. 2011 Jun 23;364(25):2381-91. LaCroix AZ, Chlebowski RT, Manson JE, et al. Health outcomes after stopping conjugated equine estrogens among postmenopausal women with prior hysterectomy: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2011 Apr 6;305(13):1305-14. Giuliano AE, Hunt KK, Ballman KV, et al. Axillary dissection vs no axillary dissection in women with invasive breast cancer and sentinel node metastasis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA. 2011 Feb 9;305(6):569-75. Chlebowski RT, Anderson GL, Gass M, et al. Estrogen plus progestin and breast cancer incidence and mortality in postmenopausal women. JAMA. 2010 Oct 20;304(15):1684-92. Warner E. Clinical practice. Breast-cancer screening. N Engl J Med. 2011 Sep 15;365(11):1025-32. Cuzick J, DeCensi A, Arun B, et al. Preventive therapy for breast cancer: a consensus statement. Lancet Oncol. 2011 May;12(5):496-503. Chalasani P, Downey L, Stopeck AT. Caring for the breast cancer survivor: a guide for primary care physicians. Am J Med. 2010 Jun;123(6):489-95. Reviewed By Review Date: 12/15/2011 Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.
Asked in Women's Health, Cancer, Breast Cancer
Do under wire bras cause breast cancer?
Using a bra continuously may cause pressure on nipple. This causes a condition called as 'Retracted nipple'. This retracted nipple is very important cause of breast cancer. Every pregnant lady coming to your clinic should be examined for this condition called retracted nipple. In this condition nipple does not protrude out of breast but seems to get pushed inside the breast. Then the lady should be advised to gently pull the nipple outward daily after applying some oil to nipple. So that by delivery nipples come out of breast. Otherwise after delivery milk start coming out of breast but the baby cannot suck the milk, as it can not grip the nipple in mouth. So then your doctor advise you to use the nipple shield. Which is put on nipple and areola of breast. Mother express little milk in it manually and then baby starts to suck milk of the mother and eventually nipples comes out. But all this hasinherentdangers associated with it. Due to retracted nipples 'some of the milk ducts may not get empty or does get it partly. So milk may remain in breast and milk is very good source of food for bacteria. Wrong use of Antibiotics without expressing milk may cause a condition called as 'Antibioma'. In future it will always confuse the expert about the diagnosis of breast cancer. This condition is common in developing countries, where quacks often use the Antibiotics indiscriminately. So here again chronic infection may be cause of breast cancer. So you can get history of retracted nipple almost always if you take careful history of the patient of breast cancer or lady may have forgotten it, after so many years. So chronic mastitis or cells which are remained in ducts since birth of a lady are the most probable cause of breast cancer. So proper care to prevent formation of breast cancer. Either do not wear a bra or if you do use bra, then see that nipple is pulled out during pregnancy only. So that there is no stagnation of milk in the breast. If you breast feed your baby for two years in your life time and do not have 'retraced nipple' then chances of developing the breast cancer comes down to near zero. Breast feeding a baby make your figure bad is a myth. Please remember that you are 'not' a 'sex object'. Getting the breast feeding is a 'birth right' of baby. Itdevelopsstrong psychological bond between mother and baby. Happiness on the face of both mother and baby can be easily observed while feeding and getting fed and one of the most beautiful things in the world. It is advised 'not' to stop breast feeding abruptly but gradually. A process called as weaning. You may continue to breast feed twice and then at night for long time and be sure it will protect you from breast cancer. Baby has no problem in digesting the cells present in the milk and it will 'not' develop cancer in future. There is 'Family history' of breast cancer only means same mistake is repeated by next generation. by observing the milk feeding behavior of old generation. So take care of 'retracted nipple' and breast feed feeding and say 'No' to breast cancer. If there is stagnation of milk in the breast, no amount of pressure on breast tissue will make the milk come out. Instead pressure 'behind' the nipple on areola will easily express the milk 'out'. So enjoy the 'ultimate' happiness in woman's life and save yourself from breast cancer.
Asked in Custody, Child Support
I am a father with custody of my child. His mother just found out she has breast cancer so is taking me to court to have her child support stopped. In Arkansas don't she have to pay something?
Asked in Lactation and Breastfeeding
Can you supplement breast milk with baby formula, on occasion?
Asked in Breast Cancer, Genetics
Is breast cancer a dominant or recessive gene?
Breast Cancer is carried through the genes, if your mother, grandmother, or sister has it, then your chances double. It is a DOMINANT gene and is often passed on through every generation, though it does not always appear. Chances are that it will occur more often after the age of 50, or if the woman has not had a child or birthed her firstborn after the age of 30. In contrast to these seemingly high chances, only 5-10% of all breast cancer reported is caused by heredity, most others are from environmental or personal factors. Great Link is: www.netwellness.org/healthtopics/breastcancer/qa1.cfm While dominant, having the mutation BRCA1 or BRCA2 does not mean you will get breast cancer. and not having it doesn't guarantee a person never will Having it means that you are more likely to develop breast cancer sometime in your life Not all genes guarantee that a trait will appear in a person's lifetime. Some just make conditions more likely because they change how cells work as a person ages neither. breast cancer, like most cancers do not follow medelian ratios. the disease itself is very complex with multiple genes feeding into multiple possitions in multiple pathways. this is why, on the whole, it is poorly understood. the traits do tend to be passed from one generation to the next however though, meaning if one of your family members have cancer, your risk of cancer is propbably higher than the general population, though not always by ever so much.
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Do your breast always have to be tender to be pregnant?
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