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Cancer

Cancer is a class of diseases characterized by out-of-control and abnormal cell growth spreading to other locations in the body via lymph or blood resulting in the destruction of adjacent tissues. There are over 100 different types of cancer specific to the type of cells that are affected.

500 Questions

Can you have breast cancer in one breast but not the other?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, it's possible to have breast cancer in one breast without it affecting the other breast. Breast cancer can develop independently in each breast, and the risk factors, genetic factors, and environmental influences that contribute to breast cancer can vary between breasts.

Factors that may lead to breast cancer in one breast but not the other include:

Genetics: Some genetic mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, increase the risk of breast cancer. However, these mutations can affect one breast more than the other, or they may only be present in one breast.

Environmental Factors: Exposure to environmental factors like radiation, certain chemicals, or hormonal influences can affect one breast more than the other, leading to the development of cancer in one breast while the other remains unaffected.

Lifestyle Factors: Lifestyle choices such as diet, exercise, alcohol consumption, and smoking can impact breast cancer risk. These factors may affect each breast differently, resulting in cancer in one breast but not the other.

Hormonal Factors: Hormonal changes, such as those related to menstrual cycles, pregnancy, or hormone replacement therapy, can influence breast cancer risk. These changes may affect one breast more than the other.

Previous Medical History: Previous breast surgeries or treatments, such as lumpectomy or radiation therapy, may impact the risk of cancer development in each breast differently.

It's important for individuals to be vigilant about breast health, perform regular breast self-exams, undergo recommended screenings like mammograms, and consult with healthcare professionals if they notice any changes or have concerns about their breast health. Early detection and timely treatment are crucial for managing breast cancer effectively.

Do 1 out of 2 men get cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

One out of every two men does not get cancer. The lifetime risk of developing cancer varies depending on the type of cancer and various other factors such as genetics, lifestyle choices, and environmental exposures.

While cancer is a significant health concern worldwide, it's important to note that not all men will develop cancer in their lifetime. However, the risk does increase with age, and certain lifestyle factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet, lack of physical activity, and exposure to carcinogens can increase the risk of developing cancer.

Regular screenings, healthy lifestyle choices, and early detection can help reduce the risk of cancer and improve outcomes if cancer is diagnosed. It's essential for individuals to maintain regular check-ups with their healthcare providers and follow recommended screening guidelines based on their age, sex, and other risk factors.

Number 1 cancer killer of men?

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Asked by Wiki User

Lung cancer is the number one cancer killer of men worldwide. It is responsible for the highest number of cancer-related deaths among men, surpassing other types of cancer such as prostate cancer, colorectal cancer, and liver cancer. Factors such as smoking, exposure to environmental carcinogens (such as asbestos and radon), and genetic predisposition contribute to the high incidence and mortality rates of lung cancer in men. Early detection through screening programs and adopting lifestyle changes to reduce smoking and exposure to carcinogens are essential in addressing this significant public health concern.

Do cigarette filters cause cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

The filters of cigarettes are supposed to filter out the bad things that you are smoking, so they do not go into your lungs. A lot of people think they are more dangerous, however they have no scientific link to causing cancer.

Cancer-causing viruses are known as?

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Asked by Wiki User

Cancer-causing viruses are known as oncogenic viruses or tumour viruses. These viruses can integrate their genetic material into the host cell's DNA, disrupting normal cellular functions and promoting uncontrolled cell growth, which can lead to the development of cancer. Examples of oncogenic viruses include human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and human T-cell lymphotropic virus (HTLV). These viruses can cause various types of cancer, such as cervical cancer (HPV), liver cancer (HBV and HCV), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (EBV), and adult T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma (HTLV).

Cancer can transfer through blood?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, cancer can spread through the bloodstream, a process known as metastasis. When cancer cells break away from the primary tumor, they can enter the bloodstream and travel to other parts of the body, where they may form new tumors. This is one of the ways cancer becomes more advanced and harder to treat.

During metastasis through the bloodstream, cancer cells circulate in the blood until they reach distant organs or tissues. Once they settle in a new location, they can start to grow and form secondary tumors. This process can occur in various types of cancer, including breast, lung, colorectal, and melanoma, among others.

Metastasis through the bloodstream poses significant challenges in cancer treatment because it allows cancer to spread to multiple organs or tissues, making it more difficult to manage and potentially reducing the effectiveness of treatment options. That's why early detection and treatment are crucial in preventing cancer from spreading and improving outcomes for patients.

Is there an effective herbal treatment to prostate cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

There are no herbal remedies that will cure prostate cancer.

Many men have prostate cancer but die from some other cause, like old age. Prostate cancer is a slow growing cancer and your doctor may not even treat it.

However, people do die from prostate cancer. Some cancers go undetected for long periods and are able to spread from the prostate into the surrounding area. These can be very dangerous.

Is cancer of the prostate easy to cure?

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Asked by Wiki User

no alot of doctors have been trying for so long to try and find a cure for cancer i want to be a docter iand i wasnt to help ppl with cancer i want to make a cure i really do

What different treatments are there to cure prostate cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

Procedures to treat prostate cancer and chemotherapy, radiation therapy or surgery. Surgery can include removal of cancer from the prostate, or removal of prostate gland.

What is the connection between polyps and colon cancer?

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Asked by GaleEncyofMedicine

Polyps are abnormal growths that can occur in various parts of the body, including the colon (large intestine). While most polyps are benign (non-cancerous), some types of polyps, particularly adenomatous polyps, have the potential to develop into colon cancer over time. Here's the connection between polyps and colon cancer:

Adenomatous Polyps: Adenomatous polyps are a type of polyp that can develop in the lining of the colon or rectum. These polyps are considered precancerous because they contain cells that have the potential to become cancerous over time. Adenomatous polyps are the most common type of polyp associated with the development of colon cancer.

Progression to Cancer: If adenomatous polyps are left untreated, they may continue to grow and develop genetic mutations that can lead to the transformation of normal cells into cancerous cells. Over time, some adenomatous polyps can progress to become colon cancer. The risk of progression to cancer depends on factors such as the size, number, and histology (cellular characteristics) of the polyps.

Screening and Prevention: The detection and removal of adenomatous polyps through screening tests such as colonoscopy can help prevent the development of colon cancer. During a colonoscopy, if adenomatous polyps are found, they can be removed (polypectomy) before they have the opportunity to become cancerous. Regular screening for colon cancer is recommended for individuals at average risk, typically starting at age 50, or earlier for those with certain risk factors.

Other Types of Polyps: While adenomatous polyps are the primary concern for colon cancer development, other types of polyps, such as hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps, are typically benign and do not have a significant risk of progressing to cancer. However, some rare types of polyps, such as serrated polyps, may also have a small risk of developing into colon cancer.

Can prostate cancer be atributed to colon cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

Prostate cancer and colon cancer are two distinct types of cancer that affect different organs within the body. While they can occur concurrently in the same individual, one is not directly attributed to the other in terms of causality. However, there are some factors that may increase the risk of developing both prostate and colon cancer:

Genetic Factors: Some hereditary cancer syndromes, such as Lynch syndrome (hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer, HNPCC), can predispose individuals to both colon and prostate cancer. In these cases, specific genetic mutations increase the likelihood of developing various types of cancer, including those affecting the colon and prostate.

Age: Both prostate cancer and colon cancer are more common in older individuals. As age increases, the risk of developing these cancers also rises.

Lifestyle Factors: Certain lifestyle habits, such as a diet high in red and processed meats, low intake of fruits and vegetables, lack of physical activity, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption, are associated with an increased risk of both prostate and colon cancer.

Inflammation: Chronic inflammation in the body may contribute to the development of various cancers, including prostate and colon cancer. Conditions such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, have been linked to an increased risk of colon cancer. Inflammation of the prostate gland, such as in cases of chronic prostatitis, may also play a role in the development of prostate cancer.

While these factors may overlap and increase the risk of developing both prostate and colon cancer, it's essential to understand that each cancer has its unique risk factors, causes, and mechanisms of development. Additionally, early detection through screening and prompt medical intervention are crucial for managing both prostate and colon cancer effectively. If you have concerns about your risk of developing these cancers, it's recommended to discuss them with a healthcare professional who can provide personalized guidance based on your medical history and risk factors.

Who is more supsetable to colon cancer men or women?

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Asked by Wiki User

Men and women have somewhat different risks and susceptibilities when it comes to colon cancer. Historically, men have had a slightly higher incidence of colon cancer compared to women. However, the difference in risk between men and women has been decreasing over time.

Several factors contribute to the risk of developing colon cancer, including age, family history, diet, lifestyle factors (such as smoking and physical activity), and underlying medical conditions. It's essential to note that while men may have a slightly higher incidence, both men and women should be vigilant about regular screenings and maintaining a healthy lifestyle to reduce their risk of colon cancer.

Screening for colon cancer is typically recommended starting at age 45 to 50 for average-risk individuals, although people with a family history of colon cancer or certain risk factors may need to start screening earlier. Screening methods include colonoscopy, fecal occult blood tests (FOBT), fecal immunochemical tests (FIT), and stool DNA tests. Early detection through screening can significantly improve outcomes for colon cancer by allowing for timely treatment and intervention.

Why is bowel cancer often called colorectal cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

Bowel cancer is often referred to as colorectal cancer because it originates in the colon or rectum, which are parts of the large intestine, also known as the colorectum. The term "colorectal" is derived from "colorectum," which encompasses both the colon and rectum.

Here's why the terms are used interchangeably:

Anatomy: The colon and rectum are contiguous parts of the large intestine, forming a continuous tube through which waste products pass before elimination from the body. Bowel cancer can develop in either the colon or rectum, as they share similar tissue types and functions.

Cancer Origins: Most colorectal cancers arise from abnormal growths called polyps that develop on the inner lining of the colon or rectum. Over time, some of these polyps may progress to cancerous tumors. Since both the colon and rectum can be affected by these polyps and subsequent cancers, the term "colorectal cancer" is used to encompass cancers originating from either location.

Clinical Considerations: From a clinical standpoint, colorectal cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment strategies often apply to both colon and rectal cancers. Therefore, using the term "colorectal cancer" helps to encompass the entirety of the disease spectrum and facilitates comprehensive management approaches.

Public Health and Awareness: Using a single term like "colorectal cancer" helps streamline public health efforts, educational campaigns, and awareness initiatives. It ensures clarity and consistency in communication, making it easier for individuals to understand the importance of screening, prevention, and early detection efforts.

Who wrote the novel Tropic of Cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

The novel Tropic of Cancer was written by Henry Miller and originally published in 1934. It is known for its controversial content and exploration of themes such as sex, literature, and bohemian life in Paris.

When did theodore geisel get diagnosed with jaw cancer?

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Asked by Wiki User

Theodore Geisel, also known as Dr. Seuss, was diagnosed with cancer of the jaw in 1986. He underwent treatment and survived the cancer.

Can Prostate Cancer be treated by laser surgery?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, laser surgery is one of the treatment options available for prostate cancer, although it is not as commonly used as other modalities such as surgery, radiation therapy, or systemic therapies. Laser surgery for prostate cancer typically refers to a minimally invasive procedure known as laser ablation or laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT), which uses laser energy to heat and destroy cancerous tissue in the prostate gland.

Here's an overview of laser surgery for prostate cancer:

Procedure: During laser ablation/LITT, a small probe equipped with laser fibers is inserted into the prostate gland through the urethra or perineum (the area between the scrotum and anus). The laser fibers emit focused beams of energy, which heat and destroy the cancer cells while sparing surrounding healthy tissue.

Treatment Planning: Before undergoing laser surgery, patients undergo imaging studies such as MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to precisely target the cancerous tissue within the prostate gland. This helps ensure accurate delivery of the laser energy and minimizes damage to nearby structures.

Suitability: Laser surgery may be considered for certain patients with localized prostate cancer, particularly those who have smaller tumors or are not candidates for traditional surgery (radical prostatectomy) due to age, overall health, or other medical conditions.

Advantages:

Minimally Invasive: Laser surgery is typically performed as an outpatient procedure under local or general anesthesia, with minimal blood loss and a shorter recovery time compared to traditional surgery.

Preservation of Function: Laser surgery aims to selectively target and destroy cancerous tissue while preserving surrounding healthy prostate tissue, which may help maintain urinary and sexual function.

Limitations:

Effectiveness: Laser surgery may not be as effective as other treatment modalities such as surgery or radiation therapy for certain types or stages of prostate cancer.

Long-Term Outcomes: Long-term data on the effectiveness and durability of laser surgery for prostate cancer are still limited, and further research is needed to better understand its role in prostate cancer treatment.

Side Effects and Risks:

Potential side effects of laser surgery for prostate cancer may include urinary symptoms such as frequency, urgency, or difficulty urinating, as well as erectile dysfunction or ejaculatory changes.

As with any medical procedure, laser surgery carries risks, including infection, bleeding, urinary retention, or damage to surrounding structures.

It's important for patients with prostate cancer to discuss all available treatment options, including laser surgery, with their healthcare providers to make informed decisions about their care. Factors such as cancer stage, tumor characteristics, patient preferences, and overall health should be taken into consideration when determining the most appropriate treatment approach. Additionally, ongoing follow-up care and monitoring are essential to assess treatment response and manage any potential side effects or complications.

Why do cancer cells reproduce so rapidly?

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Asked by Wiki User

Here we propose that mutation of cancer cells and of tumorigenic cell lines in culture is due to chromosome reassortments and that reassortments at high rates are catalyzed by aneuploidy, an abnormal balance of chromosomes.

A cancer can continue to grow because cancer cells act differently than normal cells. Cancer cells are different from normal cells because they: divide out of control. are immature and don't develop into mature cells with specific jobs.

What are people that treat cancer called?

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Asked by Wiki User

People who treat cancer are typically called oncologists. Oncology is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer. Within oncology, there are various specialities, such as medical oncology (which focuses on chemotherapy and other systemic treatments), surgical oncology (which involves surgical procedures to remove tumours), and radiation oncology (which uses radiation therapy to target and kill cancer cells). Additionally, oncologists often work collaboratively with other healthcare professionals, such as pathologists, radiologists, and nurses, to provide comprehensive care to cancer patients.

Can you die if you have cancer in your jaw?

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Asked by Wiki User

Yes, cancer in the jaw can be life-threatening if left untreated or if it spreads to other parts of the body. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. Early detection and appropriate medical care can improve survival rates.

Is there a ethnic group that is affected by breast cancer?

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Asked by Aliecat26

All ethnic groups can be affected by breast cancer, but studies have shown that rates of diagnosis and survival vary among different ethnic groups. Factors such as genetics, access to healthcare, and lifestyle choices can all play a role in the incidence and outcomes of breast cancer within different ethnic communities. It is important for individuals of all ethnic backgrounds to be aware of their risk factors and to undergo regular screening for early detection and treatment.

Is breast cancer inherited?

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Asked by Wiki User

Breast cancer can be inherited in some cases, but the majority of breast cancers are not directly inherited from a parent. Instead, they are the result of a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

About 5-10% of breast cancers are thought to be hereditary, meaning they are caused by mutations in certain genes that are passed down through families. The most well-known genes associated with hereditary breast cancer are BRCA1 and BRCA2 (short for breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 and 2). Mutations in these genes significantly increase the risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer in both women and men.

Inheriting a mutation in one of these genes does not guarantee that a person will develop breast cancer, but it does increase the risk significantly compared to the general population. It's important to note that not everyone with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation will develop cancer, and not all breast cancers are caused by these mutations.

Other genes, such as PALB2, PTEN, TP53, and CHEK2, have also been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer when mutated.

It's essential for individuals with a family history of breast cancer or other risk factors to discuss genetic testing and personalized risk assessment with a healthcare provider or genetic counselor. They can help determine if genetic testing is appropriate and provide guidance on screening, risk reduction strategies, and treatment options based on individual risk factors. Additionally, regular breast cancer screening, including mammograms and clinical breast exams, is recommended for all individuals, regardless of family history or genetic risk.

Why do murders make front page news but deaths from lung cancer do not?

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Asked by Wiki User

Murders are considered newsworthy due to the sensational nature of the crime, the impact on the community, and the potential threat to public safety. Deaths from lung cancer, while significant, are unfortunately more common and may not be perceived as immediately newsworthy unless they involve a high-profile individual or highlight a specific issue.

What does benign malignant mean?

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Asked by Wiki User

"Benign" refers to a non-cancerous tumor or growth that is not harmful and does not spread to other parts of the body. "Malignant" refers to a cancerous tumor or growth that is harmful, aggressive, and has the potential to spread to other parts of the body, making it a serious health concern.

What is the difference between anaemia and lymphoma?

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Asked by Wiki User

Anemia is a condition characterized by a lack of healthy red blood cells, leading to reduced oxygen transport in the body. Lymphoma, on the other hand, is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, specifically the lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). While both conditions can cause fatigue, weakness, and other symptoms, they have different underlying causes and treatments.