Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of cancer of the bone marrow or the blood characterized by an abnormal increase of the white blood cells. People with leukemia may bleed excessively, easily become bruised or develop pinprick bleeds.

1,930 Questions
Sailing
Care of Rabbits
Cyberbullying
Leukemia

How long has sailing been around?

Pre-history. They think it goes as far back as using a basket or log for a boat and using a woven basket-material for a sail. Anyone who has paddled a boat with a strong wind at their back has realized that with a bit more of something to catch the wind they need not paddle at all.

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Back Neck and Spine
Leukemia
Urinary System

What could cause a fatty lump on the back of the neck of a 13-year-old of average weight?

Search webMD and read about cushings syndrome. One symptom of the syndrome is a "buffalo hump". http://my.webmd.com/hw/health_guide_atoz/hw71659.asp

A harmless fatty tumor caused a lipoma

Some small cysts are called subaceous cysts and can usually be removed in Dr. office with freezing before hand.You should check with Dr. just to make sure.

Inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma can cause a fatty lump.

The body tends to use fatty/lipid based substances to neutralize acidity in the body. Fatty tumors in a particular area indicate a high degree of acidity and inflammation in that area of the body. Acidity accumulates from an acidic diet and lifestyle (i.e. stress, pharmaceutical drugs, etc.), a congested lymph system, and under-functioning elimination channels where the acids are normally flushed out of the body (e.g. kidneys). Alkalizing the diet and cleansing the body with a high percentage of fresh fruits and vegetables, increasing hydration to flush out acids/toxins, activating the lymph system with regular movement/exercise, and rebuilding the elimination channels with herbs will address the underlying causes of the body forming fatty tumors.
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Cancer
Leukemia

Symptoms of death with acute leukemia?

symptoms you will have before death with acute leukemia

177178179
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Leukemia

Pancytopenia could be found in a patient with?

Leukemia, along with many other conditions. but typically it is aplastic anemia

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Conditions and Diseases
Autism
Leukemia

Can a child with autism who has sexually acted out learn from a program for sexual offenders that is not for children with autism?

I seriously doubt that such a program would be in the best interest of the child whether it "worked" or not. It is highly unlikely that it would, however be successful. Persons with autism assimilate information differently than those without the affliction. Therefore even a program for adult sexual offenders, would not be beneficial for an adult with autism.

a child with autism does not learn the same way as a person who is unaffected. a child with autism doesn't have the understanding of proper social behaviors that a normal child would and most likely doesn't understand what they have done. if the child is in school it would be advisable to speak with the school social worker or counselor and see what they recommend.

A CHILD WITH AUTISM is very capable of learning, just in a different way. SKIP the school counselor; they probably know little about Autism Spectrum Disorder. I have found that a child who is autistic will learn better from the person he trusts most and knows him the best; the parent or guardian or mentor. FORGET a "program" for sex offenders. Teach him appropriate sexual behavior by correcting him over and over when he is not appropriate; role model; if he touches someone, remove him from the area and tell him no; just as you would any other child. Redirect him to an appropriate activity. He has autism; he's not STUPID. Remember that!

Rather than waiting for the next indiscretion put time aside to speak to your child about sex. This way you can talk calmly and rationally without anger or embarrassement over a particular incident getting in the way.

Ask them what they know about sex, whether they have any concerns or particular desires. Once you know what they are feeling you can help them to take the appropriate action. Like asking someone out rather than trying to force affection onto someone etc.

Once you've established what they should do, also set some firm guidelines about what is definiatly not acceptable.

If you can talk about sex calmly and openly it will give your child the message that its normal to have sexual feelings and that they can talk about them with you.

Alternatively if this doesn't work you could try a clinical psychologist who has experience of autistic children.

The idea is to give the child a learning experience that is free from any stressors, including blame or shame. You should not combine punishment with learning, although that is tempting when you child has embarrassed you with inappropriate behavior. Modelling the treatment of other people and a series of talks will get you further.
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English to Spanish
Leukemia

What does a low platelet count mean?

Platelets (thrombocytes) are a type of blood cells, which are derived in the bone marrow from large cells called megakaryocytes. They are critical for the clotting of blood and have a lifespan of about 10 days. The normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 - 400,000/ml and a reduction in platelets is referred to as thrombocytopenia. This may be mild (100,000 - 150,000/ml), moderate (50,000 - 100,000/mlƒw) or severe (less than 50,000/ml).

Platelets may be low due to:

a) Increased destruction (immunologic ¡V infections, drugs; gestational thrombocytopenia) or utilization (disseminated intra-vascular coagulation; abnormal vasculature as seen in hemolytic uremic syndrome & thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura).

b) Decreased production (leukaemia, aplastic anaemia, megaloblastic anaemia, drugs, infections.

c) Sequestration in the spleen (cirrhosis of liver).

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the presence of isolated thrombocytopenia with a normal bone marrow and the absence of other causes to account for it.

Drugs can can cause platelet destruction by a variety of mechanisms. Platelet production in the marrow is inhibited by cytotoxic drugs, thiazide diuretics, interferon, and alcohol. Most often, drug-induced thrombocytopenia is mediated by immunological destruction of platelets via antibodies. Some common drugs associated with thrombocytopenia include quinidine, amiodarone, gold, captopril, sulfonamides, glibenclamide, carbamazepine, ibuprofen, cimetidine, tamoxifen, ranitidine, phenytoin, vancomycin, and piperacillin. The diagnosis of drug-induced thrombocytopenia is often empirical and it is often difficult to identify the drug that is causing severe thrombocytopenia in an acutely ill patient who is taking multiple drugs. A careful history and examination of medical records can reveal a temporal relationship between the administration of the drug and the development of thrombocytopenia, with no other explanations for the thrombocytopenia. Its recurrence following drug re-exposure confirms the diagnosis.

No treatment is required when the platelet counts are more than 50,000/ml. Treatment is indicated

a) when platelets are less 50,000/ml and there is significant mucous membrane bleeding;

b) in patients with hypertension, peptic ulcer disease or vigorous lifestyle who have a risk factor for bleeding

c) when platelet count <20,000-30,000/ml. Glucocorticoids and intra-venous gammaglobulins (I.V. Ig) are the mainstays of medical therapy. Their use and dose is dictated by the symptoms, patients clinical condition and the platelet count. Platelet transfusion is indicated for controlling severe hemorrhage. Platelet survival is increased if the platelets are transfused immediately after I.V. Ig infusion.

He can travel if the platelets are more than 50,000 and there are no signs of bleeding. Platelets (thrombocytes) are a type of blood cells, which are derived in the bone marrow from large cells called megakaryocytes. They are critical for the clotting of blood and have a lifespan of about 10 days. The normal platelet count ranges from 150,000 - 400,000/ml and a reduction in platelets is referred to as thrombocytopenia. This may be mild (100,000 - 150,000/ml), moderate (50,000 - 100,000/mlƒw) or severe (less than 50,000/ml).

Platelets may be low due to:

a) Increased destruction (immunologic ¡V infections, drugs; gestational thrombocytopenia) or utilization (disseminated intra-vascular coagulation; abnormal vasculature as seen in hemolytic uremic syndrome & thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura).

b) Decreased production (leukaemia, aplastic anaemia, megaloblastic anaemia, drugs, infections.

c) Sequestration in the spleen (cirrhosis of liver).

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is the presence of isolated thrombocytopenia with a normal bone marrow and the absence of other causes to account for it.

Drugs can can cause platelet destruction by a variety of mechanisms. Platelet production in the marrow is inhibited by cytotoxic drugs, thiazide diuretics, interferon, and alcohol. Most often, drug-induced thrombocytopenia is mediated by immunological destruction of platelets via antibodies. Some common drugs associated with thrombocytopenia include quinidine, amiodarone, gold, captopril, sulfonamides, glibenclamide, carbamazepine, ibuprofen, cimetidine, tamoxifen, ranitidine, phenytoin, vancomycin, and piperacillin. The diagnosis of drug-induced thrombocytopenia is often empirical and it is often difficult to identify the drug that is causing severe thrombocytopenia in an acutely ill patient who is taking multiple drugs. A careful history and examination of medical records can reveal a temporal relationship between the administration of the drug and the development of thrombocytopenia, with no other explanations for the thrombocytopenia. Its recurrence following drug re-exposure confirms the diagnosis.

No treatment is required when the platelet counts are more than 50,000/ml. Treatment is indicated

a) when platelets are less 50,000/ml and there is significant mucous membrane bleeding;

b) in patients with hypertension, peptic ulcer disease or vigorous lifestyle who have a risk factor for bleeding

c) when platelet count <20,000-30,000/ml. Glucocorticoids and intra-venous gammaglobulins (I.V. Ig) are the mainstays of medical therapy. Their use and dose is dictated by the symptoms, patients clinical condition and the platelet count. Platelet transfusion is indicated for controlling severe hemorrhage. Platelet survival is increased if the platelets are transfused immediately after I.V. Ig infusion.

He can travel if the platelets are more than 50,000 and there are no signs of bleeding.

575859
Leukemia

Could breathing oxygen cause cancer?

No. Oxygen is a requirements to survive

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Leukemia

What is the chance of recovery from leukemia?

Leukemia is one of the forms of Cancer that is experiencing some amazing breakthroughs. Your chances of recovery depend greatly on your health and other conditions that can't be plugged in to a mathematical formula. Your doctor or local Cancer Society would be a far better resource for that information.

AnswerIt would depend entirely on the type of leukemia. While some forms are easily remissed, others are not. This would be a question for your oncologist. AnswerThe first poster is correct. I suggest that you go onto: www.google.com

Type in: Leukemia chatlines.

The reason I suggest this is you can chat with other people in the same situation as yourself and lessen the stress for you. It also gives you the opportunity to find out what new and improved methods that other people with Leukemia are receiving.

Good luck & God Bless

Leukemia is a broad name for some 88 blood diseases. Any disease of the blood or bone marrow is considered Leukemia. Many, many new treatments are extremely promising and successful in many cases. I have leukemia. I have been in treatment for almost 2 years. I am progressing very well.

106107108
Conditions and Diseases
Symptoms
Leukemia

What are the symptoms of leukemia?

There may sometimes be no symptoms of this disease. But, sometimes if a certain portion of the body is infected such as the brain, that area my become swollen, painful to the touch, and headaches may occur.

252627
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Laboratory Testing
Leukemia

What does a white blood cell count mean in someone with leukemia if the normal range is meant to be 7000?

Answer

A white blood cell count (WBC, or WBC Count) is used to determine the stage and/or type of cancer (usually Leukemia) that is being dealt with in a patient.

My friend's son has Acute Myeloid Leukemia and has had a blood cell count of OVER 200,000 on more than one occasion, 150,000 count just a few months back.

The normal range is about 4-10,000. Over that might mean a bacterial infection, it does not mean that you have cancer cells in your body.

If a doctor has ordered another WBC after you have already been diagnosed with Leukemia, and/or after a Chemotherapy treatment.. then he is checking to see if the chemicals had any effect on the cancer cells. If not, then more chemotherapy and/or bone marrow transplant will be done. Experimental drugs are a possibility, as are harsh combinations of chemicals.

The White Cell count is a determination of the ability of the immune system to fight infection. People with very low white counts are susceptable to illness mush easier than persons with normal counts. Very high counts can indiocate an ongoing infection in the body or a leukemic condition. Most leukemia patients have a decrease in white counts. The damaged stem cells that cause the Leukemia do not produce the correct anamounts of these important cells.

Fatigue as in mononucleosis is cause by too many white cells but Mono is gernerally benign and goes away after rest. It is cause by the Epstein-Barr virus and in most cases, the EB virus goes away in a few years of the inset of Mono.

104105106
Pica Disorder
Leukemia
Digestive System

What causes a person to eat ice?

Addiction. A craving for ice is usually a sign of anemia. I don't know why but it just is. I got Ice picca and googled it and it said about anemia. Off to the doctor I went with my google diagnosis and it was true, it fact it was so severe I had to have blood transfusions!! I have an iron mal-absobtion problem with irn but I now know that as soon as I start looking longingly at the ice tray I have to book in for another iron infusion. My doctor was so impressed with this info he's looked into and says that any abnormal or weird craving is the body telling you it is lacking something and to take in seriously and get bllod tests done.

I have information that eating ice is also helps in burning calories?Is it true?Since body has to burn calories to mantain its body temperature.Any inputs are welcome.

You can throw out the whole burn calories theory. I know someone that eats ice and he is overweight and gaining. If eating ice made you thinner, then you could potentially argue that sitting in a walk-in freezer 30 minutes a day would make you thinner.

899091
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Hospitals
Leukemia

How does leukemia spread among humans?

it isn't spread, it develops from other causes

99100101
Health
Leukemia

What is leukemia?

Leukemia (also spelled Leucamia, or leukaemia) is an umbrella term for cancer of the blood-forming tissues or bone marrow, characterized by the production too many blood cells. While most people associate leukemia with an excessive number of white blood cells, certain forms of the cancer produce too many immature red blood cells.

There are four main types:

1. Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)

2. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)

3. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

4. Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

Both forms of myelogenous leukemia are more common in adults; acute lymphocytic leukemia is the most typical form seen in children.

ALL, the most common cause of death from disease in children, is characterized by rapidly forming immature red blood cells that have a short life cycle. This causes them to crowd the bone marrow, making it impossible to produce healthy red blood cells.

Chronic leukemia, on the other hand, is caused by the slow build up of mature, abnormal blood cells that have a longer-than-normal life span. As a result, the body tends to produce too many new white blood cells.

According to the Leukemia and Lymphoma society, the five-year survival rate for all types of leukemia is approximately 54%; survival rates for lymphocytic leukemia is considerably higher than average, particularly in children.

Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects the bone marrow, the soft, spongy center of the bone that produces blood cells.

959697
Cancer
Baby Names
Humor & Amusement
Leukemia

What task can kids do that most of adults cannot?

Squat. Adults sit, or bend over...but they don't squat. Children can hear high frequency sounds that adults cannot. Most adults cannot hear tones above 13,000 Hz

959697
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Chemistry
Leukemia

Difference between leukemoid reaction and leukemia?

leukemoid reaction is exaggerated response to infection. leukemoid reaction is benign but its close resemblance to leukemia made it queit worrisome to doctors and needs to be investigated properly. Although qualified hematologist or oncologist usually consulted but generally in leukemoid reaction leukocyte alkaline phosphatase is elevated while its depressed in leukemia, peripheral blood smears show immature forms in leukemia not particularly in leukemoid reaction .

By cytogenetics presence of philadelphia chromosome in chronic myelogenous leukemia differentiate it from leukemoid reaction in adults.

192021
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Domestic Dogs
Cats (Felines)
Leukemia

Can dogs get feline leukemia from an infected cat?

no

798081
Medical Terminology
Leukemia
Medical Definitions and Word Differences

What is the Medical term meaning leukemia?

Leukemia is a medical term, and is group of cancers of of the blood or bone marrow that results in a high leukocyte count (white blood cell count).

There are several different types of leukemia including Acute lymphoblastic (ALL), Acute myelogenous (AML), Chronic lymphoblastic (CLL), Chronic mylogenous (CML), Hairy Cell, T-cell, and juvenile.

Not all leukemia result in High Leukocyte counts. More often, they result in over all low blood counts.

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Leukemia

How do you get leukemia?

You get leukemia when abnormal of control to such an extent that normal blood cells are unable to develop. Leukemia starts in the bone marrow---the soft, spongy material inside bones where blood cells develop from stem cells. Leukemia most often affects the white blood cells, which protect the body against infection. The disease begins when normal development of stem cells into white blood cells goes wrong, creating abnormal white blood cells. These white blood cells are immature that they can't fight viruses like they are suppose to do. Eventually the abnormal white cells overtake other types of blood cells, including red blood cells, which carry oxygen to the body tissues; and platelets, which enable the blood to clot. Leukemia therefore interferes with the blood's ability to clot and carry oxygen.Cells multiply out
you can't catch leukaemia of anyone because it isn't contagious.

In most cases of leukemia, there are too many abnormal white blood cells. These leukemia cells crowd out the normal blood cells in your bone marrow and build up in your lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. This makes it hard for your body to fight infections. No one knows what causes leukaemia.
i dont no

818283
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Leukemia

Patients with leukemia have a tendency to bleed because they have a deficiency of?

Leukemia patients suffer from a deficiency of platelets, among deficiencies of normal blood cells.

Platelets are important clotting factors. A lack of platelets in the blood results in hypocoagulability. This predisposes patients to hemorrhages (bleeding diathesis). This means that if a leukemia patient suffers from external or internal trauma, they tend to bleed really easy.

What i don't get is this- what about patients who did not suffer from any injury? Do they still bleed spontaneously? What causes them to bleed? There must be something damaging the blood vessels or causing an increase in endothelial gaps (allowing passage of red blood cells) before blood actually appears in the nose or mouth, right? Is high blood pressure such a cause and what other causes are there?

808182
Laboratory Testing
Leukemia
Blood

Could elevated ketone levels produce inaccurate Breathalyzer results?

False positive on breathalyzerThe short answer is yes. Ketoacidosis (elevated ketone levels) have been identified with false positive tests with blood alcohol measurements:

One reference to J Forensic Sci. 1995 Jul;40(4):686-7.

states:

We report the identification of acetone (0.45mg/mL) and isopropanol (0.17 mg/mL) but without the presence of ethanolin a blood sample from a man suspected of driving under the influenceof alcohol. A preliminary breath screening test with an electrochemicalinstrument (Alcolmeter S-L2) was positive and an evidential breath-testwith a dual wavelength infrared analyzer (Intoxilyzer 5000), recognizedthe presence of an interferant in the subject's breath. The manadmitted drinking moderate amounts of alcohol (vodka) the previousevening and was being treated by his doctor for hyperglycemia byspecial dietary control. This case scenario provides a good example ofsevere metabolic ketoacidosis in an ostensibly healthy man driving on the highway. Biotransformation of the abnormally high concentration ofblood-acetone to isopropanol occurs through the alcohol dehydrogenasepathway.

PMID: 7595310 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Another reference (more recent) is even more interesting as it relates to to a person on a low carb high fat diet (like Atkins).

Int J Obes (Lond). 2007 Mar;31(3):559-61. Epub 2006 Aug 8

A 59-year-old man undergoing weight loss with verylow calorie diets (VLCD) attempted to drive a car, which was fittedwith an alcohol ignition interlock device, but the vehicle failed tostart. Because the man was a teetotaller, he was surprised and upset bythis result. VLCD treatment leads to ketonemia with high concentrationsof acetone, acetoacetate and beta-hydroxybutyrate in the blood. Theinterlock device determines alcohol (ethanol) in breath byelectrochemical oxidation, but acetone does not undergo oxidation withthis detector. However, under certain circumstances acetone is reducedin the body to isopropanol by hepatic alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). Theignition interlock device responds to other alcohols (e.g. methanol,n-propanol and isopropanol), which therefore explains thefalse-positive result. This 'side effect' of ketogenic diets needsfurther discussion by authorities when people engaged insafety-sensitive work (e.g. bus drivers and airline pilots) submit torandom breath-alcohol tests.

PMID: 16894360 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Not likely. Ethanol in blood tests is usually determined enzymatically, with alcohol dehydrogenase. Interference from other alcohol type or ketones is usually considered to be less than 1%.

798081
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Leukemia
Blood

What are the causes of leukemia?

Leukemia is a disease in which uncontrollably dividing blood cells invade the bone marrow and circulating blood. The cause is a defect in control of the cell cycle which allows the cell to go on dividing unchecked. The precipitating factors for this loss of control of the cell cycle are many.

The exact cause of leukemia is unknown but is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. Leukemias, like other cancers, result from somatic mutations in the DNA which activate oncogenes or inactivate tumour suppressor genes, and disrupt the regulation of cell death, differentiation or division. These mutations may occur spontaneously or as a result of exposure to radiation or carcinogenic substances and are likely influenced by genetic factors.

Cohort and case control studies have linked exposure to petrochemicals, such as benzene, and hair dyes to the development of leukemia. Viruses have also been linked to some forms of leukemia. Certain cases of ALL are associated with viral infections by either the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, responsible for AIDS) or human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV-1 and -2, causing adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma). Fanconi anemia is also a risk factor for developing acute myelogenous leukemia.

There are a number of different kinds of leukemia, and they may have different causes. What is clear is that the causes of leukemia are unclear. There are some good arguments made for increased risk of leukemia based on genetic predisposition(it "runs in your family"), some viruses, exposure to some kinds of chemicals and also exposure to ionizing radiation, either natural or artificial. Leukemia is a form of lymphoma (cancer), and we're still on the trail in an attempt to nail down actual causes. A link is provided to the Wikipedia article on leukemia.

777879
Aging and Life Extension
Leukemia

What is the life expectancy of someone with leukemia?

Complete remission occurs in 70 - 80% of patients. Overall, about 33% of persons under age 65 survive free of disease at 5 years from diagnosis. This 5-year survival rate drops dramatically (4%) in those older than 65. In general, patients who are younger have a better chance of survival than older patients. This is partly due to one's ability to tolerate the strong chemotherapy medicines.

Patients who have not experienced a relapse during these 5 years are considered permanently cured, since most relapses occur within 2 years of diagnosis.

Without treatment, life expectancy is about 3 - 4 months.

There are four basic types of leukemia. The above answer loosely applies to the two acute forms. In the chronic forms, the life expectancy is 10-20 years.

495051
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Leukemia

How does leukemia affect the body?

žLeukemia is a cancer. During leukemia, the bone marrow makes one blood cell incorrectly usually white blood cells and the body produces a lot of these cells. These strange cells would look different then the healthy cells and they will not function properly. The body continues to produce these abnormal cells. Then there will be an imbalance between the healthy and unhealthy cell which causes the symptoms of leukemia.

515253
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Child Health
Leukemia

Can Acute Myeloid Leukemia cause or be linked to Cardiac Arrest in a 7-year-old boy?

Yes, unfortunately occasionally it progresses very quickly and can casue cardiac arrest.

737475
Conditions and Diseases
Cancer
Exercise
Neuroscience
Leukemia

Can leukemia affect the brain?

Most definitely. The cancerous leucocytes go to the brain along with the rest of the blood.

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