What impact did World War 2 have on Italy?
0.3 million Italian military personnel were killed or missing.
There were bombing raids before the Allied invasion (September
1943). Most of the civilian casualties and destruction occurred,
however, after the Allied invasion. Much of this occurred in
connection with Allied assaults on German positions. The Germans
set up a series of defensive lines as the Allies pushed then north.
The Allies to minimize battlefield losses would use their
superiority in artillery and air power to heavily shell German
positions. As a result of the inaccuracy of aerial bombing at the
time, large areas around or near German positions including tows
and villages were destroyed. The result was an Italy with large
areas devastated by the War. About 70,000 civilians were killed.
Such numbers while a tragedy were relatively small compared to
other countries devastated by the War. The physical damage in
Italy, however, was very substantial. Many towns and villages were
heavily damaged or completely destroyed. One estimate suggests that
about 10 percent of the physical plant of Italy was destroyed in