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Answered 2008-07-27 08:27:39

0.3 million Italian military personnel were killed or missing. There were bombing raids before the Allied invasion (September 1943). Most of the civilian casualties and destruction occurred, however, after the Allied invasion. Much of this occurred in connection with Allied assaults on German positions. The Germans set up a series of defensive lines as the Allies pushed then north. The Allies to minimize battlefield losses would use their superiority in artillery and air power to heavily shell German positions. As a result of the inaccuracy of aerial bombing at the time, large areas around or near German positions including tows and villages were destroyed. The result was an Italy with large areas devastated by the War. About 70,000 civilians were killed. Such numbers while a tragedy were relatively small compared to other countries devastated by the War. The physical damage in Italy, however, was very substantial. Many towns and villages were heavily damaged or completely destroyed. One estimate suggests that about 10 percent of the physical plant of Italy was destroyed in the fighting.

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